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Hill of Allen

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Hill of Allen

Hill Of Allen
Hill of Allen
Elevation 206 m (676 ft)
Location
Location Kildare, Republic of Ireland
Range Chair of Kildare
OSI/OSNI grid N759205
Coordinates
Topo map OSi Discovery 49

The Hill of Allen (Cnoc Alúine in Modern Irish, earlier Cnoc Almaine; also Hill of Almu [1]) is a volcanic hill situated in the west of County Kildare, Ireland, beside the village of Allen. According to Irish Mythology it was the seat of the hunter-warrior Fionn mac Cumhaill and the Fianna.[1] The site is currently part-owned by Roadstone Dublin Ltd.[2] and extensive quarrying has noticeably changed the profile of the hill.

History

The hill is situated at the easternmost point of the Bog of Allen and it is from this hill that the bog gets its name.[1] According to legend, Fionn mac Cumhaill had a fortress on the hill and used the surrounding flatlands as training grounds for his warriors. In 722 the Battle of Allen was fought between the Leinstermen (Laigin), led by Murchad mac Brain Mut (King of Leinster), and the forces of Fergal mac Máele Dúin (High King of Ireland) in close proximity to the hill.[3]

Tower

In 1859 Sir Gerard George Aylmer, the 9th Baronet of Donadea began building a circular tower on the top of the hill, which was completed in 1863. The tower was a folly and the names of the workmen are inscribed on the steps.[1]

During the construction of the tower a large coffin containing human bones was unearthed which were said to be those of Fionn mac Cumhaill. These were re-interred under the site.[2][4]

Quarry

As of 2008 most of the site is under the ownership of Roadstone Dublin Ltd. and much of the western side of the hill has been quarried.[5]

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ a b c d The Hill Of Allen Action Group Website
  2. ^ a b National Monuments' found on Hill of Allen"'". Kildare Nationalist. 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  3. ^ "The Battle of Allen"Cath AlmaineThe Cycles of the Kings -
  4. ^ County Kildare Website - Hill of Allen
  5. ^ Aerial photograph of effect of quarrying on the Hill of Allen

External links

  • Hill of Allen Action Group
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