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Key to the Braille Music Notation, 1922, with Synopsis and Index

By: Braille Music Notation Committee

Description: Revised and Amplified by the Braille Music Notation Committee Appointed by the National Institute for the Blind, London

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Braille

Encyclopedia Article
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Braille Music Notation

...Description: Conforming with the decisions of the International Congress convoked by American Braille Press Inc., Paris, April 1929; Description of Music Symbols with Explanations and Examples of the different Methods of Disposition (Edited with Footnotes Showing Preferred American Practices)...

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Braille technology

Encyclopedia Article

... B Braigo BrailleNote Braille e-book Braille embosser ... ...leNote Braille e-book Braille embosser Braille technology B cont. ... ...logy B cont. Braille translator Braille watch M ... ... Braille watch M Mountbatten Brailler O Optical braille reco... ... braille recognition P Perkins Brailler R Re... ... R Refreshable braille display RoboBraille S ... ... Categories Braille Blindness equipment ... ...ess equipment Pages in category "Braille technology" The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 1... ... B Braigo BrailleNote Braille e-book Braille embosser ...

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Training the Fingers to Feel Braille: Notes and Key to the Braille Edition

By: C. Ainsworth;

Training the Fingers to Feel Braille: Notes and Key to the Braille Edition by C. Ainsworth; published by National Institute for the Blind

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Braille literacy

Encyclopedia Article

... 2 Programs 2.1 Braille Instruction at The Hadley School for the Blind ... ...ey School for the Blind 2.2 NLS Braille Certification Program 2.... ... Program 2.3 ReadBooks! Because Braille Matters 2.4 Dots for Tot... ... the Dots 2.6 Instant Access to Braille 2.7 Braille Challenge ... ...f legally blind school-age children in the United States were able to read Braille.[2][3] According to the 2007 Annual Report from the American Printi... ...children in the U.S. Out of those school-age children, only 10 percent use Braille as their primary reading medium.[4] There are numerous causes for t... ...ir primary reading medium.[4] There are numerous causes for the decline in Braille usage, including school budget constraints, technology advancement,... ...ldren should be educated.[5] A major turning point for Braille literacy was the passage by the United States Congress of the Rehab... ...e only a small percentage of public schools could afford to train and hire Braille-qualified teachers, Braille literacy has declined since the law too...

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Vacuum-Formed Plastic-Plate Braille Catalog

By: Various;

Vacuum-Formed Plastic-Plate Braille Catalog by Various; published by

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Braille translator

Encyclopedia Article

...braille translator is a software program that translates a script into braille cells, and sends it to a braille embosser, which produces a hard ... ... cells, and sends it to a braille embosser, which produces a hard copy in braille script of the original text. Basically only the script is transfo... ...ctually printed, displayed on a screen, or stored in a computer. The word "braille" means text prepared for reading by the finger, whether actually br... ...ading by the finger, whether actually brailled, displayed on an electronic braille device, or stored in a computer. Braille-translation software (or ... ...Braille-translation software (or embedded hardware) converts inkprint into braille or braille into inkprint. The usual circumstance is that someone ha... ...has inkprint in a word processor file or at an internet URL, and they want braille. The braille could be sent to a braille embosser to produce physi... ...lle. The braille could be sent to a braille embosser to produce physical braille or be sent to an electronic braille notetaker . Another circumstan... ...n electronic braille notetaker . Another circumstance is that someone has braille in an electronic braille notetaker that they want produced in inkpr... ...they want produced in inkprint to be shared with someone who does not read braille. Braille-translation software is usually classified as Assistive ...

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Vacuum-Formed Plastic Braille Plate Catalog and Supplement #1

By: Various;

Vacuum-Formed Plastic Braille Plate Catalog and Supplement #1 by Various; published by

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Braille Challenge

Encyclopedia Article

... The Braille Challenge is an annual two-stage Braille literacy competition designed to motivate blind stude... ...lle literacy competition designed to motivate blind students to emphasize their study of Braille.[1] The program parallels with the importance and edu... ...lels with the importance and educational purpose of a spelling bee for sighted children. Braille is a reading and writing method that breaks language ... ...ks language into a code of raised dots. In the competition, students transcribe and read Braille using a device called a Perkins Brailler. Their speed... ...railler. Their speed and accuracy, comprehension, ability to decode charts and graphs in Braille, and spelling are all tested.[2] There are three grad... ...tters of the alphabet and punctuation. This grade of braille is only used by people who are first starting to read... ...abet, punctuation and contractions. In this grade of braille contractions are used to save space. A normal Braille... ...ch text as a standard printed page. Books, signs in public places, menus, and most other Braille materials are written in Grade 2 Braille. ... ...tens entire words to a few letters. The Braille Challenge started locally in 2000 sponsored by Braill...

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The Year of Braille: Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2016

The Year of Braille: Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2016 by published by American Printing House for the Blind

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Braille music

Encyclopedia Article

...Braille music is a Braille code that allows music to be notated using Braille cells so that music can be read by visually impaired musicians. The... ...raille cells so that music can be read by visually impaired musicians. The Braille music system was originally developed by Louis Braille. ... ...ped by Louis Braille. Braille cell, 2 dots wide by 3 dots high Braille mus... ... dots high Braille music uses the same six-position Braille cell as literary braille. However braille music assigns an entirely... ...raille. However braille music assigns an entirely separate meaning to each braille symbol or group of symbols, different from literary braille, and ha... ...ing that can be written in standard print music notation can be written in braille music notation as well. However, braille music notation is a comple... ...ventions and syntax. The world's largest collection of braille music is located at the National Library for the Blind, in Stockpor... ... Contents Learning Braille music 1 Teaching Braille music 2 ... ...ing Braille music 2 Transcribing music into Braille 3 Introduction to Braille music symb...

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English Braille, American Edition, 1959, Vol. Revised 1972

By: American Association of Instructors of the Blind, American Association of Workers for the Blind
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Chinese braille

Encyclopedia Article

...inese braille may refer to: Mainland Chinese Braille (putonghua) Taiwanese Braille (guoyu) ... ... Taiwanese Braille (guoyu) Two-Cell Chinese Braille (putonghua) See also ... ... See also Cantonese Braille Categories All a... ... Disambiguation pages Chinese braille may refer to: Mainland Chinese Braill... ... Mainland Chinese Braille (putonghua) Taiwanese Braille (guoyu) Two-Cell Chinese Braille (putonghu... ... See also Cantonese Braille Categories All a...

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English Braille, American Edition, 1959, Vol. Revised 1966

By: American Association of Instructors of the Blind, American Association of Workers for the Blind
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Hawaiian Braille

Encyclopedia Article

... Parent systems Braille English Braille ... ...raille Hawaiian Braille ... ... Hawaiian alphabet Hawaiian Braille is the braille alphabet of the Hawaiian language. It is a subset of... ...the braille alphabet of the Hawaiian language. It is a subset of the basic braille alphabet, ... ... ū (Māori Braille uses the same convention for long vowels.)[1] U... ...Hawaiian, which has a special letter ʻokina for the glottal stop, Hawaiian Braille uses the apostrophe ⠄, which behaves as punctuation rather than as ... ...cap sign, length sign, A. Punctuation is as in English Braille. References ... ... References ^ UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition. ... ... Braille  ⠃⠗⠇ ...

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English Braille, American Edition, 1959, Vol. Revised 1970

By: American Association of Instructors of the Blind, American Association of Workers for the Blind
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American Braille

Encyclopedia Article

...American Braille Modified Braille Type ... ... Parent systems Braille (re-ordered) ... ...dered) American Braille ... ... English alphabet American Braille was a popular braille alphabet used in the United States before the... ...abet used in the United States before the adoption of standardized English braille in 1918. It was the alphabet used by Helen Keller. Rather than orde... ...eller. Rather than ordering the letters numerically, as was done in French Braille and the (reordered) English Braille also used in the US at the time... ...e (reordered) English Braille also used in the US at the time, in American Braille the letters were partially reassigned by frequency, with the most-c... ...and stylus, which wrote one dot at a time, but lost its advantage with the braille typewriters that became practical after 1950. L... ... In numerical order, and with their modern French and English Braille equivalents, the letters are:[1] ...

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English Braille, American Edition, 1959, Changes to the 1972 Revision

By: American Association of Instructors of the Blind, American Association of Workers for the Blind
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Tibetan Braille

Encyclopedia Article

... Night writing braille German B... ... Tibetan Braille ... ... Tibetan alphabet Tibetan Braille is the braille alphabet for writing the Tibetan language. It was in... ...in 1992 by German socialworker Sabriye Tenberken.[1] It is based on German braille, with some extensions from international usage. As in print, the vo... ... Tibetan and Dzonkha (Bhutanese) using the same alphabet in print, Tibetan Braille differs significantly from Dzongkha Braille, which is closer to int... ...ternational norms. Alphabet Tibetan Braille follows print orthography. (See Tibetan script.) This is often a po... ... ཉ Braille ... ... མ Braille ... ... ཧ Braille ...

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English Braille, American Edition, 1959, Vol. Revision Adopted July 1962

By: American Association of Instructors of the Blind, American Association of Workers for the Blind
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Hebrew Braille

Encyclopedia Article

... Parent systems Braille English Braille ... ... Braille Hebrew Braille ... ... Hebrew alphabet Hebrew Braille is the braille alphabet for Hebrew. The International Hebrew Braill... ...with additional letters devised to accommodate differences between English Braille and the Hebrew alphabet.[1] Unlike Hebrew, but in keeping with othe... ...aille and the Hebrew alphabet.[1] Unlike Hebrew, but in keeping with other braille alphabets, Hebrew Braille is read from left to right.[2] ... ... Prior to the 1930s, there were several regional variations of Hebrew Braille, but no universal system.[1] In 1936, the Jewish Braille Institute ... ...oints. The panel completed its first iteration of the International Hebrew Braille Code in 1936,[1] the same year in which the first Hebrew Braille bo... ...4.[1] Basic alphabet Because Hebrew Braille derives from English Braille, there is not a one-to-one match betwe... ...le, there is not a one-to-one match between Hebrew letters in print and in braille. Most obviously, four consonants with the dagesh point in print hav...

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English Braille, American Edition, 1959, Vol. Adopted January 1, 1959

By: American Association of Instructors of the Blind, American Association of Workers for the Blind
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Korean Braille

Encyclopedia Article

... Night writing Braille Korean B... ... Hangul Korean Braille Hangul ... ... Mixed script Braille Transcription ... ... Korean Braille is the braille alphabet of the Korean language. It is not graphical... ...le alphabet of the Korean language. It is not graphically related to other braille scripts found around the world. Instead, it reflects the patterns f... ...atical devices and for punctuation. Numerals are similar to those of other braille systems. Consonants Consonan... ...nitial and final variants have the same shapes, but are shifted across the braille block. There are two patterns: The consonants that span the width o... ...no initial version of ng. Initial ieung in hangul is not written in Korean Braille. However, the expected form is reserved and may not serve other use... ...uch patterns. Four diphthongs are represented with two braille blocks, by adding ⠗ to the appropriate vowel for the final element ...

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Computer-Translation: Grade 2 Braille from Print, Final Report

By: Ann Schack …et Al.
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Louis Braille

Encyclopedia Article

... Bust of Louis Braille by Étienne Leroux, Bibliothèque nationale de France ... ... Parents Monique and Simon-René Braille Louis Braille (   , ... ...e blind or visually impaired. His system remains known worldwide simply as braille. Blinded in both eyes as a result of an early c... ... Blinded in both eyes as a result of an early childhood accident, Braille mastered his disability while still a boy. He excelled in his educa... ...and efficiently. Inspired by the military cryptography of Charles Barbier, Braille constructed a new method built specifically for the needs of the bl... ...to his peers for the first time in 1824. In adulthood, Braille served as a professor at the Institute and enjoyed an avocation as ... ...ost educators for many years after his death, but posterity has recognized braille as a revolutionary invention, and it has been adapted for use in la... ... and musician 2.2 Braille system 3 Origins 3.1 ... ...fe Birthplace of Louis Braille in Coupvray Braille was born i...

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War of the Dots

By: Robert B. Irwin;
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English Braille

Encyclopedia Article

...English Braille Grade-2 Braille British Revised Braille ... ... night writing early braille French B... ... English Braille ... ...d systems unified international braille Unified English Braille Irish Braille ... ... U+2800 to U+283F English Braille, also known as Grade-2 Braille,[1] is the braille alphabet used for... ...ormatting marks, contractions, and abbreviations (logograms). Some English Braille letters, such as ⠡ ⟨ch⟩,[2] correspond to more than one letter in p... ...print. There are three levels of complexity in English Braille. Grade 1 is a (nearly) one-to-one transcription of printed English,... ...tions. Most of this article describes the 1994 American edition of Grade-2 Braille, which is largely equivalent to British Grade-2 Braille.[3] Some of... ...o British Grade-2 Braille.[3] Some of the differences with Unified English Braille, which was officially adopted by various countries between 2005 and...

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Union Catalog of Hand-Copied Books in Braille

By: Library of Congress, Division for the Blind
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Braille embosser

Encyclopedia Article

...A braille embosser is an impact printer that renders text as tactile braille cells. Using braille translation software, a document can be emboss... ...ranslation software, a document can be embossed with relative ease, making braille production efficient and cost-effective. Blind ... ...tend to call other printers "ink printers," to distinguish them from their braille counterparts. This is often the case regardless of the type of prin... ...here from US$2,000 to $150,000. The fastest industrial braille embosser is probably the $77,000 Belgian-made NV Interpoint 55, fir... ...parate air compressor to drive the embossing head and can output up to 800 braille characters per second. Adoption was slow at first; in 2000 the Nati... ...re than 60 in use across the world.[2] Smaller desktop braille embossers are more common and can be found in libraries, universiti... ...an acoustic cabinet or hood to dampen the noise level. Braille embossers usually need special braille paper which is thicker and m... ...a thermoform, which produces copies on soft plastic. However the resulting braille is not as easily readable as braille that has been freshly embossed... ...ter. External links Braille embossers by Blista-Brailletec GmbH Braill...

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Braille Review

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Braille ASCII

Encyclopedia Article

...Braille ASCII (or more formally The North American Braille ASCII Code, also known as SimBraille ) is a subset of the ASCII ... ... ASCII characters to represent all possible dot combinations in six-dot Braille . It was developed around 1969 and, in spite of originally being k... ...oped around 1969 and, in spite of originally being known as North American Braille ASCII, it is now used internationally. Overview Braille ASCII us... ...rs in ASCII correspond to their equivalent values in uncontracted English Braille. Note however that, unlike standard print, there is only one Brail... ... is only one Braille symbol for each letter of the alphabet. Therefore, in Braille, all letters are lower-case by default, unless preceded by a capi... ...tters a through j, except that they are lowered or shifted lower in the Braille cell. For example, represents c, and is 3 . The other symbo... ...ts c, and is 3 . The other symbols may or may not correspond to their Braille values. For example, represents / in Braille ASCII, and this i... ...e values. For example, represents / in Braille ASCII, and this is the Braille slash, but represents =, and this is not the equals sign in Br... ...slash, but represents =, and this is not the equals sign in Braille. Braille ASCII more closely corresponds to the Nemeth Braille Code for mat...

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Braille Review

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Cantonese Braille

Encyclopedia Article

...Cantonese Braille ( 粵語點字) is a braille script used to write Cantonese in Hong Kong . It is locally ref... ...acters'. Although Cantonese is written in Chinese character s, Cantonese Braille is purely phonetic, with punctuation, digits, and Latin letters f... ... phonetic, with punctuation, digits, and Latin letters from the original Braille. It can be mixed with English text. Charts Each syllable is d... ...the unaspirated consonants ( b d dz g gw = p t ts k kw ): { +Initials !Braille align=center ! Pinyin f ... ...begins a syllable, a dummy consonant j or w is prefixed. { +Rimes !Braille align=center ! Pinyin a (aa) aai aau a... ... (aa) aai aau aam aan aang aap aat aak !colspan=10 !Braille align=center ! Pinyin – ai au am an ... ...– ai au am an ang ap at ak !colspan=10 align=center !Braille align=center ! Pinyin e ei eu em – ... ...lign=center ! Pinyin e ei eu em – eng ep – ek !colspan=10 !Braille align=center ! Pinyin i – iu im in ing ... ...ign=center ! Pinyin i – iu im in ing ip it ik !colspan=10 !Braille align=center ! Pinyin o oi ou – on ong...

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Braille Review

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Japanese Braille

Encyclopedia Article

...Japanese Braille is the braille script of the Japanese language . It is based on the original bra... ... known as , literally "dot characters". Below is a basic chart of Japanese Braille with the Japanese hiragana character followed by the standard ro... ...a character followed by the standard roman character reading above each braille character. Japanese Braille is a vowel-based abugida . That is, t... ...odern Japanese. Main chart To the vowels are assigned the international braille patterns of the upper-left half of the cell (dots 1-2-4) in numeric... ...1-2-4) in numerical order: ⠁⠃⠉⠋⠊ (or, equivalently, the first 5 letters of Braille's alphabet, ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑, rotated to fit the available space). The consona... ... black, and the consonant points in green. There is no such distinction in braille as it is actually used. {   あ a い i う u え e ... ...s indicated with dash, ー, called a chōon . This also looks like a dash in braille: { sokuon chōon The placement of these bloc... ...all, as in きゃ kya from ki + ya ; this is called yōon . In Japanese Braille, the signs for these are prefixes. That is, the order is dakuten +... ...o on for the other consonants. Unlike kana, which uses a subscript e, in braille the -ye in foreign borrowings is written with yōon and the kana...

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Braille Review

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Braille Review

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