World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Sørlandet Line

Sørlandet Line
Overview
Type Railway
Termini Drammen Station
Stavanger Station
Stations 27
Operation
Opened 1871 (to Kongsberg)
1944 (completed)
Owner Norwegian National Rail Administration
Operator(s) Norwegian State Railways
CargoNet
Character Long-haul passenger/freight
Rolling stock Class 73, El 18
Technical
Line length 528
No. of tracks Single or Double
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 15 kV 16 23 Hz AC

The Sørlandet Line (Norwegian: Sørlandsbanen) is a railway line between Drammen (though this is connected to Oslo by means of the Drammen Line) via Kristiansand to Stavanger. The line is 545 kilometers (339 mi) long between Oslo and Stavanger.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Subsections 2
  • Branch lines 3
  • Electrification 4

History

The railway was constructed in several phases, the first section being opened in 1871 and the last not opened until 1944. While there was a continual construction work from Oslo westward as far as Moi, the Jæren Line from Egersund to Stavanger in Western Norway was opened in 1878. Up to 1913 the name used on plans and for the completed sections was the Vestlandet Line (The West Country Line).

The Sørlandet Line was completed by the German occupation force during World War II. It was opened for regular traffic on 1 May 1944. The line was an important communications link for transportation of troops, as well as war material. Long stretches of the Sørlandet Line railway are set away from the coast, instead of on the more densely populated coastline. One reason for this was to protect the line from invading forces, and also to prevent the line being bombarded by navy ships.

On 15 November 1950 the Hjuksebø train disaster killed 14 people in a collision between an express train and runaway freight cars.

Subsections

Among the stretches which make up the Sørland Line are:

  • Oslo–Drammen is the Drammen Line, completed in 1872.
  • Drammen–Kongsberg, opened in 1871.
  • Kongsberg–, opened in 1924.
  • Lunde–Neslandsvatn (Kragerø), opened in 1927.
  • Neslandsvatn–Nelaug (Arendal), opened in 1935.
  • Nelaug–Kristiansand, opened in 1938.
  • Kristiansand–Moi, opened in 1944.
  • Moi (Flekkefjord)–Egersund, opened in 1904.
  • Egersund–Stavanger is the Jæren Line, which was opened in 1878.

Branch lines

The Sørlandet Line has one operational branch line, the Arendal Line, which runs between Nelaug and Arendal. Another branch line, the Flekkefjord Line, from Sira to Flekkefjord, was once part of the main line. It was turned into a branch line upon completion of the Sørland Line in 1944, and was finally closed in 1990. Other branch lines which are now closed are the Numedal Line between Kongsberg and Rødberg (in Nore og Uvdal), the Setesdal Line and the Kragerø Line between Neslandsvatn and Kragerø.

Kristiansand Station is designed as a terminal station. Therefore, trains from Stavanger towards Oslo reverse direction when leaving Kristiansand.

Electrification

  • Oslo –
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.