World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

North American Sabreliner

US Navy CT-39E of VR-30 in 1980
Role Trainer aircraft
Business jet
Manufacturer North American Aviation
Rockwell International
First flight September 16, 1958[1]
Introduction 1962
Status In active service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Navy
United States Marine Corps
Produced 19591982
Number built 800+[2]
BAE Systems Flight Systems T-39A flight test aircraft at the Mojave Airport
NA-265-60 Series 60 Sabreliner at NTPS, Mojave

The North American Sabreliner (later sold as the Rockwell Sabreliner) is a mid-sized business jet developed by North American Aviation. It was offered to the U.S. Air Force in response to their Utility Trainer Experimental (UTX) program. It was named "Sabreliner" due to the similarity of the wing and tail to North American's F-86 Sabre jet fighter."[1] Military variants, designated T-39 Sabreliner, were used by the U.S Air Force, U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps after the Air Force placed an initial order in 1959.[3] The Sabreliner was also developed into a commercial variant.


  • Design and development 1
  • Variants 2
    • Civilian 2.1
    • Military 2.2
  • Operators 3
  • Accidents and incidents 4
  • Aircraft on display 5
  • Specifications (T3J-1/T-39D) 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Design and development

North American began development of the Sabreliner as an in-house project, and in response to the UTX request for proposals, they offered a military version to the Air Force. UTX combined two different roles, personnel transport and combat readiness training, into the same aircraft.[2]

The civilian version prototype, which carried the model number NA-265, made its first flight on September 16, 1958. It was powered by a pair of General Electric YJ85 turbojet engines. The type received its FAA type certification in April 1963. The UTX candidate, designated the T-39A, was identical in configuration to the NA-265, but when the contract was awarded and the T-39A entered production, it was powered with two Pratt & Whitney JT12A-8 turbojet engines.[2]

The civilian production version, or Series 40, was slightly refined over the prototype, with more speed and a roomier cabin. North American then stretched the design by 3 feet 2 inches, providing greater cabin space, and marketed it as the Series 60, which was certificated in April 1967. The cabin was made taller for the Series 70 and General Electric CF700 turbofans were installed for the Series 75A (also branded as the Series 80).[4]

By 1973, North American had merged with Rockwell Standard under the name Rockwell International. In 1976 Rockwell contracted Raisbeck Engineering to redesign the wing of the Sabreliner series.[5] The resulting Raisbeck Mark V wing was the first supercritical wing in service in the United States.[6] The Mark V wing was combined with Garrett AiResearch TFE731 turbofan engines, to create the Series 65.[7] Sabreliner models 60 and 80 were retrofitted with the Mark V wing as the Series 60A (STC SA687NW) and Series 80A (STC SA847NW).

Sabreliner production came to a close in 1981. The next year, Rockwell sold its Sabreliner division to a private equity firm which formed Sabreliner Corporation, the support organization for continuing operators.[1]

Over 800 Sabreliners were produced, of which 200 were T-39s.[2] A number of retired military T-39s have also entered the civilian world, since the military versions also carry FAA type certification. As of May 2007, 56 examples have been lost in accidents.[8] The Series 65 was the last series run and 76 of them were produced, mostly for the private market. Monsanto has the oldest continuously operating company corporate jet division starting with its purchase of a Saberliner 40.[9]

T-39D trainer of VT-86 Squadron US Navy at Pensacola NAS in 1975

The original Navy version, the T3J-1, redesignated T-39D after the 1962 redesignation of USN/USMC/USCG aircraft, was initially fitted with the radar system from the F3H-1 Demon all-weather fighter and used as a radar trainer for pilots of that aircraft. The T-39D aircraft was subsequently introduced into the Basic Naval Aviation Observer (NAO), later Student Naval Flight Officer (SNFO) program. Three versions of the T-39D were used throughout the 1960s, 70s and 80s: one without radar for high altitude instrument navigation training and low altitude visual navigation training in the SNFO Intermediate syllabus, a second variant equipped with the APQ-126 radar from the Vought A-7 Corsair II for training primarily bombardier/navigators, reconnaissance attack navigators and electronic countermeasures officers in attack aircraft, and a third variant with the APQ-94 radar from the F-8 Crusader for training radar intercept officers in fighter aircraft.

The T-39N and T-39G are currently used in the NFO Strike and Strike Fighter syllabi in training USN and USMC Student Naval Flight Officers, various NATO/Allied/Coalition student navigators. Foreign students also train in the T-39 in place of the Beechcraft T-1 Jayhawk during the Intermediate Jet syllabus.

The Sabreliner requires a minimum crew of two, and depending on cabin configuration, can carry up to seven passengers (NA-265 through NA-265-40) or ten passengers (NA-265-60 and subsequent models). As a Navy flight training aircraft, it will typically fly with a pilot, one or two NFO Instructors and two to three Student NFOs or student navigators/CSOs.[2]



(NA265 or NA246) Prototype powered by two General Electric J85-GE-X turbojet engines, one built sometimes unofficially called XT-39.
Sabreliner 40
(NA265-40 or NA282) Civil production variant for 11 passengers powered by two Pratt & Whitney JT12A-6A or -8 engines, two cabin windows each side; 65 built.
Sabreliner 40A
(NA265-40A or NA285) Model 40 with Model 75 wings, improved systems and two General Electric CF700 turbofans, three cabin windows each side.
Sabreliner 50
(NA265-50 or NA287) One built in 1964 as a Model 60 with Pratt & Whitney JT12A engines, experimental platform for radome nose cowling.
Sabreliner 60
(NA265-60 or NA306) Stretched Model 40 for 12 passengers with two Pratt & Whitney JT12A-8 engines, five cabin windows each side, 130 built.
Sabreliner 60A
Series 60 with Mark V super-critical wing.
Sabreliner 65
(NA265-65 or NA465) Based on the Series 60 with Garrett AiResearch TFE731-3R-1D engines and new Mark V super-critical wing, 76 built.
Sabreliner 75
(NA265-70 or NA370) Series 60A with a raised cabin roof for greater cabin headroom, two Pratt & Whitney JT12A-8 engines; nine built.
Sabreliner 75A (Sabreliner 80)
(NA265-80 or NA380) Sabreliner 75 powered by two General Electric CF700 turbofan engines, 66 built.
Sabreliner 80A
Series 80 with Mark V super-critical wing.


Pilot proficiency trainer and utility transport for the United States Air Force. Based on Sabreliner prototype but powered by two 3,000 lbf (13 kN) Pratt & Whitney J60-P3 engines, 143 built.[10]
T-39A modified as a cargo and personnel transport, powered by Pratt & Whitney J60-P3/-3A engines.
One T-39A modified for electronic systems testing.
Radar systems trainer for the United States Air Force, fitted with avionics of the Republic F-105D Thunderchief fighter bomber (including R-14 NASARR main radar and AN/APN-131 doppler radar) and withstations for three trainees, six built.[11]
Proposed radar systems trainer fitted with avionics of McDonnell F-101B Voodoo all-weather interceptor. Unbuilt.[12]
(NA265-20 or NA277) Radar systems trainer for the United States Navy, equipped with AN/APQ-94 radar for radar intercept officer training and the AN/APQ-126 radar for bombardier/navigator training. (T3J-1 prior to 1962 redesignation program.), 42 built.
United States Navy cargo/transport version, with JT12A-8 engines, originally designated VT-39E, seven second-hand aircraft.
Electronic warfare crew training conversion of the T-39A for the United States Air Force, for training of F-105G "Wild Weasel" crews.[13]
United States Navy cargo/transport version based on the stretched fuselage Sabreliner 60, Pratt & Whitney JT12A engines equipped with thrust reversers, 13 bought.
CT-39G modified for the Undergraduate Flight Officer Training program.
U.S. Navy T-39N in Centennial of Naval Aviation commemorative paint scheme in 2011.
Navy trainer for the Undergraduate Flight Officer Training program.
Original United States Navy designation that became the T-39D in 1962.


 United States

Accidents and incidents

  • On January 24, 1964, a USAF T-39 Sabreliner flying from West Germany on a training mission crossed into East German airspace and was shot down by a Soviet MiG-19 near Vogelsberg, killing all three aboard.[14]
  • On December 21, 1975, 157352 a USN T-39E conducting a Transport Aircraft Commander-Syllabus One (TAC-1), crashed along the Mendocino Ridge, approximately ten miles southwest of Ukiah, California. Two Navy pilots were aboard, and both were killed.[15]
  • On April 1, 1977, 150545 a USN T-39D was conducting a low-level flight training sortie and crashed in the Laguna Mountains eight miles east-southeast of Julian, California killing all five aboard.[16]
  • On April 20, 1985, 62-4496 a USAF CT-39A experienced brake failure on landing at the Wilkes-Barre Scranton International Airport, killing all five people aboard, including General Jerome F. O'Malley, Commander, Tactical Air Command.[17][18]
  • July 12, 1988 A US Navy T-39 ditched off the coast of Vietnam after running low on fuel following failure of the aircraft's navigation issues. The crew of three was rescued by the Vietnamese Navy and returned to the United States.[19]
  • On December 10, 1992, an Ecuadorian Air Force Sabreliner clipped a building and crashed in a residential area of Quito, killing all ten people on board (including the commander of the Ecuadorian Army), and another three people on the ground. [20]
  • On May 8, 2002, two USN T-39s from VT-86 in Pensacola, Florida collided mid-air, 40 miles off the Gulf Coast and killed all seven on board.[21]
  • On January 13, 2006, a USN Sabreliner conducting low-level flight training crashed in a densely forested area in rural Georgia, killing all four crew members.[22]

Aircraft on display

Specifications (T3J-1/T-39D)

Three-view of the Navy's T-39N version

Data from T-39 Sabreliner on Boeing History site[1]

General characteristics


See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ a b c d T-39 Sabreliner at Boeing History
  2. ^ a b c d e The Rockwell Sabreliner on
  3. ^ "Fact Sheets: North American T-39A Sabre Liner." National Museum of the United States Air Force.
  4. ^ "Sabreliner Structural Repair Manual - All Models NA-265 Aircraft", Report No. NA-66-1032 Revision 10, March 16, 1990.
  5. ^ Company Bio Retrieved August 18, 2014.
  6. ^ Timmons, Lawrence M. "Improving Business Jet Performance - The Mark V Sabreliner", SAE 790582, presented at the Business Aircraft Meeting and Exposition Century II, Wichita Kansas, April 1976
  7. ^ Mathwing, George E., "The Rockwell International Sabreliner 65 Case Study in Aircraft Design"
  8. ^ "Rockwell Sabreliner. 56 hull-loss occurrences, last updated 5 May 2007." Aviation Safety Network.
  9. ^ Jeremy R. C. Cox, St Louis Air and Space Museum. St. Louis Aviation. 
  10. ^ Air International July 1976, pp. 8–9.
  11. ^ Air International July 1976, pp. 9–10.
  12. ^ Air International July 1976, p. 10.
  13. ^ Air International July 1976, pp. 10, 12.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ "San Diego air crash kills 5". Star-News (Pasadena,CA). 2 April 1977. p. 1. 
  17. ^ Casey, Aloysius G.; Casey, Patrick A. (2007). Velocity : speed with direction : the professional career of Gen Jerome F. O'Malley. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Press. pp. 247–253.  
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ "National Briefing – South: Florida: Search For Crash Victims". The New York Times. May 10, 2002. 
  22. ^ "Arlington Cemetery website". Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^ National Museum of the United States Air Force Presidential Gallery
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^[backPid]=85&cHash=3496d7cb15
  • Type Certificate Data Sheet A2WE
  • "Model Designation of Military Aerospace Vehicles" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. 2004-05-12. pp. 60–61. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  • "The Stylish Sabreliner". Air International, Volume 11, No. 1, July 1976. pp. 7–14, 36–39.

External links

  • Civil support site, Sabreliner Corporation
  • T-39 / CT-39 Sabreliner.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.