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River morphology

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Title: River morphology  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Morphology, Bedrock river, Meander cutoff, River channel migration, Stream pool
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

River morphology

The terms river morphology and its synonym fluvial geomorphology are used to describe the shapes of river channels and how they change over time. The morphology of a river channel is a function of a number of processes and environmental conditions, including the composition and erodibility of the bed and banks (e.g., sand, clay, bedrock); vegetation and the rate of plant growth; the availability of sediment; the size and composition of the sediment moving through the channel; the rate of sediment transport through the channel and the rate of deposition on the floodplain, banks, bars, and bed; and regional aggradation or degradation due to subsidence or uplift.

The study of river morphology is accomplished in the field of fluvial geomorphology.

See also


  • Rosgen, Dave (1996). Applied River Morphology. 2nd ed. (Fort Collins, CO: Wildland Hydrology, publ.) ISBN 978-0-9653289-0-6.

External links

  • River Morphology at Delft University of Technology
  • River Engineering and Morphology at WL | Delft Hydraulics
  • River morphology in Delft Cluster
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