World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bundesstraße 3

 

Bundesstraße 3


The Bundesstraße 3 (abbreviated B 3) is one of the longest federal highways in Germany. It begins in Buxtehude and continues through Bergen, Celle, Hanover, Alfeld, Einbeck, Göttingen, Kassel, Marburg, Frankfurt, Darmstadt, Heidelberg, Karlsruhe and Freiburg in southwestern Germany and ends at Weil-Otterbach on the border with Switzerland. Between Darmstadt and Wiesloch it is referred to as Ferienstraße Bergstraße.

Contents

  • Figures 1
  • History 2
    • Origins 2.1
    • Construction of the modern road in the 18th century 2.2
    • Earlier sections and designations 2.3
  • Characteristics 3

Figures

History

Origins

The Bundesstraße 3 is the latest incarnation of a trade route that has been in use since the Middle Ages. The stretch between Frankfurt and Heidelberg belonged to the Archbishopric of Mainz until 1461. Thereafter it was a part of the Electorate of the Palatinate until 1651. In 1661 the Archbishophric of Mainz and Hesse-Darmstadt agreed to divide the toll revenue: the Archbishophric controlled the road between Frankfurt and Heppenheim when the Frankfurt Fair took place, and Hesse-Darmstadt controlled the route at all other times.

Construction of the modern road in the 18th century

Because of its importance to trade, in 1759 the portions immediately north and south of Heidelberg were turned into fixed roads. As the local compulsory laborers did not have the skills necessary for the construction of a high quality road, skilled road workers and engineers were recruited from Allgäu to finish the project in 1763. By 1771 the portion around Freiburg im Breisgau was also completed.

In the northern portion between Hanover and Göttingen, the second oldest road in northern Germany replaced the old dirt path in 1768 (the present-day B 217 between Hannover and Hameln already had opened two years previously as first road in Northern Germany). A decade later (1777) the stretch between Göttingen and Kassel was likewise modernised.

Earlier sections and designations

The road from Frankfurt to Basle was designated as Badische Staatsstraße (National Road) No 1.

In the early numbering system of 1932, the Reichsstraße 3 continued in what is today the stretch between Hamburg and Lübeck. This northern segment became a part of the extended Reichsstraße 75 in 1937.

Characteristics

While in the north the B 3 is straight and at times, namely between Celle and Hanover,

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.