World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

German Central Library for the Blind

Article Id: WHEBN0036662581
Reproduction Date:

Title: German Central Library for the Blind  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Leipzig
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

German Central Library for the Blind

The German Central Library for the Blind (DZB)
Deutsche Zentralbücherei für Blinde
Country Germany
Established 1894
Location Gustav-Adolf-Straße 7
04105 Leipzig
Collection
Size 72,300[1]
Access and use
Circulation 192,600[1]
Other information
Director Dr. Thomas Kahlisch
Staff 77
Website http://www.dzb.de/

The German Central Library for the Blind (German: Deutsche Zentralbücherei für Blinde), abbreviated DZB, is a public library for the visually impaired located in the city of Leipzig, Saxony, Germany. Its collection of 72,300 titles is amongst the largest in the German speaking countries.[1] The institution consists of a lending library, a publishing house, and a research center for barrier-free communication. It also has production facilities for braille books, talking books, and braille music. The DZB publishes about 250 new titles annually.[2] Founded in 1894, the DZB is the oldest library for the blind in Germany.[3]

History

A private association, the Society for the Procurement of Large-print Books and Work Opportunities for the Blind (German: Verein zur Beschaffung von Hochdruckschriften und Arbeitsgelegenheit für Blinde zu Leipzig), was established in Leipzig in 1894 to provide blind persons with literature and employment.[4] It was set up in a bookseller's house and grew into the first library for blind persons in the German Empire. Soon afterward the society established its own publishing house and printing press. A charitable foundation, the Verein zur Förderung der Deutschen Zentralbücherei für Blinde, was established in 1916 to support and promote the library. By this time over 5,000 braille volumes were available and it had 1,200 regular users.[5]

Following World War I, the number of users rose sharply and by 1926 the DZB had 3,500 users. The Great Depression forced the library into a rigid austerity, resulting in budget cuts and layoffs. In 1935 the DZB moved into the commercial publishing house Druckhaus Klepzig on the Täubchenweg in Leipzig. This building was later destroyed in an Allied bombing raid in December 1943 and over 30,000 of the library's books were lost. What little remained of the collection was set up at an alternative site at Döbeln in 1944.[5]

The DZB in 1954

In the immediate aftermath of World War II the DZB moved to new quarters on the Weißenfelser Straße with a collection of 1,802 books. Through a decision of the provincial government on 7 November 1946 the library was declared a public institution. By 1949 the library's collection had reached 10,000 volumes. In 1952 DZB came under the auspices of the East German Ministry of Education and in 1955 it was subject to the Ministry of Culture. In 1954 the library moved into the building still in use today in Gustav-Adolf-Straße (Gustavus Adolphus Street).[5]

Following German reunification the DZB became an agency of the State Ministry of Science and Arts of the new Free State of Saxony.[4]

Collection

As of December 2011 the library holds some 72,300 titles. A research section holds books, periodicals and monographs on visual impairment. In addition, the DZB regularly publishes 18 different journals in Braille and in audio versions. The DZB's collection includes:[1]

Each year the DZB produces about 250 new titles. It has a staff of 77 employees, 15 of whom are persons with disabilities.

Braille music facilities

The "DaCapo" project, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Health, began at the DZB in 2003 to produce specialty sheet music for the blind. The goal is not only to make musical scores more widely available to the visually impaired, but also to improve career opportunities for blind musicians. The DZB's research center is also developing processes for the computer-assisted production of sheet music in Braille and as well as transmission services.[3][6]

The MakeBraille rendering service accepts digital musical notation files over the Internet in CapXML and MusicXML formats to produce sheet music in Braille format, available for private, non-commercial uses only.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d DZB in Zahlen und Fakten, December 2011. DZB online (German), retrieved 08-Aug-2012
  2. ^ The DZB: About Us. Leipzig: DZB, 2011. Retrieved 08-Aug-2012
  3. ^ a b Dagmar Giersberg: Online "All Ears and within Reach – The German Central Library for the Blind in Leipzig." Bonn: Goethe Institute, November 2006. Retrieved 08-Aug-2012
  4. ^ a b "A Piece of History", Leipzig: DZB, 2011. (English) Retrieved 08-Aug-2012
  5. ^ a b c "Geschichte der DZB", Leipzig: DZB, 2011. (German) Retrieved 08-Aug-2012
  6. ^ Thomas Kahlisch, Matthias Leopold and Christian Waldvogel (November 2004). "DaCapo, a Project on Transforming Ink Printed to Braille Notes Semi-automatically". Computers Helping People with Special Needs. Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3118. Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer. p. 623.  

External links

  • Official Website of the DZB (English)
  • Homepage of the German Institute for the Blind (German)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.