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Coast Mountain Bus Company

Parent TransLink
Founded April 1, 1999
Headquarters 700-287 Nelson's Court
New Westminster, B.C.
Service area Metro Vancouver, Canada
Service type transit bus, express bus, trolley bus, express coach, shuttle bus, passenger ferry
Routes Bus: 195
SeaBus Ferry: 1
Hubs 7 transit centres
Fleet Bus: 1,451
Ferry: 4[1]
Daily ridership 730,000[2]
Chief executive Haydn Acheson,
President & General Manager

Coast Mountain Bus Company (CMBC) is the contract operator for bus transit services in Metro Vancouver and is a wholly owned subsidiary of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, known locally as TransLink, the entity responsible for transit. The buses form part of the integrated transit network of the lower mainland.


  • Services 1
    • Fare Paid Zones 1.1
  • History 2
  • Retired fleet roster 3
  • Current fleet roster 4
    • Community Shuttle 4.1
    • SeaBus 4.2
    • Prefixes 4.3
    • Additional fleet notes 4.4
  • Facilities 5
  • Employees 6
  • B-Line services 7
    • Routes 7.1
  • Gallery of fleet examples 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


The Coast Mountain Bus Company operates the buses throughout Greater Vancouver (except West Vancouver which operates its own Blue Bus system and three contract operators that provide Community Shuttle as well as HandyDART services):

  • 191 bus routes in total
    • Regular transit service
    • Express Coach Service to suburban municipalities
    • Trolley Bus Service - 13 routes primarily in the City of Vancouver
    • NightBus - special routes after midnight, 12 routes with plans for expansion
    • B-Line express buses (3 routes - see below)
    • Community shuttles - routes operating minibuses
  • SeaBus - passenger ferry across the Burrard Inlet

The regional transit network including bus routes, service levels and fares are set by TransLink.

Fare Paid Zones

Basically the honour system, a Fare Paid Zone is a clearly marked territory on which passengers must have valid proof of payment and present it for inspection upon request of a Transit Security Officer. This was only in effect in SkyTrain stations and vehicles until June 25, 2007, when the law was changed. Now, all buses, including West Vancouver buses, will be designated a "Fare Paid Zone", along with the SkyTrain. The reason for implementing the "Fare Paid Zone" was to remove responsibility from the bus driver for fare enforcement, as too many bus drivers were being assaulted in disputes over fare payment. Fare Enforcement on all buses are now the responsibility of the Transit Police and Transit Security Department. Officers may board a bus at anytime and conduct a fare inspection. Those who fail to pay the fare and retain proof of payment could be removed from the bus and/or fined $173.


CMBC was created on April 1, 1999. Bus service in Greater Vancouver was formerly provided by BC Transit. (BC Transit now refers only to the provincial government corporation that operates transit outside of Metro Vancouver.)

Retired fleet roster

The following fleet are/were owned by TransLink and operated and maintained by CMBC.

Order Year Picture Manufacturer Model Powertrain
Propulsion Fleet Notes
<<< 40 feet >>
1982 Flyer Industries D901A
  • Detroit Diesel 6V71N
  • Allison V730
Diesel 1158-1192
  • All retired except 1191, which is preserved by TRAMS.
  • Original fleet numbers were 3165-3199.
GMDD T6H-5307N
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison V730
  • 4107 is preserved by TRAMS. Retired early 2007.
1987 TC40-102N
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison V731
1989 MCI 4144-4192
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Voith D86.3ADR
4193-4199 4201-4278
  • 4269-4278 were suburban buses.
  • 4254 had Voith D863.3 transmission.
  • 4276 is preserved by TRAMS.
1991 NFI D40
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison HTB-748
  • All retired
  • 3106 restored by TRAMS
  • 3122 sold to Cypress Coach Lines
  • 3139 sold to the Vancouver Fire Department
  • 3147 sold to private owner
  • 3155 sold to private owner
  • 3157 has a Detroit Diesel Series 50 engine and an Allison B400R transmission.
1992 3211-3257
  • 3232-3242 were suburban buses.
1995 C40 Diesel (ex-CNG) 3258-3282
  • Retired in 2011
  • Originally had Detroit Diesel Series 50G.
  • All buses were converted to diesel between 2004-2006.
  • 3262, 3264, 3266, 3270-3272 were sold to Southland Transportation in Calgary, Alberta.
1998 DE40LF Diesel electric (ex-Hydrogen fuel cell) 7244-7246
  • ex-F40LF.
  • Converted to diesel electric in 2004.
  • 7245 was returned to Ballard Power Systems.
  • Run as part of the Testing the Power of Tomorrow Demonstration from 2005 to 2006, then ran revenue service till 2010.
  • Stored and retired in June 2010, and scrapped in Dec 2012.
Nova Bus LFS Diesel 7298
<<< Trolley bus >>>
1982-1983 Flyer Industries E901A-E902 Electric trolley bus 2701-2947
  • All retired by 2008.
  • 80 units were sold to Mendoza, Argentina.
  • 2805 and 2812 preserved by TRAMS.
<<< 60 feet >>>
1991 An older high-floor NFI D60
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison HTB-748
Diesel 3001-3021
  • Retired 2010

Current fleet roster

The following fleet are/were owned by TransLink and operated and maintained by CMBC.

  • high floor model buses
Order Year Picture Manufacturer Model Powertrain
Propulsion Fleet
<<< 40 feet >>
1995 NFI D40LF Diesel 7101-7150
  • Being retired
  • 7141 was used in an earthquake scenario training at False Creek Flats
  • 7104,7108,7129,7133 and 7138 were sold to BC Transit in spring 2014
  • 7115 is the last active unit
1996 7151-7243
  • Being retired
  • 7161,7162,7183,7228 and 7240 were sold to BC Transit in spring 2014
  • 7198 transferred to West Vancouver Municipal Transit in March 2015
1998 C40LF
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50EGR
  • Allison WB-400R5
CNG 3283-3287, 3289-3291, 3293-3299, 3301, 3303-3305
  • 3283-3287, 3289-3291, 3293-3301, 3303-3305 retrofitted to diesel in April 2009
  • 3288, 3292, 3302, 3306-3308 retired early May 2011
  • Originally powered by Detroit Diesel Series 50G engines
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50
  • Allison WB-400R5
Diesel 7247-7297
  • 48 Active units.
1999 7299, 7301-7374
  • 7299 transferred to West Vancouver Municipal Transit as 990 in March 2005
2000 7375-7394, 7396-7399, 7401-7429
  • 7395 was retired due to an engine fire in 2008
  • Originally powered by Cummins ISC engines
2001 7430-7446
OBI V (05.501)
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50EGR
  • Allison WB-500R6
  • Suburban configuration
  • Used for "express service"
  • 9202, 9204, 9208, 9217-9220, 9249, 9258, 9262 are used for the Rapid Bus Service over the Port Mann Bridge
  • 9210 retired from major accident in 2011.
  • 9225 retired from engine fire in 2003.
2005-07 NFI E40LFR Electric trolley bus 2101–2199, 2201–2289
  • 2101 pilot E40LF trolley bus
  • 2105 was involved fatal MVA with a stolen minivan on April 8, 2014[4]
2006 C40LFR
  • Cummins Westport C-Gas Plus
  • Cummins Westport ISL-G
  • Allison WB-400R5
CNG 3309-3358
  • 3348 repowered to Cummins Westport ISL-G engine
  • 3353 had an engine fire on December 1, 2008; repaired and returned to service December 20, 2010.
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison WB-400R6
Diesel 7447-7499, 7501-7504
2007 NovaBus LFS
  • Cummins ISL
  • ZF 6HP592C
9601-9699, 9701-9725
2008 9726-9791
OBI V (05.501) 9277-9285
  • Suburban configuration
  • Used for express service
2009-10 NovaBus LFS HEV
  • Cummins ISB
  • Allison EP-40 HybriDrive
Hybrid 9401-9499, 9501-9542
  • 9405: Involved in a MVA at Brentwood Station on March 20, 2010.
  • 9484: Shown at Trans-Expo 2009 in Montreal
  • 9506: Caught fire on September 9, 2011
LFS Diesel 9543-9581, 9583-9590
  • 9582 is non-existent.
2014 NFI XN40
  • Cummins ISL9
  • ZF 6AP1400B
CNG 14001-14045
  • Delivery completed by Early 2015
<<< 60 feet >>>
1998 NFI D60LF Diesel 8001-8021
  • 8010 has Balios Orange LED destination sign
  • 8003 involved in a fatal MVA with a Honda Civic in Surrey early 2014
1999 8022-8047
2000 8048, 8050-8053, 8055-8099, 8101
  • 8054 retired from engine fire in 2003; coach completely consumed.
  • 8049 retired after major accident in March 2011, scrapped in summer 2011.
  • 8055 was involved in a major accident on July 4, 2014. Retired
2007 D60LFR 8105-8117
2007-08 E60LFR Electric trolley bus 2501–2540
  • First "E60LFR" model produced by New Flyer"
2009 2541–2574
  • 2553: Accident victim at Main St Skytrain Station on September 19, 2012
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP-50 HybriDrive
Hybrid 8118-8156
2012 XDE60
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison EP-50 HybriDrive

Community Shuttle

Year Builder Model Length (ft) Propulsion Fleet series Total Notes
N/A Ford E450 25 Diesel S002-S056, S062-S102 92 Commercial Body Builders Ltd Polar V body
N/A Ford E450 25 Diesel S057-S061 5 Champion CH-251FL body
N/A GMC C5500 25 Diesel S200-S236 37 El Dorado Aero Elite body
N/A GMC C5500 25 Diesel S237-S374 148 El Dorado Aero Elite body
N/A International AC Series 25 Diesel S410-S471 62 IC Bus AC Series body
N/A Chevrolet G4500 25 Gasoline S501-S537 37 El Dorado Aerotech body


Propulsion Services
Diesel Burrard Beaver, Burrard Otter, Burrard Pacific Breeze, Burrard Otter II


  • Handicapped/disabled access All vehicles are wheelchair-accessible.
  • All CMBC diesel vehicles are currently running on bio-diesel.


Letter prefixes are prepended to the bus numbers on all conventional Coast Mountain buses, except trolleys. Generally, the prefixes are used to identify which garage the bus is operating from.

  • V - Vancouver
  • B - Burnaby
  • P - Port Coquitlam
  • R - Richmond
  • S - Surrey
  • N - North Vancouver
  • T - Special training vehicle

Additional fleet notes

The first/prototype 40 ft New Flyer/Vossloh Kiepe low-floor trolley bus arrived at the Oakridge Transit Centre on July 2, 2005.[5] The 187 additional vehicles of that type arrived in 2006–2007, and all had entered service by the end of 2007. The first 60-foot (18 m) articulated trolley coach (#2501) arrived at the Oakridge Transit Centre in January 2007. The others started arriving in January 2008, and all 74 had entered service by the end of 2009.[6]

It was announced that the original bike racks on the 2006 New Flyer buses can only be used in daylight, as they block the headlights at night. Many of them have now been replaced with a modified "V2W" rack.


  • Oakridge Transit Centre - In operation since 1948, Oakridge was to be decommissioned and likely sold for re-development beginning in 2007. However with the arrival of several New Flyer and Novabus orders since 2006 it remained an active support facility conducting retrofitting on these vehicles in preparation for revenue service. Additionally, the Oakridge yard was home to many retired coaches, including E901/902 trolleys, New Flyer D40s, and other vehicles. In Spring of 2008, as part of a re-organization and expansion at Burnaby Transit Centre, Oakridge took over many of the tasks formerly located at the other facility. The Community Shuttle Service was one of the groups moved making Oakridge an active transit centre once again.
  • Vancouver Transit Centre - New garage for Vancouver bus operations, open effective September 2, 2006. This garage serves the trolley routes, as well as most of Vancouver's buses.
  • Burnaby Transit Centre - This depot is split into two facilities separated by Kitchener Street and is home to the 99 B-Line rapid transit route. Serving Burnaby and New Westminster, as well as parts of the North Shore and east Vancouver, Burnaby Transit Centre is also home to many support services such as Environmental Services, Trolley Overhead, Facilities Maintenance, Fire Prevention, and Non-Revenue Vehicle Maintenance.
  • North Vancouver Transit Centre - Base for most North Shore services not operated by West Vancouver Municipal Transit.
  • North Vancouver Seabus Centre
  • Port Coquitlam Transit Centre - Base for the 97 B-Line and serves the Tri-Cities, New Westminster, Maple Ridge and Pitt Meadows areas.
  • Richmond Transit Centre - Base for the suburban routes served by Orion V highway coaches and local routes in Richmond and South Delta, and the ex-98 B-Line vehicles.
  • Surrey Transit Centre - Base for all Surrey, Langley, North Delta and some White Rock and Ladner services.
  • Fleet Overhaul (located at Burnaby Transit Centre) is where the majority of body repair and repainting is carried out as well as engine and component overhaul, while minor repair is most likely carried out at the bus's home garage. Fleet Overhaul is in the process of having a new facility built within the Maple Ridge area.


CMBC's 4300+ employees are spread across Metro Vancouver.

  • The 3700 bus operators, represented by Unifor Local 111, and the 1100 maintenance employees, represented by Unifor Local 2200, work out of the six regional depots.
  • The SeaBus staff of 80, including marine attendants, deck officers, engineers, coordinators (also represented by Unifor Local 2200), and office staff work from their North Vancouver location.
  • The 600 staff involved in scheduling, training, operational planning, and administrative services are spread throughout the system, as well as at CMBC’s head office in New Westminster are represented by the Canadian Office and Professional Employees Union, Local 378.
  • In October 2008, CMBC was named one of BC's Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was announced by The Vancouver Sun, The Province and the Victoria Times-Colonist.[7]
  • Coast Mountain Bus Company operates the Transit Security Department for Translink. Metro Vancouver Transit Police are mobile, ride buses and trains, inspect fares, issue fines and patrol TransLink Properties (Bus Loops, SkyTrain Stations, SeaBus Terminals, etc.). Metro Vancouver Transit Police are authorized to arrest persons who commit criminal offences on or in relation to any Translink Properties per the Criminal Code. Metro Vancouver Transit Police are also authorized to enforce Transit Conduct and Safety Regulations, as well as the Transit Tariff Bylaw.

B-Line services

B-Line is a Bus Rapid Transit system using mostly 60-foot (18 m) low-floor articulated buses.


Three routes currently are in operation:

Two additional routes had been scheduled to open in 2011, but as of January 2013 have no known introduction date:

One line was terminated in September 2009, replaced with the newly opened Canada Line:

Gallery of fleet examples


  1. ^ "Coast Mountain Bus Company Fleet Facts". 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Trolleybus Magazine No. 272 (March–April 2007), p. 38. ISSN 0266-7452.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Trolleybus Magazine No. 263 (September–October 2005), p. 117. ISSN 0266-7452.
  6. ^ Trolleybus Magazine No. 290 (March–April 2010), p. 39.
  7. ^ "Reasons for Selection, 2009 BC's Top Employers competition". 

External links

  • Coast Mountain Bus Company
  • Unifor Local 111
  • TransLink / Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority
  • Unifor Local 2200
  • COPE 378
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