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Studies on Pneumonic Plague and Plague Immunization. IX. Protective Inoculation Against Pneumonic Plague

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Pneumonic plague

Encyclopedia Article

...umonic plague, a severe type of lung infection, is one of three main forms of plague, all of which are caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis . I... ...he bacterium Yersinia pestis . It is more virulent and rare than bubonic plague . The difference between the versions of plague is simply the lo... ...ons of plague is simply the location of the infection in the body; the bubonic plague is an infection of the lymphatic system, the pneumonic plague is... ...n in the body; the bubonic plague is an infection of the lymphatic system, the pneumonic plague is an infection of the respiratory system, and the sep... ...pneumonic plague is an infection of the respiratory system, and the septicemic plague is an infection in the blood stream. Typically, pneumonic form... ...m, and the septicemic plague is an infection in the blood stream. Typically, pneumonic form is due to a spread from infection of an initial bubonic ... ...nic form is due to a spread from infection of an initial bubonic form. Primary pneumonic plague results from inhalation of fine infective droplets and... ...smitted from human to human without involvement of fleas or animals. Untreated pneumonic plague has a very high fatality rate. Epidemiology Since 200... ...8 percent of the world's cases occur in Africa. :) Pathology and transmission Pneumonic plague can be caused in two ways: primary, which results from...

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Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases : an Encapsulated Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis is a Highly Efficient Vaccine Against Pneumonic Plague, Volume 6

By: Pamela L. C. Small

...Description : The encapsulated Y. pseudotuberculosis V674pF1 is an efficient live oral vaccine against pneumonic plague, and could be developed for mass vaccination in tropical endemic areas to control pneumonic plague transmission and mortality....

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Plague

Encyclopedia Article

... and medicine 1 Historical plagues 1.1 ... ... Agriculture, fauna, and medicine Plague (disease), a disease caused by Yersinia pestis ... ...ease caused by Yersinia pestis Bubonic plague Pneumonic plague ... ... Bubonic plague Pneumonic plague Septicemic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague Septicemic plague An epidemic of infect... ...ironment and/or agriculture Plague, collective noun for common grackles Hist...

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Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases : Levofloxacin Cures Experimental Pneumonic Plague in African Green Monkeys, Volume 5

By: Didier Raoult

...Description : Levofloxacin cures established pneumonic plague when treatment is initiated after the onset of fever in the lethal aerosol-challenged AGM nonhuman primate model, and can be considered for treatment of other forms of plague. Levofloxacin may also be conside...

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Bubonic plague

Encyclopedia Article

... A bubo on the upper thigh of person infected with bubonic plague. Classifi... ... 000596 Bubonic plague is one of three types of bacterial infection caused by Yersinia pest... ...Occasionally the swollen lymph nodes may break open.[1] The three types of plague are the result of the route of infection: bubonic plague, septicemic... ...lague are the result of the route of infection: bubonic plague, septicemic plague, and pneumonic plague. Bubonic plague is mainly spread by infected f... ...e result of the route of infection: bubonic plague, septicemic plague, and pneumonic plague. Bubonic plague is mainly spread by infected fleas from sm... ...e is also known to spread to the lungs and become the disease known as the pneumonic plague. Diagnosis Laborato... ...d respiratory support. People who have had contact with anyone infected by pneumonic plague are given prophylactic antibiotics.[13] Using the broad-ba... ...e result of the route of infection: bubonic plague, septicemic plague, and pneumonic plague. Bubonic plague is mainly spread by infected fleas from sm... ...e is also known to spread to the lungs and become the disease known as the pneumonic plague. Diagnosis Laborato...

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Plos Pathogens : Early Apoptosis of MacRophages Modulated by Injection of Yersinia Pestis Yopk Promotes Progression of Primary Pneumonic Plague, Volume 9

By: Ralph R. Isberg
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Plague (disease)

Encyclopedia Article

...ium, carried and spread by fleas, is the cause of the various forms of the plague disease. ... ... D010930 Plague is an cholera and yellow fever the other two).[1] The bacteria is na... ... 3 Pathology 3.1 Bubonic plague 3.2 Septicemic plag... ...3.2 Septicemic plague 3.3 Pneumonic plague 3.4 Phary... ...emic plague 3.3 Pneumonic plague 3.4 Pharyngeal plag... ...dary septicemic plague and if the lungs are seeded, it can cause secondary pneumonic plague.[4] Septicemic plague ... ...lague often die on the same day symptoms first appear. Pneumonic plague The pneumonic form of plague aris... ...s and are likely to infect anyone inhaling them. The incubation period for pneumonic plague is short, usually two to four days, but sometimes just a f... ...994 epidemic in Surat, India In 1994, there was a pneumonic plague epidemic in Surat, India that resulted in 52 deaths and in...

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Plos Pathogens : Mutated and Bacteriophage T4 Nanoparticle Arrayed F1-v Immunogens from Yersinia Pestis as Next Generation Plague Vaccines, Volume 9

By: Tomoko Kubori

...Description : Pneumonic plague is a highly virulent infectious disease with 100% mortality rate, and its causative organism Yersinia pestis poses a serious threat for deliberate use as a bioterror agent. Currently, there is no FDA approved...

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Septicemic plague

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 2005, 80Th Year, Pages 65-76 (No. 8): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire

By: World Health Organization

...tp://www.who.int/wer 2005, 80, 65–76 No. 8 65 Contents 65 Outbreak news: – Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo 66 Progress towards elimination of... ...9-8114 Printed in Switzerland ✸ OUTBREAK NEWS ✸ LE POINT SUR LES ÉPIDÉMIES Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo As of 15 February 2005, WHO has re... ...the Congo As of 15 February 2005, WHO has received reports of 61 deaths of pneumonic plague in Ituri district, Oriental province in the northern part ... ...As of 15 February 2005, WHO has received reports of 61 deaths of pneumonic plague in Ituri district, Oriental province in the northern part of the cou... ...own. Preliminary results from rapid diagnostic tests in the area confirmed pneumonic plague, and the cases had clinical features compatible with this ... ...minary results from rapid diagnostic tests in the area confirmed pneumonic plague, and the cases had clinical features compatible with this disease. F... ...at the Institut de la Recherche Biomedicale, Kinshasa. No cases of bubonic plague have been reported to date. The cases have occurred in workers in a ...

...Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo As of 15 February 2005, WHO has received reports of 61 deaths of pneumonic plague in Ituri district, Oriental province in the northern part of the country. The total number of cases is...

...Contents 65 Outbreak news: – Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo 66 Progress towards elimination of measles and prevention of congenital rubella infection in the WHO European Region, 1990–2004 71 Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines f...

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Third plague pandemic

Encyclopedia Article

...Third Pandemic is the designation of a major Bubonic plague pandemic that began in the Yunnan province in China in 1855. This e... ...at began in the Yunnan province in China in 1855. This episode of bubonic plague spread to all inhabited continents, and ultimately killed more than ... ...ve until 1959, when worldwide casualties dropped to 200 per year. Bubonic plague is an infectious disease that is widely thought to have caused sever... ...ghout history, including two previous pandemics commonly designated as the Plague of Justinian and the Black Death. Casualty patterns indicate that w... ... cargoes harboring fleas. The second, more virulent strain, was primarily pneumonic in character with a strong person-to-person contagion. This stra... ...in particular Manchuria and Mongolia. Pattern of the pandemic The bubonic plague was endemic in populations of infected ground rodents in central Asi... ...most all cases were bubonic, with only a very small percentage changing to pneumonic plague.(Orent, p. 185) The disease was initially seen in por...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1991; Volume 69, Number 4, Year 1991 69 (4), Pages 383-389: Lutte Antilepreuse par Polychimiotherapie (PCT)

By: S. K. Noordeen

...In dealing with the epidemiology of plague, as has been seen in the fourth and the eighth of these studies,65:6 8 two f~~ndamentalldyi fferent forms of the disease should be considered : (I) bubonic plague, produced, as a rule, by the bite of plague-infected in...

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1994 plague in India

Encyclopedia Article

... In 1994, a total of 693 suspected bubonic or pneumonic plague cases were reported to WHO by Government of ... ... In 1994, a total of 693 suspected bubonic or pneumonic plague cases were reported to WHO by Government of India. The... ...atory test results for Yersinia pestis were reported by India. The outbreak of suspected plague lasted from 26 August 1994 to 18 October 1994. No susp... ...f Health(DMCH) for Surat city received a report that a patient had died seemingly due to pneumonic plague. The DMCH of Surat immediately informed his ... ...MCH) for Surat city received a report that a patient had died seemingly due to pneumonic plague. The DMCH of Surat immediately informed his superiors ... ...] Outbreak of disease and panic News of the plague spread through Surat city through the night of 21 Sept... ...minister remained silent and the Gujarat chief minister, Chhabildas Mehta, said that the plague was pneumonic and not bubonic without realising that p... ...mained silent and the Gujarat chief minister, Chhabildas Mehta, said that the plague was pneumonic and not bubonic without realising that pneumonic pl...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 2005, 80Th Year, Pages 77-84 (No. 9): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire

By: World Health Organization

...tp://www.who.int/wer 2005, 80, 77–84 No. 9 77 Contents 77 Outbreak news: – Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo – update 78 Progress in reducing g... ... Sw. fr. / Fr. s. 334.– 5.000 3.2005 ISSN 0049-8114 Printed in Switzerland Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo – update 1 On 25 February 2005, a ... ...n Zobia, Bas-Uele district, Oriental province where the suspected cases of pneumonic plague have occurred. 2 The team now consists of epidemiologists... ...as-Uele district, Oriental province where the suspected cases of pneumonic plague have occurred. 2 The team now consists of epidemiologists, a clinic...

...Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo – update1 On 25 February 2005, a multidisciplinary team arrived in Zobia, Bas-Uele district, Oriental province where the suspected cases of pneumonic plague have occurred.2 The team no...

...Contents 77 Outbreak news: – Plague, Democratic Republic of the Congo – update 78 Progress in reducing global measles deaths: 1999–2003 81 Influenza in the world 84 Influenza 84 International Health Regulations Sommaire 77 Le point sur les épidémies: – P...

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Health in India

Encyclopedia Article

...Obesity Pneumonic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague T... ... Flu Plague S... ... Bubonic plague ... ...Obesity Pneumonic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague T... ... Flu Plague S...

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Cdc Emerging Infectious Diseases, Volume 2, Number 1, January–March 1996: Emerging Infectious Diseases

By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

...the Ehrlichioses as Human Health Problems David H. Walker Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague Curtis L. Fritz Malaria Transmission Jane R. Zucker Molecu... ...hioses as Human Health Problems David H. Walker Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague Curtis L. Fritz Malaria Transmission Jane R. Zucker Molecular Popula... ... Health Problems 18 David H. Walker and J. Stephen Dumler Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague in the United States During an International Emergency: A... ...oblems 18 David H. Walker and J. Stephen Dumler Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague in the United States During an International Emergency: A Model for... ...No. 1—January March 1996 29 Emerging Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague in the United States During an International Emergency: A ... ...ary March 1996 29 Emerging Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague in the United States During an International Emergency: A Model for ... ...nta, Georgia, USA In September 1994, in response to a reported epidemic of plague in India, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) enhan... ...d Prevention (CDC) enhanced surveillance in the United States for imported pneumonic plague. Plague information materials were rapidly developed and d... ...d is char acterized by inguinal, axillary, and/or cervical lymphadenitis. Pneumonic plague may occur as a secondary development to the bubonic form o...

...ts; by James M. Musser -- Synopses: Emergence of the Ehrlichioses as Human Health Problems; by David H. Walker, J. Stephen Dumler -- Surveillance for Pneumonic Plague in the United States During an International Emergency: A Model for Control of Imported Emerging Diseases; by Curtis L. Fritz, David T. Dennis, Margaret A. Tipple, Grant L. Campbell, Charles R. McCance, Duane...

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Theories of the Black Death

Encyclopedia Article

... since the 1980s have challenged the traditional view that the Black Death was caused by plague based on the type and spread of the disease. The confi... ...irmation in 2010 and 2011 that Yersinia pestis DNA was associated with a large number of plague sites has renewed focus on plague as the leading hypot... ... Contents 1 Bubonic plague theory 1.1 S... ...gue theory 1.1 Signs and symptoms of the three plagues 1.2 Molecu... ...d symptoms to those infected. The septicaemic plague is a form of "blood poisoning", and pneumonic plague is an airborne plague that attacks the lungs... ... Of those who contracted the bubonic plague, four out of five died within eight days.[6] Pneumonic plague was the second most commonly seen form durin... ...ed percent. Symptoms were high fevers and purple skin patches (purpura due to DIC). Both pneumonic and septicemic plague can be caused by flea bites w... ...to explain the rapid spread of the Black Death by arguing that it was spread by the rare pneumonic form of the disease — in fact this form killed... ... its explosive spread across Europe. Twigg also shows that the common theory of entirely pneumonic spread does not hold up. He proposes, based on a re...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Bureau Regional du Pacifique Occidental ; Year 1993, Plague, No. 2: Notes on Plague, Epidemiology and Control

By: C. H. Yen, Dr.

...The countrle and territoriec in the WO3Cern Pacific Region have been free from plague for a number of decades with the exception of the enaemic occurrence of the disease i n Viet-Nam since World War KC. While the Viet- Namese authoxities are trying their best to combat t h i s situetion their efforts ar...

...CONTENTS INTRODUCTION……………………………1 1. EPIUENIGIOGY OF HUMAN PIAGUE…………………1 1.1 BuLmic plague ............................. 1 1.2 Pneummic plague ........................... 1 2. CONTROL OF HUMAN HUBONIC PLAGUS……………1 ...

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Yersinia pestis

Encyclopedia Article

....[1] Human Y. pestis infection takes three main forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and bubonic plagues.[1] All three forms were respons... ...estis infection takes three main forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and bubonic plagues.[1] All three forms were responsible for a number of high-mortality... ...rtality epidemics throughout human history, including: the sixth century's Plague of Justinian; the Black Death, which accounted for the death of at l... ...en 1347 and 1353; and the 19th century's Third Pandemic.[2][3][4][5] These plagues probably originated in rodent populations in China.[5][6] ... ...ician and bacteriologist from the Pasteur Institute, during an epidemic of plague in Hong Kong.[7] Yersin was a member of the Pasteur school of though... ...es plasminogen in human hosts and is a very important virulence factor for pneumonic plague.[26] Together, these plasmids, and a pathogenicity island ... ...y through the bite of infected fleas. If the disease has progressed to the pneumonic form, humans can spread the bacterium to others by coughing and p... ...xpresses a plasminogen activator that is an important virulence factor for pneumonic plague and that might degrade on blood clots to facilitate system... ... Fever Symptoms of bubonic or pneumonic plague are not always present ...

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Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (Cbw) Capabilities

By: Steven R. Bowman

... by Iraq include an thrax, botulinum, aflotoxins, ebola virus, bubonic and pneumonic plague, ricin, an d clostrdium perfringens. Reconstitution of mi... ...nclude an thrax, botulinum, aflotoxins, ebola virus, bubonic and pneumonic plague, ricin, an d clostrdium perfringens. Reconstitution of militarily s... ...eved that Iraq may retain undetermined amounts of Ebola virus, bubonic and pneumonic plague bacteria, and the toxin ricin. The current debate over the... ...Iraq may retain undetermined amounts of Ebola virus, bubonic and pneumonic plague bacteria, and the toxin ricin. The current debate over the advisabil...

...active agents (so-called Agent 15). Biological/toxin warfare agents produced by Iraq include anthrax, botulinum, aflotoxins, ebola virus, bubonic and pneumonic plague, ricin, and clostrdium perfringens. Reconstitution of militarily significant production capability using materials unaccounted for to UNSCOM could take only a matter of weeks. During the week of February 23, ...

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Black Death

Encyclopedia Article

...sible was the Yersinia pestis bacterium, probably causing several forms of plague.[4][5] The Black Death is thought to have origin... ...mated to have killed 30–60% of Europe's total population.[7] In total, the plague reduced the world population from an estimated 450 million down... ...n the 14th century. The world population as a whole did not recover to pre-plague levels until the 17th century.[8] The plague recurred occasionally i... ...red occasionally in Europe until the 19th century. The plague created a series of religious, social, and economic upheavals, which... ...the lungs and led to respiratory problems[25] and which is identified with pneumonic plague. Naming The p... ...se that contract the bubonic plague, 80 percent die within eight days.[42] Pneumonic plague has a mortality rate of 90 to 95 percent. Symptoms include... ...tches (purpura due to disseminated intravascular coagulation). In cases of pneumonic and particularly septicemic plague the progress of the disease is... ...n, others point to additional septicemic (a type of "blood poisoning") and pneumonic (an airborne plague that attacks the lungs before the rest of the... ...ll as of wills registered in London during the period, which supported the pneumonic hypothesis.[47] Consequences ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1976; Volume 54; Volume 54, Number 2, Year 1976 54 (2), Pages 163-170: Comparative Study of Reactions and Serological Response to Cholera Vaccines in a Controlled Field Trial Conducted in the USSR

By: P. N. Burgasov

...In the autumn of 1967, plague broke out among hillpeople in western &>pal, a country that had not previously reported human plague. Two persons were infected from an active sylvatic focus at a grozing area 5 km from Nawra, the village where the epi...

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Health in China

Encyclopedia Article

...Obesity Pneumonic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague S... ...Obesity Pneumonic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague S...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1994 ; Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 1994, 69Th Year, Pages 289-292, (N.C.B. Section, 39): Weekly Epidemiological Record Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire

By: World Health Organization

...India. Two outbreaks of plague were reported in Maharashtra and Gujarat States in the western part of the country in September. In Maharashtra State, plague surveillance was initiated following reports of increased flea and rat infestations in some ...

... Plague, India 289 Peste, lnde Influenza -Antigenic onalysi of recent influenza vrrus isolates Grippe - Analyse anti enique d'isolements recents de virus grippol and influenza octivitv ~n the southern hemlsohere 291 et octivit...

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List of notifiable diseases

Encyclopedia Article

... Pertussis (Whooping cough) Plague Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumoni... ... Plague Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal) Plague ... ...onic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal) Plague Plague ... ...lague Plague Plague Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumoni... ... Plague Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal) Or...

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Cdc Emerging Infectious Diseases, Volume 10, Number 4, April 2004: Arthropod-Borne Infections

By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

...k H.M. Thu et al. 598 Leishmaniasis Variation, Colombia R.J. King et al. 608 Pneumonic Plague Outbreaks R. Gani and S. Leach 615 Dengue Patterns, Fren... ... et al. 598 Leishmaniasis Variation, Colombia R.J. King et al. 608 Pneumonic Plague Outbreaks R. Gani and S. Leach 615 Dengue Patterns, French Guiana,... ...n the early 1890s, and for the decade that fol- lowed, rinderpest, or cattle plague, ravaged most of Africa. Millions of cattle died from this virulen... ...maniasis Variation, Colombia www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/cover_images/covers.htm Pneumonic plague poses a potentially increasing risk to humans in plague ... ...ariation, Colombia www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/cover_images/covers.htm Pneumonic plague poses a potentially increasing risk to humans in plague nonendemic... ...n- sequence of an aerosolized release or through importation of the disease. Pneumonic plague is person-to-person transmissible. We provide a quantita... ...e of an aerosolized release or through importation of the disease. Pneumonic plague is person-to-person transmissible. We provide a quantitative asses... ...eas that have previously fed on plague-infected rodents bite them. Secondary pneumonic plague may then occur if infection spreads to the lungs. Person... ...gue may then occur if infection spreads to the lungs. Persons with secondary pneumonic plague become infectious and can transmit the disease to other ...

...thase Genotypes in Immunocompetent Infants and Immunosuppressed Adults, Amiens, France; by A. Totet et al. -- Epidemiologic Determinants for Modeling Pneumonic Plague Outbreaks; by R. Gani and S. Leach -- Dengue Spatial and Temporal Patterns, French Guiana, 2001; by A. Tran et al. -- PorA Variable Regions of Neisseria meningitidis; by J.E. Russell et al. -- Antimicrobial R...

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Alexandre Yersin

Encyclopedia Article

...remembered as the co-discoverer of the bacillus responsible for the bubonic plague or pest, which was later renamed in his honour ( Yersinia pesti... ...ernment and the Pasteur Institute to Hong Kong, to investigate the Manchurian Pneumonic Plague epidemic, and there, in a small hut next to the instit... ...d the Pasteur Institute to Hong Kong, to investigate the Manchurian Pneumonic Plague epidemic, and there, in a small hut next to the institute (accor... ...Plague epidemic, and there, in a small hut next to the institute (according to Plague by Wendy Orent), he made his greatest discovery, that of the pa... ... Kitasato has determined that "we are confident that Kitasato had examined the plague bacillus in Hong Kong in late June and early July 1894", only da... ...fore, Kitasato "should not be denied this credit". It should be noted that the Plague bacillus develops better at lower temperatures, and so, Yersin's...

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Cdc Emerging Infectious Diseases, Volume 12, Number 3, March 2006: West Nile Virus Infections

By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

... eastern and southern Europe and least often in northern and western Europe. Pneumonic Plague Cluster, Uganda, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... ...nd southern Europe and least often in northern and western Europe. Pneumonic Plague Cluster, Uganda, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .460 E.M. Begier et al. In a case cluster, pneumonic plague transmission was compatible with respiratory droplet rat... .... . . . . . . . . . . . .460 E.M. Begier et al. In a case cluster, pneumonic plague transmission was compatible with respiratory droplet rather than a... ...No. 3, March 2006 459 The public and clinicians have long-held beliefs that pneumonic plague is highly contagious; inappropriate alarm and panic have... ...ch 2006 459 The public and clinicians have long-held beliefs that pneumonic plague is highly contagious; inappropriate alarm and panic have occurred ... ...breaks. We investigated communicability in a naturally occurring pneu- monic plague cluster. We defined a probable pneumonic plague case as an acute-o... ...y in a naturally occurring pneu- monic plague cluster. We defined a probable pneumonic plague case as an acute-onset respiratory illness with bloody s... ...atient’s sputum verified plague infec- tion. Both index patients transmitted pneumonic plague to only 1 caregiver each, despite 23 additional untreate...

...n with Antimicrobial Drugs in Europe; by L. Grigoryan et al. -- Rickettsia prowazekii and Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction; by S. Svraka et al. -- Pneumonic Plague Cluster, Uganda, 2004; by E.M. Begier et al. -- Host Feeding Patterns of Culex Mosquitoes and West Nile Virus Transmission, Northeastern United States; by G. Molaei et al. -- Clostridium difficile Infection i...

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1910 in science

Encyclopedia Article

...variety of dementia.[4] Late December – A form of pneumonic plague spreads through northeastern China, killing more than 40,0... ... dementia.[4] Late December – A form of pneumonic plague spreads through northeastern China, killing more than 40,000.[5][6][... ...173–89.   ^ "Recalling the 1910 Harbin Plague". Sina.com (in Chinese).  ^ Gams... ... ^ Gamsa, Mark (February 2006). "The Epidemic of Pneumonic Plague in Manchuria 1910–1911".   ... ... ^ Gamsa, Mark (February 2006). "The Epidemic of Pneumonic Plague in Manchuria 1910–1911".   ^ Goh...

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Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (Mmrw) : July 17, 2009 ; Volume 58, Issue27: July 17, 2009 ; Volume 58, Issue 27

By: Center for Disease Control (Cdc) and Prevention

...glandular tularemia, whereas adults were more likely to be diagnosed with pneumonic tularemia. Sixty-three (52%) patients were hospitalized; one pat... ...zing signs (often referred to as typhoidal tularemia) were categorized as pneumonic tularemia, because these cases frequently have evidence of resp... ...ore than twice as often as adults, whereas adults were diagnosed with the pneumonic form 10 times as often as children (Table). For the 26 cases ca... ...rm 10 times as often as children (Table). For the 26 cases categorized as pneumonic tularemia based on clinical features, 12 (46%) had recorded expo... ... Ulceroglandular 19 (42) 26 (42) 45 (42) Glandular 20 (44) 10 (16) 30 (28) Pneumonic 2 (4) 24 (39) 26 (24) Oculoglandular 3 (7) 1 (2) 4 (4) Oropharyng... ... 314 258 NY (1) Novel infuenza A virus infections §§§ — 37,246 — 2 4 N N N Plague — 4 0 1 7 17 8 3 Poliomyelitis, paralytic — — — — — — 1 — Polio viru...

...tes, 1998--2008 Neurologic Complications Associated with Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection in Children --- Dallas, Texas, May 2009 Bubonic and Pneumonic Plague --- Uganda, 2006 Errata: Vol. 58, No. 22 Errata: Vol. 58, No. 20 QuickStats: Average Annual Rate of Health-Care Visits for Asthma Among Persons with Current Asthma, by Type of Visit, Black/White Race, and Age...

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Fulminant

Encyclopedia Article

...a, may kill in a few hours. For example, it was said of the black death (pneumonic bubonic plague ) that some of its victims would die in a matter ... ...w hours. For example, it was said of the black death (pneumonic bubonic plague ) that some of its victims would die in a matter of hours after the ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Edc, No. 99.2: Manual Epidemiology Distribution Surveillance and Control

By: World Health Organization

...PREFACE One of the oldest identifiable diseases known to man, plague remains endemic in many natural foci around the world. It is widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics and in warmer areas of temperate countries. Essentially a disease of nild rodents, plague is spread from one...

......................... 9 References ........................................................................... 10 1 Epidemiology and Distribution of Plague .................. 11 Africa ....................................................................................................2..7.. .. Americas .........................................................................

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Chinese Family Panel Studies

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...Obesity Pneumonic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague S... ...Obesity Pneumonic plague ... ... Pneumonic plague S...

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Plos Genetics : Dynamics of Genome Rearrangement in Bacterial Populations, Volume 4

By: David S. Guttman

...ns, yet little is known about how natural selection acts on genome arrangement. Pathogenic bacteria such as Yersinia pestis, which causes bubonic and pneumonic plague, often exhibit a high degree of genomic rearrangement. The recent availability of several Yersinia genomes offers an unprecedented opportunity to study the evolution of genome structure and arrangement. We in...

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Operation Cauldron

Encyclopedia Article

...he Royal Navy were involved in releasing biological agent s, including pneumonic and bubonic plague, brucellosis and tularaemia and testing ... ...olved in releasing biological agent s, including pneumonic and bubonic plague, brucellosis and tularaemia and testing the effects of the agent... ...orm. However, a year later, this decision was reversed, with the tests on plague bacteria being described as a "failure" and the statement that "bruc... ... ignored warnings to steer clear and unwittingly sailed through a cloud of plague bacteria ( Yersinia pestis ) on its return from a fishing trip to ... ...shing trip to the waters around Iceland, causing concern about a possible plague outbreak around its home port in north-west England. The Carella ... ... follows: (a) Operation Cauldron: the pathogens that cause brucellosis and plague. (b) Operation Hesperus: the pathogens that cause brucellosis and tu...

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The Etiology and Epidemiology of Plague. A Summary of the Work of the Plague Commission. Issued under the Authority of the Government of India by the Sanitary Commissioner with the Government of India, Simla

By: Lamb, George, 1869; Plague Commission, 1904-1907; India. Medical Department

... Classic Literature Collection World Public Library.org EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PLAGUE Title: THE ETIOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PLAGUE Author: Langu... ...... ...ved. Considerable progress had been made in the study of the epidemiology of plague and valuable work had been done in laboratories in India and elsew... ...Kasauli Dr. Martin decided to commence work at Parel, near Bombay, where the Plague Research Laboratory offered special facilities. In May the Governm... ...y be briefly summarised as follows : — (1) Plague, with the exception of the pneumonic form, which, however, is uncommon (2*5 per cent, of all cases),... ...bacillus effects an entrance into the human organism. In the case of primary pneumonic plague there is no question that the infection is contracted by... ... plague there is no question that the infection is contracted by inhalation. Pneumonic cases are, however, rare (2*5 per cent.) and play little or no ... ...ay little or no part in the spread of epidemic plague. While this is true of pneumonic plague, almost all observers are agreed that, as far as the com... ...pon it with confidence. In the following remarks it is to be understood that pneumonic plague cases are excluded. The contagiousness of this class of ...

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Fort Alexander (Saint Petersburg)

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...Fort Alexander, also Fort Alexander I, or Plague Fort ( Fort Aleksandr Perviy or Chumnoy fort ) is a naval fort... ... and Kronstadt . In 1899–1917, the fort housed a research laboratory on plague and other bacterial diseases. Foundation Since the formation of ... ...riology research facility In the 1890s, in wake of the discovery of the plague pathogen by Alexandre Yersin in 1894, the Russian government form... ...4, the Russian government formed a special Commission on the Prevention of Plague Disease to facilitate research in this specific area of bacteriology... ... Alexander took off in August 1899 and was mainly focused on the study of plague disease and preparation of plague serum and vaccine from the immuni... ...s and Streptococcus infections. Work was hazardous and there were three pneumonic and bubonic plague cases among the staff members in 1904 and 1907...

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Plague and Pestilence in Literature and Art

By: Crawfurd, Raymond Henry Payne, Sir 1865-1938

...e Collection World Public Library.org IN LITERATURE AND ART Title: PLAGUE AND PESTILENCE IN LITERATURE AND ART Author: RAYMOND CRAWFURD Langua... ...... ...SHER TO THE UNIVERSITY FRONTISPIECE S. S E 15A S r I A N . BY SO 1)O M A PLAGUE ' AND PESTILENC E IN LITERATURE AND ART BY C^) RAYMOND CRAWFORD M.A.... ...t Wittenberg, a.d. 1528. Christ on the Cross. The Brazen Serpent Plate II. Plague of Ashdod. By N. Poussin Plate III. Plague of David, By P. Mignard P... ... narrative at least four recognized types — the bubonic, the pustular, the pneumonic, and the tonsillar — as having prevailed during this epidemic in ... ...d the rapidity of a fatal issue in a proportion of the cases suggests that pneumonic and septicaemic forms were also rife. ' The disease', he wTites, ... ...ription of the disease. He notes the early low delirium, and distinguishes pneumonic, bubonic, and carbuncular types of the disease. He mentions cervi... ...n Bruges. He remarks on the virulence of the contagion, and describes both pneumonic and bubonic types of the disease. He says that Clement VI ordered... ...d no 120 PLAGUE AND PESTILENCE more than inflammation of the lungs in the pneumonic cases. Similar examinations, previously undertaken in Italy, had ...

Plague in literature ; Plague in art

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Panic in the Streets (film)

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...aul Douglas) who have only a day or two in which to prevent an epidemic of pneumonic plague after Reed determines a waterfront homicide victim is an i... ...s) who have only a day or two in which to prevent an epidemic of pneumonic plague after Reed determines a waterfront homicide victim is an index case.... ...spect the body. After careful examination, he determines that Kochak had "pneumonic plague, " the pulmonary version of bubonic plague. Reed springs i... ...body. After careful examination, he determines that Kochak had "pneumonic plague, " the pulmonary version of bubonic plague. Reed springs into action... ...onvince them that they have forty-eight hours to save New Orleans from the plague. Reed must also convince police Captain Warren (Paul Douglas) and th... ...s) and the others that the press must not be notified, because report of a plague would spread mass panic. Warren and his men begin to interview Slav... ...d chases the two to the docks, where he tries to explain to them about the plague. The men run desperately through depots, docks and a warehouse, and ...

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