World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004559936
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kokoretsi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lakerda, Turkish delight, Souvla, Cuisine of Turkey, Lavaş cheese
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Multiple rolls of Kokoreç/Kokoretsi roasting on wood fire in Turkey
Type Meat dish
Region or state Balkans, Asia Minor
Main ingredients Lamb or goat intestines, offal (sweetbreads, hearts, lungs or kidneys)

Kokoreç or Kokoretsi is a dish of the Balkans and Anatolia consisting mainly of lamb or goat intestines, often wrapping seasoned offal, including sweetbreads, hearts, lungs or kidneys. The intestines of suckling lambs are preferred.


The Greek name 'kokoretsi' (κοκορέτσι), the Aromanian name 'kukuretšu' and the Turkish name 'kokoreç' ultimately come from the Albanian kukurec.[1]


The ingredients are sliced and seasoned with lemon, olive oil, oregano, salt, and pepper. The intestine is cleaned especially thoroughly. The filling meats are threaded onto a long skewer and wrapped with the intestine to hold them together.


Kokoretsi is usually roasted on a horizontal skewer over a charcoal, gas, or electrical burner.

A quite different preparation mixes the chopped innards with chopped tomatoes and green peppers, and then cooks them on a large griddle with hot red pepper and oregano added. The cook constantly mixes and chops the mixture using two spatulas. When done, the dish is kept warm aside on the griddle until someone orders a serving.


The cooked kokoretsi is chopped, sprinkled with oregano, and served on a plate.

Sometimes it is served on a piece of flatbread. Some add tomatoes or spices in it.

It may also (especially in Turkey) be served in half a baguette or in a sandwich bun, plain or garnished, almost always with oregano and red pepper.

In Turkey, common side dishes are pickled peppers or cucumbers.

National and regional


Kokoreç is one of the most consumed fast foods in Turkey.


Kokoretsi is occasionally available in restaurants, ouzeris and tavernas year round in Greece, but for the most part it remains a festival dish ordinarily prepared only once a year at home during Orthodox Easter celebrations when it is traditional for Greek families to spit-roast an entire lamb. It serves as a "meze" or appetizer and helps allay the hunger of the celebrants while the whole lamb roasts.

There are an infinite number of variations in seasonings from region to region and family to family, many having "secret" recipes, but the basic preparation of a kokoretsi remains the same; the "pluck", heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, fat and sweetbreads are removed from the lamb, washed and then cut into 1/2" to 3/4" thick slices and lightly seasoned with salt, black pepper, oregano and sometimes garlic. The pieces of raw meat are then alternately threaded onto a spit about as long as that used for the lamb so that they may both be roasted alongside one another. Any other desired seasonings are ordinarily added at this point.

The intestine, which has been turned inside out and carefully washed, is rubbed thoroughly with coarse salt and then soaked in vinegar or lemon juice and water for a short time. One end of the cleaned intestine is then tied to the spit and while one person holds the spit horizontally in both hands and rotates it, another "feeds" the prepared intestine onto the skewered meats from one end to the other and back, forming a compact roll usually about 16"-24" long by 1 1/2" to 3" in diameter. The free end of the intestine is tied off to the skewer and the completed roll is placed over coals to roast alongside the lamb and occasionally basted with lemon and olive oil. When well done, the skewer is removed, the kokoretsi cut in thick slices about the width of a finger and served as an appetizer with more lemon, oregano and typically accompanied by wine, raki, or ouzo.

Due to outbreak of mad cow disease in the late 90's, banning the consumption of offal was considered. However, the idea was abandoned.

Gardouba (γαρδούμπα) or gardoubakia (γαρδουμπάκια) is a variant of kokoretsi, but roasted in a pan in an oven, instead of over an open fire.

See also


  1. ^ Γ. Μπαμπινιώτης (Babiniotis), Λεξικό της Νέας Ελληνικής Γλώσσας, Δεύτερη Έκδοση, Athens, 2002
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.