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Frank Sherwood Rowland

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Title: Frank Sherwood Rowland  
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Subject: University of California, Irvine School of Physical Sciences, List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina
Collection: 1927 Births, 2012 Deaths, Albert Einstein World Award of Science Laureates, American Chemists, American Nobel Laureates, Atmospheric Chemists, Deaths from Parkinson's Disease, Foreign Members of the Royal Society, Japan Prize Laureates, Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences, Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, Ohio Wesleyan University Alumni, People from Delaware, Ohio, Princeton University Faculty, University of California, Irvine Faculty, University of Chicago Alumni, University of Kansas Faculty
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Frank Sherwood Rowland

Frank Sherwood Rowland
At the inaugural World Science Summit, May 2008
Born (1927-06-28)June 28, 1927
Delaware, Ohio
Died March 10, 2012(2012-03-10) (aged 84)
Newport Beach, California
Nationality United States
Fields Chemistry
Institutions University of California, Irvine
Alma mater
Thesis The epithermal reactions of recoil atoms (1952)
Doctoral advisor Willard Libby
Known for Ozone depletion research
Notable awards
Website
.html/rowland-bio/1995/laureates/chemistry_prizes/nobel.org.nobelprizewww

Frank Sherwood Rowland (June 28, 1927 – March 10, 2012) was an American Nobel laureate and a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine. His research was on atmospheric chemistry and chemical kinetics. His best-known work was the discovery that chlorofluorocarbons contribute to ozone depletion.[3][4]

Contents

  • Education and early life 1
  • Career and research 2
  • Awards and honors 3
  • Personal life 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6
    • Bibliography 6.1
    • Archival collections 6.2
    • Other 6.3

Education and early life

Born in Delaware, Ohio, Frank Rowland received a majority of his education in public schools and, due to accelerated promotion was able to graduate high school several weeks before his 16th birthday.[5] In the summers during his high school career, Frank was entrusted to run the local weather service station. This was Rowland's first exposure to systematic experimentation and data collection. After entering Ohio Wesleyan University, Rowland was able to graduate shortly before his 18th birthday [6] and enlisted within the Navy due to people of his age being drafted. Rowland was discharged after 14 months as a non commissioned officer. After entering the University of Chicago, Rowland was assigned Willard F. Libby as a mentor and began to study radiochemistry. Rowland's thesis was about the chemical state of cyclotron-produced radioactive bromine atoms. Rowland received his B.A. from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1948. He then earned his M.S. in 1951 and his Ph.D. in 1952, both from the University of Chicago.

Career and research

Rowland held academic posts at [7] Rowland's research, first published in Nature magazine in 1974, initiated a scientific investigation of the problem. In 1978, a first ban on CFC-based aerosols in spray cans was issued in the United States. The actual production did however not stop and was soon on the old levels. It took till the 1980s to allow for a global regulation policy.

Rowland performed many measurements of the atmosphere. One experiment included collecting air samples at various cities and locations around the globe to determine CCl3F North-South mixing. By measuring the concentrations at different latitudes, Rowland was able to see that CCl3F was mixing between hemispheres quite rapidly. The same measurement was repeated 8 years later and the results showed a steady increase in CCl3F concentrations. Rowland's work also showed how the density of the ozone layer varied by season increasing in November and decreasing until April where it levels out for the summer only to increase in November. Data gained throughout successive years showed that although the pattern was consistent, the overall ozone levels were dropping. Rowland and his colleagues interacted both with the public and the political side and suggested various solutions, which allowd to step wise reduce the CFC impact. CFC emissions were regulated first within Canada, the United States, Sweden and Norway. In the 1980s, the Vienna Agreement and the Montreal Protocol allowed for global regulation.[8]

Awards and honors

Rowland won numerous awards for his work:

Personal life

Frank Rowland is the father of art historian Ingrid Rowland, and Jeff Rowland. He has two granddaughters. After suffering from a short bout of ill health, Rowland died on March 10, 2012, of complications from Parkinson's disease.[10] Upon hearing the news, renowned chemist and good friend Mario J. Molina stated: "Sherry was a prime influence throughout my career and had inspired me and many others to walk in the shadow of his greatness".[11]

References

  1. ^ a b "Fellows of the Royal Society". London:  
  2. ^ a b "Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660-2015". Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-07-15. 
  3. ^ Prather, M. J.; Blake, D. R. (2012). "F. Sherwood Rowland (1927–2012)". Nature 484 (7393): 168.  
  4. ^ Molina, M. J.; Rowland, F. S. (1974). "Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: Chlorine atom-catalysed destruction of ozone". Nature 249 (5460): 810.  
  5. ^ Nobel Lectures in Chemistry (1991-1995). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. 1997. p. 296.  
  6. ^
  7. ^ Nobel Lectures in Chemistry (1991-1995). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. 1997. p. 296.  
  8. ^ Nobel Lectures in Chemistry (1991-1995). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. 1997. p. 296.  
  9. ^ "Albert Einstein World Award of Science 1994". Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ Barringer, Felicity (March 12, 2012). "F. Sherwood Rowland, 84, Dies; Raised Alarm Over Aerosols". The New York Times. 
  11. ^ "F. Sherwood Rowland – Autobiography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 

External links

Bibliography

Technical Reports:

Archival collections

  • F. Sherwood Rowland Papers. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.

Other

  • CFCs, Ozone Depletion and Global Warming Freeview video interview with F.Sherwood Rowland provided by the Vega Science Trust.
  • Nobel Prize Biography
  • Biography and Bibliographic Resources, from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
  • UCI Nobel winner F. Sherwood 'Sherry' Rowland dies at 84 Orange County
  • Ozone layer scientist who 'saved the world' dies Guardian
  • Obituary in The Independent by Marcus Williamson
  • Andersen, Stephen O.; Conzalez, Marco (2012). "Frank Sherwood Rowland". Physics Today 65 (10). p. 70.  
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