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Pinar del Río

Pinar del Río
Municipality
The central avenue
The central avenue "Carrer José Martí"
Coat of arms of Pinar del Río
Coat of arms
Pinar del Río municipality (red) within  Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
Pinar del Río municipality (red) within
Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
Pinar del Río is located in Cuba
Location of Pinar de Río in Cuba
Coordinates:
Country  Cuba
Province Pinar del Río
Founded 1774
Area[1]
 • Municipality 691.12 km2 (266.84 sq mi)
 • Urban 70.7 km2 (27.3 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Municipality 190,532
 • Density 269.1/km2 (697/sq mi)
 • Urban 154,107
 • Urban density 2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pinareños
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code 20100-20300
Area code(s) +53 48
Vehicle registration P
Highways Carretera Central

Pinar del Río is a Cuban city, capital of Pinar del Río Province. With a city population of 139,336 (2004), in a municipality of 190,332, it is the 10th largest Cuban city. Inhabitants of the area are called Pinareños.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Economy 3
  • Education 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Transport 6
  • Sport 7
  • Notable people 8
  • Gallery 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Geography

The municipality borders with San Luis, San Juan y Martínez, Viñales and Consolación del Sur. The villages included in the municipality are Briones Montoto, Cayo Conuco,[3] La Coloma, La Conchita and Las Ovas.

History

Pinar del Río was one of the last major cities in Cuba founded by the Spanish. The city and province was originally founded as Nueva Filipinas (New Philippines) in homage of King Felipe.

Pinar del Rio's history begins with the Guanahatabeys, a group of nomadic Indians who lived in caves and procured most of their livelihood from the sea. Less advanced than the other indigenous natives who lived on the island, the Guanahatabey were a peaceful and passive race whose culture more or less independently of the Taino and Siboney cultures further east. Extinct by the time of the Spanish arrived in 1492, little firsthand documentation remains on how the archaic Guanahatabey society was structured and organized although some archeological sites have been found on the Guanahacabibes Peninsula.

Post-Colombus the conquistadors left rugged Pinar del Rio largely to its own devices, and the area developed lackadaisically only after Canary Islanders started arriving in late 1500's. These Canarians became the tobacco farmers of the region. It was originally called Nueva Filipina (New Philippines), but the region was renamed Pinar del Rio in 1778, supposedly for the pine forests crowded along the Rio Guama. Tobacco plantations and cattle ranches quickly sprang up in the rich soil and open grazing land that typifies Pinar and fastidious farmers who made a living from the delicate and well-tended crops were colloquially christened Guajiros, a native word that means - literally - 'one of us '. By the mid 1800s, Europeans were hooked on the fragrant weed and the region flourished. Sea routes opened up and the railways was extended to facilitate the shipping of the perishable product. Pinar del Rio is known to be the Mecca of Tobacco.

Economy

The city is located in a major tobacco-growing area and is a centre of the cigar industry. The main farming tool in this province is the carabao.

Education

The main secondary education institution is the University of Pinar del Río.

Demographics

In the 2002 national census, the following statistics were recorded:

  • Area: 70.7 km² (city); 708 km² (municipality)
  • Population: 189,221 (total); 152,200 (city); 30,417 (surrounding rural area)
  • Density: 270,4 /km²

In 2004, the municipality of Pinar del Río had a population of 190,532.[2] With a total area of 708 km2 (273 sq mi),[1] it has a population density of 269.1/km2 (697/sq mi).

Transport

The city is served by the ICAO: MULM) has no scheduled flights. There is a railway station on the line to Havana.

Sport

The local baseball club is Pinar del Río, nicknamed Vegueros, and the association football one is the FC Pinar del Río. Both the clubs have their home ground in the Capitán San Luis Stadium. The "Vegueros" are the Serie del Caribe 2015 champions.

Notable people

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  2. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Español). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  3. ^ "Cayo Conuco (Cuba) map - nona.net". nona.net. Retrieved 2011-02-14. 

External links

  • (Spanish) Pinar del Río.cu
  • (Spanish) Pinar del Río on EcuRed
  • (Spanish) Pinar del Río on guije.com (historical infos)


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