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Ma

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Ma

Ma'munid dynasty
Kingdom

995–1017
Capital Gorganj
Languages Khwarezmian language
Religion Islam
Political structure Kingdom
Khwarazm-Shah
 -  1017 Ma'mun I ibn Muhammad (first)
Abu'l-Harith Muhammad (last)
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established 995
 -  Ghaznavid conquest of Khwarezm. 1017
Faravahar background
History of Greater Iran
Until the rise of modern nation-states
Pre-modern

Maʾmunids (Persian: مأمونیان‎), were an independent dynasty of Iranian rulers[1] in Chorasmia.[2] Their reign was short-lived (995-1017) and were in turn replaced by the expansionist Ghaznavids.

Rulers and Kingdom

The ancient Iranian kingdom of Khwarazm had been ruled until 995 by the old established line of Afrighids of Kath.[2] Khwarazm, or the classical Chorasmia, was the well irrigated and rich agricultural region of lower Oxus. Surrounded on all sides by steppe land and desert, it was geographically isolated from other areas of civilization. This isolation allowed it to maintain a separate distinctive Iranian language and culture.[2]

The Ma'munids replaced the ancient line of Afrighid Khwarazmshahs. The name of the rulers of this were:

1. Ma'mun I ibn Muhammad 385/995

2. Abu al-Hasan Ali 387/997

3. Ma'mun II ca. 399/1008-09

Folāna

4. Abu'l-Harith Muhammad 407-08/1017

They were in turn displaced by the Ghaznavids.

Further reading

  • "ĀL-E MAʾMŪN (or Maʾmunids)" in Encyclopædia Iranica by C.E. Bosworth [1]
  • Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996.

References

  1. ^ "ĀL-E MAʾMŪN (or Maʾmunids)" in Encyclopedia Iranica by C.E. Bosworth
  2. ^ a b c Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996.
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