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Title: Billao  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: List of infantry weapons of World War I, Dubats, List of daggers, Types of swords, Kastane
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A billao shortsword.
Type Shortsword
Place of origin Horn of Africa
Service history
Used by Somali
Wars Dervish resistance (1896–1920)
Weight 9.0 oz
Length 17" to 25"
Width 2½" (blade)

Blade type iron or steel; pointed, double-edged
Hilt type horn
Scabbard/sheath sheepskin

A billao (Somali: billaawe), also known as a belawa, is a horn-hilted Somali shortsword. It served most notably as a close-quarters weapon in the Dervish State, at the turn of the 20th century.


The dagger has a double-edged, leaf-shaped, asymmetrical blade and a three-pronged pommel. One-pronged pommels with the metal tang protruding out from the center of the hilt have been reported. Together, the grip and pommel are 6¾" in circumference. The billao's blade is made of iron or steel, and is 10½" long and 2½" wide.[1][2] Though other horn types are also used, the handle is typically made from the horn of buffalo.[3] In total, the dagger is 17¼" long.[1] The sheath is made of sheepskin, and the sword is worn on a belt around the waist.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b Somali billao with sheath and belt
  2. ^ Somali billao short sword
  3. ^ a b Somali warrior

External links

  • Somali warrior
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