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David J. Lipman

David J. Lipman
David Lipman (right) with Paul Ginsparg in June 2013
Fields Bioinformatics
Computational biology
Sequence comparison methods
Comparative genomics
Molecular evolution
Institutions National Center for Biotechnology Information
Brown University
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Alma mater Brown University
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Notable students Stephen Altschul
Mark Boguski
Notable awards Accomplishment by a Senior Scientist Award
Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Website
/lipman/staff/research.gov.nih.nlm.ncbiwww
David J. Lipman

is an American biologist who since 1989 has been the Director of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Institutes of Health.[1][2] NCBI is the home of GenBank,[3] the U.S. node of the International Sequence Database Consortium, and PubMed, one of the most heavily used sites in the world for the search and retrieval of biomedical information. Lipman is one of the original authors of the BLAST sequence alignment program, and a respected figure in bioinformatics.[4][5][6]

Contents

  • Education 1
  • Career 2
  • Awards and honors 3
  • References 4

Education

Dr. Lipman received his undergraduate degree from Brown University and his M.D. in 1980 from the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York.

Career

Lipman leads an intramural research program, including groups led by Stephen Altschul (another BLAST co-author), David Landsman, Eugene Koonin[7] (a prolific author on comparative genomics), and L. Aravind.

He is most well known for his work on a series of sequence similarity algorithm, starting from the Wilbur-Lipman[8] algorithm in 1983, FASTA search[9][10] search in 1985, BLAST[11] in 1990, and Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST[12] in 1997.

Lipman also works with Dennis A. Benson and others at NCBI, contributing to the maintenance and improvement of GenBank and annually publishes a paper on their progress. The improvements include specification of data format, curation of data, integration of protein information with DNA sequences and scientific literature.[13][14][15]

He was one of the originators of the Influenza Genome Sequencing Project, a project to sequence and make available the genomes of thousands of influenza virus isolates.

He is also the Editor-in-Chief for an open access, peer-reviewed online journal Biology Direct.[16]

Awards and honors

Dr. Lipman received the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities Award for outstanding contributions to Biomolecular Technologies in 1996.

In 2004, He was awarded the Accomplishment by a Senior Scientist Award from the International Society for Computational Biology.[17]

In 2005, Dr. Lipman was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

References

  1. ^ "David J. Lipman, MD, Director, National Center for Biotechnology Information". Archived from the original on 2013-06-10. 
  2. ^ "Open Access Now | Conversation with David Lipman". Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Benson, D. A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, I.; Lipman, D. J.; Ostell, J.; Wheeler, D. L. (2007). "GenBank". Nucleic Acids Research 36 (Database issue): D25–D30.  
  4. ^ http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=david+lipman David Lipman publications in Google Scholar
  5. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
  6. ^ David J. Lipman's publications indexed by the DBLP Bibliography Server at the University of Trier
  7. ^ Tatusov, R. L.; Koonin, E. V.; Lipman, D. J. (1997). "A Genomic Perspective on Protein Families". Science 278 (5338): 631–637.  
  8. ^ Wilbur, W. J.; Lipman, D. J. (1983). "Rapid similarity searches of nucleic acid and protein data banks". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 80 (3): 726–730.  
  9. ^ Lipman, D.; Pearson, W. (1985). "Rapid and sensitive protein similarity searches". Science 227 (4693): 1435–1441.  
  10. ^ Pearson, W. R.; Lipman, D. J. (1988). "Improved tools for biological sequence comparison". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 85 (8): 2444–2448.  
  11. ^  
  12. ^  
  13. ^ Benson, D. A.; Cavanaugh, M.; Clark, K.; Karsch-Mizrachi, I.; Lipman, D. J.; Ostell, J.; Sayers, E. W. (2012). "GenBank". Nucleic Acids Research 41 (Database issue): D36–D42.  
  14. ^ Benson, D. A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, I.; Clark, K.; Lipman, D. J.; Ostell, J.; Sayers, E. W. (2011). "GenBank". Nucleic Acids Research 40 (Database issue): D48–D53.  
  15. ^ Benson, D. A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, I.; Lipman, D. J.; Ostell, J.; Sayers, E. W. (2010). "GenBank". Nucleic Acids Research 39 (Database issue): D32–D37.  
  16. ^ http://www.biology-direct.com/about/edboard Editorial Board of Biology Direct. Retrieved on 28 October 2011.
  17. ^ "ISCB Names 2004 Senior Scientist Accomplishment Award Winner, Dr. David Lipman ISCB Newsletter 7-3". Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
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