World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates

Article Id: WHEBN0028356323
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Confidence trick, Gang, List of confidence tricks, List of gangs in the Philippines, List of gangs in Mexico
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates

This is a listing of organisations and groups involved in organized crime. Tongs and outlaw motorcycle gangs are not included as they are not necessarily, as such, criminal organisations. Terrorist, militant and paramilitary groups are mentioned if they are involved in this activity for funding, but since their stated aim is ideological and not commercial they should not be considered as mafia-type groups.

Drug cartels

See also Allegations of CIA drug trafficking

In several drug-producing or transit countries, drug traffickers have taken advantage of local corruption and lack of law enforcement to establish cartels turning in millions if not billions of dollars each year. Sometimes if government enforcement is particularly poor, the cartels become quasi-paramilitary organizations.

Latin America

See also Manuel Noriega's narcokleptocracy, Service d'Intelligence National and Yomagate

Mexican drug cartels


See also Manchukuo state drug trafficking

Organized crime in Canada

Canadian mafia families

Organized crime in America

See also The Order and Key West PD corruption

American Mafia

Italian immigrants to the United States in the early 20th century formed various small-time gangs which gradually evolved into sophisticated crime syndicates which dominated organized crime in America for several decades. Although government crackdowns and a less-tightly knit Italian-American community have largely reduced their power, they remain an active force in the underworld.

Active crime families

Defunct mafia families

Jewish mafia

African-American organized crime

Irish Mob

European crime syndicates

Italian organized crime

[39] The Italian mafia is often thought of as being the archetype for organized crime worldwide.

Balkan organized crime

Balkan organized crime gained prominence in the chaos following the communist era, notably the transition to capitalism and the wars in former Yugoslavia.

see also Irish Republican paramilitaries and Ulster loyalist groups

Post-Soviet organized crime

Although organized crime existed in the Soviet era, the gangs really gained in power and international reach during the USSR and unlike their Italian counterparts does not mean members are necessarily of Russian ethnicity or uphold any ancient criminal traditions, although this is the case for some members.

Caucasian crime syndicates

Central Asian crime syndicates

Asian organized crime groups

See also Kenji Doihara's criminal network

Yakuza organizations

The yakuza of Japan are similar to the Italian mafias in they originated centuries ago and follow a rigid set of traditions, but have several aspects that make them unique, such as their full-body tattoos and their fairly open place in Japanese society. Many yakuza groups are umbrella organizations, smaller gangs reporting to a larger crime syndicate.

Active yakuza groups

Defunct yakuza groups

Triads and other Chinese criminal organizations

See also Tiandihui

The Triads is a popular name for a number of Chinese criminal secret societies, which have existed in various forms over the centuries (see for example Tiandihui). However not all Chinese gangs fall into line with these traditional groups, as many non-traditional criminal organizations have formed, both in China and the Chinese diaspora.

Southeast Asian criminal organizations

South Asian criminal organizations

Middle Eastern organized crime

See also Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and Al-Mulatahemeen Brigade)

Australian organised crime groups

(see also Federated Ship Painters and Dockers Union and Nugan Hand Bank)

Caribbean crime groups

African criminal organisations

See also the militia of Osman Ali Atto, Taxi wars in South Africa and blood diamonds

Cybercrime networks

As society enters the Information Age, certain individuals take advantage of easy flow of information over the Internet to commit online fraud or similar activities. Often the hackers will form a network to better facilitate their activities. On occasion the hackers will be a part of a criminal gang involved in more 'blue collar crime', but this is unusual.

Drug and smuggling rings

Smuggling is a behavior that has occurred ever since there were laws or a moral code that forbade access to a specific person or object. At the core of any Hawkhurst Gang[79] (historical)

  • The Aldington Gang[79](historical)
  • Organ trafficking organizations
  • Arms trafficking organizations
  • People smuggling
  • Lai Changxing organization
  • Bedouin smugglers
  • Subotić Tobacco Mafia (alleged)
  • Drug rings

    Prison gangs

    Prisons are a natural meeting place for criminals, and for the purposes of protection from other inmates and business prisoners join gangs. These gangs often develop a large influence outside the prison walls through their networks. Most

    Prison gangs in the United States

    Street gangs

    Youth gangs have often served as a recruiting ground for more organized crime syndicates, where juvenile delinquents grow up to be full-fledged mobsters, as well as providing muscle and other low-key work. Increasingly, especially in the United States and other western countries, street gangs are becoming much more organized in their own right with a hierarchical structure and are fulfilling the role previously taken by traditional organized crime.

    Latin America

    See also criminal barra bravas (La barra del Rojo)


    Asia & Oceania

    North American


    Asian American



    Gangs in Canada



    See also


    1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "New York/New Jersey High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2008 - Drug Trafficking Organizations". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    2. ^ "Supreme Court orders arrests of three". Diario Libre. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl Shanty, Frank & Mishra, Patit (2007) Organized crime : from trafficking to terrorism, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 1-57607-337-8
    4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Glenny, Misha (2009) McMafia, Vintage Books, ISBN 1-4000-9512-3
    5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu Newton, Michael (2007) Gangsters Encyclopedia, Anova Books, ISBN 1-84340-402-8
    6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "DEA History Book, Part 1" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Chepesiuk, Ron (1999) The war on drugs: an international encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 0-87436-985-1
    8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Schneider, Stephen (2009) Iced: The Story of Organized Crime in Canada, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN 0-470-83500-1
    9. ^ a b c d e f g h Salinger, Lawrence (2005) Encyclopedia of white-collar & corporate crime: A - I, Volume 1 SAGE, ISBN 0-7619-3004-3
    10. ^ a b c d "Paramilitaries' Heirs - Human Rights Watch". 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l STRATFOR Mexico: The Struggle for Balance
    12. ^ a b c Lange, Jason (2010-01-22). "Reuters - From spas to banks, Mexico economy rides on drugs". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    13. ^ a b Booth, Martin (2000) The dragon syndicates: the global phenomenon of the Triads Basic Books, ISBN 0-7867-0869-7
    14. ^ Thursday, Feb. 08, 2007 (2007-02-08). "Warlord or Druglord?". Time. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Capeci, Jerry (2002) The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia, Alpha Books, ISBN 0-02-864225-2
    16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Sifakis, Carl. The Mafia Encyclopedia. New York: Da Capo Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-8160-5694-1
    17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Rockaway, Robert A (2000) But he was good to his mother: the lives and crimes of Jewish gangsters, Gefen Publishing House Ltd, ISBN 965-229-249-4
    18. ^ McGarvey, Brendan. "Pole-Vaulting". Philadelphia City Paper. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    19. ^ "Greenpoint Crew Indictment". 2006-03-08. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    20. ^ a b c d e Kavieff, Paul (2008) Detroit's Infamous Purple Gang Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 0-7385-5238-0
    21. ^ a b Angle, Paul M (2991) Bloody Williamson: A Chapter in American Lawlessness, University of Illinois Press, ISBN 0-252-06233-7
    22. ^ a b Allan MacDonell (2003-10-02). "In Too Deep". LA Times. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    23. ^ a b "National Drug Intelligence Center - Wisconsin Drug Threat Assessment (2001)". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    24. ^ McGarvey, Brendan. "Buon Natale!". Philadelphia City Paper. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    25. ^ "Man Tied to Mafia Guilty on 10 Counts". NY Times. 1992-06-20. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "New Jersey Commission of Investigation Report - Changing face of organized crime" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Chepesiuk, Ron (2007) Gangsters of Harlem: the gritty underworld of New York City's most famous neighborhood, Barricade Books, ISBN 1-56980-318-8
    28. ^ a b c "Meet the Genovese Crime Family's New Boss". NY Sun. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    29. ^ Rashbaum, William K. (2002-12-10). "Queens Father and Son Accused In Illegal Gambling Operation". NY Times. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    30. ^ a b c d e f g American Gangster, BET
    31. ^ "DEA - News Release: DEA Deals Motor City Mafia a Knock-out Blow". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    32. ^ a b c d "New Jersey Commission of Investigation Report - Afro-lineal organized crime" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    33. ^ a b c d e f g h English, T.J. Paddy Whacked: The Untold Story of the Irish American Gangster. New York: HarperCollins, 2005, ISBN 0-06-059002-5
    34. ^ a b c d Dagens Nyheter - Ligorna har kopplat greppet om Sverige (Swedish)
    35. ^ a b c Gayraud, Jean-François (2009) Showbiz, people et corruption, Odile Jacob, ISBN 2-7381-2232-9
    36. ^ "French 'Barbarian' killer jailed". BBC News. 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    37. ^ Charles Bacelon, Max Clos, etc. Histoire du banditisme et des grandes affaires criminelles, Genève : éditions Famot, 1974. OCLC 77615747
    38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Morton, James Gangland Volume 2: The Underworld in Britain and Ireland, 1995, ISBN 978-0-7515-1406-3
    39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Roberto Saviano (2006) Gomorrah: Italy's Other Mafia, Mondadori, ISBN 88-04-55450-9.
    40. ^ a b c d Siegel, Dina (2003) Global organized crime: trends and developments, Springer, ISBN 1-4020-1818-5
    41. ^ a b c d Ansley, Greg (April 24, 2010). "Aussie gang boss' death points to inside job".  
    42. ^ "Camorra boss seized in farm raid". BBC News. 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    43. ^ Nick Squires in Rome 10:00PM BST 05 Jul 2010 (2010-07-05). "Mafia gangster tomb reopened to solve 30-year-old mystery". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    44. ^ Cristiano Armati, Italia criminale. Personaggi, fatti e avvenimenti di un'Italia violenta, Newton Compton Editori, 2006 ISBN 978-88-541-1083-0
    45. ^ FBI - Cases - Not your average syndicate
    46. ^ Aftenposten - Princ Dobroshi satt fri (Norwegian)
    47. ^ "BBC News - 'Pink Panther' Tokyo heist suspect extradited to Japan". 2010-08-14. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    48. ^ a b c d e f The Independent- Gun gangs of the capital
    49. ^ a b c d e f g h Thomas, Donald (2006) Villains' paradise: a history of Britain's underworld, Pegasus Books, ISBN 1-933648-17-1
    50. ^ a b c d Blumenthal, Ralph (1989-06-04). "Soviet Emigre Mob Outgrows Brooklyn, and Fear Spreads". NY Times. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Varese, Frederico (2005) The Russian mafia: private protection in a new market economy, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-927949-7
    52. ^ "NY Times - Lithuanians Close A Nuclear Reactor After 3 Threats". New York Times. 1994-11-15. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    53. ^ a b c Schwirtz, Michael (2008-07-30). "The New York Times - In a River Raid, a glimpse of Russia's criminal elite". Russia: Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    54. ^ a b c d CBS News/Associated Press - Armenian Organized Crime Grows More Complex
    55. ^ In Moscow's Shadows - Ded Dead: the assassination of Russian crime boss Aslan Usoyan (‘Ded Khasan’)
    56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Kaplan, David E. & Dubro, Alec (2003) Yakuza: Japan's criminal underworld, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-21562-1
    57. ^ 5 Minutes 10 Minutes (2007-04-19). "Mayor's assassination sparks new yakuza fears". The Australian. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    58. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". 2008-01-09. Archived from the original on 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    59. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    60. ^ "Court May Have Slain Black Dragon". 2005-06-21. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    61. ^ [1]
    62. ^ a b "`Mosquito brother' celebrates 90th birthday in style". Taipei Times. 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    63. ^ Ooi, Keat Gin (2004) Southeast Asia: a historical encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor, Volume 1 ABC-CLIO, ISBN 1-57607-770-5
    64. ^ "Cops shoot dead four Mamak Gang members". The Star. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    65. ^ Sherlock, Ruth (2012-09-08). "Syrian rebels use kidnappings to raise funds". Retrieved 2012-10-09. 
    66. ^ "BBC News - Syria unrest: Who are the shabiha?". 2012-05-29. Retrieved 2012-10-09. 
    67. ^ a b c "Keeping tabs on the Turkish connection". BBC News. 2002-11-14. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    68. ^ Rotlicht-Pate muss neun Jahre hinter Gitter (German)
    69. ^ Vardi, Nathan (2008-04-25). "In Pictures: The World's 10 Most Wanted". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    70. ^ Writer, Larry (2009) Razor: Tilly Devine, Kate Leigh and the Razor Gangs Pan Macmillan Australia Pty, ISBN 1-4050-3951-5
    71. ^ a b Small, Clive & Gilling, Tom (2010) Smack Express: How Organized Crime Got Hooked on Drugs, Allen & Unwin, ISBN 1-74237-208-2
    72. ^ Summers, Chris (2002-05-17). Malign and corrosive' gangsters"'". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    73. ^ "London Evening Standard - Yardies at war on our doorsteps". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    74. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Kinnear, Karen L (2009) Gangs: a reference handbook, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 1-59884-125-4
    75. ^ Ahmed, Mohamed (2009-12-01). "Somali sea gangs lure investors at pirate lair". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    76. ^ a b c d Gundert, Levi. "The State of Cybercrimes". Freedom From Fear Magazine. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    77. ^ a b "The Observer - Four million Britons have fallen victim to identity fraud. Are you next?". London: Guardian. 2007-12-08. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    78. ^ "Spamhaus Profile". 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2012-10-09. 
    79. ^ a b Lansberry, Frederick (2001) Government and politics in Kent, 1640-1914, Boydell & Brewer, ISBN 0-85115-586-3
    80. ^ David Francis, Chronicle Foreign Service (2008-03-31). "SFGate Mexican drug cartels move into human smuggling". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    81. ^ a b "Tru-tv Crime Library - "The Company" Drug Smuggling Ring". 1978-11-21. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    82. ^ Ferchland, William (2002-08-23). "Drug smuggler's money goes to agencies". Tahoe Daily Tribune. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    83. ^ Extra Cheese: Busting a pizza connection, Time Magazine, April 23, 1984
    84. ^ The Sicilian Connection, Time Magazine, October 15, 1984
    85. ^ "From Women's League to Chains". NY Times. 1989-12-20. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    86. ^ "BBC News - Rhys Ifans as ex-drug baron Howard Marks on screen". 2010-06-23. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    87. ^ a b c Kemp, Ross (2008) Gangs, Penguin, ISBN 978-0-14-103225-2
    88. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Gangland, Discovery Channel
    89. ^ a b c d e f National Gang Threat Assessment 2009 - Appendix C - Prison gangs
    90. ^ a b Dan Glaister in Los Angeles (2006-03-15). "Death penalty urged for Aryan Brotherhood gang". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    91. ^ "Department of Justice Press Release - Founding Member of White Supremacist Prison Gang European Kindred (EK) Sentenced to 90 Months in Federal Prison". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    92. ^ "FBI — Seattle Gang Dismantled". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    93. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Will County Sheriff's Office - Gang Suppression Unit". 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    94. ^ a b Tom Phillips in Rio de Janeiro (2009-10-17). "The Observer - Twelve dead and helicopter downed as Rio de Janeiro drug gangs go to war". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    95. ^ a b c d e f g h "LAPD Online - Gang Injunctions". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    96. ^
    97. ^ Simon Hattenstone (2006-02-25). "The Guardian - Looking for troubles". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    98. ^ a b c Published on Saturday 31 October 2009 18:47 (2009-10-31). "Hitting violent street gangs where it hurts". Scotland on Sunday. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    99. ^ a b The Copenhagen Post - Prisons under pressure to evenly distribute gangs
    100. ^ Eksner, Julia H (2007) Ghetto ideologies, youth identities and stylized Turkish German: Turkish youths in Berlin-Kreuzberg LIT Verlag Münster, ISBN 3-8258-8841-X
    101. ^ 5 Minutes 10 Minutes. [ -like-wadeye/story-e6frg8h6-1111114787006 "A town like Wadeye"]. The Australian. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    102. ^ "Sydney Morning Herald - Assyrian gang leader linked to murder". 2006-04-11. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    103. ^ "The West Australian - Sword Boys link to gym shooting". 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    104. ^ a b By JAMES WILLWERTH Sunday, June 24, 2001 (2001-06-24). "TIME Magazine - From Killing Fields to Mean Streets". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    105. ^ Page 2 of 2 (2007-02-19). "ABC News - Mean Streets: Gangs Going Digital". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    106. ^ POSTED: 12:29 pm CST November 18, 2008 (2008-11-18). "Purported Gang Leader Guilty Of Manslaughter". KMBC. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    107. ^ Mathis, Greg & Walker, Brian S (2002) Inner city miracle Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-44642-9
    108. ^ "New York City Chinatown > Newspaper Articles". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    109. ^ "五花八門大雜燴_黑幫". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    110. ^ "Bemboo Tigers". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    111. ^ Winton, Richard (2008-11-18). "LA Times - L.A., Glendale unite to fight gang". Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    112. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Asbury, Herbert The Gangs of New York. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1927, ISBN 1-56025-275-8
    113. ^ a b c Vancouver Sun - Killer to testify at Surrey Six trial
    114. ^ "CTV - Police arrest 51 alleged gang members in Ontario". 2001-10-19. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    115. ^ "ESPN - Falcons' Vick indicted by grand jury in dogfighting probe". 2007-07-18. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    116. ^ Smith, Jeff (2009). Alias Soapy Smith: The Life and Death of a Scoundrel, Klondike Research. ISBN 0-9819743-0-9
    117. ^ "Philadelphia's Poison Ring". Tru TV. 1938-10-27. Retrieved 2012-02-19. 
    118. ^ Vincent, Isabel (2007) Bodies and Souls: The Tragic Plight of Three Jewish Women Forced Into Prostitution in the Americas Random House of Canada, ISBN 0-679-31163-7
    This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
    Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
    By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

    Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
    a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.