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Badayun

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Badayun

Budaun
बदायूं
Badayun
Budaun
Budaun
Budaun
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India

Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12

Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
Region Rohilkhand
Division Bareilly
District Badaun
Settled 905 AD (Modern City)
Government
 • Body Budaun Municipal Corporation
 • Chairman Om Prakash Mathuria
 • MP Dharmendra Yadav
 • MLA Abid Raza
Elevation 164 m (538 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Density 5,489/km2 (14,220/sq mi)
 • Metro 189,221
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 24360X
Telephone code 05832
ISO 3166 code IN-UP-BD
Vehicle registration UP 24
Coastline 0 kilometres (0 mi)
Sex ratio 894 female/1000 male
Literacy 73.0%
Civic agency Budaun Municipal corporation
Governing body Government of UP
Government of India
Climate HS-TH (Köppen)
Precipitation 843 millimetres (33.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature 27.5 °C (81.5 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 39.8 °C (103.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 11.5 °C (52.7 °F)
Also known as 'City of Saints' or 'Madinat ul Awliya', famous for its Pedas, 'Mentha City' of India.

Badaun is a historical city in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located near the Ganges river.[1] It is only 3 hours 50 mins and 226 km from New Delhi.[2] Budaun is a Yadav and Muslim dominated region.[3][4]


Etymology

Its been described by Prof. Goti John that this city was named Bedamooth in an ancient inscription (stone scripts, at Lucknow Museum). Then this region was called Panchal. According to the lines on stone scripts there was a village Bhadaunlak near the city. A Muslim historian Roz Khan Lodhi said that here Ashoka The Great built a Buddh Vihar and Quila and he named it BuddhMau. According to George Smith, Budaun was named after Ahir prince Budh.[5][6]

Geography

Badaun has an average elevation of 169 metres (554 feet). It has normal rainfall levels. Since Budaun was settled after demolishing a large fort, the city is irregularly elevated, with Sotha and Punjabi Mohalla at the top. The Civil Lines are is much plainer.

Badaun is the tropical region. Its average temperature is approximately 30 °C. There is widespread greenery. The climatic conditions are suitable for agriculture; the crops production from this area is larger.

Politics

Dharmendra Yadav is the MP of the Budaun Constituency and is the nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav. The constituency has over 3.5 lakh Yadavs and 2.80 lakh Muslims. The SC voters also number over 1.5 lakh. Next are Shakyas, who are also over 1.5 lakh.[7]

Growth

Budaun has grown rapidly in last decade. In 2001 Budaun wasn't an urban area. It was the 27th ranked city of U.P. with a population of 211,258, and this has reached around 370,000, 17th ranked with a record increase of 80%. This is due to inclusion of nearby census town in city with a population of 45,000 which enhanced Budaun from just a city to a big urban area.


Demographics

As per provisional data of the 2011 census, Budaun had a population of 159,221, out of which males were 83,475 and females were 75,746. The literacy rate was 73.0%.[8]

Budaun City has 51% Hindus concentrated mainly in the Civil Lines area, New City and outer areas, whereas 46% of the total population are Muslims found mainly in Old City and Nai Basti areas. Remaining are Sikhs and Christians.

Badaun District is one of the "Minority Concentrated Districts in India", having 34% of Muslim population, on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.[9]

Religions in Badaun
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
51%
Muslims
  
46%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
1.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History

The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica wrote of Buduan:

"A town and district of British India, in the Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. The town is near the left bank of the river Sot. Pop. (1901) 39,031. There are ruins of an immense fort and a very handsome mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, and built in 1223. The American Methodist mission maintains several girls schools, and there is a high school for boys. According to tradition, Badaun was founded about 905 AD, and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathor kings reigning at Badaun (called Vodamayuta). The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, was its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the great mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Sahaspur- Bilari."

Transportation

Roadways

Budaun city acts as a junction for many national roads, which make the city one of the most important of the western UP. SH33 (Bharatpur-Mathura-Bareilly) and SH43 (Moradabad-Farrukhabad) pass through Budaun, It is also the terminal point of SH18 (to Meerut) and SH51 (to Delhi). Budaun Depot, with 110 buses is one of the most profitable depots of UPSRTC. Two new highways would be soon connected to Budaun city, first will connect Budaun to Etawah through Qadar Chowk, Etah and Mainpuri and the second one would connect Budaun to Shahjahanpur through Dataganj. After construction of these two roads in coming 2 years, Budaun will be an important road junction of the Western UP.

Buses are available 24x7 from Baduan to Delhi & vice-versa.

Railways

Budaun lies on the Mathura-Lalkuan railway line which is meter gauge yet till Kasganj. The work is under process to make it Broad gauge since 1996, but it is now going to complete till Dec 2014, another rail line is proposed connecting Gajraula to Mainpuri through Budaun City, which would make Budaun a junction.

InterCity

Classical rickshaws serve the city for all the day. However, you may find autos on specified points run to a limited distance (10–20 km generally). Main routes for auto rikshas and light vehicle are towards Dataganz, Aonla and Ujhani. Budaun is one of the less polluted cities of UP because of a lot use of AutoGas (LPG). In fact Budaun is one of the rare cities having AutoGas on petrol pumps. Many the vehicles of the city are LPG workable.

Infrastructure

Budaun is one of the 20 fastest developing cities of UP according to the latest five-year development plan. The nearest big city is Bareilly where there is provision for good education and better infrastructure.

There are educational institutes including primary and secondary schools and colleges for graduation.

There are a number of banks with ATMs in the city: State Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank, Gramin Bank and Vijaya Bank, , Bank of India, Union Bank, Central Bank, Axis, ICICI and HDFC.

There are a few nursing homes in the city with well-experienced and qualified doctors with modern facilities such as Digital X Ray modern CT scanner and all surgeries (Sudhir Nursing Home). There is a stadium in the outskirts, in Baheri, which is well maintained. Budaun has a historical Ghantaghar [1], and a few parks like Gandhi park, Ambedkar park, City park etc.

Notable people

Historical and religious places

  • Jama Masjid built by Iltutmish in 1223. This mosque is the third oldest mosque of the country and second largest.
  • An immense Badaun fort (Nawab Ikhlas khan ka Makbaraa) in Jawaharpuri. It is known as Roza
  • Hazrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya's house in Syedwada where he was born.
  • Choti Ziyarat. It is the monument of Hazrat Badrauddin Rahmatullah Alhay.
  • Badi Ziyarat (It is a Dargah 'mazar sariff' of Wali of Allah, Hazrat Sultan Arfiin Rahamtullah)
  • Banno Buwa Ziyarat (It is a Dargah 'mazar sariff' of Maa Banno Bua)
  • The palace of ohia, built by the royal family of sahaspur bilari in 1812.
  • Remains of Sheikhupur Fort, Sheikhupur, Badaun
  • Mumtaz Mahal's sister's mausoleum, Sheikhupur, Badaun
  • Emperor Jahangir's foster son's mausoleum Sheikhupur, Badaun
  • Farshori tola
  • Ruins of many mughal monuments
  • Sarsota in Sahaswan

Main roads

  • Fasih Uddin Road.
  • Subhash Chowk
  • Shakeel Budayuni Road
  • Bade Sarkar Road
  • Chote sarkar road
  • Station Road
  • Kotwali Road
  • Kali Sadak
  • Ring Road (chakkar ki sadak)
  • Six Road
  • Gandhi Ground Road
  • Nawada Road
  • Bareilly Road
  • Choudhary Badan Singh Marg
  • BY-Pass Road
  • Nai Sarak
  • DM Road
  • Kakrala Road
  • Aonla Road
  • Dataganj Road
  • Usawan Road
  • Asrar Khan Road
  • Ticketganj Road
  • Water Works Road
  • Punjabi Mandir

Main localities

  • Avas Vikas
  • Bara Bazar
  • Brahmpur
  • Chitransh Nagar
  • Chuna Mandi
  • Civil Lines
  • Farshori Tola
  • Gaddi chowk fani road
  • Gautia (Sotha)
  • Hakim ganj
  • Halwai Chowk
  • Indra Chauk
  • Jalandhari Saray
  • Jawaharpuri
  • Jogipura
  • Kabulpura
  • kalyan Nagar
  • Kamangran
  • Kazi Hauz colony
  • khajuri
  • Kheda Nawada
  • Krishna Park
  • Krishnapuri Civil Lines
  • Lochi Nagla
  • Madhuban Colony
  • Maulvi ganj
  • Mira Saray
  • Mirdha Tola
  • Mohalla chawdhary saray
  • Mohalla Khandsari
  • Mohalla Sotha
  • Molvi Tola
  • Nagla
  • Nagran
  • Nahar khan sarai
  • Nai Saray
  • Nekpur
  • New Adarsh Colony
  • New Adarsh Nagar
  • Patiyali Sarai
  • Punjabi Colony
  • Punjabi Mohalla
  • Sahukara
  • Sayad Bada
  • Shahvilayat Nagar
  • Shahwazpur
  • Sheikh Patti
  • Sheikhpur
  • Shiv Puram
  • Shyam Nagar
  • Ticket Ganj
  • Upar Para
  • Vaido Tola
  • Vijay Nagar
  • Vivek Vihar Colony

Educational institutes

  • Asim Siddique Memorial Degree College[10]
  • Badaun Institute of Management & Technology, Budaun
  • Budaun Public School.
  • Christian Higher Secondary School
  • Dropdi Devi Swaraswati Vidja Maindir Inter-College
  • Gindo Devi Mahila MahaVidyalaya
  • Government Inter College(GIC)
  • Islamiah Inter College.
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Budaun
  • Kasturba Gandhi vidyalaya
  • Kedarnath mahila College for girls
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Budaun
  • Mother Athena School
  • N.M.S.N.Das P.G.College
  • Naqvia Girls School (Self Finance)
  • Rajaram Mahila Inter College
  • S.K. Inter College
  • S.S.S.M.Public School Near Nagla Mandir
  • Vivekanand College

Agriculture

Major agricultural products are wheat, paddy, sugarcane, guava and menthol. Budaun is the largest producer of wheat in UP, II largest of sugarcane and potatoes. It is the leading producer of menthol in the country. The soil is very fertile due to tarai, because Badaun is on the bank of the Ganges; the Ganges flows 110 km in the district. In the account of agriculture, guava and menthol are the major exporting products. Budaun gives 40% of total mentol export of India.

Industries

Budaun City has many small scale industries and a few big ones:

  • Detergent Industries at Naushera
  • Sugar mill at shekupur
  • Rice Mills
  • Tata Chemical's Fertilizer plant is situated in Babrala, Budaun
  • Many Brick Kilns
  • Beedi factories at Naushera
  • Menthol Producing Plants On outer SH43
  • Match factories,
  • Many automobiles parts are manufactured in Budaun.

Distances on direct roads

Bareilly 42 km (SH33) Moradabad 102 km (SH43) Farrukhabad 107 km (SH43) Mathura 165 km (SH33) Agra 175 km (SH33A) Bharatpur 195 km (SH33) Jaipur 398 km (SH33) Ajmer 532 km (SH33) New Delhi 220 km (SH18, Badaun-Delhi Highway) Lucknow 298 km (Badaun-Shahjahanpur Road) Meerut 200 km (SH51, Badaun-Meerut Highway

See also

References

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