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TICAD Delegations

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TICAD Delegations

TICAD Delegations are those attending the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD), which is a conference held every five years in Japan with the objective "to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and development partners." The first four of these conferences were held in Tokyo; and the fifth one was held in nearby Yokohama.[1]

TICAD has been an evolving element in Japan's long-term commitment to fostering peace and stability in Africa through collaborative partnerships.[2] The exchange of views amongst the conference delegates serves to underscore the case for more, not less assistance from the major world economies.[3]

The TICAD conferences were intended to help to promote high-level policy dialogue amongst African leaders and their development partners.[4]

TICAD-I (1993)

TICAD-I discussed strategies for taking steps toward greater African stability and prosperity.[1] This conference produced the "Tokyo Declaration on African Development."[5]

African Countries

Delegations from 48 African nations participated in the conference, including four heads of state:[6]

  • Democratic and People's Republic of Algeria, Slim Tahar Debagha
  • People's Republic of Angola, Armando Mateus Cadete
  • Republic of Burundi, Bernard Ciza
  • Republic of Cameroon, Augustin Frederic Kodock
  • Republic of Cape Verde, José Tomás Wahnon de Carvalho Veiga
  • Republic of Chad, Ibni Oumar Mahamat Saleh
  • Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, Caabi El Yachrouti Mohamed
  • Republic of Djibouti, Abdou Bolok Abdou
  • Arab Republic of Egypt, Said Rifaat
  • Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Duri Mohammed
  • Republic of the Gambia, Bakary Bunja Dabo
  • Republic of Guinea, Ibrahima Sylla
  • Republic of Kenya, George Saitoti
  • Kingdom of Lesotho, Selometsi Baholo
  • Republic of Malawi, L.J. Chimango
  • Republic of Mali, Mahamar Oumar Maiga
  • Republic of Mauritius, Nababsing Paramhamsa
  • Kingdom of Morocco, Rachidi El Rhezouani
  • Republic of Namibia, Hidipo L. Hamutenya
  • Republic of Niger, Abdoulkarimou Seyni
  • Federal Republic of Nigeria, Isaac Aluko-Olokun
  • Republic of Rwanda, Rucogoza Faustin
  • Republic of Senegal, Papa Ousmane Sakho
  • Republic of Togo, Yanja Yenchabre
  • Republic of Tunisia, Hannichi Salah
  • Republic of Zaire, Gbiamango Yewawa
  • Republic of Zambia, Ronald Penza
  • Republic of Zimbabwe, Nathan M. Shamuyarira

Donor Countries

Representatives from twelve developed countries participated in the conference. A delegation from what was then known as the Commission of the European Communities was also attended.[7]

  • French Republic, Antoine Pouilleute
  • Federal Republic of Germany, Harald Ganns
  • Republic of Italy, Carmelo Azzará
  • Kingdom of Norway, Randi Krumsvik Bendiksen

International Organizations


Guest Speakers

Observers (Countries)

Observers from 17 nations were accredited at the conference; and these included:[11]

  • Republic of Austria, Johannes Skriwan
  • Republic of Brazil, Paulo Pires do Rio
  • People's Republic of China, Sun Guangxiang
  • Republic of Finland, Gien Lindolm
  • Republic of Hungary, István Rácz
  • Republic of Ireland, James Anthony Sharkey
  • Republic of Korea, Park Jay Son
  • Russian Federation, Sergei Krilov
  • Kingdom of Spain, Francisco Javier Jimenez de Gregorio
  • Swiss Confederation, Peter Reinhardt

Observers (International Organizations)

Observers (NGOs and Others)

Observers from eleven non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and others were amongst the participants at this conference, including:[12]

  • NGO Forum "Africa Now", Yoko Ozeki

Observers (Japanese Organizations)

Observers from five Japanese organizations were participants in the conference, including:[13]

TICAD-II (1998)

TICAD-II discussed poverty reduction in Africa and Africa's fuller integration into the global economy.[1] in 1998. This converence produced the "Tokyo Agenda for Action" (TAA), which was intended to become a commonly understood strategic- and action-oriented set of guidelines. Ideas proposed at TICAD-II were also taken up by the G8 in the creation of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.[4]

African Countries

Delegations from 51 African nations participated in the conference, including eight heads of state:[14]

  • Democratic and People's Republic of Algeria, Boudjemaa Delmi
  • Repùblica de Angola, António Domingos Pitra Costa Neto
  • République du Burundi, Célestin Niyongabo
  • République du Tchad, Mahamat Saleh Annaadif
  • République Fédérale Islamique des Comoros, Salim H. Himidi
  • Arab Republic of Egypt, Ibrahim Ali Hassan
  • State of Eritrea, Berhane Abreche
  • République de Guinée, Mamadou Cellou Diallo
  • Republic of Kenya, A. Godana
  • Republic of Liberia, Monie R. Captan
  • Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Saad M. Mujber
  • République de Madagascar, Lila Ratsifandrihamanana
  • Republic of Malaŵi, Cassim Chilumpha
  • République Islamique de Mauritanie, Sid'El Moctar Ould Naji
  • République de Maurice, Rundheersing Bheenick
  • Royaume du Maroc, Sâad Eddine Taib
  • Federal Republic of Nigeria, T. A. O. Odegbile
  • République du Sénégal, Mouhamadou El Moustapha Diagne
  • Republic of the Sudan, Abdalla Hassan Ahmed
  • United Republic of Tanzania, Fredrick T. Sumaye
  • Republic of Uganda, Sam Kuteesa
  • Republic of Zambia, Edith Nawiki

Asian Countries

Delegations from 10 Asian nations participated in the conference, including:[15]

  • Brunei Darussalam, Dato Malai Haji Ahmad Murad.
  • People's Republic of China, Zhang Cixin.
  • Republic of India, Siddharth Singh
  • Republic of Korea, Shin Kee-bock
  • Republic of Singapore, Zainul Abidin Rasheed
  • Kingdom of Thailand, Sukhumbhand Paribatra
  • Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Nguyen Quoc Dung

Donor Countries

International Organisations


Observers (Countries)

Observers (International Organisation)

Observers (Regional Organisations)

Observers (NGOs)

Observers (Japanese Organisations)

Observers (Others)

TICAD-III (2003)

TICAD III reviewed the achievements of the ten-year TICAD process and discussed the future direction TICAD should take.[1] TICAD-III brought together over 1000 delegates, including 23 heads of state and the Chairperson of the African Union.

Flag Nation Head of State Office Notes
 Algeria Algeria .
 Angola Angola .
 Botswana Botswana .
 Burundi Burundi .
 Cameroon Cameroon .
 Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire .
 Central African Republic Central African Republic .
 Mauritania Mauritania .
 Eritrea Eritrea .
 Sudan Sudan .
 Benin Benin .
 Burkina Faso Burkina Faso .
 Mozambique Mozambique .
 Rwanda Rwanda .
 Kenya Kenya .
 Tanzania Tanzania .
African Union African Union Thabo Mbeki President [16]
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone .
 Ghana Ghana John Agyekum Kufuor President [17]
 Zambia Zambia .
 South Africa South Africa Thabo Mbeki President
 Swaziland Swaziland Mswati III King
 Uganda Uganda .
 Mauritius Mauritius .
 Malawi Malawi .
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of Congo .
 Chad Chad .
 Niger Niger .
 Nigeria Nigeria .
 Togo Togo .
 Tunisia Tunisia .
 Seychelles Seychelles .
 Somalia Somalia .
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe .
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic .
 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe .
 Republic of the Congo Republic of Congo .
 Djibouti Djibouti .
 Egypt Egypt .
 Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea .
 Ethiopia Ethiopia .
 Gambia Gambia .
 Guinea Guinea .
 Gabon Gabon .
 Cape Verde Cape Verde .
 Namibia Namibia .
 Madagascar Madagascar .
 Comoros Comoros .
 Liberia Liberia .
 Lesotho Lesotho .
 Libya Libya .
 Mali Mali .
 Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau .
 Senegal Senegal .

Ministers and others

A number of government ministers and others were amongst the participants in the conference, including:

Flag Nation Delegate Office Notes
 Japan Japan Junichiro Koizumi Prime Minister [18]
 Japan Japan Yoshiro Mori former-Prime Minister [18]
 Japan Ministry of Finance Japan
 Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Japan
 Japan International Cooperation Agency Japan International Cooperation Agency
 Japan Bank for International Cooperation Japan Bank for International Cooperation
JETRO) Japan External Trade Organization
 United Nations United Nations
 United Nations World Food Programme World Food Programme
 United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) United Nations Children's Fund -- formerly "United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund" (1947-1953); name shortened, but acronym unchanged
UNIDO) United Nations Industrial Development Organization Carlos Magariños Director-General [18]
World Bank World Bank
African Development Bank African Development Bank
 European Union European Union

TICAD-IV (2008)

TICAD-IV focused on strategies for better mobilizing the knowledge and resources of the international community in the core areas of: (a) economic growth; (b) human security, including achieving the UN's [20]

Heads of State

Invitations were extended to 52 African countries and many heads of state decided to attend, including:

Flag Nation Head of State Office Notes
 Mauritania Mauritania Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi President [21]
 Eritrea Eritrea Isaias Afwerki President [22]
 Sudan Sudan Omar al-Bashir President [21]
 Benin Benin Yayi Boni President [23]
 Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Blaise Compaoré President [23]
 Mozambique Mozambique Armando Guebuza President [24]
 Rwanda Rwanda Paul Kagame President [25]
 Kenya Kenya Mwai Kibaki President [26]
 Tanzania Tanzania Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete President [27]
African Union African Union Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete President [28]
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Ernest Bai Koroma President [29]
 Ghana Ghana John Agyekum Kufuor President [30]
 Zambia Zambia Levy Mwanawasa President [31]
 South Africa South Africa Thabo Mbeki President [23]
 Swaziland Swaziland Mswati III King [31]
 Uganda Uganda Yoweri Museveni President [32]
 Malawi Malawi Bingu wa Mutharika President [23]
 Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso President [21]
 Gabon Gabon Omar Bongo Ondimba President [23]
 Cape Verde Cape Verde Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires President [33]
 Namibia Namibia Hifikepunye Pohamba President [34]
 Madagascar Madagascar Marc Ravalomanana President [35]
 Comoros Comoros Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi President [21]
 Liberia Liberia Ellen Johnson Sirleaf President [36]
 Mali Mali Amadou Toumani Touré President [23]
 Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau João Bernardo Vieira President [37]
 Senegal Senegal Abdoulaye Wade President] [23]

Ministers and others

A number of government officials and non-government organization delegates were amongst the participants in the conference, including:

Nation/Organization Delegate Office Notes
Morocco Abbas El Fassi Prime Minister [38]
Tunisia Mohamed Ghannouchi Prime Minister [21]
Egypt Ahmed Abul Gheit Foreign Minister [39]
Nigeria Goodluck Jonathan Vice President [25]
Togo Comlan Mally Prime Minister [21]
Nobel Foundation Wangari Maathai 2004 Nobel Peace Prize laureate [40]
European Union Louis Michel Humanitarian Aid Commissioner [25]
United Nations Asha-Rose Migiro UN Deputy Secretary-General [41]
Lesotho Pakalitha Mosisili Prime Minister [31]
Niger Seini Oumarou Prime Minister [21]
Angola Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos Prime Minister [42]
Botswana Mompati Sebogodi Vice President [43]
Ethiopia Meles Zenawi Prime Minister [25]
World Bank Robert Zoellick President [44]
African Development Bank Donald Kaberuka President [20]
Japan Ministry of Finance Fukushiro Nukaga Finance Minister [20][45]
Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Masahiko Kōmura Foreign Minister [20][46]
Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) [47]
United Nations World Food Programme Josette Sheeran Executive Director [20][48]
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Ann Veneman Executive Director [49]
United Nations High Commission for
António Guterres Executive Director [50]
United Nations Industrial Development
Kandeh Yumkella Director-General [51]
Gates Foundation Global Health Program Tadataka "Tachi" Yamada President [20][52]
International Organization for Migration Brunson McKinley Director-General [53]
Japan International Cooperation Agency Sadako Ogata President [20][54]
Japan Bank for International Cooperation Kōji Tanami Governor [20][55]
Nobel Foundation Joseph Stiglitz 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics laureate [20]
International Federation of Red Cross and
Red Crescent Societies
University of Tsukuba Yōichi Iwasaki President [20][57]
Mozambique Joaquim Chissano Former President [20]

Observers and others

The [51]

World Bank President Zoellick participated in a meeting on the global food crisis jointly-organized with the African Union, the International Fund for Agricultural Development. This meeting was designed to focus attention on the immediate and medium-to-long term actions needed to tackle the global food crisis.[58]

Some representatives from international [59]

The shared perspectives of the TICAD-IV's official participants and unofficial observers served to underscore the case for immediate assistance to help Africa’s vulnerable economies to weather the current global food and fuel crisis.[3] Questions remain about how best to achieve such salutary goals.


  1. ^ a b c d Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): What is TICAD?
  2. ^ "Japan to Increase Asian-African Aid," 'New York Times. September 14, 1966.
  3. ^ a b Attah, Haruna. "TICAD ends today Kufuor to close proceedings," Acra Daily Mail.May 29, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Tembo, Fletcher (2008) "Where next for TICAD: Building lasting partnerships", London: Overseas Development Institute; Bonsu, Kwaku Osei. "President Kufuor arrives in Japan for TICAD IV," Ghana News Agency. May 26, 2008.
  5. ^ Juma, Monica Kathina et al. (2006). p. 491Compendium of Key Documents Relating to Peace and Security in Africa,-505.
  6. ^ Japan, MOFA: 28 African nations
  7. ^ Japan, MOFA: 12 donor countries + EC
  8. ^ Canadian delegation included representatives of Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
  9. ^ Swedish delegation included representatives of Swedish International Development Agency (Sida or SIDA)
  10. ^ US delegation included representatives of United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
  11. ^ Japan, MOFA: 17 Observer nations
  12. ^ Japan, MOFA: 11 Observer NGOs
  13. ^ Japan, MOFA: 5 Japanese observer organizations
  14. ^ Japan, MOFA: 51 African nations
  15. ^ Japan, MOFA: 10 Asian nations
  16. ^ 40th Anniversary Celebrations of the Organisation of African Unity, 25 May 2003.
  17. ^ "Towards a vibrant Africa, Kufuor at TICAD IV," Accra Daily Mail. May 27, 2008 -- 2003 speech: "TICAD and the Way Forward: The African Perspective".
  18. ^ a b c UNIDO: TICAD-III, summary
  19. ^ main themes of G* summit
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Bank Group Participates in TICAD IV," African Development Bank (Tunis). June 3, 2008.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Yan Liang. "Japanese PM continues series of talks with African leaders," China View (Xinhua). May 29, 2008.
  22. ^ "President Isaias Holds Talks With Different Japanese Government Officials in Yokohama City," Shabait(Asmara). May 28, 2008.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g "African heads of state flock to Japan for TICAD IV," Afriquenligne. May 27, 2008.
  24. ^ "Mozambique: Guebuza in Japan for the TICAD Summit," Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo). May 28, 1008.
  25. ^ a b c d "African leaders in Japan seek business, not charity," Agence France Press (AFP). May 28, 2008.
  26. ^ "Kenya: Kibaki off to Japan for TICAD," Afriquenligne. May 25, 2008; Masese, Pauline. "41 African heads to attend TICAD," KBC" (Kenya Broadcasting Corporation). May 21, 2008.
  27. ^ Yoko Kubota, Yoko and Alex Richardson. "Japan Vows to Double Africa Aid, Investment," New York Times. May 27, 2008.
  28. ^ An Lu. "AU Chief calls for more, balanced investment in Africa," China View (Xinhua). May 28, 2008.
  29. ^ "President Koroma and 32 African leaders start big conference in Japan tomorrow," Cocorioko Newspaper. May 27, 2008.
  30. ^ Attah, A. Harruna. "Japan, a genuine friend," Accra Daily Mail. May 27, 2008.
  31. ^ a b c Kusungami, Grace. "Fulfill promises, Levy tells G8," Times of Zambia. May 29, 2008.
  32. ^ Osike, Felix. "Museveni woos Japanese investors," New Vision Online. May 28, 2008.
  33. ^ Karasaki, Taro. "Fukuda opens TICAD IV with $4-billion pledge," Asahi Shimbun. May 29, 2008.
  34. ^ "Namibia: President Off to Japan," The Namibian (Windhoek). May 27, 2008.
  35. ^ «Rencontres entre le Président Ravalomanana et le Premier Ministre japonais Fukuda ainsi qu’avec le Directeur Executif de l’UNICEF, Mme Ann M. Veneman» Présidence de la République de Madagascar. May 27, 2008.
  36. ^ "President Sirleaf Addresses TICAD Conference," Liberia Government (Monrovia). May 28, 2008.
  37. ^ Fragoso, Garrido. "PM defende rigor na cooperação entre Estados africanos e o Japão," Jornal de Angola. May 28, 2008.
  38. ^ "Morocco PM in Japan for TICAD IV," Afriquenligne. May 27, 2008.
  39. ^ Mekkawi, Mahitab. "Japan follows peers in holding Africa summit," AfricaNews. May 27, 2008.
  40. ^ "Fukuda plans marathon talks at TICAD," Yomiuri Shimbun. May 20, 2008.
  41. ^ "UN deputy chief calls for more investment in African agriculture," People's Daily (Xinhua). May 28, 2008.
  42. ^ "Japan: Angolan Premier Meets Japanese Counterpart," AngolaPress. May 29, 2008.
  43. ^ "Participants at TICAD IV meeting call for productive use of aid," China View (Xinhua). May 28, 2008.
  44. ^ "World Bank Group President in Japan for TICAD IV," World Bank. May 26, 2008.
  45. ^ Fukushiro Nukaga
  46. ^ Masahiko Koumura
  47. ^ "Zambia: President Mwanawasa to lead Zambian delegation to TICAD IV," Afriquenlign 9Lusaka). May 27, 2008.
  48. ^ Executive Director, Josette Sheeran
  49. ^ Uyxia, Jiang. "Unicef calls for global efforts to improve African child survival," China View (Xinhua)/ May 28, 2008.
  50. ^ Yamazaki, Hiroshi. "Fukuda's summer of diplomacy," Asia Online (UPI -- United Press International). May 26, 2008.
  51. ^ a b "Ethiopian Prime Ministers leaves for TICAD IV," Afriquenligne (Addis Adaba). May 26, 2008.
  52. ^ Tadataka Yamada
  53. ^ (Johannesburg). May 27, 2008.The Citizen"Mbeki in Japan for conference on African development,"
  54. ^ President, Sadako Ogata
  55. ^ Governor, Koji Tanami (2008)
  56. ^ "IFRC says human security fundamental for Africa's development," People's Daily (Xinhua). May 29, 2008.
  57. ^ President, Yoichi Iwasaki
  58. ^ "Fukuda begins marathon talks with African leaders ahead of TICAD," World Bank News & Broadcast. May 27, 2008.
  59. ^ Bhowmick, Nilanjana. "Non-Governmental Organizations Unhappy With Observer Status In Tokyo Conference On African Development," AHN News. June 4, 2008.


  • Hook, Glenn D., Julie Gilson, Christopher W. Hughes, Hugo Dobson. (2005). Japan's International Relations: Politics, Economics and Security. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-33638-4
  • Juma, Monica Kathina, Rafael Velásquez García, and Brittany Kesselman. (2006). Compendium of Key Documents Relating to Peace and Security in Africa. Praetoria: Praetoria University Law Press. ISBN 0-9585097-3-5
  • Taylor, Ian and Paul Williams. (2004). Africa in International Politics: External Involvement on the Continent. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-35836-1

External links

  • TICAD-I: Index
    • Tokyo Declaration on African Development
  • TICAD-II: Index
    • Tokyo Agenda for Action
  • TICAD-III: Index
    • TICAD Tenth Anniversary Declaration
    • Summary by the Chair of TICAD-III
  • TICAD-IV: Index
    • Yokohama Declaration
    • Yokohama Action Plan (HTML), (PDF)
    • TICAD Follow-up Mechanism
    • Summary by the Chair of TICAD-IV
  • TICAD-V: [Ministry for Foreign Affairs web site—to be constructed]
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