World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0036705190
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kikkia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ashur-rim-nisheshu, Tudiya, Iptar-Sin, Shamshi-Adad III, Erishum II
Collection: 20Th-Century Bc Rulers, Assyrian Kings, History of Assyria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Kikkia (sometimes given as Kikkiya), inscribed mKi-ik-ki-a[i 1][i 2] was the 28th purported ruler of Assyria to be recorded on the Assyrian King List.[1] He was listed after Sulili, the son of Aminu, and before Akia, rulers who all bore distinctly Hurrian names, but his relationship with these individuals is unknown as it is provided in no extant source.


His name is given as the second of a group of rulers “(named) on bricks whose eponyms are not found,” suggesting he preceded the period when an annual limmu official was appointed and gave his name to the year. Consequently, the length of his reign is undetermined.

Apart from his appearance in two copies of the Assyrian Kinglist (the Khorsabad and SDAS copies, but not Nassouhi one which is damaged at the top where he might have appeared), he is only known from two building inscriptions of his successors. The earliest of these is that of Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu, ca. 1398–1391 BC, who commemorated his reconstruction of the wall of the inner city of Aššur by listing the previous restorers on a commemorative cone,[i 3] beginning with Kikkia. The later king, Salmānu-ašarēd III also restored this wall and gave credit to his predecessor in his inscription.[2]

The erection of a defensive wall suggests that Kikkia may have won his independence from waning Ur III influence. An earlier Assyrian šakkanakkum (KIŠ.NITA2) and chief magistrate of Aššur, Zāriqum, who was omitted from the extant copies of the king lists, was a contemporary and vassal of Šulgi (2029–1982 BC) and AMAR-Sîn of Ur (1981–1973 BC),[3] so one would suppose that Kikkia must have reigned after this time.


  1. ^ Khorsabad Kinglist, i 23.
  2. ^ SDAS Kinglist, i 22.
  3. ^ Cone VAT? 2764.


  1. ^ I. J. Gelb (1954). "Two Assyria King Lists". Journal of Near Eastern Studies 13 (4): 212–213, 224.  
  2. ^ Hildegard Lewy (1966). The Cambridge Ancient History: Assyria c.2600-1816 B.C. p. 21. 
  3. ^ Klaas R Veenhof (2008). Mesopotamia: The Old Assyrian Period. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. pp. 19,124. 
Preceded by
King of Assyria
ca. 2000 BC?
Succeeded by
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.