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Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

 

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
The Tomb of the General
The Tomb of the General within the site

Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv, v
Reference 1135
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2004 (28th Session)
Capital Cities and Tombs of Goguryeo added to UNESCO in 2004

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in and around the Ji'an, Jilin, China. The spelling ‘’Koguryo’’ is archaic for Goguryeo (37 BCE – 668 CE), which was an ancient kingdom of the Korean Peninsula.

The site was designated a cultural World Heritage Site in 2004, qualifying as such under the first five of the six criteria for cultural heritage sites.[1]

The site contains the archaeological remains of three Chinese: ; pinyin: chéng; Korean pronunciation: seong (fortress-cities): Wunü Mountain City, Gungnae City and Wandu Mountain City) and forty identified tombs of Goguryeo imperial and noble families.[1]

Contents

  • Capital cities 1
  • Tombs 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Capital cities

Wunü Mountain City (hanja: 五女山城 ) was the first capital of Goguryeo. Gungnae City (hanja: 國內城 ) and Wandu Mountain City (hanja: 丸都山城 , ‘’Hwando Sanseong’') were also capitals of the Goguryeo .[1] These areas are now in China but originally were in Goguryeo territory, a non-Chinese kingdom.

Wunü Mountain City is only partly excavated. Gungnae City, within the modern city of Ji’an, played the role of a supporting capital after the main Goguryeo capital moved to Pyongyang. Wandu Mountain City contains many vestiges including a large palace and many tombs.[1]

The capital cities of the Goguryeo are an early example of mountain cities later imitated by neighbouring cultures. The system of capital cities represented by Gungnae City and Wandu Mountain City also influenced the construction of later capitals built by the Goguryeo regime.[1]

The capital cities of the Goguryeo represent a perfect blending of human creation and nature whether with the rocks or with forests and rivers.[1]

Tombs

The site includes archaeological remains of 40 tombs which were built by Goguryeo, which was founded in North China and later extended into the northern half of the Korean Peninsula.[1]

Some of the tombs have elaborate ceilings designed to roof wide spaces without columns and carry the heavy load of a stone or earth tumulus (mound) was placed above them. The paintings in the tombs, while showing artistic skills and specific style, are also an example of strong influence from various cultures.[1]

The tombs represent a masterpiece of the human creative genius in their wall paintings and structures.[1]

Since these are the tombs of the kings of Goguryeo, these tombs are widely recognized as the Heritage of Korea.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom". World Heritage Convention. UNESCO. 

External links

  • Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom in UN sit

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