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Charles Prendergast

Charles Prendergast, Rising Sun, 1912

Charles Prendergast (1863 - 1948) was a Canadian-American Post-Impressionist artist as well as a designer and maker of picture frames. He was the younger brother of the artist, Maurice Prendergast.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Influence of Maurice Prendergast 2
  • Art market 3
  • Collections 4
  • Gallery 5
  • References 6
  • Catalogue raisonné 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Life

Charles Prendergast was born on May 27, 1863 in St John's, Newfoundland, Canada. In 1868 the family moved to Boston, Massachusetts,[1] where he lived until 1914 when he and his brother moved to New York City.

In 1890 he traveled to Paris with Maurice, taking art classes with his brother who was studying at the Académie Colarossi and the Académie Julian.[2] On his return to Boston, Charles became a custom woodworker, eventually focusing on creating unique picture frames influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement. He produced “highly prized, hand-carved frames for the greatest artists of his day, including John Singer Sargent.[3]

He traveled to Italy in 1911, again with his brother, visiting Florence, Venice, Pisa, and Siena.[4] On his return to Boston, he began to produce paintings in addition to his frames; he was then almost fifty years old. His first painting, Rising Sun, was on a carved wood and gesso panel.[5]

In 1915 he exhibited his paintings at the Montross Gallery in New York and in 1917 and 1918 at the Society of Independent Artists.[6] Throughout the 1930s and 1940s he exhibited at the Kraushaar Galleries,[7] also in New York.

In 1927, Prendergast married Eugénie Van Kemmel. He died on August 20, 1948 at the age of eighty-five in Westport, Connecticut.[8]

The Williams College Museum of Art in Williamstown, Massachusetts maintains the "Prendergast Archive and Study Center"; it was established in 1983 in cooperation with Charles' widow, Eugénie Prendergast (1894–1994). Their collection holds approximately four hundred works by Charles and Maurice Prendergast, as well as about fifteen-hundred related archival objects.[9]

Influence of Maurice Prendergast

Richard J. Wattenmaker, then Director of the Rutgers University Art Gallery, wrote in 1968: "By far the most pervasive influence on Prendergast was the work of his brother, Maurice. The profound intimacy of ideas between the two is freely reflected in the joyous spontaneity and jewel-like, color-laden decorativeness which permeate both their work, as well as the innovational flexibility with which each handles his chosen medium."[10]

Art market

In May 1998 Charles Prendergast's painting, Spirit of the Hunt, sold for $1,432,500 in a public auction at Christie's.[11]

Spirit of the Hunt is signed with the initials of both Charles and his brother, Maurice, but Nancy Mowll Mathews, art historian and noted authority on the Prendergasts, writes: "The style of this panel can only be associated with Charles. [...] Indeed, when the work was published in 1919, no mention is made of the hand of Maurice."[11]

Collections

This is an incomplete list.

Gallery

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Prendergast Archive and Study Center Biography
  4. ^
  5. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 12.
  6. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 13.
  7. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 14.
  8. ^ Nancy Mowll Mathews (1993). p. 35.
  9. ^
  10. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 28.
  11. ^ a b c
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^
  • Nancy Mowll Mathews; Marion M. Goethals (1993). Charles Prendergast. Williamstown, MA.: Williams College Museum of Art. ISBN 0-913697-16-8. (Exhibition catalog)
  • Richard J. Wattenmaker (1968). Charles Prendergast: 1863-1948. Rutgers University Art Gallery and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. LCCN 68009480.
  • Prendergast Archive and Study Center, Williams College Museum of Art. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  • Charles Prendergast: Beauties...of a Quiet Kind. Nancy Mowll Mathews. Art History Archives. Retrieved 10 December 2013. (Text of the Mathews essay in the above 1993 exhibition catalog)

Catalogue raisonné

  • Clark, Carol; Mathews, Nancy Mowll; Owens, Gwendolyn (1990). Maurice Brazil Prendergast, Charles Prendergast: A Catalogue Raisonné. Williamstown, MA: Williams College Museum of Art and Prestel-Verlag, Munich. ISBN 9783791309651.

Further reading

  • Brooks, Van Wyck (1938). The Prendergasts: Retrospective Exhibition of the Works of Maurice and Charles Prendergast. Andover, MA.: Addison Gallery, Phillips Academy.
  • Krens, Thomas; Prendergast, Charles; Prendergast, Maurice (1983). The Art of Maurice & Charles Prendergast. Williamstown, MA.: Williams College Museum of Art.
  • Rhys, Hedley Howell (1960). Maurice Prendergast. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

External links

  • Prendergasts in the Barnes Foundation Collection. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  • Frames by Prendergast. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  • Catalogue of the First Annual Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists, April 10-May 6, 1917. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
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