World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ōmi Province

Article Id: WHEBN0000349056
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ōmi Province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Modern system of ranked Shinto shrines, Ōmi Province, Uda Genji, Azuchi Castle, Kyōgoku Takatsugu
Collection: Former Provinces of Japan, Ōmi Province
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ōmi Province

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Omi Province highlighted

Ōmi Province (近江国 Ōmi no kuni) is an old province of Japan, which today comprises Shiga Prefecture.[1] It was one of the provinces that made up the Tōsandō circuit. Its nickname is Gōshū (江州).

Lake Biwa, Japan's largest lake, is located at the center of the province. "Ōmi" came from awaumi or "fresh-water sea" and the kanji of "Ōmi" (近江) means "an inlet near the capital" (See also Tōtōmi Province).

The ancient capital was near Ōtsu, which was also a major castle town. In north of Otsu, one of the most important monastery Enryaku-ji is located on the Hieizan.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Historical districts 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • Other websites 5

History

Hōjō Tokimasa, the first shikken of the Kamakura Shogunate, was made daimyo of Ōmi Province in the 10th month of Shōji 2 (1200).[2]

During the Sengoku Period, the northern part of the province was the fief of Ishida Mitsunari, Tokugawa Ieyasu's opponent at the Battle of Sekigahara, although he spent most of his time in Osaka Castle administering the fief of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's young son. After Ishida's defeat, Tokugawa granted the fief to his allies, the Ii clan, who built the castle and town of Hikone from the ruins of Sawayama.

Takebe taisha was designated as the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) for the province. [3]

This ukiyo-e by Hiroshige illustrates the sailboats at Yahashi, one of the Eight Views of Ōmi, c. 1834

During the Edo Period, it was host to five stations of the Tōkaidō and eight stations of the Nakasendō.

The southern part of the province around the town of Kōka (Koga) was the home of the famous Koga Ninja, one of the two main founding schools of ninjutsu.

Historical districts

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōmi" in , p. 750Japan Encyclopedia, p. 750, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). p. 224.Annales des empereurs du japon, , p. 224, at Google Books
  3. ^ ," p. 1.Ichinomiya"Nationwide List of ; retrieved 2011-08-09

References

Other websites

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.