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Vienna International Airport

Vienna International Airport
Flughafen Wien-Schwechat
Airport type Private
Operator Flughafen Wien AG
Serves Vienna, Austria and
Bratislava, Slovakia
Location Schwechat, Austria
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 183 m / 600 ft
VIE is located in Austria
Location within Austria
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
16/34 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Aircraft Movements 249,989 Decrease -0.1%
Passenger Movements 22,483,158 Increase 2.2%
Freight (in tons) 290,116 Increase 8,2%
Source: Flughafen Wien AG,[1] ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Vienna International Airport (ICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna.

It is the country's biggest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and Niki. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 747 and features a dense network of European destinations and long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. During 2014, the airport handled a total of 22,483,158 passengers, representing a respective 2.2% increase compared to 2013, and 230,781 aircraft movements.[2]


  • History 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • Development since the 1990s 1.2
  • Terminals 2
    • Terminals 2.1
    • Concourses 2.2
  • Expansion projects 3
  • Airlines and destinations 4
    • Passenger 4.1
    • Cargo 4.2
  • Statistics 5
  • Ground transportation 6
    • Train 6.1
    • Car 6.2
    • Bus 6.3
  • Accidents and incidents 7
  • Trivia 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


Early years

Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.

In 1972 another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.

On December 27, 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Palestinians terrorists during the Rome and Vienna Airport Attacks.

Development since the 1990s

Flughafen Wien AG, one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately.[3] The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.

In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation. Until its closing in 2003 the airport featured a branch of Harrods.

In 2006 the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004–2007 an Office Park had been erected offering 69.000m² of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.

To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control.[4] The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost 401.79 million.[5] However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated 929.5 million.[5] The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to 849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.[5]

On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year.[6] Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million.[2] Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010.[7] The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although further upgrades will be required to accommodate the Airbus A380.


Interior of Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1A
Interior of Terminal 3

Vienna International Airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.


  • Terminal 1 underwent refurbishment in January 2013 and is now mainly used by Air Berlin and Niki as well as several other oneworld and SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 1A, located in a standalone building opposite Terminal 1 hosts check-in facilities for a number of low-cost carriers.
  • Terminal 2 is currently undergoing refurbishment until at least 2017. It was used by numerous foreign airlines which have been temporarily relocated to other Terminals.
  • Terminal 3, also referred to as the Austrian Star Alliance Terminal, with its adjoining Concourses F and G is the airport's newest facility. It is used by the Austrian Airlines Group, most Star Alliance members, and a number of other carriers including Emirates and Qatar Airways.


  • Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and features Gates B22–B43 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations
  • Concourse C (pier west) for Schengen destinations; features Gates C31–C42 (jetbridges), C35–C41 (only for transfer), C71–C75 (buses, Schengen only)
  • Concourse D (pier east; formerly Concourse A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses)
  • Concourse F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)
  • Concourse G (Level 3 of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and busgates)

Expansion projects

Vienna Airport originally projected that it will need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

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  27. ^ a b c - "easyJet massively expands presence in Vienna" (German) 2 July 2015
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  43. ^ Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  44. ^ Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  45. ^ Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  46. ^ Airport Council International's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  47. ^ Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  48. ^ Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  49. ^ Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  50. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
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See also


  • There has not been a fatal aviation accident at Vienna International Airport since 1955, when a Convair CV-340 crashed on approach to the airport, killing 7 of the 29 passengers and crew on board.[53]
  • On 12 July 2000, Hapag-Lloyd Flight 3378 crashed short of the runway at Vienna International Airport. The cause of the incident was fuel exhaustion. There were no fatalities.

Accidents and incidents

Furthermore, there are also buses from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities including Bratislava, Budapest and Brno.


The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport.


Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. From December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services will operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.

The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes.[51] The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in just 16 minutes.[52]

The airport's railway station


Ground transportation

Busiest routes at Vienna Airport, excluding transit passengers (2012)
Rank Destination Passengers Change
Rank Destination Passengers Change
Europe and Turkey 16 Brussels 399,083 Decrease 0.2%
1 Frankfurt 1,181,301 Increase 10.8% 17 Rome 378,973 Decrease 14.9%
2 London 929,276 Increase 2.0% 18 Milan 343,266 Decrease 11.1%
3 Zürich 919,906 Increase 4.8% 19 Stuttgart 341,577 Increase 5.2%
4 Paris 835,104 Increase 5.5% 20 Hanover 304,197 Increase 6.6%
5 Düsseldorf 779,653 Increase 9.9% Intercontinental
6 Berlin 733,090 Increase 16.4% 1 Dubai 450,619 Increase 9.4%
7 Moscow 627,192 Increase 11.3% 2 Tel Aviv 328,251 Increase 24.6%
8 Munich 562,001 Increase 5.2% 3 Bangkok 262,639 Increase 7.3%
9 Hamburg 557,530 Increase 5.4% 4 New York 171,892 Increase 1.8%
10 Istanbul 550,871 Increase 24.1% 5 Larnaca 165,621 Increase 16.0%
11 Amsterdam 498,549 Decrease 4.2% 6 Tokyo 155,148 Increase 10.9%
12 Bucharest 493,478 Increase 24.1% 7 Washington 129,032 Increase 8.3%
13 Barcelona 439,150 Increase 23.2% 8 Toronto 120,982 Increase 1.2%
14 Sofia 420,476 Increase 29.6% 9 Delhi 116,134 Increase 6.6%
15 Copenhagen 420,136 Increase 17.1% 10 Cairo 111,425 Decrease 5.2%
Source: Statistik Austria
Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 15,859,050 Increase 7.26% 252,988 Increase 3.42% 180,066 Increase13.77%
2006 16,855,725 Increase 6.28% 260,846 Increase 3.11% 201,870 Increase12.11%
2007 18,768,468 Increase11.35% 280,912 Increase 7.69% 205,024 Increase 1.56%
2008 19,747,289 Increase 5.22% 292,740 Increase 4.21% 201,364 Decrease 1.79%
2009 18,114,103 Decrease 8.27% 261,758 Decrease10.58% 198,407 Decrease 1.47%
2010 19,691,206 Increase 8.71% 265,150 Increase 1.30% 231,824 Increase16.84%
2011 21,106,292 Increase 7.19% 266,865 Increase 0.65% 291,313 Increase25.66%
2012 22,195,794 Increase 5.02% 264,542 Decrease 0.87% 265,467 Decrease 8.89%
2013 21,999,926 Decrease 0.75% 250,224 Decrease 5.41% 268,155 Increase 1.03%
2014 22,483,158 Increase 2.20% 249,989 Decrease 0.09% 290,116 Increase 8.19%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[43] 2006,[44] 2007,[45] 2009,[46] 2011,[47] 2012,[48] 2013,[49] and 2014[50])
Emirates Boeing 777-300 taking off from Vienna International Airport
Austrian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER taxiing at Vienna International Airport


Airlines Destinations
Asiana Cargo Frankfurt, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Seoul-Incheon, Moscow-Domodedovo
Cargolux Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Doha, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Shanghai-Pudong
FedEx Express Budapest, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Cargo Brussels, Copenhagen, Seoul-Incheon, Milan-Malpensa, Basel/Mulhouse, Navoi, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Oslo, Zaragoza
TNT Airways Athens, Liege, Ljubljana
Silk Way Airlines Baku, Hanoi, Milan-Malpensa, Seoul-Incheon
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Minsk-National[42]
UPS Airlines Budapest, Cologne/Bonn


Airlines Destinations Terminal-Concourse
Adria Airways Ljubljana 3-B,C
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion
Aer Lingus Dublin 3-D
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1-D
operated by Rossiya
St Petersburg 1-D
Air Algerie Algiers, Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1-D
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn 3-B,C
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Nuremberg 1-B,C
Air Cairo Charter: Hurghada 3-D
Air China Barcelona, Beijing-Capital 3-D
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-C
Air Malta Malta 1-C
Air Moldova Chișinău 1-D
Air Serbia Belgrade 1-D
Air VIA Charter: Burgas, Varna 3-D
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino[13] 1-B,C
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Rome-Fiumicino[13] 1-B,C
Austrian Airlines Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana, Athens, Baghdad (suspended), Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona (ends 10 November 2015), Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago-O'Hare, Chișinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Gran Canaria, Delhi, Dnipropetrovsk, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Funchal, Geneva, Graz, Hamburg, Hurghada, Iași, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kiev-Boryspil, Klagenfurt, Košice, Kraków, Krasnodar, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, London-Heathrow, Luxor, Lviv, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Manchester,[14] Miami,[15] Minsk-National, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Newark, New York-JFK, Nice, Odessa, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Shanghai-Pudong (resumes 4 April 2016),[16] Sharm el-Sheikh, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Varna, Venice-Marco Polo, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Bari (begins 26 May 2016),[17] Bodrum, Cagliari, Catania, Cephalonia, Chania, Chios, Colombo,[18] Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Heraklion, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Malé, Marrakesh (resumes 14 November 2015),[19] Mauritius,[20] Menorca,[21] Mykonos, Mytilene, Naples, Ohrid, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, St Petersburg,[22] Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Volos, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Shannon (begins 9 July 2016)[23][24]
BH Air Charter: Burgas 3-D
British Airways London-Gatwick,[25] London-Heathrow 1-D
Brussels Airlines Brussels 3-F
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Varna[26]
Bulgarian Air Charter Charter: Burgas, Varna 3-D
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan 1-D
Condor Seasonal: Punta Cana, Varadero 3-D
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
easyJet Amsterdam (begins 17 December 2015),[27] Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol (begins 6 November 2015),[27] Edinburgh (begins 2 February 2016), London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester (begins 5 November 2015),[27] Naples (begins 28 March 2016), [28] Rome-Fiumicino (ends 28 February 2016)[29] 1A-B,C,D
easyJet Switzerland Geneva 1A-B,C
Emirates Dubai-International 3-D
EgyptAir Cairo 3-D
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 3-D
Estonian Air Seasonal: Tallinn 3-B
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Stockholm-Arlanda 3-D
Europe Airpost Seasonal: Bordeaux, Toulouse 1A-C
Eurowings Alicante (begins 27 March 2016),[30] Barcelona (begins 9 November 2015), Bastia (begins 2 April 2016),[31] Düsseldorf (begins 27 March 2016),[32] Faro (begins 2 April 2016),[31] Hamburg,[33] Hanover (begins 27 March 2016), London-Stansted (begins 4 December 2015),[34] Palma de Mallorca (begins 9 November 2015), Rome-Fiumicino (begins 27 March 2016),[34] Valencia (begins 29 March 2016)[31] 3-F,G
EVA Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan 3-D
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Helsinki 1-C
Freebird Airlines Charter: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen, Izmir 3-D
Georgian Airways Tbilisi 3-D
Germania Bremen 1A-C
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hanover (ends 26 March 2016),[35] Stuttgart 3-F
Iberia Madrid 1-B,C
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 3-D Edinburgh (begins 29 April 2016),[36] Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast International,[37] Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam 1-C
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1-C
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 3-D
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City 1A-D
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 3-F
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3-F
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 3-F
Luxair Luxembourg 3-B
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Seasonal: Tivat
Neos Charter: Sal 1A-D
Nouvelair Seasonal: Enfidha 3-D
Niki Abu Dhabi, Agadir, Alicante, Barcelona, Catania, Faro (begins 19 March 2016),[38] Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Madrid, Malaga, Malta, Marrakesh, Marsa Alam, Milan-Linate, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tenerife-South, Valencia, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Cephalonia, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik (begins 14 May 2016), Florence, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck,[39] Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Mykonos, Mytilene, Olbia, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Split (begins 13 May 2016), Volos, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Burgas, Genoa, Lamezia Terme, Luxor, Sharm el-Sheikh
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen 1A-C
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk 1A-D
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya
People's Viennaline St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Seasonal charter: Olbia
Qatar Airways Doha 3-D
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 3-D
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen (resumes 24 March 2016)[40] 3-F
SkyWork Airlines Bern 1A-B
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Marrakesh 1A-D
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 3-F
TAP Portugal Lisbon 3-F
TAROM Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca 1-D
Transavia Rotterdam 1A-C
TUIfly Seasonal: Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Rhodes 1A-B,C
Tunisair Tunis 3-D
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri, Samsun
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 3-D
Vueling Barcelona, Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 4 May 2016),[41] Rome-Fiumicino 1A-C

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:[12]


Airlines and destinations

With regard to terminal infrastructure, the airport's management have decided that the renovation of Terminal 2 will not be completed until 2017 at the earliest.[11]

[10] (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction; verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit is expected later in 2015.Lower Austria These groups have attacked the decision of [9]

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