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Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport


Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

Fiumicino – Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroporti di Roma SpA
Serves Rome, Italy
Location Fiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
FCO is located in Italy
Location in Italy
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 38,506,908
Passenger change 13-14 +6.5%
Aircraft movements 308,144
Movements change 13–14 +3.3%
Source: Italian EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2] and AdR[3]

Fiumicino – Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (ICAO: LIRF) or Rome Fiumicino Airport, also simply known as Fiumicino Airport, is a major international airport in Rome, Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with 38,5 million passengers served in 2014.[3] It is located in Fiumicino, 18.9 nautical miles (35.0 km; 21.7 mi) southwest of Rome's historic city centre.[1]

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 34th busiest airport in 2013. It covers an area of 29 square kilometres (7,200 acres) and is named after the most recognized polymath Leonardo da Vinci, who designed the first proto helicopter and a flying machine with wings in 1480.


  • History 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • Later development 1.2
  • Terminals 2
  • Airlines and destinations 3
    • Scheduled 3.1
    • Charter 3.2
    • Cargo 3.3
  • Traffic and statistics 4
  • Ground handling 5
  • Security services 6
  • Ground transportation 7
  • Incidents and accidents 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Early years

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. During the 1960s, Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R). Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[4]

Later development

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built by 2044, when there are estimated to be 100 million passengers per year.


The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[5] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened. In 1995, the international Pier B with 10 gates opened. In 1999, the international Satellite C with 11 gates and an elevated automated people mover connected it with the main terminal.

In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized. In 2004, the new Cargo City terminal opened. In 2008, Terminal 5 opened for check-in for American carriers and El-Al. Passengers are then bused to what was then called Satellite C. The terminal serves 950,000 passengers per year. In 2009, the terminals were renamed — A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3 and T5 stayed the same.

Terminal Gates Airlines Notes
T1 B1-B13
Alitalia (short-haul flights)
Aer Lingus, Air France, Croatia Airlines,[6] Etihad Regional, KLM
T2 C1-C7 Blue Air, easyJet, Wizz Air
T3 C8-C16
Alitalia (long-haul flights)
some other companies
T5 H1-H3
US, some Asian,[7] and Israeli carriers

Airlines and destinations

Countries served by flights from Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport (includes seasonal and future destinations).


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion[8]
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 3
operated by Rossiya
St Petersburg 3
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 3
Air Algérie Algiers 3
airBaltic Riga 3
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf 3
Air Canada Montréal-Trudeau (resumes June 16, 2016), Toronto-Pearson 3 [7]
Air Canada Rouge Montréal-Trudeau (ends June 15, 2016) 3
Air China Beijing-Capital 5 [7]
Air Europa Madrid 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air India Delhi 3
Air Malta Malta 3
Air Moldova Chișinău 3
Air Serbia Belgrade 1
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver (begins 18 June 2016)[9] 5[7]
Albastar Seasonal: Lourdes[10] 1
Alitalia Abu Dhabi, Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Istanbul-Atatürk, Lamezia Terme, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montpellier, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New York-JFK, Nice, Palermo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Santiago de Chile (resumes 1 May 2016),[11] São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Sofia, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Amman-Queen Alia, Chicago-O'Hare, Heraklion, Kraków, Ibiza, Lampedusa, Los Angeles, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, Tbilisi, Trapani
1, 3
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, London-City, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montpellier, Munich, Naples, Nice, Oran, Podgorica, Skopje, Trieste, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Zürich 1, 3
operated by Darwin Airline
Naples, Perugia, Pescara, Pisa 1
operated by Mistral Air
Ancona[12] 1
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 5 [7]
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar[13] 3
Austrian Airlines Vienna 3
Belavia Minsk-National 3
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Iași, Turin (begins 3 November 2015)[14] 2
operated by Blue Panorama Airlines
Reggio Calabria, Tirana
Seasonal: Heraklion, Ibiza, Lampedusa, Mykonos, Pantelleria, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Blue Panorama Airlines Cancún, Havana, La Romana, Mérida (begins 21 December 2015),[15] Santiago de Cuba 3
British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow 3
Brussels Airlines Brussels 3
Bulgaria Air Sofia 3
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 3
China Airlines Delhi, Taipei-Taoyuan 5 [7]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou 5 [7]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan (both begin 16 December 2015)[16] 5
Croatia Airlines Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb 3
Czech Airlines Prague 3
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul (begins 27 May 2016)[17]
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse (ends 28 February 2016),[18] Bristol, Copenhagen (ends 7 February 2016),[18] Geneva (ends 28 February 2016),[18] Hamburg (ends 7 November 2015; resumes 28 March 2016),[18] London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Marseille (ends 10 January 2016),[18] Milan-Malpensa, Munich (ends 10 January 2016),[18] Nantes (ends 28 February 2016),[18] Nice, Paris-Orly, Prague (ends 7 February 2016),[18] Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (ends 6 February 2016),[18] Tenerife-South (ends 6 February 2016),[18] Toulouse, Vienna (ends 6 January 2016)[18] 2
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse (begins 29 February 2016),[18] Geneva[19] 2
EgyptAir Cairo 3
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 5
Emirates Dubai-International 3
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 3
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 3
Etihad Regional
operated by Darwin Airline
Geneva 1
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Vienna (begins 3 November 2015)[20] 3
Finnair Helsinki 3
Germanwings Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg, Hanover, Stuttgart 3
Hainan Airlines Chongqing,[21] Xi'an (begins 9 december 2015) 3
HOP! Bordeaux, Lyon, Strasbourg 1
Iberia Madrid 3
Iberia Regional
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Vigo (begins 12 July 2016) 3
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 3
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 5 Glasgow, Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast-International, Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle
Jetairfly Antwerp, Ostend 3
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 5[7]
Kuwait Airways Kuwait, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3
Luxair Luxembourg 1
Meridiana Fuerteventura, La Romana, Malé, Mombasa, Olbia, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Zanzibar
Middle East Airlines Beirut 3
Monarch Airlines Birmingham, London-Luton 3
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica 3
Neos Seasonal: Boa Vista, Cancún, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Malé, Kos, Mombasa, Nosy Be, Sal, Tenerife-South, Zanzibar[22] 3
Niki Vienna 3
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, London-Gatwick, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Gothenburg-Landvetter
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 3
Qatar Airways Doha 3
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 3
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 3
Ryanair Alicante (begins 27 March 2016),[23] Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Comiso, Lamezia Terme, Malta (begins 27 March 2016),[24] Marseille, Palermo, Seville
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 28 March 2016),[24] Kos (begins 29 March 2016)[24]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh 3
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Prague 3
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 5 [7]
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir 3
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich 3
TAP Portugal Lisbon 3
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Porto 3
TAROM Bucharest, Iași 3
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi (ends 31 January 2016)[25] 3
Transavia Rotterdam/The Hague 3
Tunisair Tunis 3
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 3
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
Seasonal: Lviv
United Airlines Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Newark, Washington-Dulles 5
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 3
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 3
Vueling Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Edinburgh (begins 29 March 2016), Fuerteventura (begins 28 June 2016),[26] Geneva (begins 27 March 2016),[26] Gran Canaria, Lanzarote,[27] London-Gatwick, Lyon, Málaga, Manchester (beings 27 June 2016),[26] Marrakech, Marseille, Munich, Nantes, Nice, Palermo, Paris-Orly, Prague, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Valencia, Vienna, Zürich (begins 27 March 2016)[26]
Seasonal: Cephalonia, Copenhagen (begins 1 June 2016),[26] Corfu, Dubrovnik,[26] Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata (begins 24 June 2016),[26] Karpathos, Kiev-Zhuliany (begins 3 July 2016),[26][28] Kos, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Lemnos, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos, Mytilene, Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 25 June 2016),[26] Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkhada, Pula, Rennes, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Rhodes, Riga (begins 25 June 2016),[26] Santorini, Split, Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 23 June 2016),[26] Tallinn (begins 21 June 2016),[26] Tenerife-South (resumes 7 August 2016),[26] Zadar, Zakynthos
Wizz Air Budapest, Katowice, Prague, Sofia (ends 26 March 2016), Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin 2
WOW Air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík[29] 3

^1 All US Airways flights will be rebranded as American Airlines flights effective 17 October 2015.


Airlines Destinations
Alitalia Summer seasonal: Djerba, Hurghada, Kos, Marsa Alam, Mostar, Mykonos, Santorini, Shannon, Sharm el-Sheikh
Winter seasonal: Dubai-International, La Romana, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Pointe-à-Pitre, Zanzibar
Blue Panorama Airlines Marsa Alam, Sharm el-Sheikh
Summer seasonal: Mersa Matruh
Europe Airpost Ostend/Bruges, Paris-Orly, Tangier
Japan Airlines Summer seasonal: Tokyo-Haneda
Malmö Aviation Billund, Odense
Meridiana Summer seasonal: Marsa Alam, Sharm el-Sheikh
Mistral Air Summer seasonal: Enfidha, Heraklion, Marsa Alam, Menorca, Mostar, Shannon, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tarbes/Lourdes
Neos Summer seasonal: Mersa Matruh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Tunisair Summer seasonal: Djerba, Monastir, Tabarka
Turkish Airlines Summer seasonal: Izmir
Ukraine International Airlines Summer seasonal: Lviv[30]


Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Ancona, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Mistral Air Brescia, Milan-Linate
TNT Airways Liège
TNT Airways
operated by Bluebird Cargo

Traffic and statistics

A British Airways Airbus A321 taxiing at Fiumicino
An Alitalia Boeing 777-200ER taxiing at Fiumicino
A Cathay Pacific Airbus A340-300 taxiing at Fiumicino
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-200ER taxiing at Fiumicino
A Royal Jordanian Airbus A321 taxiing at Fiumicino
A Delta Air Lines Boeing 767-300ER taxiing at Fiumicino
A KLM Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Fiumicino
A Aeroflot Airbus A320 taxiing at Fiumicino

Busiest routes from/to Rome-Fiumicino Airport in 2014 were the following:[31]

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome-Fiumicino (2014)[31]
Rank Rank
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Catania, Sicily 1,861,589 Alitalia, blu-express, Ryanair, Vueling
2 1 Palermo, Sicily 1,481,469 Alitalia, easyJet, Ryanair, Vueling
3 1 Milan-Linate, Lombardy 1,455,244 Alitalia, easyJet
4 Cagliari, Sardinia 781,641 Alitalia
5 3 Lamezia Terme, Calabria 674,471 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
6 1 Turin, Piedmont 619,130 Alitalia, Vueling
7 Bari, Apulia 541,958 Alitalia, Vueling
8 2 Venice-Marco Polo, Veneto 527,642 Alitalia
9 2 Brindisi, Apulia 394,230 Alitalia, Vueling
10 Genoa, Liguria 390,476 Alitalia, Vueling
11 2 Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy 332,226 Alitalia, easyJet, Meridiana
12 Reggio Calabria, Calabria 297,213 Alitalia, Blu-express, Vueling
13 1 Naples, Campania 289,965 Alitalia
14 1 Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia 277,563 Alitalia
15 1 Olbia, Sardinia 275,503 Meridiana
16 3 Bologna, Emilia-Romagna 238,796 Alitalia
17 2 Alghero, Sardinia 231,298 Alitalia, Livingston
18 Verona, Veneto 198,981 Alitalia
19 2 Florence, Tuscany 196,884 Alitalia
20 Pisa, Tuscany 159,867 Alitalia
Busiest European Routes from/to Rome-Fiumicino (2014)[31]
Rank Rank
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 1,134,521 Air France, Alitalia, Kuwait Airways
2 2 Amsterdam, Netherlands 1,026,909 Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling
3 3 Barcelona, Spain 988,508 Alitalia, Vueling
4 2 Madrid, Spain 974,320 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
5 2 London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 958,525 Alitalia, British Airways
6 1 Paris-Orly, France 781,202 easyJet, Vueling
7 5 Brussels, Belgium 721,144 Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
8 1 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 704.144 Alitalia, Lufthansa
9 1 Athens, Greece 671,168 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, easyJet, Vueling
10 1 London-Gatwick, United Kingdom 658,980 British Airways, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle
11 1 Munich, Germany 605,218 Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling
12 1 Istanbul-Atatürk, Turkey 490,933 Alitalia, Turkish Airlines
13 1 Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Russia 445,522 Aeroflot, Alitalia
14 1 Vienna, Austria 428,884 Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, easyJet, Niki
15 1 Copenhagen, Denmark 423,198 Alitalia, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
16 3 Zürich, Switzerland 422,063 Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines
17 Lisbon, Portugal 368,461 TAP Portugal
18 Geneva, Switzerland 344,684 Alitalia, Etihad Regional, easyJet Switzerland
19 1 Prague, Czech Republic 332,617 Alitalia, Czech Airlines, easyJet, Smart Wings, Vueling, Wizz Air
20 3 Berlin-Tegel, Germany 292,406 Air Berlin, Alitalia, Vueling
Busiest Intercontinental Routes from/to Rome-Fiumicino (2014)[31]
Rank Rank
City Passengers Airline(s)
1 New York-John F. Kennedy, New York, United States 618,941 Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines
2 Tel Aviv, Israel 574,131 Alitalia, easyJet, El Al, Israir Airlines, Neos
3 Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates 561,170 Emirates
4 Toronto-Pearson, Ontario, Canada 293,256 Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat
5 Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina 285,724 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia
6 2 Cairo, Egypt 254,620 Alitalia, Egyptair
7 1 Doha, Qatar 243,305 Qatar Airways
8 1 Tunis, Tunisia 226,265 Alitalia, Tunisair
9 1 São Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil 203,784 Alitalia
10 3 Tokyo-Narita, Japan 194,632 Alitalia, Japan Airlines
11 1 Casablanca, Morocco 188,046 Alitalia, Royal Air Maroc
12 1 Atlanta, Georgia, United States 172,958 Delta Air Lines
13 22 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 172,017 Alitalia, Etihad Airways
14 2 Miami, Florida, United States 163,522 Alitalia
15 2 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States 160,311 US Airways
16 1 Hong Kong 146,239 Cathay Pacific
17 Algiers, Algeria 144,327 Air Algerie, Alitalia
18 5 Beirut, Lebanon 142,190 Alitalia, Middle East Airlines
19 5 Beijing-Capital, China 138,846 Air China
20 1 Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois, United States 132,458 Alitalia, American Airlines

Ground handling

Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Air One created EAS and started providing third-party services as well. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. There are some other private handlers that provide passenger assistance, including ARE Group, Globeground Italia and ICTS Italia.

On 2 May 2006, Meridiana's passenger handling staff transferred to Alitalia Airport and the ramp employees transferred to Alitalia Airport in February 2007 (from Aeroporti di Roma Handling).

In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci. There are fears that luggage mishandling will go up. Ground handling deregulation has brought confusion on who does what and has decreased service levels, especially on transferring baggage.

In November 2006 Aeroporti di Roma Handling was sold to Flightcare (itself owned by Spanish company FCC), an Aviance member.

Security services

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato to Aeroporti di Roma in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created Airport Security (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority) and Aeroporti di Roma.

Ground transportation

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by a six-lane motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided twice an hour. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[32] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[33]

Incidents and accidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800, operated by a Boeing 707, had an engine catch fire during take off. 50 of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 17 December 1973, during the 1973 Rome airport attacks and hijacking, a Boeing 707-321B operating as Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian terrorists. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.[34] During the same incident a Lufthansa Boeing 737 (D-ABEY)[35] was hijacked and landed at Athens, Damascus and finally in Kuwait. All remaining passengers and crew were then released.[34] One person died in the incident.[35]
  • On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks, terrorists shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the airport.
  • On 2 April 1986, TWA Flight 840, which was travelling from Fiumicino to Ellinikon International Airport in Athens, Greece, was bombed, ejecting 4 people from the plane to their deaths. The plane landed safely.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775 from London Gatwick to Entebbe International Airport via Fiumicino, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers aboard, as well as all 7 crew members, died.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, overran the runway during landing. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[36][37]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway and crashed. 10 passengers suffered minor injuries and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital. The crash is still being investigated.[38]
  • On 7 May 2015, during the early hours of the morning, a fire broke out and caused substantial damage to a number of security control cabins and the main commercial area of Terminal 3. The airport reopened shortly after 2pm local time. Hundreds of flights were cancelled due to the fire.[39] The terminal has now reopened with all check-in desks operational, new security screening facilities, and piers D, G and H now accepting passengers.
  • On 29 July 2015, a forest fire broke out near the airport, causing its closure for 2 hours.


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