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Districts of Kosovo and Metohija

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Districts of Kosovo and Metohija

Districts (Serbian: Окрузи, Okruzi), officially called administrative districts (управни окрузи, upravni okruzi) are the administrative units of Serbia, comprising several municipalities and/or cities each. They are defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. Districts are regional centers of state authority and they do not have any form of self-government. They run affairs in the name of the Government.

There are 29 districts in Serbia (7 in Vojvodina, 8 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia and 5 in Kosovo[a]). The only part of Serbia that is not part of any district is the territory of the City of Belgrade which has a special status, very similar to that of a district. Every districts has its seat in the largest city of the district.

Term

The Slavic word okrug (округ) denotes administrative subdivision in some states. Its etymology is similar to the German Kreis, circle (in the meaning of administrative division) (although translated in German as Bezirk): okrug is literally something "encircling". In the subdivisions of Serbia, the term is translated as district, sometimes as county.

Definition

The territorial organisation of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly on 29 December 2007.[1] According to the Law, the territorial organization of the republic comprises municipalities and cities, the City of Belgrade with special status, and autonomous provinces. Districts are not mentioned in this law but are defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. They are defined as the districts as "regional centers of state authority", enacting affairs run by the relevant Ministries.

Serbia is divided into 29 districts (8 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 7 in Vojvodina and 5 in Kosovo), plus the City of Belgrade.[2] The City of Belgrade is not part of any district, but has a special status very similar to that of a district.

Districts of Kosovo

Serbian laws treat Kosovo as integral part of Serbia (Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija). The Enactment defines five districts on the territory of Kosovo.[1] But, since 1999, Kosovo is under United Nations' administration of UNMIK. In 2000, the UNMIK administration changed territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. All five districts were abolished, and seven new districts were created. Serbian government does not recognize this move, and accepts only five pre-2000 districts.

Further information: Districts of Kosovo

List of districts

Districts in Šumadija and Western Serbia

District Seat Area
in km²
Population
in 2011 (rank)
Population
per km²
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Valjevo 2,474 174,228 70.4 218
Šabac 3,268 297,778 91.1 228
Čačak 3,016 212,149 70.3 206
Jagodina 2,614 212,839 84.8 191
Kruševac 2,667 240,463 90.2 296
Kraljevo 3,918 300,102 76.6 359
Kragujevac 2,387 290,900 121.8 174
Užice 6,140 284,729 46.4 438

Districts in Southern and Eastern Serbia

District Seat Area
in km²
Population
in 2011 (rank)
Population
per km²
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Bor 3,507 123,848 35.3 90
Požarevac 3,865 180,480 46.7 189
Leskovac 2,769 215,463 77.8 336
Niš 2,729 373,404 136.8 285
Vranje 3,520 158,717 45.1 363
Pirot 2,761 92,277 33.4 214
Smederevo 1,248 198,184 158.8 58
Prokuplje 2,231 90,600 40.6 267
Zaječar 3,623 118,295 32.6 173

Districts in Vojvodina


District Seat Area
in km²
Population
in 2011 (rank)
Population
per km²
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Zrenjanin 3,256 186,851 57.4 55
Subotica 1,784 185,552 104.0 45
Kikinda 2,329 146,690 63.0 50
Novi Sad 4,016 607,835 151.3 77
Pančevo 4,245 291,327 68.6 94
Sremska Mitrovica 3,486 311,053 89.2 109
Sombor 2,420 187,581 77.5 37

Districts in Kosovo and Metohija


Five of Serbian Districts are on the territory of Kosovo, comprising 28 municipalities and 1 city. In 2000, UNMIK created 7 new districts and 30 municipalities. Serbia does not exercise sovereignty over this polity. For the UNMIK districts and the districts of Kosovo, see Districts of Kosovo. For known reasons and the whole situation on Kosovo and Metohija, it was not included in 2011 census so there is no newer information about demographics on the territory of Kosovo and Metohija.

District Seat Population
in 2002 (rank)
Municipalities and cities
Pristina 672,292
Gnjilane 217,726
Kosovska Mitrovica 275,904
Peć 414,187
Prizren 376,085

Notes and references

Notes
a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been out of United Nations member states.
References

See also

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