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Mishnah and Tosefta : A Comparative Study

By: Cohen, Boaz, 1899-1968

...llection World Public Library.org COMPARATIVE STUDY, PART I Title: MISHNAH AND TOSEFTA A COMPARATIVE STUDY, PART I Author: BOAZ COHEN Language... ...... ...mory of My Father TABLEOF CONTENTS PREFACE I-III INTRODUCTION: Chapter I, Mishnah 3-25 Chapter II, Baraita 26-36 Chapter III, Tosefta 37-65 ANALYSIS ... ...hnah 3-25 Chapter II, Baraita 26-36 Chapter III, Tosefta 37-65 ANALYSIS OF MISHNAH AND TOSEFTA SHABBAT: Chapter I 66-73 Chapter II 74-79 Chapter III 8... ...146 PREFACE In the following we are presenting a critical analysis of the Mishnah and Tosefta of Shabbat with comments mostly upon such passages, whe... ...ath is explicitly men- tioned in Exodus XX, 10 and Deut. V, 14. Hence, the rabbis pro- hibited that an animal wear appurtenances that might be conside... ...IV 3, which are found in the T. VI-VII. 11. It appears surprising that the rabbis speak of Amorite ways, although this verse explicitly refers to the ... ...ves, as we learn from the Book of Maccabees and Josephus. 11 Later on, the rabbis took a definite stand on this question and permitted fighting on the... ...th, (Matthew XII, 11 and Luke XIV, 5), which is practically allowed by the Rabbis, cf. Shab. 128b. It seems that they contended with him because he he...

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Sprinkling Is Scriptural: A Reply to the Baptist Adamthwaite's Baptism Is Immersion!

By: Dr. Francis Nigel Lee

...lmudism! Indeed, he draws particularly on the later and uninspired Jewish Mishnah  and on modern Israeli archaeologists  in his own imaginative at... ... * * * * * As Adamthwaite alleges: "The Jewish Mishnah (compiled A.D. 200)...contains ten chapters of stipulations regard... ... chapters of stipulations regarding the miqveh or ritual immersion.... The Mishnah and Jewish practice accordingly persisted throughout the centuries... ... 151 to heed the Philip Blackman edition of the Post-Christian Judaistic Mishnah (200f A.D.). He would have us revise our views "in the light" of t... ...blical material. Indeed, he has even reinterpreted the (200f A.D.) Hebrew Mishnah  in the light (or darkness) of the modern Encyclopaedia Judaica a... ... itself. Indeed, he even admits that "Jesus opposed it"  and that "other rabbis did so too." 191 In referring to the Encyclopaedia Judaica, Adamt... ...e, he alleges anent the Judaical cleansing specifically of defiled Jews: "Rabbis stipulated a minimum of 47 inches depth, to enable total immersion ... ... * * * * For even Adamthwaite rightly states: 204 "The rabbis held that impurity came by contact with (a) an idolater; (b) a Gent...

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Mishnah

Encyclopedia Article

... Commentaries on the Mishnah ... ... Mishnah rabbis ... ... Mishnah rabbis ... ... Pages in category "Mishnah" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. ... ...tate M cont. Mishnah Mishnaic Hebrew N ... ... Commentaries on the Mishnah ... ... Mishnah rabbis ...

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Mishnah and Tosefta ; A Comparative Study. Part I.--Shabbat

By: Cohen, Boaz, 1899-1968

...llection World Public Library.org COMPARATIVE STUDY, PART I Title: MISHNAH AND TOSEFTA, A COMPARATIVE STUDY, PART I Author: BOAZ COHEN Languag... ...... ... My Father 188357 TABLEOF CONTENTS PREFACE I-III INTRODUCTION: Chapter I, Mishnah 3-25 Chapter II, Baraita 26-36 Chapter III, Tosefta 37-65 ANALYSIS ... ...hnah 3-25 Chapter II, Baraita 26-36 Chapter III, Tosefta 37-65 ANALYSIS OF MISHNAH AND TOSEFTA SHABBAT: Chapter I 66-73 Chapter II 74-79 Chapter III 8... ...146 PREFACE In the following we are presenting a critical analysis of the Mishnah and Tosefta of Shabbat with comments mostly upon such passages, whe... ...ath is explicitly men- tioned in Exodus XX, 10 and Deut. V, 14. Hence, the rabbis pro- hibited that an animal wear appurtenances that might be conside... ...IV 3, which are found in the T. VI-VII. 11. It appears surprising that the rabbis speak of Amorite ways, although this verse explicitly refers to the ... ...ves, as we learn from the Book of Maccabees and Josephus. 1* Later on, the rabbis took a definite stand on this question and permitted fighting on the... ...th, (Matthew XII, 11 and Luke XIV, 5), which is practically allowed by the Rabbis, cf. Shab. 128b. It seems that they contended with him because he he...

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The Renascence of Hebrew Literature (1743-1885)

By: Nahum Slouschz

...ident replaced Hebrew by the vernacular of his adopted country; while the Rabbis were distrustful of whatever is not religion; and rich patrons refu... ...y of the Talmud, under the direction of a Polish teacher, for the Polish Rabbis had attained to a position of great esteem as early as Luzzatto's d... ... afield as to believe himself called to play the role of the Messiah. The Rabbis, alarmed at the gloomy prospect of a repetition of the pseudo-Messi... ... campaign carried on in its pages against strait-laced orthodoxy and the Rabbis did not reach the degree of bitterness which was to characterize la... ...Wessely exhorted the editors not to attack religiousness nor ridicule the Rabbis, and Mendelssohn devoted his articles to minor points of Rabbinic p... ...ce of the earth" (42:29-31). Satanow pleaded for the language of the Mishnah as forming part of the Hebrew linguistic stock, but the moment was... ...old Hebrew roots, in compliance with forms occurring in the Bible and the Mishnah. Here are a couple of examples of this tendency: The Hebrew word _...

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Rabbi

Encyclopedia Article

... (Mishnah ... ...y the duties of the Protestant Christian minister, hence the title "pulpit rabbis", and in 19th-century Germany and the United States rabbinic activit... ...ome conservative strains ordain women and openly gay and lesbian people as rabbis and cantors.[1][2] Content... ...od, but also about temporal lords). As a sign of great respect, some great rabbis are simply called "The Rav". Rabbi is not an occ... ...s in Israel.[5] The titles "Rabban" and "Rabbi" are first mentioned in the Mishnah (c. 200 CE). The term was first used for Rabban Gamaliel the elder,... ...ate. Thus, the title gained an irregular plural form: רַבָּנִים rabbanim ("rabbis"), and not רַבָּי rabbay ("my Masters"). Honor ... ...f the word. This is illustrated by a two-thousand-year-old teaching in the Mishnah, Ethics of the Fathers (Pirkei Avot), which observed about King Dav... ... (Torah SheBe'al Peh). This was eventually encoded and codified within the Mishnah and Talmud and subsequent rabbinical scholarship, leading to what i... ...Jewish rabbis, and since pre-70 sages do not bear the title "Rabbi" in the Mishnah,29 most scholars assume that the meaning and usage of the term "Rab...

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Midrash and Mishnah : A Study in the Early History of the Halakah

By: Lauterbach, Jacob Zallel, 1873-1942

... Literature Collection World Public Library.org Title: MIDRASH AND MISHNAH Author: JACOB Z. LAUTERBACH Language: English Subject: Fiction, Li... ...... ...ND AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS TO THE MEMORY OF MY FATHER MIDRASH AND MISHNAH A STUDY IN THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE HALAKAH I THE teachings of the ... ... from generation to generation in two different forms, namely, Midrash and Mishnah. The one, Midrash, shortened from Midrash Torah , 1 represents the ... ...Halakah in the Jewish Encyclopaedia, VIII, pp. 569-72. L. B 2 MIDRASH AND MISHNAH of our Mishnah and Tosefta, as well as in many so-called Midrash-Ba... ...onal laws given to Moses on Sinai, DID^C^ Tl, as is claimed by some of the Rabbis of the Talmud (Mena^ot 35 a,b), these could have been nevertheless t... ... the written word means to study or teach like Moses did. Assuming, as the Rabbis did, that all the interpretations given in the Midrash are correct e... ...hich they originally had. A tradition to this effect was current among the Rabbis of the Talmud. The Rabbis often refer to such changes as correc- 38... ...tradition about the DHDID ^IpTl conflicts with the later conception of the Rabbis, namely, that the entire Torah is from God, and that the one who mai...

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Scrolls : Essays on Jewish History and Literature, And Kindred Subjects

By: Deutsch, Gotthard, 1859-1921

...of the Spanish and Portuguese congregation, and he has the sympathy of the rabbis of the foreign element in England, who never were inclined to accept... ...gitation against Dr. Adler's position in the divorce question. The foreign rabbis continued to divorce couples in the manner in which this is done in ... ...aps indelicate on the part of Dr. Adler to advo- cate legal punishment for rabbis who continued in the former practice, but that he was right in the m... ...he supreme court reversed the sen- tence of a lower court, which fined the rabbis of Jassy for refusing to assist at the ceremony of an oath THE YEA ... ...ken up by his cabinet. The most ardent advocates of the status quo are the rabbis, the orthodox included, who are afraid that the new regulation might... ...rlying such decisions are expounded by Maimonides in his commentary on the Mishnah (Keritot, 13, b), and I still remember how I astonished Reb Judah B... ... when Samson R. Hirsch made his attacks on Frankel's introduction into the Mishnah. He has overcome his scruples since. ISAAC HIRSCH WEISS.* ' I ^HE ... ...fly presented. Since the collapse of the reactionary 'Ta'anit, 17, a, see: Mishnah Hallah, 2, 5. ISAACLOEB PEREZ 291 policy of Austria after the unfo...

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Mishneh Torah

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...e ben Maimon, also known as RaMBaM or "Rambam"), one of history's foremost rabbis. The Mishneh Torah was compiled between 1170 and 1180 (4930–4940), w... ... brevity and clarity in his Mishneh Torah and, as in his Commentary on the Mishnah, he refrained from detailing his sources, considering it sufficient... ... The Mishneh Torah is written in Hebrew in the style of the Mishnah. As he states in the preface, Maimonides was reluctant to write in ... ...inent recent authorities who have written commentaries on the work include Rabbis Meir Simcha of Dvinsk (Ohr Somayach), Chaim Soloveitchik (Chiddushei... ...ews of India during Maimonides' lifetime. In response to a letter from the Rabbis of Lunel, France requesting him to translate his Guide of the Perple... ... Mishnah ... ...n Aruch Mishnah Berurah ...

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Midrash and Mishnah : A Study in the Early History of the Halakah

By: Lauterbach, Jacob Zallel, 1873-1942

...blic Library.org THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE HALAKAH Title: MIDRASH AND MISHNAH: A STUDY IN THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE HALAKAH Author: JACOB Z. LAUTE... ...... ... OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS w HisUaK TO THE MEMORY OF MY FATHER MIDRASH AND MISHNAH A STUDY IN THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE HALAKAH I The teachings of the ... ... from generation to generation in two different forms, namely, Midrash and Mishnah. The one, Midrash, shortened from 'Midrash Torah',^ represents the ... ...Halakah ' in the Jewish Encyclopaedia,VHI, pp. 569-72. L. B 2 MIDRASH AND MISHNAH of our Mishnah and Tosefta, as well as in many so-called Midrash-Ba... ...tional laws given to Moses on Sinai, DD"D7"n, as is claimed by some of the Rabbis of the Talmud (Mena'iot 35 a,b), these could have been nevertheless ... ... the written word means to study or teach like Moses did. Assuming, as the Rabbis did, that all the interpretations given in the Midrash are correct e... ...hich they originally had. A tradition to this effect was current among the Rabbis of the Talmud. Tlie Rabbis often refer to such changes as ' correc- ... ...adition about the QilSlD 'Jlp^n conflicts with the later conception of the Rabbis, namely, that the entire Torah is from God, and that the one who mai...

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Studies in Jewish Nationalism

By: Simon, Leon, 1881-1965

...iblical Hebrew through the post- Biblical, but still classical, idiom of the Mishnah and RENASCENCE OF'HEBRAISM 135 later Rabbinic literature. Both i... ...dern Hebrew borrows words from European languages, just as the Hebrew of the Mishnah borrowed from Greek and Latin ; and as the language is still spok... ...ffords an unsur- passable model for simple narrative and for poetry, and the Mishnah for the clear and concise expression of ideas ; but neither entir... ... with an extraordinary intellectual passion, the bygone controversies of the Rabbis. Thirdly, there is the beth-din, the ' house of law,' a court whic... ...ge of the sermon, of Jewish study, and of communal business. Hebrew-speaking Rabbis and teachers from Palestine will introduce a more exacting standar... ...ility for the individual Jew which is imposed on all Jews by a dictum of the Rabbis as well as (too often in a less friendly spirit) by a critical wor...

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List of rabbis

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... This is a list of prominent rabbi s. Rabbis are Judaism 's spiritual and religious leaders. See also: Lis... ...are Judaism 's spiritual and religious leaders. See also: List of Jews . Rabbis: Pre-Mishnaic (Tannaim) (Zugot) (ca. 515 BCE – 70 CE) :See: Mis... ... Jews . Rabbis: Pre-Mishnaic (Tannaim) (Zugot) (ca. 515 BCE – 70 CE) :See: Mishnah, Tannaim, Zugot . ZugotJose ben Joezer, Nasi of the Sanhe... ...he reign of King Herod the Great . OtherShimon Hatzadik Antigonus of Sokho Rabbis: Mishnaic (Tannaim)(ca. 70–200 CE) :See Mishnah, Tannaim . Aki... ... Hatzadik Antigonus of Sokho Rabbis: Mishnaic (Tannaim)(ca. 70–200 CE) :See Mishnah, Tannaim . Akiva, 1st-century Judea, central scholar in Mishn... ...dah haNasi, 2nd century, Judah the Prince, in Judea, redactor (editor) of the Mishnah Shimon bar Yochai, 1st-century mystic, reputed author of the Z... ... Yohanan ben Zakkai, 1st-century sage in Judea, key to the development of the Mishnah Eliezer ben Jose, the son of Jose the Galilean (?-c.160), fam... ...60), famous for Baraita of Thirty-Two mitzvoth. Father of Rabbi Hananiah . Rabbis: Talmudic (Amoraim)(ca. 200–500 CE) :See Talmud and Amora . A... ...Obadiah ben Abraham of Bertinoro, (Bartenura) 15th-century commentator on the MishnahAbraham ben David of Posquières, 1100s, France.Abraham ibn Ezra,...

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Midrash and Mishnah : A Study in the Early History of the Halakah

By: Lauterbach, Jacob Zallel, 1873-1942

... Literature Collection World Public Library.org Title: MIDRASH AND MISHNAH Author: JACOB Z. LAUTERBACH Language: English Subject: Fiction, Li... ...... ...OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS i. TO THE MEMORY OF MY FATHER 343DD8 MIDRASH AND MISHNAH A STUDY IN THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE HALAKAH I The teachings of the ... ... from generation to generation in two different forms, namely, Midrash and Mishnah. The one, Midrash, shortened from 'Midrash TorahV represents the Ha... ...alakah ' in the Jewish Encyclopaedia, VHI, pp. 569-72. L. B 2 MIDRASH AND MISHNAH of our Mishnah and Tosefta, as well as in many so-called Midrash-Ba... ...onal laws given to Moses on Sinai, DfO^cb'Tl, as is claimed by some of the Rabbis of the Talmud (Mena'not 35 a,b), these could have been nevertheless ... ... the written word means to study or teach like Moses did. Assuming, as the Rabbis did, that all the interpretations given in the Midrash are correct e... ...hich they originally had. A tradition to this effect was current among the Rabbis of the Talmud. The Rabbis often refer to such changes as ' correc- ... ...ition about the D''"121D ^JIpTl conflicts with the later conception of the Rabbis, namely, that the entire Torah is from God, and that the one who mai...

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The Monist : Volume 20

By: Hegeler, Edward C., 1835-1910; Hegeler Institute; Carus, Paul, 1852-1919, Editor

.... epa. 111.neee was held at Paris betwen Nicolas Donin IIIJI .'1. Jewlob rabbis. When the question came up a. -.] 1I· .. tIIe Tahud, rabbi Jechiel,... ...­ hand.]' The above passage occurs in a discussion upon the words in the Mishnah which forbid all kinds of writing to be done on the Sabbath. Sever... ...nslation, uhe who cuts upon his flesh," are the text. so to speak, of the Mishnah which is discussed in what follows. To illu strate the prac- • The... ...d almost exactly in the same words Sola, -o-)lIUTBtes the following: "Our Rabbis teach. Ever let ... Ieft band repel and the right band invite, not ... ...nda. What of Rabbi Joshua ben Perachjahl W1Ioa Janno; the kiDg killed our Rabbis, Joshua ben P .. rtdajah [and ]esbu] Oed to Alexandria in Egypt. Wh... ...mud. THE PDSONALITY OP JESUS IN THE TALMUD. 19 Bearing in mind that the rabbis had extremely vague ideas of the chronology of past times, we may p... ...to Jesus. There may be some other details in the life of Jesus which the rabbis had in view when they remodeled the story to sait their purpose. He... ...f which ODe end rested OIl the ground, the other .,..inst a wall ( ...... Mishnah). The Gospels, of course, say nothing about a stoning of Jesus, an...

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Chazal

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... Mishnah rabbis ... ... Mishnah rabbis ... ... Talmud rabbis ... ... Mishnah rabbis ... ... Mishnah rabbis ... ... Talmud rabbis ...

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Sermons by American Rabbis

By: Central Conference of American Rabbis

...RONTO from the estate of Aaron M. Kamerling I Sermons - by American Rabbis Edited and Published under the Auspices of the Central Conference of... ...ted and Published under the Auspices of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, HY SERVICES DATE The Central Conference Publication Committee. CHIC... ...ccordance with a resolution adopted by the Cen tral Conference of American Rabbis, at Rochester, N. Y., in July 1895, the Publication Committee presen... ...e they will be of special benefit to the smaller communities which have no rabbis and wish to conduct divine services on the chief holy days. THE COMM... ...s evident from Nehemiah viii and ix, from the books of the Macca bees, the Mishnah in Taanith and Yoma, also from the Acts of the Apostles, and the ho... ...ll-important that no time for instruction or exhortation was left, and the rabbis preached only a few times a year. This led to the belief that the se... ...emember that the early compilation of rabbinic maxims and regulations, the Mishnah, has one sixth of its bulky mass inscribed to the elucidation of la...

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The Journal of Philology ; Volume 16

By: Clark, William George, 1821-1878; Mayor, John Eyton Bickerstech, 1825-1910; Wright, William Aldis, 1831-1914; Bywater, Ingram, 1840-1914; Jackson, Henry, 1839-1921

..., verted Jew) and some of the most although he with his fellow-Popes eminent rabbis of the day. It must be was eventually rejected), past persecu- con... ...ergy of France, he succeeded in bringing about a public disputation with the Rabbis before the king, the queen-mother and other high per- sonages of t... ...for not giving, account of Kobert de Eedingge (also a in accordance with the Mishnah Dominican) becoming a Jew and mar- (Eduyyoth 1. 3) the ipsissima ... ...is last verse another (22), applying the word man ("1)23) in the name of two Rabbis to King Messiah, etc. But this latter passage could not have been ... ...d to eat;" but in no case can it mean they had not a mouth to eat, for these rabbis had just been talking with their mouths and thus, on the principle... ...nis. A little later on there is another Talmudic passage given, in which the Rabbis in their great humility (comp. Ps. lxxiii. 22) say, Si primi fueru...

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Me'asha

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Sermons by American Rabbis

By: Central Conference of American Rabbis

...NRVOFPRf^??f^ ) ^OiOQicn c^rv;^^>^ BM 735 .C4 Central Conference of American Rabbis. Sermons by American rabbis Sermons by American Rabbis Edited... ...dited/and Published under the Auspices of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, HY The Central Conference Publication Committee^ CHICAGO; 1896, ... ...accordance with a resolution adopted by the Cen- tral Conference of American Rabbis, at Rochester, N. Y., in July 1895, the Publication Committee pres... ...use they will be of special benefit to the smaller communities which have no rabbis and wish to conduct divine services on the chief holy days. The Co... ... all-important that no time for instruction or exhortation was left, and the rabbis j)reached only a few times a year. This led to the belief that the... ... remember that the early compilation of rabbinic maxims and regulations, the Mishnah, has one sixth of its bulky mass inscribed to the elucidation of ...

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Journal; Vol. 6

By: Society of Oriental Research

... JAOS 41, 1—59. KENNEDY, A. R. S., "Jewish Everyday Life as reflected in the Mishnah Treatise Shabbath", Studia Semitica 35 — 48. KITTEL, R., Kriege i... ...nnaim and Amoraim he is held to have had the right to dispute precepts ofthe Mishnah. 2 He died in 247 (A. D.). 3 There are two towns named Sura menti... ...tion shows that its tenor and method are obviously quite in the style of the Rabbis. Aphraates further says of the original endowment of Adam, that "a... ...he yeser hara. It is because of his evil yeser ("impulse"), according to the Rabbis, that a man sins. Man has properties in common with the animals be... ...s made, or (b) something which man works, 6 according to F. C. Porter. 7 The rabbis dealt with the practical method to escape sin and conquer it, rath... ...se of our own sinning. Hence was developed the theory of "original sin." The Rabbis were not concerned with the speculative problems. "Original sin" i... ...erently evil disposition in man as God made him, is not grappled with by the Rabbis.s The Rabbis speculated when it was given man, whether at birth or...

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Shmuel ha-Katan

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Sermons by American Rabbis

By: Central Conference of American Rabbis

...ii! in.iiiiHHliii;' MmWOK^MGEMMEMOEUM, i^"^ Sermons by ^ American Rabbis Edited and Published under the Auspices of the Central Conference of... ...ted and Published under the Auspices of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, BY .' 1 i '/. ' \ > The Central Conference Publication Committee* C... ...cordance with a resolution adopted by the Cen- tral Conference of American Rabbis, at Rochester, N. Y., in July 1895, the Publication Committee presen... ...e they will be of special benefit to the smaller communities which have no rabbis and wish to conduct divine services on the chief holy days. The Comm... ... evident from Nehemiah viii and ix, from the books of the Macca- bees, the Mishnah in Taanith and Yoma, also from the Acts of the Apostles, and the ho... ... evident from Nehemiah viii and ix, from the books of the Macca- bees, the Mishnah in Taanith and Yoma, also from the Acts of the Apostles, and the ho... ...ll-important that no time for instruction or exhortation was left, and the rabbis preached only a few times a year. This led to the belief that the se... ...emember that the early compilation of rabbinic maxims and regulations, the Mishnah, has one sixth of its bulky mass inscribed to the elucidation of la...

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The Literature of All Nations and All Ages : History, Character, And Incident : Volume 7

By: Hawthorne, Julian, 1846-1934; Young, John Russell, 1840-1899; Lamberton, John Porter, 1839-1917

...ormerwork were called Scribes or writers ; those who excelled in exposition became Rabbis or Masters. 95 96 WTERATURE OF ALI, NATIONS. The period of ... ..., and was called the "Talmud," or learning. - The Talmud consists of two parts—the Mishnah and the Gemara. The "Mishnah" is a written collectionof rab... ...ists of commentaries and explanations of difiicult questions made by distinguished rabbis. The Tal- mud continued to increase as the discourses of suc... ...y of Judaism and Christianity, but of Mohammedanism and Zoroastrianism turn to the Mishnah and Gemara in their dissections of dogma, and legend, and c...

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Gemara

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...nent of the Talmud comprising rabbinical analysis of and commentary on the Mishnah. After the Mishnah was published by Judah HaNasi (c. 200 CE), the w... ...0 CE), the work was studied exhaustively by generation after generation of rabbis in Babylonia and the Land of Israel. Their discussions were written ... ... in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud. There are two versions ... ... Contents 1 Gemara and Mishnah 2 Origins of the word ... ... 8 External links Gemara and Mishnah The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the ... ...together make up the Talmud. The Talmud thus comprises two components: the Mishnah – the core text; and the Gemara – analysis and commentary which "co... ...mpletes" the Talmud (see Structure of the Talmud). The rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim (sing. Tanna תנא). The rabbis of... ...ith differing circumstances; or that they represent the views of different Rabbis. Do certain authorities differ or not? If they do, why do they diffe...

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Sefer Okre Harim : the Rabbinical Dialectics : A History of the Dialecticians and Dialectics of the Mishnah and Talmud

By: Hahn, Aaron

...BBINICAL DIALEGTieS, A HISTORY OF THE JOiaZecticiarhs ^ Jlialectics OF THE MISHNAH AND TALMUD, BY Rabbi of the Tiferelh Israel Congregation, Cleveland... ...the Prophets and theJudaism ofthe Middle Ages, a work brought about by the Rabbis ac- cording to their whims, vagaries and pleasure, but by the light ... ..., in philosophy, in homiletics and in philology, are not capacitated to be Rabbis unless they are versed in the application of the Rabbinical Dialecti... ... the Talmud was a matter of belief overcome by the scientifically educated rabbis. It is a fact that Ilillel laid down seven, Ismael thirteen, and Rab... ...istorical one. An historical point in view was something so strange to the rabbis of the Middle Ages,, and so far above their horizon, that they never... ...berger. D^^lj^n ^D*n by Samuel Waldberg. The different commentaries on the Mishnah and Talmud, and the Rabbinical responses, contain a great many very... ...u- shalmi 5, 1), Rabbi Akiba, the greatest rabbi among the teachers of the Mishnah epoch, and the founder of a new dialectical school, endeavored to d... ...s a " point d'appui," then it is followed by the word "nC^.3li^ (Berachoth Mishnah i. 5). The rabbis liked this method very much, n^b nil^DH H'l^^mD ^... ...use he arranged the confused Halachas, and thus laid the foundation to the Mishnah, which was continued by Rabbi Meir and linished by Rabbi Jehuda, th...

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Journal of the American Oriental Society; Vol. 36-37

By: American Oriental Society

...id servant.' 29 For a detailed enumeration of the parts of the human body s. Mishnah Ohal. 1. 8. The 248 members correspond to the same number of prec... ...nd for the 365 prohibitions of the Torah ('j;r\ K 4 ? 'O) as codified by the rabbis, cf. Yoma 75^; Berak. 45*. 80 KD11D , Levy, Neuhebr. u. CTmld. WE.... ...he apsu or 'deep.' The assumption of 'two' calendars is nothing unusual. The Rabbis, in fact, recognize ' four ' New Year periods : ( 1 ) 1st of Nisan... ...in volume and value is what is known as the ' Rabbinical literature. ' . The Mishnah is represented by quite a series of edi- tions, containing the te... ...andment of the Sabbath before the Sinai Revelation a point of view which the rabbis present in connection with the words pH I 1 ? in Ex. 15. 25 (see M... ...raham, and with Israel on Sinai were all made on the fifteenth of Sivan. The rabbis, with reference to Ex. 19. 1, point to the giving of the decalogue... ...c law concerning the offering of the first fruits (Deut. 16. 1), as both the Mishnah Bikkurim 3. 2 and Philo (Mangey, 2. 298), who calls it 'the feast... ... traces of which are found also in Is. 12. 3 and 30. 29. It is called in the Mishnah Sukkah (5. 1) Simhath beth ha-shoebah, 'Festivity of the House of... ...ls 223 festal dance of the maidens on the hills of Jerusalem assigned in the Mishnah Taanit 4. 8 to the Atonement day and the fifteenth of Ab (August)...

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Baraita

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...isa) designates a tradition in the Jewish oral law not incorporated in the Mishnah. "Baraita" thus refers to teachings "outside" of the six orders of ... ...nah. "Baraita" thus refers to teachings "outside" of the six orders of the Mishnah. Originally, "Baraita" probably referred to teachings from schools ... ...as passed down to us like the Tosefta was. Because the Mishnah encapsulates the entire Oral Law in a purposely compact form (desig... ...ditional explanations, clarifications and rulings were not included in the Mishnah. These were later compiled in works called the "Baraitot" – often i... ... The authority of the Baraita is somewhat less than that of the Mishnah. Nevertheless, these works are the basic "proof-text" cross-referen... ...e Aramaic word "Tanya" ("It was orally taught") or by "Tanu Rabanan" ("Our Rabbis have orally taught"), whereas "Tnan" ("We have orally taught") intro...

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Tractate Sanhedrin : Mishnah and Tosefta : The Judicial Procedure of the Jews as Codified Towards the End of the Second Century A.D

By: Oesterley, W. O. E. (William Oscar Emil), 1866-1950

...Y. G. H. Box. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION : 1. THE PLACE OF THE TRACTATE IN THE MISHNAH vii 2. THE MAIN PURPOSES OF THE TRACTATE . vii 3. SOME CHARACTERIST... ...CAL REFERENCES . . 82 VI INTRODUCTION i. THE PLACE OF THE TRACTATE IN THE MISHNAH THE Mishnah is divided into six parts, called in Hebrew Seddrim (li... ...es. Shabbath has twenty-four chapters. Of the sixty- three included in the Mishnah, our tractate is second tonone in importance, and, with one excepti... ...ough the growth of the Oral Law. "It is important to realise that both the Mishnah and the later Talmudic amplifications, which rest upon it, represen... ...this prohibition as follows : ' In answer to your question asking when the Mishnah and Talmud were respectively committed to writing, it should be sai... ...a (Shabbath I3 a , I4 b ) this is explained ; therewas a questionamong the Rabbis as to whether the book of Ezekiel should be received into the Canon ... ...it. " a mixing " or " amalgamation," and refers to a combination, whichthe Rabbis established, of legal obligation and its modification. " According t... ...its head." a " little yoke " : there was a difference of opinion among the Rabbis as to whether this word was to be written ]*iZ3^3 (gitndn) or ViJD^ ... ...d from the latter, which comes from the root ^E;i, " to train "; but other Rabbis interpreted this latter root in the sense inwhich it occurs in i Sam...

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The Pulpit Commentary

By: Spence Jones, Henry Donald Maurice, 1836-1917

... the two meanings of Logos, and, apart even from the later teaching of the rabbis, furnished both to Paul and John the material on which their intelle... ... day. Contradictory passages are brought from the Jewish writers, from the Mishnah and the Talmudists, to illustrate the degree of sanctity with which... ...ity with which the 15th day of Nisan was regarded. Thus Tholuck shows from Mishnah (' Sohabbatli,' c. 23. 1) that a species of purchase could be made ... ...amb. (2) The Talmud explicitly confirms the accuracy of John's statements. Mishnah ' Sanh. : ' " Jesus was suspended on the evening of the Passover " ... ... makes Christ's reply an acceptance of her hint; but along other lines the rabbis were accustomed to say that wine and life were in the mouth of a rab... ...uhedrist to have extemporized. At the same time, it may be proved that the rabbis regarded proselytism as a " new birth," and one produced or brought ... ...ght to climb the steep ascent (Gen. xi. 4 ; Isa. liv. 13) ; true also that rabbis spoke of Moses having " ascended into theheavens," by which(says Whi... ...as heathens, yet Simon ben Gamaliel regarded them as Israelites, and the ' Mishnah ' shows that in many of their customs they re- sembled the Jews. It... ...Life of Jesus,' ii. 148; The Talmud (translated by Barclay), Treatises of 'Mishnah,' with illustrations from the Gemaras, vi. "cm Tabernacles;" Ewald,...

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Tosefta

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... Mishnah Tosefta ... ...of the Jewish oral law from the late 2nd century period, the period of the Mishnah. Contents ... ...w In many ways, the Tosefta acts as a supplement to the Mishnah (tosefta means "supplement, addition"). The Mishnah (Hebrew: משנה) ... ...aism; it was compiled in 189 CE.[1] The Tosefta closely corresponds to the Mishnah, with the same divisions for sedarim ("orders") and masekhot ("trac... ... At times the text of the Tosefta agrees nearly verbatim with the Mishnah. At others there are significant differences. The Tosefta often att... ... According to rabbinic tradition, the Tosefta was redacted by Rabbis Ḥiya and Oshaiah (a student of Ḥiya).[2] Whereas the Mishna was cons... ...y - we follow the Mishnah rather than take up the episode which places the rabbis at variance. Whenever R. Meir and R. Yosi disagree,[6] the halacha f...

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The Rabbinical Dialectics : A History of the Dialecticians and Dialectics of the Mishnah and Talmud

By: Hahn, Aaron

...rary.net ann s, A HISTORY OF THE T)ia2ecticicL7i.s ^ Diciivctics OF THIS MISHNAH AND TALMUD, JJY n of the Tifereth Israel Congregation, Cleveland, O... ...the Prophets and theJudaism ofthe Middle Ages, a work brought about by the Rabbis ac- cording to their whims, vagaries and pleasure, but by the light ... ..., in philosophy, in homiletics and in philology, are not capacitated to be Rabbis unless they are versed in the application of the Rabbinical Dialecti... ...he Talmud was a. matter of belief overcome by the scientifically- educated rabbis. It is a fact that Hillel laid down seven, Ismael thirteen, and Rabb... ...n historicalone. Anhistorical point in viewwas something so strange to the rabbis of the Middle Ages> and so far above their horizon, that they never ... ...ligman B. Bamberger. by Samuel Waldberg. The different commentaries on the Mishnah and Talmud r and the Rabbinical responses, contain a great many ver... ...u- shalmi 5, 1), Rabbi Akiba, the greatest rabbi among the teachers of the Mishnah epoch, and the founder of a new dialectical school, endeavored to d... ...a tk point d'appui," then it is followed by the word *lftfcOti7 (Berachoth Mishnah i. 5). The rabbis liked this method very much, n 9. Foreign words, ... ...use he arranged the confused Halachas, and thus laid the foundation to the Mishnah, which was continued by Rabbi Meir and finished by Rabbi Jehuda, th...

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The Journal of Religion ; Volume 2

By: University of Chicago. Divinity School; University of Chicago. Federated Theological Faculty

...ile some Orthodox leaders favored Mendelssohn's translation, the majority of rabbis opposed it as a revolutionary act which would strike the heart of ... ... of other lands hi their struggle for equality. There were some men like the rabbis of Pressburg who considered the desire for political equality on t... ...e auspices of the Union, under the leadership of Dr. Isaac M. Wise, to train rabbis for American Jewish pulpits. Further to unite American Israel, the... ...is of the country organized themselves into a Central Conference of American Rabbis, that the counsel of all may be brought to bear upon the vexing qu... ... JOURNAL OF RELIGION throughout the land. The Central Conference of American Rabbis together with the Union of American Hebrew Congre- gations have no... ...uld be surprised, probably, to find " Sanhedrin" defined as a section of the Mishnah; or, seeking information regarding the Japanese sacred litera- tu...

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Bezalel Rakow

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...escendant of Rabbi Yomtov Lipman Heller, (author of the Tosafos Yomtov commentary on the Mishnah). His father, Rabbi Yomtov Lipman Rakow, a pupil of t... ... 1927 births 2003 deaths British Orthodox rabbis Haredi rabbis in Europe ... ...rthodox rabbis Haredi rabbis in Europe Swiss rabbis 20th-century rabbis ...

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The Rabbinical Dialectics : A History of the Dialecticians and Dialectics of the Mishnah and Talmud

By: Hahn, Aaron

...y ISD THE RABBINICAL MALMS. A HISTORY OF THE Dialecticians ^ Dialectics OF THE MISHNAH AND TALMUD, BY Rabbi of the Tifereth Israel Congregation, Cleve... ...of the Prophets and the Judaism ofthe Middle Ages, a work brought about by the Rabbis ac- cording to their whims, vagaries and pleasure, but by the li... ...tory, in philosophy, in homiletics and in philology, are not capacitated to be Rabbis unless they are versed in the application of the Rabbinical Dial... ...y of the Talmud was a matter of belief overcome by the scientifically-educated rabbis. It is a fact that Hillel laid down seven, Ismael thirteen, and ... ... an historical one. Anhistorical point in view was something so strange to the rabbis of the Middle Ages, and so far above their horizon, that they ne... ... Bamberger. L. f "'^ll by Samuel Waldberg. v The different commentaries on the Mishnah and Talmud, and the Rabbinical responses, contain a great many ... ...d Yem- shalmi 5, 1), Rabbi Akiba, the greatest rabbi among the teachers of the Mishnah epoch, and the founder of a new dialectical school, endeavored ... ...sage is a " point d'appui," then it is followed by the word ")CfcOf (Berachoth Mishnah i. 5). The rabbis liked this method very much, n^ HT^n n^TID ^H... ...because he arranged the confused Halachas, and thus laid the foundation to the Mishnah, which was continued by Rabbi Meir and finished by Rabbi Jehuda...

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Biblical Researches in Palestine, 1838-52 : A Journal of Travels in the Year 1838

By: Edward Robinson, Eli Smith

...tices, 389, 390. Inhabited later only by Jews; their celebrated school; the Mishnah and Talinuds, 390-392. Church built under Constantine, 391. Midd... ..., 427; 428. Later state, 428. Seat of the Jews and a celebrated school; its Rabbis, 428-430. Meirt.n, Jewish cemetery, etc. 430, 431. Situation and ... ...alem or elsewhere in the Holy Land. As we were about to take leave, the two Rabbis of their own accord led us into the synagogue, situated under the... ...tted to writing the great mass of Jewish tra­ ditional law, now known as the Mishnah; an immense work, which was completed, according to the best acc... ...abbi J ochanan compiled here the Gemara, a supplement and commentary to the Mishnah, now usually known as the Jerusalem Talmud." In the same school ... ...the Babylonian school, and contains their commentary and supplement to the Mishnah. It is l'efelTed to the sixth century; is much more full and mi... ...uch if any further back than the a y pert of1e ,-,a c 1tury. 1 1e celerated RabbIS, wh ar k w to ha Ii ed n ta gh in Sa d, all it' n this penod. On... ...f the Muhammedans; and probably took place by degrees. Some of the renowned Rabbis, as appears above, continued their labours into the ,seventeenth ... ... hours distant W. N. W.6 Here are the reputed tombs of several ancient holy Rabbis; and as a place of pilgrimage for the Jews, this is now the most ...

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Joshua Kulp

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...5] He also teaches at the Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies. He also coordinates the Mishnah Yomit project through the United Synagogue of Conserv... ... Categories Living people 20th-century rabbis 21st-century rabbis ...

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Sayings of the Jewish Fathers : Comprising Pirqe Aboth and Pereq R. Meir in Hebrew and English, With Critical and Illustrative Notes and Specimen Pages of the The Cambridge University Manuscript of the Mishnah Jerushalmith from Which the Text of Aboth Is Taken

By: Taylor, Charles, 1840-1908

...TIVE NOTES; AND SPECIMEN PAGES OF THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY MANUSCRIPT OF THE MISHNAH ' JERUSHALMITH ', FROM WHICH THE TEXT OF ABOTH IS TAKEN, EDITED F... ...Masseketh Aboth, best known as Pirqe Aboth, or Chapters of the Fathers, is a Mishnah Tract in Seder Neziqin, where it stands between 'Abodah Zarah and... ... Chapter we have a series of moral sayings, which are put into the mouths of Rabbis who lived within the period from two centuries before to two centu... ... or of systematic classification; and it makes no mention of the name of any Mishnah Teacher, until we come, at or near the end, to a saying which is ... ...more commonly in Hebrew—in separate Manuscripts, or in his work on the whole Mishnah, or in Jewish Prayer Books INTRODUCTION. of tlie Italian rite. A... ...n it. The printed text of the Five Peraqim^ is from an important copy of the MiSHNAH, of which an exhaustive account is being prepared by the learned ... ...e may not be harmed. Rab Bibi bar Abaye did this. He saw, andwas harmed. Our Rabbis prayed for mercy on him, and he was healed" (Berakoth 6 a). The sp... ...some of the statements which have to be taken into account in estimating the Rabbis' views of revelation. It is evident that some of their dicta were ... ...st done, it shall be done unto thee " (Obadiah 15), is fully accepted by the Rabbis, and pervades their litera- ture. See p. 45. "A^es dSiKrifia ra Tr...

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Journal of Biblical Literature : Vol. 38-40

By: Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis; Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. Journal

...poiTiacrt) , as does van Hoon- acker, may be doubted ; more probably he or his rabbis knew a root or pronunciation b'3^. current somewhere in their ti... ...uch a usage. But we may confidently assume it on the basis of a passage in the Mishnah (Baba Bathra ii, 8) in which 6 Note that I follow Arnold's inte... ...revent harm (to his neigh- bor's property when the threshing takes place). The Mishnah itself, it is apparent, furnishes no definition of the yi2p pli... ... Babylonian Gemara is not concerned "with defining the J^13p ]1U; since in the Mishnah and the Palestinian (jTe- mara, it is assumed that everybody kn... ...and the passage, we must go back to what evidently was the simple sense of the Mishnah, as surmised at the start. The train of argument w^ould then ru... ...hreshing-floor.'' In other words, ^Hp ]11J in the Babylonian Talmud, as in the Mishnah itself and the Palestinian Talmud, is still unde- scribed. We k...

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Shaye J. D. Cohen

Encyclopedia Article

...is Vita and Development As a Historian" (1979), "From the Maccabees to the Mishnah" (1988), "The Beginnings of Jewishness: Boundaries, Varieties, Unce... ...8-5 Cohen, Shaye J. D., From the Maccabees to the Mishnah, Westminster John Knox Press, 1988. ISBN 0-664-25017-3 ... ... American academics American Conservative rabbis Jewish American historians ... ... Harvard University faculty 20th-century rabbis 21st-century rabbis Amer...

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The Mishnah Treatise Sanhedrin

By: Krauss, Samuel, 1866-1948

... , Greek <rvv&piov), belongs to the fourth section (Nezlkln) of the Mishnah. As its name implies, it treats of the highest tribunal of the Jews... ...ter really belongs. VII It is evident, even in its present form, that the Mishnah treatise Sanhedrin was originally a sort of judges manual; just as ... ...drion which are to be found in Josephus Flavius, in the Gospels and in the Mishnah (together with the parallel literature) are so scattered, so variou... ...i cism J. Halevy, Dorot Harischonim, i. 607 seq. Frankf. on Main 1906. The Mishnah treatise Sanhedrin is the basis for the Eabbinic accounts of the Sy... ... be added the Tosephta, the two Talmuds, various data to be found in other Mishnah treatises and in the Midrashlm . In the notes to the following text... ... of silver Deut. 22, 29; ib. 28 "and lay hold on her", hence the Rabbis say D^ "force". f Deut. 22, 19, fine of 100 pieces of silv... ... of hands became (only sym bolically of course) the ceremony of appointing Rabbis with juridical powers (130 "pD^D)* known as PD^DD ( M G WJ 45, ... ...spare the land, three cities in one district were not to be destroyed. The Rabbis recognized the purely theoretic character of these ordinances, b. 71... ... great Synagogue at Alexandria T Sukka IV, 6, j V, 1, b 51t>. c two rabbis were assigned to him to examine it. 2. a Jos. VII, 19. 20. b ib. 25....

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The American Journal of Theology

By: University of Chicago. Divinity School

...he golden calf which the Israelites had set up at Horeb. The cow, said the rabbis, must purge away the guilt of the calf, and the parable was put f... ...de with almost equal facility the type of Israel's enemies. For some of the rabbis find that the heifer is Egypt, which is called a beautiful heifer... ...ntioned Charles Taylor's Sayings oftlu Jewish Fathers, a translation of the Mishnah Aboth, with very valuable notes and excursuses (Cambridge; 2d ed... ...of Bachet, Die Aggada der Tan1wim und A moriJe1'. The attitude taken by the rabbis toward the heathen and the gnostic heresies, and toward pagan pra... ... It was on the one hand the sexual abuses of the gnostics that offended the rabbis of Palestine, and on the other the dogma of the divinity of Chris... ...ther the dogma of the divinity of Christ. In regard to the Resurrection the rabbis of the Talmud and the Fathers of the church use the same argument...

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Origins of Rabbinic Judaism

Encyclopedia Article

... 3.1 Talmud 3.2 Mishnah 3.3 Gemara ... ...er of charismatic religious leaders, contributing to what would become the Mishnah of Rabbinic Judaism, including Yochanan ben Zakai and Hanina Ben Do... ...ugh the era of the Judges, and the prophets (most of whom are seen as the "rabbis" of their time), through the Sages of the late Second Temple period,... ...er of charismatic religious leaders, contributing to what would become the Mishnah of Rabbinic Judaism, including Yochanan ben Zakai and Hanina Ben Do... ...Temple, prayer took the place of sacrifice, and worship was rebuilt around rabbis who acted as teachers and leaders of individual communities (see Jew... ... giving tithes to the priests and sacrificing offerings at the Temple, the rabbis instructed Jews to give money to charities and study in local Synago... ...i edited together judgments and traditions into an authoritative code, the Mishnah. This marks the transformation of Pharisaic Judaism into Rabbinic J... ... Pharisaic Judaism into Rabbinic Judaism. Although the Rabbis traced their origins to the Pharisees, Rabbinic Judaism nevertheless... ...ted.[17] The oral law was subsequently codified in the Mishnah and Gemarah, and is interpreted in Rabbinic literature detailing su...

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Sukkah, Mishna and Tosefta

By: Greenup, A. W. (Albert William), 1866-1952

...ishna ... ... ... ... i (2) Contents of the Tractate ... ... 2 (3) List of Rabbis mentioned in the Tractate, and Date of Composition ... ... 4 (4) The... ...amongst them ; the case of the Bilgah division. 4 INTRODUCTION 3. LIST OF RABBIS MENTIONED IN THE TKACTATE, AND DATE OF COMPOSITION To estimate histo... ...actate there are anonymous dicta, and also the express utterances of named Rabbis and schools of thought ; and it is evident that these sayings belong... ...icta is the compilation of the Mishna c. A.D. 200. In Sukkah the following Rabbis and schools of Rabbis are named : 1. The schools of Shammai and Hill... ...people may go 1 Cf. Ber. iii. 3 ; vii. 2 ; Hag. i. i ; see below, 8. 2 The Rabbis differ as to the reason. R. Zera says because so it is not made a pe... ...ntro- duction and Notes by A. LUKYN WILLIAMS, D.D. 6s. Tractate Sanhedrin. Mishnah and Tosefta. The Judicial procedure of the Jews as codified towards...

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The New York Review : A Journal of the Ancient Faith and Modern Thought : Volume 1

By: St. Joseph's Seminary (Yonkers, N. Y.)

...ical or literary criti- cism, and this for the simple reason that the credulity of the Rabbis of past ages has known no limit in such matters. Not onl... ...e book as entirely imaginative. In so doing they share the view of some ancient Jewish rabbis, which is embodied in the Talmud 1 to the effect that Jo... ...a bathra, fol. 15, in Magnus, Comm., z. B. Hiob, p. 298. 2 Among whom may be mentioned rabbis Hai, Rashi, and Eben Ezra. 3 Cf. H. Lesetre, Introd. a I... ...tute a comparison between the culture of the hellenistic Jews and the tradition of the rabbis. These latter claimed confidently to hold in their posse... ...the bath of purification." In the treatise Jebamoth are related the de- cisions of two rabbis who lived toward the close of the 1st century A.D., viz.... ...served in the ecords they have left us on the subject. The earlier Jewish writings, he Mishnah, Mekhilta, Siphre, Siphra, etc. /are the reproduction o... ...and many of them belong to that same period, being attributed to R. Yose (b. Chalafta) Mishnah Pesachim, IX, 2; ^osephta Pesachim, VIII, 3; Baba Mesi ... ...none the less be undertaken. l On these see the various Biblical Dictionaries, ss. vv. Mishnah, Talmud, etc. 2 Such as counting the verses, words and ...

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Dosetai

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... In legend 1 Tannas - Mishnah rabbis 2 Dosetai of Kefar... ... In legend 1 Tannas - Mishnah rabbis 2 Dosetai of Kefar Yatma 2... ...5 Amoras - Talmud rabbis in the Land of Israel 3 Do... ...Tan." ii. 385-387). Compare Dositheus. Tannas - Mishnah rabbis Dosetai of Kefar Yatma ... .... 385-387). Compare Dositheus. Tannas - Mishnah rabbis Dosetai of Kefar Yatma A pupil... ... Dosetai of Kefar Yatma A pupil of Shammai (mishnah Orlah ii. 5), lived in Kefar Yatma, east of Ariel, north of Shiloh.... ...hean (see: Bacher, "Ag. Tan." ii. 32). Amoras - Talmud rabbis in the Land of Israel Dosetai ... ...incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia Mishnah rabbis Talmud rabbis of the Land of Israel ... ...ating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia Mishnah rabbis Talmud rabbis of the Land of Israel ...

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The Mishnah Treatise Sanhedrin

By: Krauss, Samuel, 1866-1948

... Collection World Public Library.org TREATISE SANHEDRIN Title: THE MISHNAH TREATISE SANHEDRIN Author: SAMUEL KRAUSS Language: English Subject... ...hedrin ', Greek auvi^piov), belongs to the fourth section (Nezikin) of the Mishnah. As its name implies, it treats of the highest tribunal of the Jews... ...tter really belongs. vn It is evident, even in its present form, that the Mishnah treatise Sanhedrin was originally a sort of judges' manual; just as... ...edrion which are to be found in Josephus Mavius,.in the Gospels and in the Mishnah (together with the parallel literature) are so scattered, so variou... ... cism J. Hale'vy, Borot EanscJionim, i. 607 seq. Frankf. on Main 1906. The Mishnah treatise Sanhedrin is the basis for the Eabbinic accounts of the Sy... ...spare the land, three cities in one district were not to be destroyed. The Rabbis recognized the purely theoretic character of these ordinances, b. 71... ...e. The la-w can apply only to this time, for he might become a father. The Rabbis themselves declare the carrying out of this law problematic; but, th... ...n he became very ill so that he died, [the one attacking him] is free. The Rabbis deduce from this case that the one who attacks must be put in prison... ... or fist (n"i;ji^) mentioned previously. It is not clear in what sense the Rabbis understood the word n")J^; cfr. Ibn Ezra ad he. 3- tt IJ^*!^ in some...

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Journal of Biblical Literature : Issue 6-May

By: Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis; Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. Journal

...Isa. iv. 2 by Dr. Stebbins. The fifth paper, entitled " A Chapter from the Mishnah," a trans- lation of the first section ofthe tractate Berakhoth wit... ...ervice of the second temple. How is this fact to be explained ? The Jewish Rabbis enumerate five things wanting in the second temple which were found ... ...CAL SOCIETY. Even Aquila, whose version was praised by the teachers of the Mishnah, had this addition. A scholion in Origen remarks on this addition :...

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Simchah ben Abraham Calimani

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...lowing works: (1) II Rabbino Morale-Toscano, an Italian translation of the Mishnah treatise Abot (in collaboration with Jacob Saraval, Venice, 1729, o... ...cyclopedia 1784 deaths Italian rabbis Italian Jews Grammarians... ...Hebrew Talmudists 18th-century rabbis Year of birth unknown Al... ...lowing works: (1) II Rabbino Morale-Toscano, an Italian translation of the Mishnah treatise Abot (in collaboration with Jacob Saraval, Venice, 1729, o... ...cyclopedia 1784 deaths Italian rabbis Italian Jews Grammarians... ...Hebrew Talmudists 18th-century rabbis Year of birth unknown Al...

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Intimate Glimpses of the Rabbi's Career

By: Berkowitz, Henry, 1857-1924

...r Jewish theological literature. They willbewelcomed by students and young rabbis alike as a valuable guide and a forceful incentive to the work of pu... ...imself at once the target of countless inquiries. The Sheeltot directed to rabbis under other conditions referred almost exclusively to Issur v hettar... ...ood thing, with the mental reservation, "for others," i. e., for rabbis, children, women, and old folks. He sees the utility of the school a... ...which is quite differ ent from the bravado that glories in giving offense. Rabbis are, happily, human. They have their tempers and their temptations l... ...uthorities passed into oblivion, it was to the academies and their learned rabbis that the people submitted mooted questions for decision. The literat... ...vilege to cultivate those virtues and excel lencies of which it is said in Mishnah Peah 1.: DTKttf :*on D;IJ? i? no^p pDm nrn D^IJD DnvrrvB m* "T...

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The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature, Science, And Art : Volume 11

...e very oldest. It is found in the «S'//Vt', a work, altliough of somewhat later redaction, anterior to the Mishnah, aiid often quoted in the Talmud as... ... Testament, the Vulgate—that most faithful receptacle of Jewish tradition, as transmitted to Jerome by his Rabbis—will best help us. There is no doubt... ...g unto deep" to the technical Aramaic "reading tlie Scriptures" — ^iu contradis- tinction to " reading the Mishnah"—from the weird German Schrei to th... ...e, that Moham- med gave that name to every single fragment of that book, until it became, even as the word Mishnah, its collective and general name. W... ... JMidrash of the man whose heart was sore wiliiin him for that he could neither read the Scripture nor the Mishnah. And one day when he stood in the s... ...d him what made him cry out thus, he said, " I have not been deemed wortliy to read the Scriptures, or the Mishnah, and now the moment has come when I...

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Bava Metzia

Encyclopedia Article

... are explained and illustrated by examples (ch. v. 1-10). According to the Mishnah "the lender, who takes interest, the borrower who pays it, the witn... ...d is thereupon free from payment (ch. vii. 8-10). The example given in the Mishnah of shomer sakhar is that of an artisan who undertakes to produce ce... ...s relating to the sokher are included in ch. vi. From the paid trustee the Mishnah passes over (ch. vii.) to the workman ("po'el") in general, and reg... ... divided into eleven chapters, which correspond to the ten chapters of the Mishnah in the following way: Chaps. i.-ii. correspond to chaps. i.-ii. of ... ...nah in the following way: Chaps. i.-ii. correspond to chaps. i.-ii. of the Mishnah; chap. iii. to chaps. iii.-iv. of the Mishnah; chaps. iv.-vi. to ch... ...e Rabbi Johanan, the Jerusalem master (B. M. 85a). According to Rashi, the rabbis of Jerusalem were not of a contentious disposition, and settled diff...

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Der Misna-Traktat Tamid : Text Nach einer Vatikan-Handschrift Nebst Variae Lectiones aus 12 Talmud- und Misnahandschriften Sowie Altesten Drucken mit Erstmaliger Anfuhrung Von Paralleltexten aus Beiden Talmuden, Tospta, Midras und Anderen

By: Brody, A

...GWJ 1933, S. 413—429. Ginzberg, (Louis) = Tamid the Oldest Treatise of the Mishnah. Journal of Jewish Lore and Philosophy, Vol. 1, Cincinnati 1919, S.... ...ossen Gamaliels II, vorgelegen hat, und dass er nicht einen Teil der Misna Rabbis (Strack, S. 16 f.) bildete.'' b. Obwohl die Einzelbeobachtungen bei ... ...ngt, ungerechtfertigt. 1 . Dass der Traktat Tam nicht einen Teil der Misna Rabbis bildete (Ginzberg, S. 38. 40. 44. 265. 290. 293), obwohl er den- sel... ... soll aber nach Ginzberg, S. 42 f. auch deshalb nicht einen Teil der Misna Rabbis bilden, weil mehreren seiner H4akot von Misnaautoritäten anderer Tra... ...Traktate betrifft, so können diese erst gegen die Zugehörigkeit von Tam zu Rabbis Misna angeführt werden, wenn es bewiesen wird, dass sich derartige W... ...Kontroversen, die Strack, S. 17, oben, erwähnt, wo abweichende An- sichten Rabbis sogar bei Nennung seinesNamens angeführt werden. Damit glaube ich ge... ...gen Cod s. unten Einl., § 16 b. cd. f. L = b. Gamhridge, Universitätshihl. Mishnah Cod no. 7'3='Ädd. 470, 1. Der Abdruck v. W. H. Lowe ,,The Mishnah o...

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Journal of the American Oriental Society; Vol. 40-41

By: American Oriental Society

...atum and a younger one. The chief work containing the former is known as the Mishnah, a book compiled about 219 A. D. ; the chief work containing the ... ...s a sort of a running commentary to the older stratum of law, especially the Mishnah. The most striking difference between these two literatures as la... ... Rabbi B says he should do that ; and sometimes there follows the opinion of Rabbis C and D. These were not considered as the ultimate authority for t... ...e, what is the relation of the one to the other ? After a long struggle, the Mishnah propounded the following theory : Moses on Mount Sinai received t... ...ll of debt to the creditor, but R. Judah says he should not give it to him. (Mishnah, Bab. Bat. 10. 5.) The Mishnah offers no hint as to the basis und...

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Library of Congress Classification:Class B, subclass BM -- Judaism

Encyclopedia Article

...iterature 497-497.8..........Mishnah ... ...ical Judaism 651-652.7..........Priests, rabbis, etc. ...

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Mishnah : A Digest of the Basic Principles of the Early Jewish Jurisprudence

By: Goldin, Hyman E. (Hyman Elias), B. 1881

...o acquaint the reader with the fundamental principles of law laiddown in the Mishnah. It is not designed to give an exhaustive treatment of the variou... ...comparative jtirisprudence. The original arrangement of the chapters and the Mishnahs therein contained has been preserved in this work; forhad anew a... ...tudent who 2094929 iv Preface might wish to follow the original text of the Mishnah. As far as possible, a literal translation of the original text h... ...ons. With reference to the interpretation of the provisions and terms of the Mishnah, an attempt has beenmade to follow authoritative sources,—such as... ...that there was a certain unity of thought in the mind of the redactor of the Mishnah when he embodied in the present treatise the various branches of ... ...icles, Chapter xvii. Law 13). (10). This rule of law had been enacted by the Rabbis in order to preserve peace between husband and wife, and parent an... ... as we find in a great many instances in the Talmud, rigidly enforced by the Rabbis. A violation of a rule of civil law, known in Jewish jurisprudence... ... a holycommandand there- fore a sin against God for which no action lay. The Rabbis, therefore, who acted not only in the capacity of tribunals to det... ...Moses), and what is to be considered an increase (which is prohibited by the Rabbis) ? Usury is when one lends a sela (four denars) for 100 Mishnah: ...

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The Methodist Quarterly Review : Series 3, Volume 2

By: Methodist Episcopal Church

... school, collected that great mass of Jewish tra- ditional law, called the Mishnah. In the third century the Gemara, a supplement and commentary to th... ... Their concord is funhcr ?ccn by observing how the most devout and learned rabbis ht»Ul by ihc law on the subject of the resurrection and restoration ... ...h is in remarkable coincidence with the doctrine of the learned and devout rabbis drawn out of the Old Testament. Per the prophets with rapture, from ... ...he promised land by the way he went, through the grave ; and to the Jewish rabbis it is plain that the country the lioly people inherit is delivered f... ...n the days of Messiah, maybe confirmedby quotations from the most renowned rabbis, to be found in the \vritings of the learned Mede, Dr. Gill, and oth... ...ing the sceptre of universal empire ? We do not learn that the scribes, or rabbis, disputed on these points ; though they could not tell how he should...

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Johanan ben Baroka

Encyclopedia Article
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Mishnah : A Digest of the Basic Principles of the Early Jewish Jurisprudence : Baba Meziah (Middle Gate), Order Iv, Treatise Ii

By: Goldin, Hyman E. (Hyman Elias), B. 1881

...o acquaint the reader with the fundamental principles of law laiddown in the Mishnah. It is not designed to give an exhaustive treatment of the variou... ...comparative jiirisprudence. The original arrangement of the chapters and the Mishnahs therein contained has been preserved in this work; forhad anew a... ...student who 313610 iv Preface might wish to follow the original text of the Mishnah. As far as possible, a literal translation of the original text h... ...ons. With reference to the interpretation of the provisions and terms of the Mishnah, an attempt has been made to follow authoritative sources,—such a... ...that there was a certain unity of thought in the mind of the redactor of the Mishnah when he embodied in the present treatise the various branches of ... ...icles, Chapter xvii, Law 13). (10). This rule of law had been enacted by the Rabbis in order to preserve peace between husband and wife, and parent an... ... as we find in a great many instances in the Talmud, rigidly enforced by the Rabbis. A violation of a rule of civil law, known in Jewish jurisprudence... ... a holycommandand there- fore a sin against God for which no action lay. The Rabbis, therefore, who acted not only in the capacity of tribunals to det... ...Moses), and what is to be considered an increase (which is prohibited by the Rabbis) ? Usury is when one lends a sela (four denars) for 100 Mishnah: ...

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Journal of Biblical Literature : Vol. 35-37

By: Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis; Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. Journal

...6 : 13 et al., fanciful interpretatioivs devised as compliments to various rabbis. The word was evi- dently never intended as a proper name. Many emen... ...that his language proper is the Neo-Hebraic idiom as met with later in the Mishnah and the kindred E-abbinic literature.'^ To mention some of the ling... ...he early stages of its formation, and which was afterwards embodied in the Mishnah. The latter view has been held, for example by Lange, Cook, Meyer, ... ...dering "one 204 JOURNAL OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE half kor" goes back to the Mishnah and so far as can be seen ends there in a guess based on the contex...

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Journal of Biblical Literature : Vol. 33-34

By: Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis; Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. Journal

...ncy was to make the Sabbath a central and saving institution, until in the Mishnah it was given first place among the feasts. The restrictions with re... ...r as concerns second-Ezekiel, in substantial accord with the saying of the rabbis which has been so mystifying to critics that " the men of the Great ... ...rce of tJiat not; but it is not found in the Old Testament, or even in the Mishnah. 88 Here, for once, the Massoretic text repeats b, but 4 MSS. omit ...

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Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country : Vol. 12

...unced. QuotatioDs, therefore, on these JX>ints from the Pentateueh or the Mishnah only lead aWR.Y from the real question at lssue betw~en us. This W... ...nishable by death. F. R. C. maintained this, and I denied it, quoting the .Mishnah aDd the best Jewish writers on the subject. But plain common sense... ...jtmetive Bense, F. R. c. charJres me with 'an uD8Cholarly confusion of the Mishnah with the Ghemara' J Again, the universal mode of Talmudic quotatio... ... Jewish mode of clting the Talmud, whieh makes no distiuetion between the Mishnah and the Ghemara ' ! He is C pained' by my doubting the chronologic... ...teen to the men of tho Great Synagogue, and &0 on. My vflneration for the Rabbis-would not alloW' me to reproduce somA of these before a general 'pub... ...he introduction of which the pronun­ ciation and critical reading of the rabbis of the fourth century have been stereotyped in the Hebrew Bible, a... ...in order to hand down data for posterity. The names of Aben Ragel and of Rabbis Isaac, Hassan and Ben Said, and Moses Carea.thearim have come down...

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The North American Review : Volume 127

...AMERICAN REVIEW. achieved, at least not in the "Western world, the " blind " rabbis have accomplished : they have reared a sober people. On the opposi... ...ction of an age not much removed from the time of the earlier authors of the Mishnah, though he recoils from seeing in it, as Graetz does, a work of t... ...ent religions. The Talmud is full of Hadrian's conversations with celebrated rabbis, conver sations which are certainly fictitious, but which are in h...

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The Journal of English and Germanic Philology ; Volume 18

...kund, 260 wenn Mordechai sobnzik sprachn wol vr stund. 260. According to the Rabbis, Bilshan (Ezra ii. 2; Neh. vil. 7) is not a proper name, but a sur... ...e seventy languages, corresponding to the number of nations according to the Rabbis. (Men. 65a, Meg. 13a, Tar gum ad loc.} 518 Landau er kunt wol sub... ... xxxix. 2. 415. 'Ab' is the Hebrew for 'father.' 416. Jer. lii. 12, 13. 421. Mishnah R.H. I 1. Hebrew-German Paraphrase of the Book Esther 523 Tischr...

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The Christian Science Journal

By: Mary Baker Eddy

...that he was qualified to teach and expound the law and the Scriptures. The rabbis all had followers, or students, and each of the popular and suppo... ...enjoined could only be carried on in Jerusalem, and so here it was that the rabbis held their schools and daily taught the oral law in explanation a... ...iven to Moses questions had arisen as to interpreta­ tion. The Sanhedrin and rabbis ReId that the law having been given to the Jewish nation in its c... ...law, has many times the matter contained in the Pentateuch, and consists of Mishnah, which may be said CHRISTIAN SCIENCE JOURNAL. to be the law, a... ...a, which are explallations, ques­ tions and answers, and commentaries on the Mishnah. Of Jesus' writings the only mention we have in the New T~tamen...

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John H. Richter Collection 1904-1994

By: Richter, John Henry 1919-1994

...living; for it often happened that rieh pcople took their cases to foreign rabbis in Order to make the poor surrender. His responsum No. 4, addressed ... ...rs ; and a bitterdiscussion arosebetween the two men, in which the leadiug rabbis of Germany, Italy, His Dispute with Capsali. 171 and the. C Colon th... ...d 19lh centuries and was the focut of the Community*! life. Many scbolarly rabbis ministcred to the Community*» needs overthe years ;amongthem wereJoi... ... link between the prophets and the tannaim (Pe'ah 2:6; Tosef., Yad. 2:16). Mishnah Avot (1:4-12) mentions five zugot. The first zug was that of_ ^ If...

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Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country

By: Thomas Carlyle

... punishable by death. F. R. C. maintained this, and I denied it, quoting the Mishnah and the best Jewish writers on the subject. But plain common son... ...isjunetive sense, F. R. C. charges me with Can un8('bolarly confusion of the Mishnah with the Ghemara.'! Again, the universal mode of Talmudic quotat... ...he Jewish mode of CIting the Talmud, -hich makes no distinction between the Mishnah and the Ghemara "! . He is • pained' by ~ doubting the chronolog... ...ifteen to the. men of the Great Synagogue, and so on. My vpnerati() for tho Rabbis would not allow mo to reproduco some of these before n general pub... ... urged -that what people take the liberty of Qalling 'the doctrines of the Rabbis' as to the Jewish Law, are made up of ignorance and superstition... ... in order to hand down data for posterity. The names of A ben Ragel and of Rabbis Isaac, Hassan and Ben Said, and lloses Carcathearim have come do...

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American Journal of Philology

By: Project Muse, Jstor (Organization)

...es the older relati\'e and ':;3 (because) in the latest Biblical books, the Mishnah, and in Syriac. In the Song it is used to the exclusion of "It:'... ... the largest amount of thus far unknown legendary storie~ concerning Jewish rabbis and grammarians. Josef's source is usually AI-Makr(z('s 'Account ...

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Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine

By: Leslie, Frank, 1821-1880; Talmage, Thomas de Witt, 1832-1902

...e bride on the wedding-day is not meu­ tioned in the Talmud. According to .Mishnah Xetuboth 'Va 0. it is oontrary to Jewish oustom for married women ... ...being a superfluous weigbt on tbe head-was entirely cut off. According to Mishnah Naziz iT. G, tbe cutUDg off the hair is coDsidered , disflguremeDt... ...we catch a view of the topa of aome of the buildings in the oity. Tbe two rabbis, sitting in proflle in the oorner of the picture nearest the apectd...

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Chambers's Encyclopaedia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People

...f the Great Synagogue, a semi-mythical body, who are made use of by Jewish rabbis and Christian divines as a sort of bens ex machina to solve every di... .... It was he who gave the first impulse to the celebrated assemblies of the rabbis, three of which have been held since 1844 at Brunswick, Frankfurt-on... ...uds which contains the annotations, discussions, and amplifications of the Mishnah by the academies of Palestine on the one hand, and those of Babylon... ...e of the 4th c. A.D., while the former was not completed till 600 a.d. See Mishnah and Talmud. GE'MIN"! (the Twins), the third constellation in the zo...

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Blackwood's Magazine : Vol. 101

...t, or Socuto, or Zacuto ; Moses, Mose, Mosche, or Mosce; Quimchi or Kimchi ; Mishnah or Meshne." Such is the assurance of Mr Bial- loblotzky, who had ... ... if he were a third and different person; so that one of the most celebrated Rabbis is referred to as three different per- sons: 1st, Moses Ben Maimon...

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Christian Literature : Vol. 5

...nd not that of the period which followed ; " that it is not like that of the Rabbis or of Philo ; not like that of St. Paul, or of the Gnostics, or an... ...refore argues that leptvg is used broadly for " high priest," as even in the Mishnah.|| He infers that although the name "John" does not appear on the...

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Blackwood's Magazine : Vol. 149

...ion similar to that which is already accorded by the Government to the Chief Rabbis in Jerusalem. Against such proposals the official class in Turkey ... ...n the Talmud. Thus the observa- tion of the Sabbath year, accord- ing to the Mishnah, is strictly applicable only to the Holy Land itself. In Syria, b...

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Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine

... similar to that which is already accorded by the Government to the Chief Rabbis in Jerusalem. Against such proposals the official class in Turke... ... the TaJmud. Thus the observa­ tion of the Sabbath year, accord­ ing to the Mishnah, is strictly applicable only to the Holy Land itself. In Syria,...

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Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine.

... person; so that one and would have them transferred of the most celebrated Rabbis is into either Latin or Greek. A cer- referred to as three differ... ... Mosehe, or Moree i Quimchi or These are, to say the truth, dryieh Kimchi j Mishnah or Meshne." reading. It takes a little thou,ht Such is the a.!su...

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Good Words : Vol. 1878

...ntion from tra- vellers ; as, for instance, the tombs of their more famous rabbis, which are regarded with the greatest veneration. By the end of the ... ...egarded with the greatest veneration. By the end of the second centuiy the Mishnah, or text of the Talmud, was com- plete, and the Gemara, or Commenta... ...alilee, and even as late as the fifteenth century we find works written by rabbis arriving from Europe to whom the sacred places were shown by their b...

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The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature, Science, And Art : Volume 38

...a Sara it would seem that the great Jehuda Hanassi—the first editor of the " Mishnah"—did not disdain to speculate in this delicacy, for we are told t... ...e Ulemti of Islam are the Doctors of the Muhammadan law, andmore like Jewish Rabbis than a Christian citrus. 536 THE SAINTS OF ISLAM. October, memori... ...ent, and the Perwana all flew to appease the strife, together with the chief rabbis, the bishops, abbots, and others. "It was asked of these latter, w...

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The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine : Volume 37

...ith this knoll a tradition borne out by the account of it contained in the Mishnah, or text of the Talmud, which describes a cliff over which the cond... ...cted their teachers, were permitted to enter the higher schools, where the rabbis taught the Law from the books of Moses. The social position of the r...

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Friends Intelligencer : Vol. 45

...em, it became for three hundred years the metro- polis of Judaism, where its rabbis taught, and where the Mishna, the Talmud, and the Masorah were com... ...Ph. D., of Phila- delphia, for the Sunday School Times, is published : " The Mishnah (in Pesachim, 10) and.Maimonides's Mishneh Torah {section Hilkhot... ...stions propounded by the most learned, as all sacred history shows he could. Rabbis, doctors, lawyers were met by him upon their own intellectual plan...

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The Survey : Volume 31

By: Survey Associates, New York; Charity Organization Society of the City of New York

...ished in the papers of Monday. February 9, and sign- ed by fifty-one ministers and rabbis. ASSESSTHEMSELVES TO AID UNEMPLOYED At a recent meeting of t... ...can Hebrew: This collection covers the various branches of Hebrew learning Bibles, Mishnah and Talmuds, their commen- taries and supercommentaries, Ra...

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Journal-American Medical Association : Vol. 3, 1884

By: American Medical Association

... history, jurisprudence and the various branches of practical duty. The T\WD mishnah, [repetition), or in abbreviated form D"t? shas, (six), and the j... ...to establish laws more rigid than those given by Moses. Here arose the great Rabbis and compilers of the Talmud and formed a pTTSTJO Sanhedrin who est...

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