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Simonne Mathieu

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Simonne Mathieu

Simonne Mathieu
Full name Simonne Passemard-Mathieu
Country (sports)  France
Born (1908-01-31)31 January 1908
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Died 7 January 1980(1980-01-07) (aged 71)
Plays Right–handed
Int. Tennis HoF 2006 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 3 (1932, A. Wallis Myers)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open W (1938, 1939)
Wimbledon SF (1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1937)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1933, 1934, 1937)
US Open F (1938)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open W (1937, 1938)
Wimbledon F (1937)

Simonne Mathieu (French pronunciation: ​; 31 January 1908 – 7 January 1980) was a female tennis player from France, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine who was active in the 1930s. Her first name is spelled "Simone" in many sources.

Contents

  • Career 1
  • Grand Slam tournaments finals 2
    • Singles: 8 (2 titles, 6 runner-ups) 2.1
    • Doubles: 13 (9 titles, 4 runner-ups) 2.2
    • Mixed doubles: 4 (2 titles, 2 runner-ups) 2.3
  • Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Career

Mathieu is best remembered for winning the singles title at the French Championships in 1938 and 1939 and for reaching the final of that tournament an additional six times, in 1929, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1936, and 1937. In those finals, she lost three times to Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling, twice to Helen Wills Moody, and once to Margaret Scriven-Vivian.

Mathieu won 11 Grand Slam doubles championships: three women's doubles titles at Wimbledon (1933–34, 1937), six women's doubles titles at the French Championships (1933–34, 1936–39), and two mixed doubles titles at the French Championships (1937–38). She completed the rare triple at the French Championships in 1938, winning the singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles titles.

Mathieu's 13 Grand Slam titles are second only to Suzanne Lenglen's 31 among French women.

According to A. Wallis Myers and John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail respectively, Mathieu was ranked in the world top ten from 1929 through 1939 (no rankings were issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of world No. 3 in 1932.[1]

The winners' trophy of the Women's Doubles event at the French Open is named in her honour as the Coupe Simone-Mathieu.[2]

During the Second World War, Mathieu was head of the Corps Féminin Français, the women's branch of the Free French Forces, similar to the British Auxiliary Territorial Service.[3] She received the title of Officier de la Légion d'honneur.[4]

She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2006.[5]

Grand Slam tournaments finals

Singles: 8 (2 titles, 6 runner-ups)

Result Year Championship Year Opponent Score
Runner-up 1929 French Championships Clay Helen Wills 3–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1932 French Championships Clay Helen Wills 5–7, 1–6
Runner-up 1933 French Championships Clay Margaret Scriven 2–6, 6–4, 4–6
Runner-up 1935 French Championships Clay Hilde Krahwinkel 2–6, 1–6
Runner-up 1936 French Championships Clay Hilde Krahwinkel 3–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1937 French Championships Clay Hilde Krahwinkel 2–6, 4–6
Winner 1938 French Championships Clay Nelly Landry 6–0, 6–3
Winner 1939 French Championships Clay Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–3, 8–6

Doubles: 13 (9 titles, 4 runner-ups)

Result Year Championship Partner Opponent in final Score in final
Runner-up 1930 French Championships Simone Barbier Elizabeth Ryan
Helen Wills
3–6, 1–6
Winner 1933 French Championships Elizabeth Ryan Sylvie Jung Henrotin
Colette Rosambert
6–1, 6–3
Winner 1933 Wimbledon Championships Elizabeth Ryan Freda James
Billie Yorke
6–2, 9–11, 6–4
Winner 1934 French Championships Elizabeth Ryan Helen Jacobs
Sarah Palfrey
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Winner 1934 Wimbledon Championships Elizabeth Ryan Dorothy Andrus
Sylvie Jung Henrotin
6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 1935 Wimbledon Championships Hilde Sperling Freda James
Kay Stammers
1–6, 4–6
Winner 1936 French Championships Billie Yorke Jadwiga Jędrzejowska
Susan Noel
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
Winner 1937 French Championships Billie Yorke Dorothy Andrus
Sylvie Jung Henrotin
3–6, 6–2, 6–2
Winner 1937 Wimbledon Championships Billie Yorke Phyllis King
Elsie Goldsack
6–3, 6–3
Winner 1938 French Championships Billie Yorke Nelly Adamson
Arlette Halff
6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 1938 Wimbledon Championships Billie Yorke Sarah Palfrey
Alice Marble
2–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1938 US Championships Jadwiga Jędrzejowska Sarah Palfrey
Alice Marble
8–6, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 1939 French Championships Jadwiga Jędrzejowska Alice Florian
Hella Kovac
7–5, 7–5

Mixed doubles: 4 (2 titles, 2 runner-ups)

Result Year Championship Partner Opponent in final Score in final
Winner 1937 French Championships Yvon Petra Marie-Luise Horn
Roland Journu
7–5, 7–5
Runner-up 1937 Wimbledon Championships Yvon Petra Alice Marble
Don Budge
1–6, 4–6
Winner 1938 French Championships Dragutin Mitić Nancye Wynne Bolton
Christian Boussus
2–6, 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 1939 French Championships Franjo Kukuljević Sarah Palfrey
Elwood Cooke
6–4, 1–6, 5–7

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Tournament 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 – 1944 1945 19461 Career SR
Australia A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A NH NH A 0 / 0
France QF QF 3R A F QF QF F F SF F F F W W NH R A A 2 / 14
Wimbledon A 1R 2R A 3R SF SF SF QF SF QF SF SF QF QF NH NH NH 1R 0 / 14
United States A A A A A A A A A A A A A QF 1R A A A A 0 / 2
SR 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 1 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 2 / 30

A = did not participate in the tournament.

NH = tournament not held.

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

References

  1. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 701–2.  
  2. ^ "An A to Z of Roland Garros". www.rolandgarros.com.  
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Franck Lehodey (December 2010 – January 2011). "Simonne Mathieu, libre arbitre" (pdf). Tennis Info (in French) (428): 24.  
  5. ^ "Hall of Famers – Simonne Mathieu". International Tennis Hall of Fame. 

External links


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