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Outline of the Byzantine Empire

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Title: Outline of the Byzantine Empire  
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Outline of the Byzantine Empire

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Byzantine Empire:

Byzantine Empire (or Byzantium) – the Constantinople-centred Roman Empire of the Middle Ages. It is also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, primarily in the context of Late Antiquity, while the Roman Empire was still administered with separate eastern and western political centres. In its own time, there was no such thing as "the Byzantine Empire," there was just the on-going Roman Empire; "Byzantine Empire" is a scholarly term of convenience to differentiate the empire from its earlier existence during classical antiquity before the western half collapsed (see decline of the Roman Empire). Its citizens continued to refer to their empire as the Roman Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, Basileia Rhōmaiōn;[1] Latin: Imperium Romanum) or Romania (Ῥωμανία).[2] After the Western Roman Empire fragmented and collapsed in the 5th century, the eastern half continued to thrive, existing for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During much of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe.

The Eastern Roman Empire (purple) and its vassals (pink) in 555 AD during the reign of Justinian I. The vassals are the Kingdom of Lazica and the Abasgians (top), and the Ghassanids (east). This was the Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent.

Nature of the Byzantine Empire

The Byzantium Empire can be described as all of the following:

  • Empire
  • Eponym for "Roman Empire" or "Romania" (the self-identifying short-form name of the later Roman Empire and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire)

Geography of the Byzantine Empire

Regions of the Byzantine Empire

Administrative divisions of the Byzantine Empire

Provinces of the Byzantine Empire
Themes of the Byzantine Empire
Cities of the Byzantine Empire

Demography of the Byzantine Empire

Government and politics of the Byzantine Empire

Political institutions of the Byzantine Empire

Byzantine law

Military of the Byzantine Empire

Byzantine armed forces

Military conflict

General history of the Byzantine Empire

History of the Byzantine Empire

Military history of the Byzantine Empire

Byzantine historiography

Works on Byzantine history

Culture of the Byzantine Empire

Religion in the Byzantine Empire

Byzantine language

Byzantine economy

Byzantine science and technology

See also


  1. ^ Kazhdan & Epstein 1985, p. 1.
  2. ^ Millar 2006, pp. 2, 15; James 2010, p. 5; Freeman 1999, pp. 431, 435–437, 459–462; Baynes & Moss 1948, p. xx; Ostrogorsky 1969, p. 27; Kaldellis 2007, pp. 2–3; Kazhdan & Constable 1982, p. 12; Norwich 1998, p. 383.

External links

Byzantine studies, resources and bibliography
  • Adena, L. "The Enduring Legacy of Byzantium", Clio History Journal, 2008.
  • Ciesniewski, C. "The Byzantine Achievement", Clio History Journal, 2006.
  • Fox, Clinton R. What, If Anything, Is a Byzantine? (Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors)
  • The Cambridge Medieval History (IV) The Eastern Roman Empire (717–1453).
  • Byzantine studies homepage at Dumbarton Oaks. Includes links to numerous electronic texts.
  • Byzantium: Byzantine studies on the Internet. Links to various online resources.
  • Translations from Byzantine Sources: The Imperial Centuries, c. 700–1204. Online sourcebook.
  • De Re Militari. Resources for medieval history, including numerous translated sources on the Byzantine wars.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Byzantium. Numerous primary sources on Byzantine history.
  • Bibliography on Byzantine Material Culture and Daily Life. Hosted by the University of Vienna; in English.
  • Constantinople Home Page. Links to texts, images and videos on Byzantium.
  • Byzantium in Crimea: Political History, Art and Culture.
  • Institute for Byzantine Studies of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (with further resources and a repository with papers on various aspects of the Byzantine Empire)
  • Byzantine Empire on In Our Time at the BBC. (listen now)
  • De Imperatoribus Romanis. Scholarly biographies of many Byzantine emperors.
  • The Fall of the Empire. Byzantine Lesson (2007). (Russian: Гибель империи. Византийский урок) A film explaining the political and economical reasons for the fall of the Empire, filmed by the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • 12 Byzantine Rulers by Lars Brownworth of The Stony Brook School; audio lectures. NYTimes review.
  • 18 centuries of Roman Empire by Howard Wiseman (Maps of the Roman/Byzantine Empire throughout its lifetime)
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