World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Franz Seldte

Franz Seldte
Reich Minister Seldte, 1933
Reich Minister for Labour
Nazi Germany
In office
30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945
President Paul von Hindenburg (1933–1934)
Adolf Hitler
Führer
(1934–1945)
Chancellor Adolf Hitler
Preceded by Friedrich Syrup
In office
2 May – 23 May 1945
President Karl Dönitz
Chancellor Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk (Leading Minister)
Personal details
Born (1882-06-29)29 June 1882
Magdeburg, German Empire
Died 1 April 1947(1947-04-01) (aged 64)
Fürth, Allied-occupied Germany
Nationality German
Political party DNVP (1918–1933)
NSDAP (1933–1945)
Alma mater Braunschweig University of Technology
Religion Protestant

Franz Seldte (29 June 1882 – 1 April 1947) was co-founder of the German Nazi politician, and Minister for Labour of the German Reich from 1933 to 1945.[1]

Contents

  • Life 1
    • Stahlhelm 1.1
    • Hitler Cabinet 1.2
    • After the War 1.3
  • References 2
  • Bibliography 3

Life

Born in Magdeburg in the Prussian province of Saxony, Seldte was the son of an owner of a factory producing chemical products and soda water.[2] He attended the Wilhelm-Raabe-Gymnasium in Magdeburg and, after an apprenticeship as a salesman, he studied chemistry at the universities of Braunschweig and Greifswald. In 1908 he took over the business of his early deceased father.[3]

As an officer of the German Army he was wounded in World War I and lost his left arm.[4] He then became a front reporter. Awarded with the Iron Cross 2nd and 1st class,[5] he also was promoted to the rank of a Hauptmann (captain) in the 7th Reserve Division.

Stahlhelm

As a reaction to the

  • Bracher, Karl D. The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure, and Effects of National Socialism. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin, 2006.
  • Fischer, Klaus. Nazi Germany: A New History. New York: Continuum, 1995.
  • Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1889-1936, Hubris. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000.
  • Longerich, Peter. Heinrich Himmler. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Mazower, Mark. Hitler’s Empire: How the Nazis Ruled Europe. New York: Penguin, 2009.
  • Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: MJF Books, 1990, [1959].
  • Snyder, Louis L. Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. London: Robert Hale, 1976
  • Stackelberg, Roderick. The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany. New York: Routledge, 2007.
  • Taylor, James, and Warren Shaw. Dictionary of the Third Reich. New York: Penguin, 2002.
  • Wistrich, Robert S. Who's Who In Nazi Germany. New York: Routledge, 2001.
  • Zentner, Christian, and Friedemann Bedürftig, eds. The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, vol. 2 (M-Z). New York: MacMillan Publishing, 1991.

Bibliography

  1. ^ Stackelberg (2007). The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany, p. 243.
  2. ^ Stackelberg (2007). The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany, p. 243.
  3. ^ Wistrich (2001). Who's Who In Nazi Germany, p. 232.
  4. ^ Stackelberg (2007). The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany, p. 243.
  5. ^ Snyder (1976). Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, p. 320.
  6. ^ Snyder (1976). Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, p. 320.
  7. ^ Kershaw (2000). Hitler: 1889-1936, Hubris, p. 310, 356.
  8. ^ Zentner & Bedürftig, eds. The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, vol. 2, (M-Z), p. 869.
  9. ^ Longerich (2012). Heinrich Himmler, p. 144.
  10. ^ Shirer (1990). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, p. 184.
  11. ^ Bracher (1970). The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure, and Effects of National Socialism, p. 222.
  12. ^ Fischer (1995). Nazi Germany: A New History, p. 315.
  13. ^ Evans (2006). The Third Reich in Power, p. 358.
  14. ^ Mazower (2009). Hitler’s Empire: How the Nazis Ruled Europe, pp. 532–533.
  15. ^ Taylor & Shaw (2002). Dictionary of the Third Reich, p. 261.
  16. ^ Snyder (1976). Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, p. 320.
  17. ^ Franz-Seldte-Str. (ehemalig)

References

During the time of Nazi Germany, streets were named after him in several German cities, among them his hometown Magdeburg and Leverkusen.[17]

Seldte was captured and arrested in Mondorf-les-Bains at the end of the war. During the Nuremberg trials, Seldt tried to exonerate himself by claiming that he had stood against the dictatorship of Hitler and that he advocated for a two-chamber system of parliamentary governance.[15] His story was not convincing. Seldte died in a US military hospital in April 1947 at Fürth, before the Nuremberg Tribunal had the chance to formally arraign him on charges.[16]

After the War

Throughout his tenure as chief of the Labor Ministry, Seldte never enjoyed the full support of Hitler, who did not think he was worth much. As a result, members of the Nazi hierarchy began encroaching on his areas of responsibility and Seldte was marginalized accordingly.[12] For instance, Hermann Goering’s Four Year Plan which he began to implement in late 1936, ran roughshod over Seldte's Labor Ministry altogether.[13] Seldte, without substantial power, remained Reich Minister for Labour until the end of World War II and was also a member of the Prussian government under Minister president Hermann Göring as State Labour Minister. Even after Hitler’s suicide and the nomination of Grand-Admiral Dönitz as his successor, Seldte kept his post, being accordingly named Labour Minister.[14]

On 27 April 1933 Seldte finally joined the Nazi Party and merged the Stahlhelm into Ernst Röhm's Sturmabteilung (SA) militia – de facto placing it at the disposal of Hitler.[11] In August 1933, he was awarded the rank of SA-Obergruppenführer and later was appointed Reichskommissar for the Freiwilliger Arbeitsdienst employment program, but was soon superseded by his state secretary Konstantin Hierl as leader of the Reichsarbeitsdienst organization. In March 1934 Seldte was made the leader of the German League of Front Fighters, a successor organization of the Stahlhem, which however was soon disbanded. In 1935 he requested to be released from official responsibilities, but Hitler refused.

During the negotiations for the Chancellorship of Germany between Franz von Papen and Hitler in mid-January 1933, Seldte threw his vote and the Stahlhelm behind Hitler, after which, Papen acquiesced to Hitler’s demands.[9] On the day of the Machtergreifung on 30 January 1933, Seldte joined the Hitler Cabinet as Reich Minister for Labour,[10] once again outdoing his long-time rival Duesterberg. In the run-up to the elections of March 1933 the Stahlhelm together with Hugenberg's national conservative German National People's Party (DNVP) attempted to make the Kampffront Schwarz-Weiß-Rot ("Black White Red Combat Front") into the dominant political camp on the right, but ultimately failed as it only gained 8.0% of the votes cast. Nevertheless Seldte obtained a seat in the Reichstag parliament as a DNVP "guest".

Hitler Cabinet

During the later years of the Alfred Hugenberg, the Pan-German League and the Nazi Party to initiate a German referendum against the Young Plan on World War I reparations.[7] The common goal was to denounce the Chancellor Hermann Müller and his ministers as traitors to their country, nevertheless the plebiscite failed to reach the quorum. In 1931 Seldte helped create the short-lived Harzburg Front,[8] a right-wing alliance against the government of Müller's successor Heinrich Brüning.

Seldte (r.) with Hugenberg and the Berlin Stahlhelm leader von Stephani at a rally against the Young-Plan, Berlin Sportpalast, 1929

Seldte became a member of the national conservative German National People's Party (DNVP) and was a member of the Magdeburg city council (Stadtrat).

. Theodor Duesterberg from 1923 onwards, he had to cope with the constant rivalry of his deputy leader, the militant Stahlhelm While he took charge of the [6]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.