World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Jonah ibn Janah

Jonah ibn Janah, also known as Abu al-Walīd Marwān ibn Janāh, (c. 990 – c. 1050), was a Hebrew grammarian and lexicographer of the Middle Ages.

Biography

He was born in Córdoba, Spain, and studied in Lucena after leaving his native city in 1012. After wandering the Iberian Peninsula, he finally settled in Saragossa.

He was trained as a physician and is mentioned elsewhere as the author of a medical text, but seems to have found his true calling in the investigation of the Hebrew language and in rabbinical literature scriptural exegesis. Although he wrote no actual commentary on the Hebrew Bible, his philological works exercised the greatest influence on Judaic exegesis and form the basis of many modern interpretations. His work is considered to have laid the foundations for scholarly Biblical exegesis Harv Glatzer 1964.

Jona's first work, al Mustalha Complement, is a critique and expansion of the work of Judah ben David Hayyuj, the founder of systematic Hebrew grammar studies. He is best known for the Kitab al-Anqih ("Book of Exact Investigation"), which is divided into two parts the Kitab al-luma ("Book of the Many Coloured Flower Beds") and the Kitab al usul Book of the Roots. The first focuses on the grammar of Hebrew, the second its lexicon. Rabbi Jonah's last work, his Kitab al Tashwir Book of Refutation, is largely lost.

He was a contemporary of Solomon ibn Gabirol and Bahya ibn Paquda

As with most Spanish Jews of the time, his works were written in Arabic.

He died at Zaragoza around 1050.

See also

References

  • W. Bacher, Leben und Werke des Abulwalid Merwan ibn Ganach, (Leipzig, 1885)
  • "Ibn Janah." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.
  • Ibn Janah, Abu al-Walid Merwan, Jewish Encyclopedia, 1901–06


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.