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International Bureau of Weights and Measures


International Bureau of Weights and Measures

International Bureau of Weights and Measures
French: Bureau international des poids et mesures
Seal of the BIPM
Abbreviation BIPM
Formation 20 May 1875
Type Intergovernmental
Region served
Official language
French (official), English
M.J.T. Milton

The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (initialism, BIPM.

The other organisations that maintain the SI system, also known by their French initialisms, are the General Conference on Weights and Measures (French: Conférence générale des poids et mesures) (CGPM) and the International Committee for Weights and Measures (French: Comité international des poids et mesures) (CIPM).


  • History 1
  • Function 2
  • Directors of the BIPM 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The BIPM was created on 20 May 1875, following the signing of the Metre Convention, a treaty among 51 nations (as of August 2008).[1] It is based at the Pavillon de Breteuil in Sèvres, France, a 4.35 ha site (originally 2.52 ha)[2] granted to the Bureau by the French Government in 1876, where it enjoys extraterritorial status,[3] a status that was clarified by the French decree No 70-820 of 9 September 1970.[2]


Under the authority of the Metric Convention, the BIPM helps to ensure uniformity of SI weights and measures around the world. It does so through a series of consultative committees, whose members are the national metrology laboratories of the Convention's member states, and through its own laboratory work.

The BIPM carries out measurement-related research. It takes part in and organises international comparisons of national measurement standards and performs calibrations for member states.

The BIPM has an important role in maintaining accurate worldwide time of day. It combines, analyses, and averages the official atomic time standards of member nations around the world to create a single, official Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).[4]

The BIPM is also the keeper of the international prototype of the kilogram.[5]

Directors of the BIPM

Since its establishment, the directors of the BIPM have been:[6]

  • 1875–1877 Gilbert Govi (Italy)
  • 1877–1879 J. Pernet (Switzerland)
  • 1879–1889 Ole Jacob Broch (Norway)
  • 1889–1915 J.-René Benoît (France)
  • 1915–1936 Charles Édouard Guillaume (Switzerland)
  • 1936–1951 Albert Pérard (France)
  • 1951–1961 Charles Volet (Switzerland)
  • 1962–1977 Jean Terrien (France)
  • 1978–1988 Pierre Giacomo (France)
  • 1988–2003 Terry J. Quinn, CBE FRS (United Kingdom)
  • 2004–2010 Andrew J. Wallard (United Kingdom)
  • 2011–2012 Michael Kühne (Germany)
  • 2013– Martin J.T. Milton (United Kingdom).[7]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links

  • Official website

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