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Ganganath Jha

Ganganath Jha
Born December 25, 1872
Sarisav&Pahi(Pahi tol), Madhubani
Died November 9, 1941
Allahabad, India
Occupation Sanskrit scholar
Spouse(s) Rukmini Devi

Sir Gaṅgānāth Jhā (25 December 1872 – 9 November 1941) was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian Philosophy and Buddhist Philosophy. He was also a paṇḍit of Nyāya-Śāstra.

Early life

Jha was born in a Brahmin family of the Sarisab Pahi,village of Madhubani district. He was first taught using the Persian script then, when his family moved to Benares when he was aged seven, he learned Sanskrit. In 1880, he returned to his relatives in Darbhanga and was admitted to an English medium school. After completing his school education, in 1886, he returned to Benares for further studies and was admitted to the Government Sanskrit College there. He gained his Master of Arts degree with first rank in 1892.


At the age of 24, he was appointed a librarian of Darbhanga state by its Maharaja. In 1902, he was appointed a Professor of Sanskrit at Muir College in Prayag, which he left in 1918 to become the first Indian principal of the Government Sanskrit College in Benares. Between 1920-1923 he served as a member of the Council of State in the Central British Government of India.[1][full citation needed]

He was vice-chancellor of University of Allahabad (Prayag University) during 1923-32. University of Allahabad established the Ganganath Jha Hostel in his honor.[2][3][4]

Honor and awards

  • D. Litt, 1900
  • Mahāmahopādhyāya, 1901
  • Member, Council of State (1920–1923)
  • Campbell Medal, Royal Asiatic Society, London
  • Honorary Member, Royal Asiatic Society, London
  • Knighthood (Sir), Central British Government

Literary work

Jha wroten numerous books and translated many Sanskrit books into English.[5][page needed][6][page needed]

Books authored

  • The Prabhakar school of Purva-Mimansa, Allahabad University, 1911.
  • Kavi Rahasya, Hindustan Academy Press, Prayag.
  • Nyaya Prakash, Nagari Pracharini Sabha, Benares, 1920.
  • Vaisveshik Darsha, Nagari Pracharini Sabha, Benares, 1921.
  • The Philosophical Discipline, Calcutta University, 1928.
  • Sources of Hindu law, Idian Press, Allahabad, 1930.
  • Hindu Vidhi Ka Srota, Patna University, 1931.
  • Shankar Vedant, Allahabad University, 1939.
  • Purva-Mimansa in its sources, Banaras Hindu University, 1942.
  • Yoga Darshana, Theosophical Society, Madras.

Books translated

  • Chandogyopanishad, G.A. Nelson & Co., Madras, 1899.
  • Yoga-Darsana, Theosophical Publication, Bombay, 1907.
  • Gautam ka Nyaya Sutra, Oriental Book Agency, Poona, 1913.
  • The Purva-Mimansa Sastra of Gemini, Pāṇini office, Allahabad, 1916.
  • Sloka Vartika, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 1924.
  • Tantra-Bhasa, Oriental Book Agency, Poona, 1925.
  • ‘’’Manusmriti,’’’, in five Volumes, Calcutta University, 1920-1926.
  • Yoga Sar Sangrah, Oriental Book Agency, Poona, 1931.
  • Tatva Sangrham, (in two Volumes), Baroda Oriental Institute, Baorda, 1936.
  • Shabarbhasya, (in three Voumes), Baroda Oriental Institute, Baorda, 1939.

Books edited

  • Memansa Nyaya Prakash, 1904.
  • Gautam Ka Nyayasutra, Oriental Book Agency, Poona, 1931.
  • Nyayadarshana, Coukhamba Sanskrit Series, Benares, 1925.
  • Jyant Bhatt ki Nyayakalika, Sanskrit Bhavan Texts, Benares, 1925.
  • Mimansa Paribhasha, Medical Hall Press, Benares, 1905.
  • Bhavana Vivek, Govt. Press, Allahabad, 1922.
  • Mimansa Mandan, Coukhamba Sanskrit Series, Benares, 1929.
  • Manusmriti, Asiatic Society, Bengal.
  • Tantra Ratna, Sanskrit Bhavan Texts, Benares, 1930.
  • Vad vinod, Indian Press, Allahabad, 1915.
  • Khandan Khanda Khadya, Coukhamba Sanskrit Series, Benares, 1914.
  • Purush Pariksha, Veledeiyer, Allahabad, 1911.
  • Kadambari, Sanskrit Bhavan Texts, Benares.
  • Prasanna Raghav Natan, Sanskrit Bhavan Texts, Benares.
  • Meghdootam, Sanskrit Bhavan Texts, Benares.


Famous Children

  • Dr. Amarnath Jha.He is known for his excellent academic and teaching career.Being topper of Allahabad University,he even served as a chancellor for the university.
  • Dr. Aditya Nath Jha.Aditya Nath Jha being an eminent scholar Cracked Indian Civil Services Exam with top rank during British Government Reign,When even cracking such Exam was very precious.He also served as a Director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration.

Ganganath Jha Research Institute

In 1945, after his death, his five sons established the Ganganath Jha Research Institute in Allahabad. The institute publishes books and journals on oriental studies, as well as producing a journal. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan (Ganganatha Jha Campus), formerly known as Ganganath Jha Research Institute (from 1943-1971) and Ganganatha Jha Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth (from 1971-2002 under the Ministry of HRD, Government of India) was founded on November 17, 1943 with a view to perpetuate the name and works of M. M. Dr. Sir Ganganatha Jha (b. 1871 & d.1941), a renowned International figure of Orientology and Indology.[7]


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