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Asuka-Fujiwara

Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan’s Ancient Capitals and Related Properties is a cluster of archaeological sites from in and around the late sixth- to early eighth-century capitals of Asuka and Fujiwara-kyō, Nara Prefecture, Japan. In 2007 twenty-eight sites were submitted jointly for future inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria ii, iii, iv, v, and vi. Currently the submission resides on the Tentative List.[1][2]

Since 2011, the Cultural Landscape of the Asuka Hinterland has been protected as one of the Cultural Landscapes of Japan.[3] An area of 60 ha is also protected within the Asuka Historical National Government Park.[4] Related artefacts are housed at the Asuka Historical Museum.[5]

Contents

  • Sites 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Sites

Site Municipality Comments Image Coordinates
Ishibutai Kofun
石舞台古墳
Ishibutai kofun
Asuka C7 kofun; the largest stone weighs over seventy-five tons; Special Historic Site[6][7]
Takamatsuzuka Tomb
高松塚古墳
Takamatsuzuka kofun
Asuka Special Historic Site with National Treasure wall paintings (detached in 2007) and ICP grave goods[8][9][10][11]
Kitora Tomb
キトラ古墳
Kitora kofun
Asuka Special Historic Site with wall paintings of the four directions and an astronomical chart, also recently detached[11][12]
Kawara-dera Site
川原寺跡
Kawaradera ato
Asuka Historic Site and temple complex with roof tiles that are "among the most beautiful ever made in Japan"[13][14]
Daikandai-ji Site
大官大寺跡
Daikandaiji ato
Asuka Historic Site and precursor to Daian-ji[15][14]
Asagaotsuka Kofun
牽牛子塚古墳
Asagaotsuka kofun
Asuka Historic Site with ICP grave goods[16][17]
Nakaoyama Kofun
中尾山古墳
Nakaoyama kofun
Asuka Historic Site[18]
Sakafune Ishi Site
酒船石遺跡
Sakafune-ishi iseki
Asuka Historic Site[19]
Jōrin-ji Site
定林寺跡
Jōrinji ato
Asuka Historic Site[20]
Asuka-dera Site
飛鳥寺跡
Asukadera ato
Asuka Historic Site[21]
Tachibana-dera Precinct
橘寺境内
Tachibanadera keidai
Asuka Historic Site[22]
Iwayayama Kofun
岩屋山古墳
Iwayayama kofun
Asuka Historic Site[23]
Itabuki Palace Site
伝飛鳥板蓋宮跡
den Asuka Itabuki no miya ato
Asuka Historic Site and one of the imperial palaces while the capital was at Asuka[24]
Asuka Mizuochi Site
飛鳥水落遺跡
Asuka Mizuochi iseki
Asuka Historic Site[25]
Inabuchi Palace Site
飛鳥稲淵宮殿跡
Asuka Inabuchi kyūden ato
Asuka Historic Site[26]
Marukoyama Kofun
マルコ山古墳
Marukoyama kofun
Asuka Historic Site[27]
Asuka Pond Workshop Site
飛鳥池工房遺跡
Asuka-ike kōbō iseki
Asuka Historic Site and government workshop, producing items of gold, silver, bronze, and iron, as well as lacquerware; also a mint[28][29]
Hinokuma-dera Site
檜隈寺跡
Hinokumadera ato
Asuka Historic Site and recipient in 686 of a thirty-year maintenance grant of a hundred households, as chronicled in Nihon Shoki[30][31][32]
Asuka Palace Ponds
飛鳥京跡苑池
Asuka-kyō ato enchi
Asuka Historic Site and Place of Scenic Beauty, a pair of ponds in gardens extending 80 metres E-W and at least 230 metres N-S and related to the Itabuki Palace[33][34]
Oka-dera Site
岡寺跡
Okadera ato
Asuka Historic Site[35][36]
Yamada-dera Site
山田寺跡
Yamadadera ato
Sakurai Special Historic Site with well-preserved ICP wooden corridors discovered in 1982[37][38][39]
Fujiwara Palace Site
藤原宮跡
Fujiwara-kyū seki
Kashihara Special Historic Site and former capital[40]
Moto Yakushi-ji Site
本薬師寺跡
Moto Yakushiji ato
Kashihara Special Historic Site and precursor to Yakushi-ji; established by Emperor Temmu for the recovery of Empress Jitō[14][41][42]
Ueyama Kofun
植山古墳
Ueyama kofun
Kashihara Historic Site unearthed during studies to reroute the city's roads, comprising two rectangular burial mounds c.13m long with stone chambers in a hill measuring 40x27m; of different construction dates in late C6 and C7[43][44]
Maruyama Kofun
丸山古墳
Maruyama kofun
Kashihara Historic Site investigated by William Gowland, a rectangular chamber with two sarcophagi, long corridor, and stone roof weighing in excess of a hundred tons[45][46]
Shōbuike Kofun
菖蒲池古墳
Shōbuike kofun
Kashihara Historic Site and C7 rectangular tumulus with two sarcophagi[47][48]
Fujiwara-kyō Suzaku Avenue Site
藤原京朱雀大路跡
Fujiwara-kyō seki Suzaku-ōji ato
Kashihara Historic Site (see also Suzakumon)[49]
Yamato Sanzan
大和三山
Yamato sanzan
Kashihara Place of Scenic Beauty and meisho celebrated in Japanese poetry [50]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan’s Ancient Capitals and Related Properties".  
  2. ^ "Monuments".  
  3. ^ "奥飛鳥の文化的景観" [Cultural Landscape of the Asuka Hinterland].  
  4. ^ "Asuka Historical National Government Park".  
  5. ^ "Asuka Historical Museum".  
  6. ^ 石舞台古墳 [Ishibutai Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  7. ^ "Ishibutai Kofun". Asuka Historical Museum. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  8. ^ 高松塚古墳 [Takamatsuzuka Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  9. ^ 高松塚古墳壁画 [Wall Paintings from the Takamatsuzuka Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  10. ^ 高松塚古墳出土品 [Excavated Artefacts from the Takamatsuzuka Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  11. ^ a b Conservation" of mural paintings of Takamatsuzuka and Kitora Tumuli Japan""".  
  12. ^ キトラ古墳 [Kitora Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  13. ^ 川原寺跡 [Kawaradera Site] (in Japanese).  
  14. ^ a b c McCallum, Donald F (2009). The Four Great Temples: Buddhist Archaeology, Architecture, and Icons of Seventh-Century Japan.  
  15. ^ "大官大寺跡" [Daikandaiji Site].  
  16. ^ 牽牛子塚古墳 [Asagaotsuka Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  17. ^ 大和国高市郡牽牛子塚古墳出土品 [Excavated Artefacts from the Asagaotsuka Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  18. ^ 中尾山古墳 [Nakaoyama Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  19. ^ 酒船石遺跡 [Sakafune Ishi Site] (in Japanese).  
  20. ^ 定林寺跡 [Jōrinji Site] (in Japanese).  
  21. ^ "飛鳥寺跡" [Asukadera Site].  
  22. ^ 橘寺境内 [Tachibanadera Precinct] (in Japanese).  
  23. ^ 岩屋山古墳 [Iwayama Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  24. ^ 伝飛鳥板蓋宮跡 [Site known as the Asuka Itabuki Palace] (in Japanese).  
  25. ^ "飛鳥水落遺跡" [Asuka Mizuochi Site].  
  26. ^ "飛鳥稲淵宮殿跡" [Asuka Inabuchi Palace Site].  
  27. ^ マルコ山古墳 [Marukoyama Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  28. ^ 飛鳥池工房遺跡 [Asuka Pond Workshop Site] (in Japanese).  
  29. ^ "Site of Asuka-ike workshop".  
  30. ^ 檜隈寺跡 [Hinokumadera Site] (in Japanese).  
  31. ^ "Site of Hinokuma-dera".  
  32. ^  
  33. ^ "飛鳥京跡苑池" [Asuka Palace Ponds].  
  34. ^ 史跡 名勝 飛鳥京跡苑池 [Historic Site & Place of Scenic Beauty: Asuka Palace Pond] (in Japanese).  
  35. ^ 岡寺跡 [Okadera Site] (in Japanese).  
  36. ^ "Oka-dera". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  37. ^ 山田寺跡 [Yamadadera Site] (in Japanese).  
  38. ^ 奈良県山田寺跡出土品 [Excavated Artefacts from Yamadadera] (in Japanese).  
  39. ^ Parent, Mary Neighbour (1984). "Yamadadera: Tragedy and Triumph".  
  40. ^ 藤原宮跡 [Fujiwara Palace Site] (in Japanese).  
  41. ^ 本薬師寺跡 [Moto Yakushiji Site] (in Japanese).  
  42. ^ "Moto Yakushiji". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  43. ^ 植山古墳 [Ueyama Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  44. ^ "Burial site unearthed in Nara".  
  45. ^ 丸山古墳 [Maruyama Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  46. ^ "Maruyama Kofun". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  47. ^ 菖蒲池古墳 [Shōbuike Kofun] (in Japanese).  
  48. ^ "Shobu-ike Kofun". Asuka Historical Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  49. ^ 藤原京跡 朱雀大路跡 [Fujiwara-kyō Suzaku Avenue Site] (in Japanese).  
  50. ^ 大和三山 [Yamato Sanzan] (in Japanese).  

External links

  • UNESCO Tentative List entry
  • (Japanese) Asuka-Fujiwara World Heritage
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