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Bert Geer Phillips

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Title: Bert Geer Phillips  
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Subject: Taos art colony, Artists from Taos, New Mexico, Museum of Western Art (Kerrville, Texas), Artists of the American West, Harold Dow Bugbee
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Bert Geer Phillips

Bert Geer Phillips
Born (1868-07-15)July 15, 1868
Hudson, New York
Died June 16, 1956(1956-06-16)
San Diego, California
Nationality American
Education Art Students League of New York
National Academy of Design
Académie Julian
Known for Painting
Movement Taos Society of Artists

Bert Geer Phillips (15 July 1868 – 16 June 1956) was an American artist and a founding member of the Taos Society of Artists. He was the first artist to permanently settle in Taos, New Mexico (1898) and is considered to be the founder of the Taos art colony.[1] He is known for his paintings of Native Americans, New Mexico, and the American Southwest. He was also a benefactor of the Western artist Harold Dow Bugbee, who became curator of the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon, Texas in 1951.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Artistic career 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Early life and education

Phillips was born in

  • Indian Fishing
  • Nar-Ah-Kig-Gee-Ah Tzur (Kit Carson's Apache Scout)
  • Wild Plum Blossoms and Taos Mountain
  • Our Washerwoman's Family - New Mexico (c 1918)
  • Taos Painters: Bert Geer Phillips (1868-1956)
  • Koshare Indian Museum: Bert Geer Phillips (1868-1956)
  • AskArt: Bert Geer Phillips (1868 - 1956)

External links

  • Whaley, Bill; Stiny, Andy. "Reconsidering Art in Taos; Bert Phillips" in Taos Horse Fly, February 17, 2009.

Further reading

  • Schimmel, Julie; White, Robert R. Bert Geer Phillips and the Taos Art Colony. Univ of New Mexico Press; 1st edition (June 1994). ISBN 0-8263-1444-9


  1. ^ Koshare Indian Museum: Bert Geer Phillips (1868-1956)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Peters, Gerald III (ed.) The Taos Society of Artist: Masters and Masterpieces. Gerald Peters Gallery, 1998. ISBN 0-935037-78-0
  3. ^ Phillips quoted in Schimmel (1994), p. 65.
  4. ^ a b Taos Unlimited. Taos as an Art Colony: From the Taos Society of Artists to the Present. Retrieved August 8, 2010.


See also

Phillips married Rose Martin, the sister of the famous local doctor Thomas "Doc" Martin,[4] in 1899. He conceived the idea of starting an art colony in Taos, which he discussed in correspondence with Blumenschein. In 1915, his dream became reality with the formation of the Taos Society of Artists, of which Phillips was a founding member together with his friends Ernest Blumenschein, Joseph Henry Sharp, and three other artists.[2] The Society was founded in the dining room of Phillips' in-laws, Doc and Helen Martin, who was herself a batik artist.[4] In addition to being instrumental in the formation of the Society, Phillips also spent more years in Taos than any other member.[2]

Phillips decided to stay in Taos when Blumenschein returned to New York a few months later. He and a friend caused a skirmish during a religious ceremony on Taos Plaza when they refused to remove their hats; during the skirmish the sheriff was killed. The incident increased tensions between the town's Hispanic and Anglo residents.[2] Phillips wrote in a letter to Blumenschein, "I began to feel as if this was the real 'border life', and only wish old Kit Carson was here with us."[3]

In northern New Mexico, one of their wagon wheels broke due to the roughness of the terrain. Blumenschein rode out on horseback to nearby Taos, New Mexico to have the wheel repaired, while Phillips waited with the wagon. After Blumenschein returned with the repaired wheel three days later, they continued on to Taos, where they sold their horse and equipage, set up a studio, and began to paint.[2]

Phillips returned to New York in 1896, where together with Ernest Blumenschein he leased a studio. In the Spring of 1898, Phillips accompanied Blumenschein on a journey to the American West. Their first stop was Denver, Colorado, where they bought art and camping supplies, a wagon, horses, and a revolver. Thus equipped, they set out with the intention of reaching Mexico.[2]

The accident that started the Taos art colony, 1898.

Artistic career

Phillips left home at age sixteen, moving to New York City where he attended the Art Students League of New York and the National Academy of Design. In 1894 he traveled to Europe, briefly staying in London before moving to Paris, where he studied at the Académie Julian. While at the Académie he became friends with Ernest Blumenschein and Joseph Henry Sharp.[2]


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