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Drave

Drava
Drau, Drave, Dráva
River
The Drava at Osijek, Croatia
Countries Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary
Cities Lienz, Spittal an der Drau, Villach, Ferlach, Dravograd, Vuzenica, Muta, Ruše, Maribor, Ptuj, Ormož, Varaždin, Osijek, Barcs
Source North of the Neunerkogel over the Toblacher Feld
 - location Toblach, South Tyrol, Italy
 - elevation 1,450 m (4,757 ft)
 - coordinates 43|9|N|12|15|16|E|type:river_region:IT name=

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Mouth Danube near Osijek
 - coordinates 32|38|N|18|55|31|E|type:river_region:IT name=

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Length 707 km (439 mi)
Basin 11,828 km2 (4,567 sq mi)
Map of Drava River

Drava or Drave (Hungarian: Dráva; German: Drau; Italian, Croatian and Slovene: Drava), also the Drau in Austria, is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. It sources in Toblach/Dobbiaco, Italy, and flows east through East Tirol and Carinthia in Austria, where it is known as the Drau, into Slovenia (142 km),[1] and then southeast, passing through Croatia and forming most of the border between Croatia and Hungary, before it joins the Danube near Osijek.

Overview

In the ancient times the river was called Dravus. The name is most likely Celtic or pre-Celtic in origin (see Old European hydronymy). The Drava and Spöl are the only two rivers that originate in Italy and drain into the Danube drainage basin. It is the longest river that flows in Italy, also it is the fourth largest and longest Danube tributary.[2] The Gail in Austria, the Meža and Dravinja in Slovenia, and the Bednja in Croatia from the right; the Gurk and the Lavant in Austria, and the Mur (near Legrad) in Croatia from the left are its main tributaries.

The Drava flows through Innichen/San Candido in Italy, Lienz, Spittal an der Drau, Villach, and Ferlach in Austria, Dravograd, Vuzenica, Muta, Ruše, Maribor, Ptuj, and Ormož in Slovenia, Varaždin and Osijek in Croatia, and Barcs in Hungary, being navigable for about 90 km from Čađavica in Croatia to its outfall.[1]

The hydrological parameters of Drava are regularly monitored in Croatia at Botovo, Terezino Polje, Donji Miholjac and Osijek.[3]

References

External links

  • DrauDrava - old river and new sounds
  • Condition of Drava in various locations in Slovenia:
    • Črneče by ARSO)
    • Ptuj by ARSO)
    • Borl - graphs, in the following order, of water level, flow and temperature data for the past 30 days (taken in Borl by ARSO)

Gallery

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