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Athens, Georgia

Athens, Georgia
Consolidated city–county
Athens-Clarke County
Nickname(s): "The Classic City"

Location in Georgia
Athens, Georgia
Location in Georgia
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Georgia
County Clarke
Government
 • Mayor Nancy Denson
Area
 • Consolidated city–county 118.2 sq mi (306.2 km2)
 • Land 117.8 sq mi (305.0 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation 636 ft (194 m)
Population (2010)
 • Consolidated city–county 115,452
 • Density 851.5/sq mi (328.8/km2)
 • Metro 192,541
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30601, 30602, 30603, 30604, 30605, 30606, 30607, 30608, 30609, 30612
Area code(s) 706/762
FIPS code 13-03440[1]
Website athensclarkecounty.com

Athens (formally known as Athens-Clarke County) is a Eurith D. Rivers.

The movie Darius Goes West was shot in Athens.[29]

The 1980–81 ABC-TV television series Breaking Away (based on the 1979 film of the same name) was filmed in and around Athens, and made use of the University buildings, and local stone quarries for filming locations.

In 2000,

  • Athens-Clarke County Guide
  • Athens-Clarke city/county government official site
  • Athens Banner-HeraldOnlineAthens –
  • Athens profile, Georgia Encyclopedia
  • Athens Historic Newspapers Archive in the Digital Library of Georgia
  • Georgia Music Hall of Fame
  • Athens-Clarke County Library
  • Antebellum Athens and Clarke County, Georgia by Ernest C. Hynds in the Digital Library of Georgia

External links

  • Michael J. Gagnon, Transition to an Industrial South: Athens, Georgia, 1830-1870. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Further reading

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ U.S. Whitehouse OMB Bulletin No. 05-02 Appendix (Code 12020*) Archived March 20, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2010/cph-t/CPH-T-2.pdf
  6. ^ Hynds, Ernest C. (1974; 2009 ed.). Antebellum Athens and Clarke County, Georgia, pp. 2-4. University of Georgia Press.
  7. ^ Hynds 1974, p. 9.
  8. ^ Antebellum Athens and Clarke County, Georgia By Ernest C. Hynds page 41
  9. ^ Thomas, Frances Taliaferro (2nd ed. 2009). A Portrait of Historic Athens and Clarke County, p. 293. University of Georgia Press.
  10. ^ Thomas 2009, pp. 115-17.
  11. ^ Doster, Emily Jean & Doster, Gary L. (2011). Athens, pp. 98-99. Arcadia Publishing.
  12. ^ Dyer, Thomas G. (1985).The University of Georgia: A Bicentennial History, 1785-1985, p. 329. University of Georgia Press.
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ Reed, Ryan. "R.E.M., Neutral Milk Hotel Donate Items to Save Iconic Church Steeple" (November 3, 2014) Retrieved November 14, 2014
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ Georgia Board of Education. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  23. ^ School Stats. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  24. ^ University of Georgia. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  25. ^ Athens Technical College. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  26. ^ a private liberal arts institution in Demorest
  27. ^ Piedmont College- Athens Campus. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^ Athens, GA Greyhound Bus Station Intercity Bus Service
  37. ^
  38. ^ http://www.dot.state.ga.us/maps/Documents/railroad/Georgia_Rail_Map_plain.pdf
  39. ^
  40. ^ http://www.dot.state.ga.us/maps/Documents/railroad/proposed_passenger.pdf
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^ Fowler, Betty Alice (2009). "Lucy May Stanton (1875-1931)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 March 2013.

Footnotes

Notable people

Athens has three sister cities.

Sister cities

Electric service in Athens-Clarke is provided by two customer-owned electric cooperatives, Southern Company. Water utility is provided by the city. Garbage is provided by private companies according to customer purchase, though the city does offer municipal garbage pick up as a service. Natural gas is supplied by Atlanta Gas Light through various marketers within the deregulated market.

Utilities

[40] Athens has no direct passenger rail service; the closest

Rail

. Megabus Low cost curbside bus service to Atlanta is also provided by [37] provides intercity bus services.[36],Greyhound Lines, a subsidiary of Southeastern Stages [35]

Athens Transit providing transit 6 days per week
Bus

Public transit

Athens encourages use of alternative transportation. Bike lanes are provided on major thoroughfares. A rail-to-trail redevelopment is being considered to connect BikeAthens support and encourage biking. Skateboarding and small scooters are also common sights around UGA campus and Downtown.

Alternative

Atlanta, and until 2008 (prior to either airline's current AHN service), US Airways provided service to Charlotte. Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport (ATL) is the primary point of departure and arrival for Athenians due to the relative lack of air service to AHN.[33]

Airports

The city is the focus of U.S. Highways Downtown (Athens). College Station Rd and Gaines School Rd are major thoroughfares on the east side of Athens, along with US 78 east (Lexington Rd). On the west side most major thoroughfares intersect US 78 Bus (Broad St/Atlanta Hwy), including Alps Rd/Hawthorne Ave, Epps Bridge Pkwy, and Timothy Rd/Mitchell Bridge Rd.

Highways

Transportation

Infrastructure

Also in 2012, The Spectacular Now was filmed entirely in Athens and the surrounding area.[32]

In 2012, Trouble with the Curve was partially filmed at The Globe in downtown Athens.[31]

In 2009, a town, namely 'Rayford', which was loosely based on Athens, appeared in the video game Left 4 Dead 2.

[30] The 1940 film

Movies and TV shows produced or shot in Athens

Athens is part of the Atlanta television market. Two Atlanta-market television stations, Toccoa, its city of license; what is now WGTA has since moved its studios back to Toccoa after being sold by UGA.

In addition, Doraville, Georgia.

  • WPLP-LP 93.3 FM, Athens Community Rock Station, Bulldog
  • WPUP 100.1 FM, Athens top 40 station featuring all of today's hits. Owned by Cox Radio
  • WMSL 88.9 FM, a religious station featuring traditional Christian music and teaching
  • WUOG 90.5 FM, UGA's student-run radio station
  • National Public Radio also broadcasting from the UGA campus
  • WPPP-LP 100.7 FM (Hot 100), a low-power, non-commercial alternative/progressive rock station
  • WRFC (AM) 960 AM, ESPN Radio (formerly Athens' local Top 40 music station during the 1960s and 1970s). Owned by Cox Radio.
  • WGAU 1340 AM, news and talk. Owned by Cox Radio.
  • WXAG 1470 AM, urban gospel music

Local radio stations include:

Radio and television

Athens Banner-Herald publishes daily. UGA has an independent weekly newspaper, The Red & Black. Flagpole Magazine is an alternative newspaper publishing weekly.

Newspapers

Media

  • The first state-chartered university in the United States.[24]
  • [25]
  • Piedmont College[26] established a campus in Athens in 1995.[27][28]

Colleges and universities

The Arch in Downtown Athens

Private schools

The Clarke County School District supports grades pre-school to grade twelve. The district consists of fourteen elementary schools, four middle schools, and three high schools (one non-traditional).[22] The district has 791 full-time teachers and 11,457 students as of 2010.[23]

Clarke County School District

Education

Every summer since 1996 the city has hosted AthFest, a nonprofit music and arts festival in the downtown area.[21]

National acts that have come out of Athens include: Reptar, Danger Mouse, Dreams So Real, alternative duo Jucifer, Vic Chesnutt, Drive-By Truckers, Elf Power, Neutral Milk Hotel, The Sunshine Fix, Colt Ford, Velocirapture, Brantley Gilbert, Corey Smith, Harvey Milk, The Olivia Tremor Control, of Montreal, Widespread Panic, Perpetual Groove, Five Eight, Dead Confederate, Thayer Sarrano, Jet by Day, Athens Boys Choir, and R.E.M. R.E.M. members Michael Stipe, Mike Mills and Peter Buck still maintain residences in Athens.

The Athens music scene grew in the early 1970s and later during the 1980s with the 40 Watt Club as the bands R.E.M. and the B-52's scored breakout hits. Other notable bands were Widespread Panic, Dreams So Real, Indigo Girls, Matthew Sweet, The Method Actors, Love Tractor, Pylon, Flat Duo Jets, The Primates, Modern Skirts, The Whigs, and Corey Smith.

Music

  • One of the remaining two double barreled cannons produced during the American Civil War is located here.
  • The "Tree That Owns Itself," which is now an offspring of the original tree
  • The Georgia Museum of Art, the official state museum of art
  • The Lodge. Founded by Andrew Phillips in 2014. Publicly funded, The Lodge provides a haven for local wildlife, specializing in racoon rehabilitation.
  • The State Botanical Garden of Georgia
  • The University of Georgia Campus Arboretum
  • St. Mary's Steeple, home of the First R.E.M. show and site for newly founded renovation.[18]
  • The Globe bar was voted by Esquire magazine as the third top bar in America in 2007.[19]
  • Founded in 1955, Allen's is Athens' oldest bar and grill despite closing in 2004, re-opening in 2007, and closing again in November, 2011.[20]
  • Network Translations, Inc. developed here. It produced the PIX firewall which was later purchased by Cisco Systems.
Formal garden at the State Botanical Garden of Georgia

Points of interest

The Georgia Art Museum has been since 1982 the official state art museum. Culture coexists with the university students in creating an art scene, music scene and intellectual environment. The city has music venues, restaurants, bars, and coffee shops that cater to its creative climate.

Arts and culture

In 2010 the average household rent in Athens was $962. The national average was $1087.[17]

Competitiveness

Every spring, there are bicycle races collectively known as the Twilight Series. One is the Twilight Criterium.

Tourism

. Coleman Barks and Reginald McKnight, Judith Ortiz Cofer, as well as Edward Larson and Deborah Blum winners Pulitzer Prize is headquartered here. Authors with previous, or current, residence in the city include Hill Street PressIndependent publisher
Downtown Athens at the intersection of Clayton St. and College Avenue

Businesses

Economy

  • Legislative: The government is headed by an elected mayor and 10 elected commissioners from 10 equally divided districts. Previously, they have been formed from 8 geographical districts and 2 super-districts covering districts 1–4 and 5–8
  • Executive: The Unified Government of Athens-Clarke County's day-to-day operations are overseen by a manager appointed by the Mayor and Commission. There are 26 main departments, divisions and offices under the managerial group
  • Judicial: Athens-Clarke County houses Magistrate, Juvenile, Municipal, Probate, State and Superior Courts. Superior Court covers the Western Judicial Circuit, which also includes Oconee County.[16]

Government

The median income for a household in the city was $28,118, and the median income for a family was $41,407. Males had a median income of $30,359 versus $23,039 for females. The per capita income for the balance was $17,103. About 15.0% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.8% under the age of 18, 31.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

There were 39,239 households out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.3% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.7% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

The large population increase from 1990 to 2000 reflects the altered boundaries that came with the consolidation of Athens and Clarke County, not just the influx of new residents.

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 100,266 people, 39,239 households, and 19,344 families residing in the city. The population density was 851.5 people per square mile (328.8/km²). There were 41,633 housing units at an average density of 353.6 per square mile (136.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.71% White, 27.37% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 3.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.11% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.39% of the population.

Demographics

  • Downtown
  • Pulaski Heights
  • Five Points
  • Chicopee-Dudley
  • East Side
  • Boulevard
  • West Side
  • Newtown
  • Normaltown
  • Cobbham
  • Beechwood
  • Briarcliff
  • Carr's Hill

Neighborhoods

Climate data for Athens, Georgia (Ben Epps Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
81
(27)
89
(32)
97
(36)
100
(38)
109
(43)
108
(42)
107
(42)
108
(42)
98
(37)
86
(30)
80
(27)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 53.9
(12.2)
58.2
(14.6)
66.2
(19)
74.0
(23.3)
81.8
(27.7)
88.7
(31.5)
91.4
(33)
89.9
(32.2)
84.0
(28.9)
74.4
(23.6)
65.2
(18.4)
55.7
(13.2)
73.6
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 33.1
(0.6)
36.3
(2.4)
42.5
(5.8)
49.3
(9.6)
58.2
(14.6)
66.4
(19.1)
69.8
(21)
69.3
(20.7)
62.7
(17.1)
51.5
(10.8)
42.4
(5.8)
35.0
(1.7)
51.4
(10.8)
Record low °F (°C) −4
(−20)
3
(−16)
11
(−12)
26
(−3)
37
(3)
45
(7)
55
(13)
53
(12)
36
(2)
24
(−4)
7
(−14)
2
(−17)
−4
(−20)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.05
(102.9)
4.48
(113.8)
4.42
(112.3)
3.14
(79.8)
3.00
(76.2)
4.18
(106.2)
4.47
(113.5)
3.52
(89.4)
3.94
(100.1)
3.55
(90.2)
3.82
(97)
3.73
(94.7)
46.29
(1,175.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.6
(4.1)
.8
(2)
.9
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.3
(0.8)
3.5
(8.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.4 9.5 9.3 8.2 8.7 10.8 10.5 9.1 7.7 6.8 8.6 9.9 109.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) .8 .5 .2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 1.8
Source: NOAA (extremes 1884–present)[13]

Climate

Athens lies within the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and mild to moderately cold winters. Annual rainfall averages 49.7 inches (1,260 mm). Light to moderate snowfall can occur in winter. In the spring, frequent thunderstorms can sometimes become severe, even producing tornadoes. The city itself sits on a series of anomalous hills, unique to the Piedmont region.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the balance has a total area of 118.2 square miles (306.1 km2), of which 117.8 square miles (305.1 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.41%) is water.

Geography

In 1961, Athens witnessed part of the civil rights movement when Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court ruling in 1954, the Athens–Clarke County school district remained segregated until 1964, when Athens High School admitted two African-American students.

During Normal School. The school closed in 2011 under the Base Realignment and Closure process. The 56 acres (23 ha) site is now home to the GHSU/UGA Medical Partnership, the UGA College of Public Health, and other health-related programs

By its centennial in 1901, Athens was a much-changed city. A new Athens-Ben Epps Airport. Athens got its first tall building in 1908 with the seven-story Southern Mutual Insurance Company building.

Broad Street in Downtown Athens near North Campus of the University of Georgia

In the 1880s, as Athens became more densely populated, city services and improvements were undertaken. The Athens Police Department was founded in 1881 and public schools opened in fall of 1886. Telephone service was introduced in 1882 by the Bell Telephone Company. Transportation improvements were also introduced with a street paving program beginning in 1885 and streetcars, pulled by mules, in 1888.

During Reconstruction, Athens continued to grow. The form of government changed to a mayor-council government with a new city charter on August 24, 1872, and Captain Henry Beusse became the first mayor of Athens.[9] Henry Beusse was instrumental in the rapid growth of the city after the Civil War. After holding the position of mayor he worked in the railroad industry and helped to bring railroads to the region creating growth in many of the surrounding communities. Freed slaves moved to the city. Many were attracted by the new centers for education such as the Freedmen's Bureau. This new population was served by three black newspapers: the Athens Blade, the Athens Clipper, and the Progressive Era.[10]

During the American Civil War, Athens became a significant supply center when the New Orleans armory was relocated to what is now called the Chicopee building. Fortifications can still be found along parts of the North Oconee River between College and Oconee St. In addition, Athens played a small part in the ill-fated Stoneman Raid when a skirmish was fought on a site overlooking the Middle Oconee River near what is now the old Macon Highway. As in many southern towns, there is a Confederate memorial. It is located on Broad Street, near the University of Georgia Arch.

[8] The university continued to grow, as did the town, with [7]The first buildings on the University of Georgia campus were made from logs. The town grew as lots adjacent to the college were sold to raise money for the additional construction of the school. By the time the first class graduated from the University in 1804, Athens consisted of three homes, three stores and a few other buildings facing Front Street, now known as Broad Street. Completed in 1806 and named in honor of

Downtown Athens, looking down College Avenue towards Broad Street

In the late 18th century, a trading settlement on the banks of the Athens after the city that was home to the academy of Plato and Aristotle in Greece.[6]

Historic American Buildings of Athens in 1936

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Neighborhoods 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Economy 5
    • Businesses 5.1
    • Tourism 5.2
    • Competitiveness 5.3
  • Arts and culture 6
    • Points of interest 6.1
    • Music 6.2
  • Education 7
    • Clarke County School District 7.1
    • Private schools 7.2
    • Colleges and universities 7.3
  • Media 8
    • Newspapers 8.1
    • Radio and television 8.2
  • Movies and TV shows produced or shot in Athens 9
  • Infrastructure 10
    • Transportation 10.1
      • Highways 10.1.1
      • Airports 10.1.2
      • Alternative 10.1.3
      • Public transit 10.1.4
        • Bus 10.1.4.1
        • Rail 10.1.4.2
    • Utilities 10.2
  • Sister cities 11
  • Notable people 12
  • Footnotes 13
  • Further reading 14
  • External links 15

Athens-Clarke County has the smallest geographical area of a county in Georgia. [5] which had a population of 192,541 as of the 2010 census.[4]

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