World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0006301871
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pythagoreio  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Samos Prefecture, Karlovasi, North Aegean, Athens
Collection: Populated Places in Samos
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Panorama of Pythagoreio.
Panorama of Pythagoreio.
Pythagoreio is located in Greece
Country Greece
Administrative region North Aegean
Regional unit Samos
Municipality Samos
 • Municipal unit 164.7 km2 (63.6 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1]
 • Municipal unit 9,003
 • Municipal unit density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration ΜΟ

Pythagoreio or Pythagoreion and Pythagorion (Greek: Πυθαγόρειο) is a small town and former municipality on the island of Samos, North Aegean, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform, it is part of the municipality Samos, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] Population 9,003 (2001). It is the largest municipal unit in land area on Samos, at 164.662 km2 (63.576 sq mi). It shares the island with the municipal units of Vathy, Karlovasi, and Marathokampos. The archaeological remains in the town, known collectively as Pythagoreion, has designated a joint UNESCO World Heritage Site with nearby Heraion.[3]

The seat of the municipality was the town of Pythagoreio, formerly known as Tigani. The town was renamed in 1955 to honour the locally born mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras. The port of the town is considered to be the oldest man-made port of the Mediterranean Sea.[4]


  • History 1
    • Historical population 1.1
  • Tourism and places of interest 2
  • Famous people 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • External links 6


View of the harbour

Pythagoreio is built on the ancient city of Samos. Some ruins of the ancient city are today incorporated in modern houses of Pythagoreio. The ancient city reached affluence around 530 B.C. under Polycrates tyrant. At that time Samos became a powerful nautical state.[5] This power led to richness and prosperity, which is evident from great works of the period, such as the great aqueduct (part of it is the Tunnel of Eupalinos), temple of Heraion, and Samos harbour. Today many of these works can be seen in the modern town and nearby area. The ancient fortification also remains.

Samos was conquered by Persians and declined for a while. Samos flourished again for two short periods: First during the 3rd century under Ptolemy's rule (when lived Aristarchus), and second under Roman rule. The ruins of Roman period are visible today, about half a kilometre west of Pythagoreio. The harbour of Samos remained important during Byzantine period. Ruins of the Byzantine period are visible in the area of Logothetis' Tower on the west side of the harbour.[6]

Samos totally declined during Frangokratia, when the coastal settlements depopulated. In the later Ottoman period the centre of the island was Chora, built inland, 4 km northwest of Pythagoreion. During Greek War of Independence the Samian Leader Lykourgos Logothetis built a tower in Pythagorion between 1824 and 1827.[6] In 1831 Logothetis built a church near the tower. Between 1859 and 1866 the new harbour was built in the same place as the ancient harbour,[7] after which the settlement started to develop. The name of new settlement was originally Tigani, a corruption to the Italian “Dogana” that means "customs", but in 1955 renamed to Pythagoreio after the name of famous ancient Greek Mathematician and Philosopher from Samos Pythagoras.[8]

Historical population

Census Settlement Community Municipal unit
1991 1,405
2001 1,327 1,642 9,003
2011 1,272 1,500 7,996

Tourism and places of interest

Pythagoreio is one of the most toured places of Samos since it has many archaeological sites as well as a big sandy beach. The most important sights in Pythagoreio and the nearby area are:

  • Tunnel of Eupalinos: It’s about the most famous sight of Samos. The Tunnel of Eupalinos, 1036 meters long, was part of an ancient aqueduct. It is located about 2 km northwest of Pythagoreion.
  • Heraion of Samos: a very important archaeological site, with sanctuaries dedicated to Hera. It is located about 4 km west of Pythagoreio and, along with Pythagoreio, has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • Harbour of ancient Samos: The ancient harbour is located in the same place as the new harbour. Some ruins are visible today. The ancient harbour is referred to by Herodotus, who described it as a great work of Polycrates' period for mostly martial use.[9]
  • Ancient theatre: a theatre of Roman period. It has been renovated and it is used for the local cultural festivals.[10]

Famous people

Statue of Pythagoras, located at the harbour
  • Aristarchus of Samos, astronomer and mathematician, born in Pythagoreio.[11]
  • Pythagoras, mathematician and philosopher, born in Pythagoreio c. 580 BC.[11]

See also

  • Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos, for the Unesco Word Heritage site Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos in Pythagoreio
  • Coming Forth by Day by Gabriel Levin, a book of poems written while sojourning on Pythagorio. Carcanet Press Ltd., Great Britain, 2014


  1. ^
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^
  4. ^ - The Official Website of the Municipality of Pythagorio. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^
  8. ^ Pythagoreio
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b - The Official Website of the Municipality of Pythagorio. Retrieved 2008-07-28.

External links

  • Official website (English)
  • Poseidon Hotel Samos Greece
  • Hotels and Studio Room Information Samos Greece
  • Anatoli Suites by Tsamadou beach, Kokkari
  • Armonia bay by Tsamadou beach, Kokkari
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.