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The Bicameral Principle in the New York Legislature

By: David Leigh Colvin

...lection World Public Library.org THE NEW YORK LEGISLATURE Title: THE BICAMERAL PRINCIPLE IN THE NEW YORK LEGISLATURE Author: DAVID LEIGH COLVI... ...... ..................................... . S CHAPTER I. THEORIES CONCERNING THE BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE •••••••• 9 ~ Arguments for the Bicameral System...... ...nts Against the Single Chamber................. 16 -" Arguments Against the Bicameral System................ 19 Summary of Bicameral Theories ......... ...heories .......•.•............. 24 .. CHAPTER II. HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM IN NEW YORK 26 Colonial Period \I ....... "" ............. ...decided movement toward a mo·re direct government, and when the work of the legislatures is being so generally criticized, the check of the bicamera... ...the leaders who influenced the first chamber. In discussing the tendency of legislatures to exceed their proper boundaries he says that the onlyeffe... ...ited two conspicuous examples of corrrupt and scandalous measures which the legislatures of other States had passed by overwhelming majorities of bo... ...ant that the two such notorious measures referred to had been passed by the legislatures of Pennsylvania and Georgia, both of these States which ha...

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Bicameralism

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...ssential and defining feature of the classical notion of Mixed Government . Bicameral legislatures usually require a concurrent majority to pass ... ...nd defining feature of the classical notion of Mixed Government . Bicameral legislatures usually require a concurrent majority to pass legislatio... ...atures usually require a concurrent majority to pass legislation. Theory of Bicameral Congress Although the ideas on which bicameralism are based ... ...ent Sumer and later ancient Greece, ancient India, and Rome, recognizable bicameral institutions first arose in Medieval Europe where it was as... ...ent the commoners. The Founding Fathers of the United States also favored a bicameral legislature. The idea was to have the Senate be wealthier and... ...that Senators would be elected by popular vote rather than chosen by the State legislatures". As part of the Great Compromise, they invented a new r... ...latures". As part of the Great Compromise, they invented a new rationale for bicameralism in which the Senate would have states represented equally,... ...exity of the notion of representation and the multifunctional nature of modern legislatures may be affording incipient new rationales for second chamb... ... the federal system, being appointed or elected directly by the governments or legislatures of each Land, State, or Province . (This was also the c...

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The Bicameral Principle in the New York Legislature

By: Colvin, David Leigh, 1880

...CIPLE IN by DAVID LEIGH COLVIN The Bicameral Principle in the New York Legislature * M BY DAVID LEIGH COLVIN... ...eigh Colvin 5^(. CONTENTS Introduction 5 CHAPTER I. Theories Concerning the Bicameral Legislature 9 -^Arguments for the Bicameral System 9 ^Arguments... ...al System 9 ^Arguments Against the Single Chamber 16 . Arguments Against the Bicameral System 19 ..Summary of Bicameral Theories 24 CHAPTER n. Histori... ...em 19 ..Summary of Bicameral Theories 24 CHAPTER n. Historical Sketch of the Bicameral System in New York 26 Colonial Period 26 The First Constitution... ...a Legislative Session 74 Volume of Bills 74 Rate of Passage 75 263722 2 THE BICAMERAL PRINCIPLE The Sifting of Bills 77 The Check of the Second House... ...a decided movement toward a more direct government, and when the work of the legislatures is being so generally criticized, the check of the bicameral... ... the leaders who influenced the first chamber. In discussing the tendency of legislatures to exceed their proper boundaries he says that the only effe... ...cited two conspicuous examples of corrrupt and scandalous measures which the legislatures of other States had passed by overwhelming majorities of bot... ...cant that the two such notorious measures referred to had been passed by the legislatures of Pennsylvania and Georgia, both of these States which had ...

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List of United States state legislatures

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...vernors Legislatures (List) ... ...tails of the legislature are specified in the state constitution. 49 state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, Gen... ...slature are specified in the state constitution. 49 state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, General Assembly, St... ... 2 Statistics 2.1 State legislatures 3 See... ... Party summary The party composition of the legislatures (and party summary of the individual chambers), as of January ... ... 31 Republican-controlled legislatures 11 ...

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The Bicameral Principle in the New York Legislature

By: Colvin, David Leigh, 1880

...CIPLE IN by DAVID LEIGH COLVIN The Bicameral Principle in the New York Legislature BY DAVID LEIGH COLVIN SUB... ...id IliiGH Colvin CONTENTS Introduction 5 CHAPTER I. Theories Concerning the Bicameral Legislature 9 <v Arguments for the Bicameral System 9 Arguments... ...meral System 9 Arguments Against the Single Chamber 16 Arguments Against the Bicameral System 19 Summary of Bicameral Theories 24 CHAPTER II. Historic... ...tem 19 Summary of Bicameral Theories 24 CHAPTER II. Historical Sketch of the Bicameral System in New York 26 Colonial Period 26 The First Constiu'tion... ...vey of a Legislative Session 74 Volume of Bills 74 Rate of Passage 75 2 THE BICAMERAL PRINCIPLE The Sifting of Bills 77 The Check of the Second House... ...a decided movement toward a more direct government, and when the work of the legislatures is being so generally criticized, the check of the bicameral... ... the leaders who influenced the first chamber. In discussing the tendency of legislatures to exceed their proper boundaries he says that the only effe... ...cited two conspicuous examples of corrrupt and scandalous measures which the legislatures of other States had passed by overwhelming majorities of bot... ...cant that the two such notorious measures referred to had been passed by the legislatures of Pennsylvania and Georgia, both of these States which had ...

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Plurinational Legislative Assembly

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The Rise and Development of the Bicameral System in America;

By: Moran, Thomas Francis, 1866-1928

... THE RISE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM IN AMERICA JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY STUDIES... ...itics are Present History Freeman. THIRTEENTH SERIES V THE RISE AND DEVELOPMENT OP THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM IN AMERICA BY THOMAS FRANCIS MOKAN, A. B., Fel... ...NTERS, BALTIMORE. CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION 7 CHAPTER I. The Else and Development of the Bicameral System in the New England Colonies. Section I. Massac... ...I. New Hampshire. Section III. Connecticut. Section IV. Rhode Island 8 CHAPTER II. The Bicameral System in the Middle Colonies. Section I. New Jersey.... ...ction II. Virginia. Section III. The Carolinas. Section IV. Georgia 43 CHAPTER IV. The Bicameral System in the Federal Constitution 51 THE RISE AND... ...l working of these institutions in England hastened their intro- duction into American legislatures. It must be borne in mind that these men were Engl... ...ey dwelt together in peace and harmony a condition of things quite unusual in colonial legislatures is evidenced by a reso- lution of the General Cour... ...icameral legislature in which the system of checks and balances so potent in bicameral legislatures would operate. The legislative Assemblies thus far... ... until a comparatively late period that the bicameral system was introduced into their legislatures. The first charter of government for Pennsylvania ...

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Congress of Mexico

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Procedure in State Legislatures

By: Dodds, Harold W. (Harold Willis), 1889-1980

.... W. DODDS Classic Literature Collection World Public Library.org LEGISLATURES Title: PROCEDURE IN STATE LEGISLATURES Author: H. W. DODD... ...... ...ive of legislative bodies but there is a dearth of descriptions of the way legislatures are organized and how they work. Everyone intimately in touch ... ...lowed anywhere and, of course, could not be, yet every general treatise on legislatures treats it as a part of the actual practice of legislatures. Ma... ... as these that most need analysis and careful treatment. The physiology of legislatures should be studied rather than their anatomy. The following stu... ...ure for consideration by each house separately, which is the theory of the bicameral system, and on this ground Vermont at the last session abolished ... ...bolished all joint committees. 48 But even granting that the spirit of the bicameral system is violated, a question certainly open to argument, it wou... ... 72 Compiled from indices of the several journals of 1915. 71 Colvin, "The Bicameral System," pp. 77 et seq. 74 Committees dealmore gently stillwith b...

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Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii

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American Legislatures and Legislative Methods

By: Reinsch, Paul Samuel, 1869-1923; Steiner, Bernard Christian, 1867-1926;

...llection World Public Library.org LEGILATIVE METHODS Title: AMERICAN LEGISLATURES AND LEGILATIVE METHODS Author: PAUL S. REINSCH Language: Eng... ...... ...House of Representatives 107 The Senate and Party-Machinery 120 rv THE STATE LEGISLATURES 126 Constitutional Limitations 129 General Organization 130 ... ... Conference-Committees , 179 ix CONTENTS CHAPTER PAGK vi PROCEDURE IN STATE LEGISLATURES is3 Steps in Bill Procedure . 183 Financial Legislation . . ... ...ive Reform of the Common Law 315 Legislative Counsel 327 INDEX 331 AMERICAN LEGISLATURES AND LEGISLATIVE METHODS CHAPTER I THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED... ...one cham- ber, caused the members of the Convention to make the new Congress bicameral and to provide that "it shall consist of a Senate and House of ...

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Parliament of Slovenia

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The Political Science of John Adams; A Study in the Theory of Mixed Government and the Bicameral System

By: Walsh, Correa Moylan, B. 1862

...AL SCIENCE OF JOHN ADAMS A STUDY IN THE THEORY OF MIXED GOVERNMENT AND THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM BY CORREA MOYLAN WALSH " I know not how it is, but mankind... ...nd Dual Executive 322 xii Contents CHAPTER XXIII THE GENERAL ARGUMENT FOR BICAMERALISM Adams's main and minor Reasons — Trifling Attitude still main-... ...s of Second Period 17 theRoman Senate and Comitia. If they are not exactly bicameral, at all events they are not unicameral: rather are they multicame... ...ors of Second Period 19 '& delivered a cxDunter attack in .defense .of the bicameral system, with a single executive, the existence of which he'Beneve... ... the authority to veto bills passed by the legislative chambers. It is the bicameral system in close conjunction with a single independent executive; ... ...orwaj' (where, also, the King's veto may be overridden by three successive legislatures). The new Australian scheme, mutatis mutandis, was inserted by... ... This power ought to be brought under constitutional regulation, since the legislatures have shirked touching it. The Judiciary I73 third. Instead, h... ...he so-called constitutions {e.g. that of Virginia) were mere enactments of legislatures, and were repealable and amendable by their creators (who were... ...nts there have been many re-arrangements, in general tending to weaken the legislatures and to strengthen the executives 3; but these changes have eve...

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Hawaii Legislature

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The Development of a Residential Qualification for Representatives in Colonial Legislatures

By: Phillips, Hubert, B. 1884

...e Development of a Residential Qualification for Representatives in Colonial Legislatures BY HUBERT PHILLIPS, Ph.D. CINCINNATI PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR ... ...e Development of a Residential Qualification for Representatives in Colonial Legislatures GENERAL OBSERVATIONS AND COM- PARISON WITH ENGLISH PRACTICE... ...rict he represents. In the case of representatives and senators in the state legislatures this requirement is often by law but quite often by custom. ... ...wer House.^'' Each was to have the rights and privileges common to bicarmeal legislatures of the time. To give all the examples of non-residence repre... ...ich actuated the royal governors in many of their contests with the colonial legislatures. The disapproval of the election act of 1769 by the crown in... ...a- tive assembly in Maryland but it is also the date of the be- ginning of a bicameral legislature.^" Whether there is any connection between the abov... ...ligious background of the one answer- ing it.^^ After the establishment of a bicameral legislature the Upper House, as it was called, became the suppo... ...other particular plantation, to he respectively •The assembly did not become bicameral until about 1680. "> Brown, 317. 190 VIRGINIA chosen by the in...

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American Samoa Fono

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American Legislatures and Legislative Methods

By: Reinsch, Paul Samuel, 1869-1923

...n World Public Library.org AND LEGISLATIVE METHODS Title: AMERICAN LEGISLATURES AND LEGISLATIVE METHODS Author: PAUL S. REINSCH Language: Engl... ...... ...THODS. By President J. II. Finlky, CoHcro oi the City ofNew York. AMERICAN LEGISLATURES AND LEGISLA- TIVE METHODS. By Professor Paul 8. IUinsod, Unive... ...ichigan. Zbe Centure Co., flew U>orfc. Ube Hmerican State Series AMERICAN LEGISLATURES AND LEGISLATIVE METHODS BY PAUL S. EEINSCH PROFESSOR OF POLITI... ...use of Representatives 107 The Senate and Party-Machinery 120 rv The State Legislatures 126 Constitutional Limitations 129 ^General Organization 130 C... ...e cham- ber, caused the members of the Convention to make the new Congress bicameral and to provide that "it shall consist of a Senate and House of Re...

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Legislature of Liberia

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Government of the Colony of South Carolina

By: Whitney, Edson Leone, 1861

...d and Virginia. By John H. Latane", 129 V. The Rise and Development of the Bicameral System in America. By Thomas Francis Moran, . . . 211 VI-VII. Whi... ... it was a prerogative of the Crown to grant representation in the colonial Legislatures, the Board of Trade in 1730 disallowed the act of 1721." No at... ...n the department of History and Politics. THE RISE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM IN AMERICA A Dissertation Presented to the Board of Univer... ...ent History — Freeman. THIRTEENTH SERIES V THE RISE AND DEVELOPMENT OP THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM IN AMERICA By THOMAS FRANCIS MORAN, A. B., Fellow in Histo... ...ONTENTS. PAGE. Introduction 7 Chapter I. — The Rise and Development of the Bicameral System in the New England Colonies. Section I. — Massachusetts. S... ...Section III. — Connecticut. Section IV. — Rhode Island 8 Chapter II. — The Bicameral System in the Middle Colonies. Section I. — New Jersey. Section I... ... these institutions in England hastened their intro- duction into American legislatures. It must be borne in mind that these men were Englishmen and i... ...her in peace and harmony — a condition of things quite unusual in colonial legislatures — is evidenced by a reso- lution of the General Court of 1678.... ...islature in which the system of checks and balances so potent in bicameral legislatures would operate. The legislative Assemblies thus far noticed are...

...Bound with: Latane, J.H. The early relations between Maryland and Virginia. Baltimore, 1895. Moran, T.F. The rise and development of the bicameral system in America. Baltimore, 1895. Ballagh, J.C. White servitude in the colony of Virginia. Baltimore, 1895. Hunt, R.D. The genesis of California's first constitution. Baltimore, 1895. Wetzel, W.A. Benjamin Frankli...

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Parliament of Cambodia

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The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science ; Volume 11

By: Johns Hopkins University

...ect and Indirect Election. On the Composition of the Houses : Unicameral and Bicameral Systems. Qualifications of Members. Size of the Chambers. Relat... ...sk would be—can the labor of a detailed analysis and commentary on all modem legislatures fall within its scope. It seeks rather to set in array the p... ... draw the more striking and essential lessons. An accepted classification of legislatures is that of Con- gresses and Parliaments, whose fundamental d... ...tons dift'er con- siderably in electoral requirements regarding the cantonal legislatures. To relieve the tedium of these details, we may note an elec... ...ement which somewhat reminds one of the old Roman centuries and classes. The bicameral system has met the approval of most of the leading political wr... ...f most of the leading political writers,^ and is realized in practice by the legislatures of the principal countries. Legislative bodies with a single... ..., and the next, the Fourth, had 309.r:86. The distribution of seats in State legislatures is frequently ruieven. New York presents some instances of t... ...ce executrice, il n'y a point de liberte." ' We see a prevailing tendency to bicameral assemblies, confirming the saying of Lieber, " it is a truly po... ... The Condition of the Western Farmer, 285-370. Bethel Literary Society, 185. Bicameral system, 50. BiU of Rights, 214 (foot-note). Bishop of London, 2...

...nited States Senators ; v. 13. Government of the colony of South Carolina, Early relations between Maryland and Virginia, Rise and development of the Bicameral System in America, White servitude in the colony of Virginia, Genesis of California's first Constitution (1846-1849)...

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Parliament of Egypt

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The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science ; Volume 19

By: Johns Hopkins University

...seconded by citizens of Nantucket and other New England seaports, and by the legislatures of seven States. The Maryland House of Dele- gates, mentioni... ...onstitution appeared. It omitted the " free and equal " clause; reversed the bicameral arrangement and returned to the single legislative chamber ; ab... ...a successful resistance. Great pressure was therefore brought to bear on the legislatures of all the mining states to prohibit by law the system of co... ...nal right of suffrage, that no two lawyers would agree about it, that no two Legislatures had Tract " was divided into at least twenty-five small free... ...r all time to come, for the future generations of the people, and the future Legislatures of the state. The fiat has gone forth that no future Legisla... ...ter for speculation only. In those of the bor- der slave states in which the legislatures were in session, the advocates and opponents of secession we...

...nited States Senators ; v. 13. Government of the colony of South Carolina, Early relations between Maryland and Virginia, Rise and development of the Bicameral System in America, White servitude in the colony of Virginia, Genesis of California's first Constitution (1846-1849)...

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Palau National Congress

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The Political Science of John Adams; A Study in the Theory of Mixed Government and the Bicameral System

By: Walsh, Correa Moylan, B. 1862

...AL SCIENCE OF JOHN ADAMS A STUDY IN THE THEORY OF MIXED GOVERNMENT AND THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM BY CORREA MOYLAN WALSH " / know not how it is, but mankind... ...nd Dual Executive 322 xix Contents CHAPTER XXIII THE GENERAL ARGUMENT FOR BICAMERALISM Adams's main and minor Reasons—Trifling Attitude still main- t... ...lements toberetained in theAmerican constitutions, — a single executive, a bicameral legislature, and judges with tenure during good behavior.* Defect... ...gs of Second Period 17 theRoman Senateand Comitia. If they are not exactly bicameral, at all events they are not unicameral: rather are they multicame... ...Writings of Second Period 19 delivered a cotinter attack in defense of the bicameral system, with a single executive, the existence of which he believ... ...Norway (where, also, the King's veto may be overridden by three successive legislatures). The new Australian scheme, mutatis mutandis, was inserted by... ...e. This power ought to bebroughtunder constitutional regulation, since the legislatures have shirked touching it. The Judiciary 173 third. Instead, h... ...he so-called constitutions (e.g. that of Virginia) were mere enactments of legislatures, and were repealable and amendable by their creators (who were... ...nts there have been many re-arrangements, in general tending to weaken the legislatures and to strengthen the executives'; but these changes have ever...

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Congress of Paraguay

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Constitutional Legislation in the United States : Its Origin, And Application to the Relative Powers of Congress, And of State Legislatures

By: Ordronaux, John, 1830-1908

...S ORIGIN, AND APPLICATION TO THE RELATIVE POWERS OF CONGRESS, AND OF STATE LEGISLATURES BY JOHN ORDRONAUX, LL.D., TROFESSOR IN THE LAW SCHOOL OF COLUM... ...l, and it has been accordingly held in tlie Dartmouth College case to bind Legislatures in their action, under the doc- trine that a charter of incorp... ...he denial of tlie divine right of kings to rule, or the original riglit of legislatures to enact laws according to their soverei<4:n pleasure. The pri... ...t stages of its development; and which facts, if overlooked, would convert legislatures into mere mob assemblies of the whole people happening to be a... ... and sent dele- gates, some being appointed by the popular branch of their Legislatures, and some by conventions called for that purpose. The first Co... ...time, to enter upon an extended inquiry into the origin and growth of this bicameral system, which is now so universally adopted. The history of every...

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Arizona Legislature

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Pamphlets Published by the Dominions Office, The Colonial Office, And Other British Governmental Agencies : Concerning the Government of the Dominions, And Various Related Political, Economic, And Social Questions : Volume 2

By: Great Britain. Office of Commonwealth Relations

...than its reform, and that a vote for abolition would show hostility to the bicameral system, in which system they strongly believed as a guarantee aga... ... the fact that democratic Norway, Switzerland, Denmark and Sweden had t1ie bicameral system. The right of veto of the Dominions Parliament in Canada a... ...the general concensus of the countries of the world in the advisability of bicameral Parlia- ments, quoting the United States of America, Brazil. Ulst... ...at there were very few cases in the civilised world where they had not the bicameral system, and quoted Mexico and Bidgaria as such cases. No public d... ...sition in the Legislative Assembly, though in favour of a retention of the bicameral system, came to vote for the abolition of the present Council and... ...ment in the McCawley case is quoted with regard to the power of Australian Legislatures to control the constitution of their States. It is argued that... ...1850 is somewhat pertinently quoted with refer- ence to the power of State legislatures to make the amendments in their own Constitution which time an... ...ly an Im})erial (juestion calculated to aft'ect the status of all Colonial Legislatures under what may become a federated Empire. (b) The proviso to A... ...l in the manner suggested the legislative powers of the nascent Australian Legislatures. Consistently with the genius of the British people what was g...

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Belgian Federal Parliament

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State Government in the United States

By: Holcombe, Arthur N. (Arthur Norman), 1884-1977

...f government, such as tables of the numbers and tenure of members of state legislatures, or to the conduct of administration, such as tables of enlist... ...ge 79 Reaction against manhood suffrage 81 Woman suffrage 85 Reform of the bicameral system 88 Direct popular election of executives and judges ... 89... ...orrupt practices acts Further regulation of the use of money IX. The State Legislatures The bicameral system Methods of legislative apportionment Work... ...acts Further regulation of the use of money IX. The State Legislatures The bicameral system Methods of legislative apportionment Working of methods of... .... The New York committee system Working of methods of procedure Working of bicameral system Further reform of legislative methods Classification of wo... ...ral system Further reform of legislative methods Classification of work of legislatures . Further limitation of legislative powers Regulation of the l... ...ing.^ Indeed not only the judges but also the members of the several state legislatures and all executive officers of the states are required to take ... ... house.^ Other early democrats, like Chipman, favored the retention of the bicameral system, but expressly repudiated Adams's doctrine of the separate... ...d without regard to the prescribed method of con- stitutional amendment. A bicameral legislature was created, the executive council was abolished and ...

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Parliament of Rwanda

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State Government in the United States

By: Holcombe, Arthur N. (Arthur Norman), 1884-1977

... of government, such as tables of the numbers and tenure of members of state legislatures, or to the conduct of administration, such as tables of enli... ...rage 79 Reaction against manhood suffrage 81 Woman suffrage 85 Reform of the bicameral system 88 Direct popular election of executives and judges ... ... ... practices acts 233 Further regulation of the use of money 236 IX. THE STATE LEGISLATURES 240 The bicameral system 241 Methods of legislative apportio... ...urther regulation of the use of money 236 IX. THE STATE LEGISLATURES 240 The bicameral system 241 Methods of legislative apportionment 242 Working of ... ...New York committee system 259 Working of methods of procedure 261 Working of bicameral system 264 Further reform of legislative methods 267 Classifica... ...stem 264 Further reform of legislative methods 267 Classification of work of legislatures 268 Further limitation of legislative powers 272 Regulation ... ... ing. 2 Indeed not only the judges but also the members of the several state legislatures and all executive officers of the states are required to tak... ...d house. 3 Other early democrats, like Chipman, favored the retention of the bicameral system, but expressly repudiated Adams's doctrine of the separa... ...ted without regard to the prescribed method of con- stitutional amendment. A bicameral legislature was created, the executive council was abolished an...

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National Diet

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State Government in the United States

By: Holcombe, Arthur N. (Arthur Norman), 1884-1977

...ms of government, such as tables of the numbers and tenure of members of state legislatures, or to the conduct of administration, such as tables of en... ...ffrage 79 Reaction against manhood suffrage 81 Woman suffrage 85 Reform of the bicameral system 88 Direct popular election of executives and judges ..... ...he corrupt practices acts Further regulation of the use of money IX. The State Legislatures The bicameral system Methods of legislative apportionment ... ...ces acts Further regulation of the use of money IX. The State Legislatures The bicameral system Methods of legislative apportionment Working of method... ...tem . The New York committee system Working of methods of procedure Working of bicameral system Further reform of legislative methods Classification o... ...cameral system Further reform of legislative methods Classification of work of legislatures . Further limitation of legislative powers Regulation of t... ...nd- ing.2 Indeed not only the judges but also the members of the several state legislatures and all executive officers of the states are required to t... ...cond house.^ Other early democrats, like Chipman, favored the retention of the bicameral system, but expressly repudiated Adams's doctrine of the sepa... ...opted without regard to the prescribed method of con- stitutional amendment. A bicameral legislature was created, the executive council was abolished ...

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Cortes Generales

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Intercollegiate Debates Vol- V

By: Egbert Ray Nichols

... Primaries, State Commission Control of Public Utilities, Unicameral State Legislatures, and the United States Naval Policy. This is rather a large nu... ...thousand petitions in favor of this proposition." These came from the legislatures of twelve states, the boards of charity of over forty large ci... ... and then to point out the evils and shortcomings of our present-day state legislatures. My colleague who will follow me will show that these evils ar... ...gue who will follow me will show that these evils are inherent in American bicameral legislatures. Our last speaker will show how the unicameral syste... ...ll follow me will show that these evils are inherent in American bicameral legislatures. Our last speaker will show how the unicameral system will era... ...es, but municipal councils, general committees, and legal commissions were bicameral in form. By 1820 the people found that these committees would be ... ...ty of any size or importance in the United States which has changed from a bicameral to a unicameral council has returned to its former cumber some me... ...ral state legislatures. Let us now consider the reason for the adoption of bicameralism in our American states. The original Colonial Assemblies consi... ...e considerably higher for the upper than for the lower house. We find here bicameralism as it should be. The two houses representing different interes...

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Federal Assembly of Russia

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Montana Constitutional Convention, 1971-1972 : Volume 8

By: Montana. Constitutional Convention (1971-1972); Montana. Legislature. Legislative Council

..., Trans. 766—767, 769, 780—782, 1595—1596, 1599—1600, 1612—1613 unicameral/bicameral, merits of. Trans. 759, 775 — 779 revenue and finance (Article VI... ...ADDICTION TO ALCOHOL OR DRUGS, Trans. 1843—1846 ADJOURNMENT OF LEGISLATURE Bicameral, Vol. I 275, 396, 404; Vol. II 865, 871, 877, 882, 885, 887, 1049... ...apportionment, Trans. 685, 744 — 745 qualifications, Trans. 555 unicameral/bicameral, merits of, Trans. 778 local government (Article XI) general powe... ...ns. 1867 — 1868 text as adopted, Vol. II 1091 ARTICLE V — THE LEGISLATURE (BICAMERAL) See also ADOPTION SCHEDULE Section 1. Power and structure adopti... ...1889-1972 constitutions, Vol. I 416 1NDKX 11 ARTICLE V — THE LEGISLATURE (BICAMERAL) (Cont.) Section 6. Sessions (Cont.) debate committee report, Tra... ...N), Vol. I 70; Vol. II 781; Trans. 2512, 3036 CITIZENS CONFERENCE ON STATE LEGISLATURES, Vol. I 381 CIGARETTE TAX, Vol. I 592; Trans. 1444, 1457, 1495... ...1 MARGOLIS, LARRY (EXECUTIVE SECRETARY OF THE CITIZENS CONFERENCE ON STATE LEGISLATURES), Trans. 309, 750, 950 MARSHALL, WALTER. Trans. 1, 9 MARTIAL L... ..., 746, 751 Wall Street Journal , Trans. 1523 Zeller, Belle, American State Legislatures , Vol. I 385 PUBLIC EDUCATION See EDUCATION; SUPERINTENDENT OF...

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Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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