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Assessment of Problems and Needs in Marine Small-Scale Fisheries

By: V. L. C. Pietersz

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The estimated marine fisheries production is 100,000 tonne per year and about 955? of this is produced by the small-scale sector. About 8,300 sailing and/or rowing boats (planked boats and dugouts) and about 1,200 mechanized craft are engaged in marine fisheries. In the five coastal districts there are some 30,000 marine fisheries households. More than 70% of these households belong to the Chittagong district. The structure of the marine small-scale fishery is c...

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General Description of Marine Small-Scale Fisheries

By: M. A. Karim

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1.1 Location At, the northern end of the Bay of Bengal with coastal borders with India in the west and Burma in the south east. Latitudes 20?30< K - 26?45? N Longitudes 88?0? E - 92?56? V (Map in Appendix 1.1) 1.2 Size Aree (km2): 141,131 Coastline (km): 480 Continental shelf to 200 m (km ): 60,000 1.3 Population (1974) Total (million): 76 Density (nos/km ): 540 Birth rate (#): 4.6 Death rate (#): 1.7 Growth rate ($,): 2.9 1.4 Education (1973) Adult literacy rat...

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Designing and Scaling-Up Productive Natural Resource Management Pr...

By: Talib Esmail

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The focus of this report is on NRM activities broadly defined as those that promote sustainable agricultural production through improvements in on-farm soil and water management, such as social forestry, micro-watershed management, irrigation water management, and soil conservation. These types of projects directly combine economic and environmental benefits, and entail decentralized actions including investment in socio-economic infrastructure (at the municipal...

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Decentralization and Local Capacity : Some Thoughts on a Controver...

By: Ariel Fiszbein

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: This note seeks to present some basic premises and hypotheses for discussion regarding the relationship between policies of state decentralization and the development -or existence- of the local capacity required to implement such policies. It is largely based on three research projects, two of which involved an analysis of the decentralization process in Colombia (Fiszbein [1997] and Bird and Fiszbein [1997]) and the third one an ongoing project on public-priva...

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Asia Pacific International Conference on Capacity Building for Loc...

By: Wim Polman

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: MODELS FOR FEASIBLE LOCAL RESOURCES DECENTRALIZATION IN THE REGION-SUCCESS CASE REPLICATION OF FARMERS SMALL ENTERPRISES In the wake of current transformation of world trade relations, stagnation in world economic development and deepening social and economic crisis in many developing countries, development agencies have to be realistic in terms of expected outcome of government?s policies and programs to eradicate poverty and enhance food security. The lifting ...

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Household Livelihood Strategies and Local Institutions

By: Norman M. Messer

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: It is important to realise that, no matter how ?parallel? the two institutional set ups and the different production systems they govern may seem at first glance, some sort of informal articulation and communication normally exists between the traditional and modern sphere, often on land matters. With the probable exception of land conflict resolution, for which decision-making is more focused and ultimately usually lies with only one key authority, at all echel...

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Household Livelihood Strategies and Local Institutions

By: Guillaume Lanly

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Dans de nombreuses r?gions rurales marginalis?es, la migration de travail est devenue la principale strat?gie de subsistance. L?activit? migratoire en fournissant un revenu plus important et plus stable que celui tir? des productions locales, occupe une place consid?rable dans la s?curisation des moyens de vie des m?nages. Une r?vision de la litt?rature sur la migration de ces trentes derni?res ann?es met en ?vidence un changement dans la perception des effets d...

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Fao-Ngo Collaboration for World Food Summit Follow Up

By: Anupama Joshi

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The World Food Summit held in Rome in November 1996 was aimed to renew the global commitments to eliminate hunger and malnutrition and the achievement of sustainable food security for all people. The World Food Summit Plan of Action endorsed and adopted by 186 countries outlines seven key commitments for practical activities aimed at reducing hunger and malnutrition by the year 2015. These are in the areas of ... General conditions for economic and social progre...

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The Role of Local Institutions and Their Interaction in Disaster R...

By: Norman M. Messer

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The present paper is a non-academic and thus, hopefully, unpretentious, attempt at reviewing the literature on the the role of local institutions and their interaction in disaster risk mitigation (DRM). The motivation for immediately cautioning the reader from the outset about the less than revolutionary character of this review is twofold: first, it is based on the appreciation that, unfortunately, there exist relatively few documented local experiences which a...

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Role of Government Institutions for Promotion of Agriculture and R...

By: Wim Polman

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The topic of this important APO regional initiative in Asia and the Pacific is the most challenging. Going through some of the latest technical documentation from FAO and other sources there is an overwhelming amount of literature presenting data, views and policy advice on a broad range of issues. The focus here is on the role of government institutions, traditional and new players, their capacities, mandate, ways of operation at the national and decentralised ...

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Restructuring Rural Institutions: Principles and Methods

By: M. T. Nadir

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: New political and economic orientations over the past two decades call for the restructuring of rural institutions. With the State playing a newly defined role, restructuring is the means to profound structural change, with enhanced initiative and participation by civil society stakeholders, targeting ...

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Report of the Expert Consultation on Interactions between Sea Turt...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: At the Twenty-fifth Session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) the question of sea turtles conservation and interactions with fishing operations was raised. The Committee agreed that ?while taking into consideration existing work on sea turtle interactions and conservation, a Technical Consultation should be held in Bangkok, Thailand, in 2004?. The FAO Fisheries Department was asked to organize the Technical Consultation with the following scope ...

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Computerizing Agricultural Cooperatives a Practical Guide

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Agricultural cooperatives in developing regions are being hit from all sides. They are receiving far less support from government than they have in the past, and with the liberalization of agricultural markets, many of them are struggling to survive in an increasingly competitive business environment. Member services are declining and farmers are leaving. The world is changing and these changes tend to favour small, decentralized organizations that are able to r...

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Part 2 Internal Financing for Improved Cooperative Performance

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Most strategies for cooperative business development require increased capital. Therefore, such strategies should focus not only on improving operational efficiency and increasing member patronage, but also on attracting more member capital and new members. Cooperatives have three main categories or sources of finance ... The most important source is members as users and investors. Without this base, it is difficult to attract funds from others ... The second so...

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Action de la Fao en Faveur Dun Developpement Agricole Egalitaire

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: LE PRINCIPE DE L?GALIT entre les sexes fait partie int?grante des efforts fournis par la FAO pour mieux atteindre ses objectifs de r?duction de la pauvret?, de s?curit? alimentaire et de d?veloppement durable, et pour contribuer ? un monde lib?r? de la faim. Son application passe par la prise en compte syst?matique de la parit? hommes-femmes dans tous les domaines relevant du mandat de la FAO (agriculture, for?ts, p?ches, d?veloppement rural, nutrition, etc.) ...

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Fertilizer Use by Crop in Pakistan

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The total population of Pakistan is about 150 million, of which 67 percent live in rural areas and depend mainly on agriculture. It is growing at an annual rate of almost two percent. The total cropped area is 22 million ha, of which 18 million ha (80 percent) are irrigated. According to the 1985/90 soil survey there are 1.8 million ha of saline soils but the survey does not indicate what proportion is due to poor irrigation practices. Waterlogging is an importa...

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Committee on Fisheries Report of the Ninth Session of the Sub-Comm...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: MATTERS REQUIRING ATTENTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON FISHERIES A. MATTERS FOR DECISION None B. MATTERS FOR INFORMATION Status and important recent events concerning international trade in fishery products The Sub-Committee noted the interdependencies within the value-chain, the paramount importance of fish trade to developing countries, the concentration of fish imports among a few countries and the large potential impact on trade from changes in regulatory requireme...

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Codex Alimentarius Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for Meat

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. Meat has traditionally been viewed as a vehicle for a significant proportion of human food-borne disease. Although the spectrum of meat-borne diseases of public health importance has changed with changing production and processing systems, continuation of the problem has been well illustrated in recent years by human surveillance studies of specific meat-borne pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp ... Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia enter...

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The Role of Governments and Other Regulatory Authorities in Meat H...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Meat is an essential part of the global food supply and an important element of agricultural commerce and trade in many countries. Commensurate with this, food-borne disease can be a significant public health problem, and inadequate food quality and certification seriously limits the functioning of the marketplace. Meat production can also act as a vehicle for transmission of diseases of animal health importance. For these reasons, civil society demands that gov...

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Control System for Processing Operations the Hazard Analysis and C...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system is the most widely used and internationally accepted food safety management system in the world. The main goal of applying HACCP plans in abattoirs is to ensure that animals are slaughtered and dressed under conditions that mean the meat will carry minimal public health risk. A HACCP plan has the following advantages ... it is proactive and preventive ... it is owned by the meat plant ... it is system...

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