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Title: Dair  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ogham letters, Ailm, Gort (letter), Fearn (letter), Luis (letter)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


  Aicme Beithe   Aicme Muine
Beith Muin
Luis Gort
Fearn nGéadal
Sail Straif
Nion Ruis
  Aicme hÚatha   Aicme Ailme
Uath Ailm
Dair Onn
Tinne Úr
Coll Eadhadh
Ceirt Iodhadh
Ifín Peith

Dair is the Irish name of the seventh letter of the Ogham alphabet, , meaning "oak", which is related to Welsh derw(en). Its Proto-Indo-European root was *deru- 'oak'. Its phonetic value is [d].[1]

Dair forms the basis of some first names in Irish Gaelic such as Daire, Dara, Darragh and Daragh.


In the medieval kennings, called Bríatharogam or Word Ogham the verses associated with Dair are:

ardam dosae - "highest tree" in the Word Ogham of Morann mic Moín

grés soír - "handicraft of a craftsman" in the Word Ogham of Mac ind Óc

slechtam soíre - "most carved of craftsmanship" in the Word Ogham of Culainn.[2]


  1. ^ McManus, Damian (1991). A Guide to Ogam. Maynooth Monographs 4. Co. Kildare, Ireland: An Sagart. p. 37.  
  2. ^ Auraicept na n-Éces Calder, George, Edinburgh, John Grant (1917), reprint Four Courts Press (1995), ISBN 1-85182-181-3

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