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Alpha course

Alpha logo

The Alpha Course, now known simply as Alpha, is an evangelistic course which seeks to introduce the basics of the [1] Alpha courses are being run in churches, homes, workplaces, prisons, universities and a wide variety of other locations. The course is being run around the world by all major Christian denominations.[2][3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Structure 2
    • Religion education for schools 2.1
    • Relationship programmes 2.2
    • God at Work 2.3
    • Caring for Ex-Offenders 2.4
    • St Paul's Theological Centre 2.5
  • Doctrine 3
  • Influences 4
  • Usage 5
  • Critics 6
  • Books 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Alpha was started in 1977 by the [5] at the invitation of the Reverend Sandy Millar (vicar at that time) and oversaw its revision and expansion.

Alpha grew rapidly in the UK in the 1990s, from just 4 courses in 1991 to 2,500 in 1995. A peak was reached in 1998, when 10,500 courses were run. By 2001 this had fallen to 7,300.[6] In 2015, the Alpha website described the course as running in 169 countries and 112 languages, with over 27 million people having taken the course.[7] Courses have been by [5] churches and the Roman Catholic Church.

Structure

Alpha is organised as a series of sessions over 10 weeks, typically preceded by an "Alpha Supper" which often includes the talk "Is there more to life than this?" and with a day or weekend away which includes three or four of the talks asterisked [*] below. Each session starts with a meal, followed by a talk (often a video by Nicky Gumbel) and then discussion in small groups. The talks aim to cover the basic beliefs of the Christian faith.

Religion education for schools

In conjunction with Youth for Christ, Alpha International produces two study programmes designed for children aged 11–14, exploRE: The Christian Faith a 12-week programme on the Christian faith, and exploRE: The Life of Jesus, a 14-lesson study of Jesus' birth, life, death and resurrection. The capitalised RE is a reference to religious education, part of the curriculum in the United Kingdom. The materials are aimed at religious education teachers.

Relationship programmes

Several relationship-oriented programmes have emerged alongside Alpha which are now separately run by a sister organisation called Relationship Central. The Marriage Course is a seven-session course for married couples, consisting of a "candlelit meal and/or coffee, tea and dessert at a romantic table for two while listening to practical talks that are informative and fun, either given live or played on DVD", while the Marriage Preparation Course follows a similar format over five sessions in preparation for married life.[8] Unlike Alpha, there are no group sessions - the couple are to spend the time together, and relationship details are not shared with a counsellor or other participants.[9] The Marriage Course was adopted by the British Army and an additional session on enforced separation (e.g. as a result of operational deployment) was added by a military couple working in cooperation with Relationship Central. In 2012, DVD versions of the Parenting Children Course (for parents or caregivers of children aged 0-10) and the Parenting Teenagers Course (11-18) were released. Unlike the Marriage Course, the parenting courses use a similar format to Alpha: a meal followed by a talk and group discussions.

The website says about these courses that while they are "based on Christian principles", they are "designed for couples with or without a Christian faith".[10] The courses are authored by the Revd Nicky and Sila Lee, staff at Holy Trinity Brompton and authors of The Marriage Book and The Parenting Book.[11]

God at Work

God at Work is a book and course by Ken Costa, chairman of Alpha International, a veteran of UBS and now chairman of Lazard UK.[12] The course consists of six hour-long sessions focusing on work, stress, ambition and other work-related issues from a Christian perspective.[13]

Caring for Ex-Offenders

Caring for Ex-Offenders is a follow-up to the Alpha for Prisons course, supporting released prisoners by providing them with material assistance including accommodation, work, food, and pastoral support through church life.[14] It operates in the UK, Canada, South Africa and the USA.[15]

St Paul's Theological Centre

St Paul's Theological Centre is Alpha/Holy Trinity Brompton's theological institution, with aims to provide lay training in theology, to provide ordination training, to provide theological resources for theological training in churches across the world, and to provide theological guidance for Alpha.[16]

Doctrine

Alpha's teachings are intended to centre upon aspects of Christian faith on which all denominations are in general agreement. Nicky Gumbel says (quoting Fr Raniero Cantalamessa), "What unites us is infinitely greater than what divides us."

Roman Catholic distinctives, such as those concerning the Virgin Mary and certain sacramental teachings are absent, as are Baptist teachings on baptism. Instead, individual churches are encouraged to provide follow-up courses of their own.

The New International Version of the Bible is quoted in the course materials. St Paul's reference to scripture being "God breathed" (2 Timothy 3:16) is referred to, although whether this view of scripture implies strict inerrancy is not made clear.

Within evangelical Protestantism the most controversial element of Alpha is what is considered to be its charismatic slant. Three of the fifteen sessions are given to the person and work of the Holy Spirit and cover the infilling of the Spirit; speaking in tongues and healing via prayer. Conversion stories in the book of Acts (see 2:1ff, 9:17-19, 10:44-46, 19:1-6) are seen as normative.

Influences

Possibly the greatest influence has been the ministry of Iwerne Minster in Dorset.[19] David Fletcher, who took responsibility for the camps after Bash, described Alpha as: "basically the Iwerne camp talk scheme with charismatic stuff added on.".[20] Rob Warner addresses both, when he says: "Alpha can... be summed up as Bash camp rationalistic conservatism combined with Wimberist charismatic expressivism... this is a highly unusual, even paradoxical hybrid." [21]

Usage

Although originating from the Evangelical Anglican tradition, it is now used by all the mainstream churches including the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, Baptist and Pentecostal churches. Alpha has been endorsed by a number of leaders, including many Roman Catholic cardinals, Anglican archbishops and bishops,[22] and leading figures of all the main Christian denominations. [23] Father Raniero Cantalamessa, a monk of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin and Preacher to the Papal Household for Pope Benedict XVI wrote a document praising Alpha in June 2005.[24]

Critics

Alpha has been criticised for a charismatic emphasis. A particular problem for non-charismatic evangelicals is what is seen as Nicky Gumbel's emphasis upon the person and work of the Holy Spirit. As a result, some churches have chosen to teach a different view of the Holy Spirit, although this is discouraged in Gumbel's book How to Run the Alpha Course.

Because it has been recommended as supplementary reading, one of Gumbel's books, Searching Issues, has become a focus of criticism. There is a chapter criticising homosexual practice, although this is not unique to Alpha.[25]

More conservative critics (especially from a Reformed and Evangelical perspective) have complained that the course does not adequately define sin and therefore does not properly explain the reason for Jesus's death and resurrection. The alternative Christianity Explored course is an attempt to go beyond what Alpha teaches on sin.

Rev John Vincent of the Urban Theology Unit in Sheffield has suggested that Alpha presents too narrow a version of Christianity and one too centred on what theologians have said about Jesus rather than allowing students the freedom to draw their own inspiration from studying Jesus' life and teaching. "The Alpha course, because of its didactic style, its narrow-mindedness and its closed nature, doesn't facilitate alternative views", he says. "I happen to believe it therefore leads people into a self-centred religion which is not the same as the genuine Christian discipleship."[26]

Some Catholics have criticised the fifteen-session Alpha in a Catholic Context version of the course for being unbalanced without sufficiently presenting some Roman Catholic doctrines, which instead need to be added afterwards in additional sessions.[27]

Books

Books for use with the course:

  • Nicky Gumbel, Questions of Life (Kingsway Publications 2003). ISBN 1-84291-164-3
  • Nicky Gumbel, Searching Issues (Kingsway Publications 2001). ISBN 0-85476-739-8
  • The Alpha Manual (Alpha International Publications 2005). ISBN 1-904074-23-5

Books about the course:

  • Andrew Brookes (Editor), The Alpha Phenomenon (Churches Together in Britain and Ireland,[28] 2007). ISBN 978-0-85169-331-6
  • Stephen J. Hunt, The Alpha Enterprise: Evangelism in a Post-Christian Era (Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2004) ISBN 978-0-7546-5036-2

See also

References

  1. ^ From the official website of Alpha http://alpha.org
  2. ^ The Alpha Big-Give at secure.thebiggive.org.uk. Accessed on 17 Feb 2013.
  3. ^ Alpha at Resurrection at www.cor.org. Accessed on 17 Feb 2013.
  4. ^ Hocken, P. D. (2002). "Alpha Course". In Stanley M. Burgess. The new international dictionary of Pentecostal and charismatic movements. (Rev. and expanded ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Pub. House. p. 312.  
  5. ^ a b "How Alpha Began | Alpha UK". Uk.alpha.org. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  6. ^ Stephen Hunt, The Alpha Experience: Evangelism in a Post-Christian Era (Ashgate Publishing, 2004) page 13
  7. ^ "Alpha is running all around the globe...". Alpha.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  8. ^ What is The Marriage Preparation Course? | Relationship Central
  9. ^ What is The Marriage Course? | Relationship Central
  10. ^ [3] Archived March 15, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ Griffiths, Katherine (2007-09-07). "Ken Costa leaves UBS to join rival Lazard". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  13. ^ http://godatwork.org.uk/course
  14. ^ http://caringforexoffenders.org/welcome/aboutus/default.htm
  15. ^ http://caringforexoffenders.org/gettinginvolved/international/default.htm
  16. ^ About SPTC | St Paul's Theological Centre
  17. ^ Gumbel, Nicky. "Authority". Retrieved Jul 24, 2011. 
  18. ^ Alister McGrath Evangelicalism and the Future of Christianity (Leicester: IVP, 1005) 45
  19. ^ John Eddison (ed) A Study in Spiritual Power; An Appreciation of E J H Nash (Bash) (Highland; Crowborough, 1992)
  20. ^ Baker, David. "Doing the impossible". Retrieved Jul 23, 2011. 
  21. ^ Rob Warner Reinventing English Evangelicalism 1966-2001 (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2007) 122
  22. ^ a b The Bishops and Archbishops
  23. ^ a b Archbishop launches Alpha course
  24. ^ London, Alpha Course, 27 June 2005Faith Which Overcomes The World
  25. ^ Nicky Gumbel Searching Issues: Exploring the Meaning of Life (Eastbourne: Kingsway, 2001)
  26. ^ Pigott, Robert (2001-07-27). "Church leaders launch controversial courses". BBC. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  27. ^ Cork, William (2007). "The Alpha Course—an Evaluation". Catholic Culture. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  28. ^ Churches Together in Britain and Ireland - Publications

External links

  • Official Alpha website
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