World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dettenheim

Article Id: WHEBN0010038300
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dettenheim  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sulzfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Marxzell, Karlsruhe (district), Bruchsal
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Dettenheim

Dettenheim
Coat of arms of Dettenheim
Coat of arms
Dettenheim   is located in Germany
Dettenheim
Dettenheim
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Karlsruhe
Government
 • Mayor Lothar Hillenbrand (CDU)
Area
 • Total 30.89 km2 (11.93 sq mi)
Elevation 103 m (338 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,434
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 76706
Dialling codes 07247 · 07255
Vehicle registration KA
Website www.dettenheim.de

Dettenheim is a municipality in the district of Karlsruhe in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

Geography

The city of Dettenheim consists of the former municipalities Liedolsheim and Rußheim (Russheim). Liedolsheim includes the village of Liedolsheim and the inn and farm of Dettenheim. Rußheim includes the village of Rußheim, the site of a former RAD camp, and houses, grinding mill, public low-income housing estate, and lumber mill. In the area of Liedolsheim are the former settlements of Nackheim and Schure.[2]

History

In ancient times various German tribes inhabited the land along the banks of the river Rhine.

Alt-Dettenheim

The name Dettenheim goes back to an ancient village founded about 788 on the present-day western boundary of the municipality, located directly beside the river Rhine.

Alt-Dettenheim 1700-1880
The village is probably most famous because it had been destroyed during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648), then rebuilt. Over the decades of the 18th century the course of the Rhine moved east, flooding the little community more frequently. (The Rhine has since been changed to the west in its course so that in 2000 the old settlement was a few hundred meters from the Rhine). Subsequently in 1813 all the villagers migrated about sixteen kilometers east southeast, entered the boundaries of what was then Altenbürg, and founded the village and church of Karlsdorf -- now part of the municipality of Karlsdorf-Neuthard. Because Karl, Grand Duke of Baden, had granted approval for the move, the new settlement was named in honour of him. Today the old Dettenheim is called Alt-Dettenheim,[3] which consists of only a few houses, including the Gasthaus Löwen (The Lion Guesthouse), rest building, a former brickworks and a memorial boulder. Alt-Dettenheim is a hamlet so is now within one of Dettenheim's two districts.

Liedolsheim

Liedolsheim is located at Latitude/Longitude: N 49° 9' 31.50" E 8° 25' 19.99" (49.15875, 8.42222). In the tumultuous time of the short lived Weimar Republic, Liedolsheim was an early stronghold of the Nazis. In the mid-1920s, agriculture dominated Liedolsheim; about 3% of the labor force were industrial workers in Karlsruhe and Hochstetten, or were employed at a local brickyard. Around 84% of farmers cultivated an area of less than two hectares and were therefore on additional farms as day laborers or relied on local trade. According to historian Kurt Hochstuhl, agriculture and handicrafts were exposed to a particular economic pressure, so that the "fear of proletarianization led" to a "collective mental state", "which could easily be exploited for political purposes".[4]

The oldest local [6] After a major fire in which several houses and several barns were destroyed in August 1927, Hitler visited Liedolsheim.[7]

Rußheim

Since at least 1653 Rußheim has been a community. It is located at Latitude/Longitude: N 49° 11' 4.99" E 8° 25' 19.99" (49.18472, 8.42222). The Rußheimer Altrhein-Elisabethenwört is a great nature area, with peaceful walking trails and meandering bicycle paths. Photographers and painters frequent the area.

Liedolsheim-Rußheim renamed Dettenheim

On January 1, 1975, the municipalities of Liedolsheim and Rußheim were merged in the course of municipal reform to become the community of Liedolsheim-Rußheim. For simplicity the new municipality was renamed Dettenheim on 1 January 1978 because the lengthy name Liedolsheim-Rußheim had been found to be disadvantageous and the historical name Dettenheim was preferred versus possible artificial names.

The previous separation of Dettenheim is the reason that its districts have different area codes.

Coats of Arms of Districts

Dettenheim has two Ortsteile i.e. Districts.


References

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band V: Regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2, S. 91–92.
  3. ^ Alt-Dettenheim
  4. ^ Kurt Hochstuhl: Kampfzeit auf dem Lande. Zur Frühgeschichte der NSDAP in Baden: Das Beispiel Liedolsheim. In: Christof Müller-Wirth (Red): Dem Ideal der Freiheit dienen – ihrer Vorkämpfer gedenken. Festgabe für Wolfgang Michalka. Förderverein Erinnerungsstätte für die Freiheitsbewegungen in der deutschen Geschichte, Rastatt 2003, ISBN 3-00-011738-5, S. 81–88, hier S. 83.
  5. ^ Hochstuhl, Kampfzeit, S. 84–86.
  6. ^ Hochstuhl, Kampfzeit, S. 86 f.
  7. ^ Rummel, Dettenheim, S. 49, 110–112.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.