World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Judo technique

Article Id: WHEBN0027868682
Reproduction Date:

Title: Judo technique  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Outline of martial arts, Rear naked choke, Throw (grappling), North–south position, Seoi nage, Kata guruma, Sasae tsurikomi ashi, Uki goshi, Osotogari, Ōuchi gari
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Judo technique

This page is a list of judo techniques. There are a variety of techniques recognized by Kodokan (講道館) judo (柔道) and other budō (武道). Below is a partial list, organized by technique type and alphabetically within type.

Nage-waza (投げ技): throwing techniques


Te-waza (手技): hand throwing techniques

  1. Ippon seoinage (本背負い投げ, or 本背負投): One arm shoulder throw
  2. Kata guruma (肩車): Shoulder wheel
  3. Kibisu gaeshi (踵返): One-hand reversal
  4. Morote gari (双手刈): Two-hand reap
  5. Obi otoshi (帯落): Belt drop
  6. Seoi nage (背負い投げ, or 背負投): Lifting shoulder throw or back carry throw
  7. Seoi otoshi (背負落): Kneeling shoulder drop
  8. Sukui nage (掬投): Scoop throw
  9. Sumi otoshi (隅落): Corner drop
  10. Tai otoshi (體落): Body drop
  11. Uchi mata sukashi (内股透): Inner thigh void throw
  12. Uki otoshi (浮落): Floating drop
  13. Yama arashi (山嵐): Mountain storm
  14. Kouchi gaeshi (小内返): Small inner reap reversal
Unrecognized technique
  1. Te Guruma (手車)

Koshi-waza (腰技): hip throwing techniques

  1. Daki age (抱上): Hugging high lift. (Forbidden in competition.)
  2. Hane goshi (跳腰): Spring hip throw
  3. Harai goshi (払腰): Sweeping hip throw
  4. Koshi guruma (腰車): Hip wheel
  5. O goshi (大腰): Full hip throw
  6. Sode tsurikomi goshi (袖釣込腰): Sleeve lifting and pulling hip throw
  7. Tsuri goshi (釣腰): Lifting hip throw
  8. Tsurikomi goshi (釣込腰): Lifting and pulling hip throw
  9. Uki goshi (浮腰): Floating half-hip throw
  10. Ushiro goshi (後腰): Rear throw
  11. Utsuri goshi (移腰): Hip shift
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Tobi goshi (飛腰): Flying/surfing hip throw
  2. Ushiro Guruma(後車): Rear wheel

Ashi-waza (足技): foot throwing techniques

  1. Ashi guruma (足車): Leg wheel
  2. De Ashi Barai (出足払): Advanced foot sweep
  3. Hane goshi gaeshi (跳腰返): Hip spring counter
  4. Harai goshi gaeshi (払腰返): Hip sweep counter
  5. Harai tsurikomi ashi (払釣込足): Lift-pull foot sweep
  6. Hiza guruma (膝車): Knee wheel
  7. Kosoto gake (小外掛): Small outer hook
  8. Kosoto gari (小外刈): Small outer reap
  9. Kouchi gari (小内刈): Small inner reap
  10. O guruma (大車): Large wheel
  11. Okuri Ashi Barai (送足払): Sliding foot sweep
  12. Osoto gaeshi (大外返): Big outer reap counter
  13. Osoto gari (大外刈): Big outer reap
  14. Osoto guruma (大外車): Big outer wheel
  15. Osoto otoshi (大外落): Big outer drop
  16. Ouchi gaeshi (大内返): Big inner reap counter
  17. Ouchi gari (大内刈): Big inner reap
  18. Sasae tsurikomi ashi (支釣込足): Propping and drawing ankle throw
  19. Tsubame gaeshi (燕返): Swallow counter
  20. Uchi mata (内股): Inner-thigh
  21. Uchi mata gaeshi (内股返): Inner-thigh counter

Sutemi-waza (捨身技): sacrifice techniques

Ma-sutemi (真捨身技): forward sacrifice projections

  1. Hikikomi gaeshi (引込返): Pulling in reversal
  2. Sumi gaeshi (隅返): Corner reversal
  3. Tawara gaeshi (俵返): Rice bag reversal throw
  4. Tomoe nage (巴投): Circle throw
  5. Ura nage (裏投): Rear throw

Yoko-sutemi (橫捨身技): side sacrifice projections

  1. Daki wakare (抱分): High separation
  2. Hane makikomi (跳巻込): Springing wraparound
  3. Harai makikomi (払巻込): Hip sweep wraparound
  4. Kani basami (蟹挟): Crab or scissors throw. (Forbidden in competition.)
  5. Kawazu gake (河津掛): One-leg entanglement. (Forbidden in competition.)
  6. Osoto makikomi (大外巻込): Big outer wraparound
  7. Soto makikomi (外巻込): Outer wraparound
  8. Tani otoshi (谷落): Valley drop
  9. Uchi makikomi (内巻込): Inner wraparound
  10. Uchi mata makikomi (内股巻込): Inner thigh wraparound
  11. Uki waza (浮技): Floating drop
  12. Yoko gake (横掛): Side prop
  13. Yoko guruma (横車): Side wheel
  14. Yoko otoshi (横落): Side drop
  15. Yoko wakare (横分): Side separation
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Tama guruma (彈車):Jade wheel
  2. Ude gaeshi (腕返): Arm reversal
  3. Yoko Tomoe Nage (横巴投): Side circle throw

Katame-waza: grappling techniques

Turtle turnovers

  1. Daki Wakare
Unrecognized techniques

Guard sweeps:

  1. Elevator Sweep
  2. Push Sweep

Guard passes:

  1. Near knee guard pass
  2. Simple guard pass
  3. Stacking guard pass

Turtle turnovers:

  1. Turtle Flip Over
  2. Ura-gatame (裹固)

Back mount:

  1. Back Mount Escape
  2. Foot lock counter to rear-mounted position

Osaekomi-waza (押込技): pins or matholds

  1. Kami-shiho-gatame (上四方固): Upper four quarter hold down
  2. Kata-gatame (肩固): Shoulder hold
  3. Kesa-gatame (袈裟固): Scarf hold
  4. Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame (崩上四方固): Broken upper four quarter hold down
  5. Kuzure-kesa-gatame (崩袈裟固): Broken scarf hold
  6. Tate-shiho-gatame (縦四方固): Vertical four quarter hold
  7. Yoko-shiho-gatame (横四方固): Side four quarter hold
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Uki-gatame (浮固): Floating hold
  2. Ura-gatame (裹固)
  3. Ura-kesa-gatame (裹袈裟固)
  4. Ushiro-kesa-gatame (後袈裟固): Reverse Scarf Hold. The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as kuzure-kesa-gatame.[1]
  5. Sangaku-Gatame : Triangular Hold (三角固)

Shime-waza (絞技): chokes or strangles

  1. Do-jime (胴絞): Trunk strangle. Do-jime is a prohibited technique in Judo,[1] and is considered a 'slight infringement' according to IJF rules, Section 27: Prohibited acts and penalties, article 21[2]
  2. Gyaku Jūji-jime (逆十字絞): Reverse cross strangle
  3. Hadaka-jime (裸絞): Naked strangle
  4. Kata-ha-jime (片羽絞): Single wing strangle
  5. Kata-juji-jime (片十字絞): Half cross strangle
  6. Kata-te-jime (片手絞): One-hand strangle
  7. Nami-juji-jime (並十字絞): Normal cross strangle
  8. Okuri-eri-jime (送襟絞): Sliding lapel strangle
  9. Ryo-te-jime (両手絞): Two-hand strangle
  10. Sankaku-jime (三角絞): Triangular strangle, triangle choke
  11. Sode-guruma-jime (袖車絞): Sleeve wheel strangle (Eziquiel/Ezekiel choke)
  12. Tsukkomi-jime (突込絞): Thrust choke
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Jigoku-jime (地獄絞): Hell strangle[3]
  2. Ura-juji-jime (裹十字絞)

Kansetsu-waza (関節技): joint locks

  1. Ashi-garami (足絡): Leg entanglement. (Forbidden in competition.)
  2. Ude-garami (腕絡): Arm entanglement or "figure-four" key lock
  3. Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame (腕挫足固): Side-lying arm bar
  4. Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame (腕挫腹固): Side-extended arm bar, lower stomach against opponent's elbow.
  5. Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame (腕挫膝固): Knee arm bar.
  6. Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame (腕挫十字固): Back-lying perpendicular arm bar.
  7. Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame (腕挫三角固): Triangular strangle, using the legs.
  8. Ude-hishigi-te-gatame (腕挫手固):
  9. Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame (腕挫腕固):
  10. Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame (腕挫腋固):
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Ashi-Dori-Garame: Entangled leg dislocation
  2. Hiza-Hishigi: Knee crush
  3. Ashi-hishigi (足挫): Straight ankle lock
  4. Sankaku-garami (三角絡): Triangular entanglement[4][5][6]

Atemi-waza (当て身技): body-striking techniques

Although taught within kata (型 or 形) and sometimes used within informal randori (乱取), striking techniques are forbidden in standard judo competitions.

Ashi-ate-waza: leg striking techniques

  1. Mae-ate: Front knee
  2. Mae-geri: Front kick
  3. Naname-geri: Roundhouse Kick
  4. Taka-geri: High front kick
  5. Ushiro-geri: Backward kick
  6. Yoko-geri: Side kick

Ude-Ate-waza: arm striking techniques

  1. Empi-uchi: Elbow blow
  2. Kami-ate: Upward blow
  3. Kirioroshi: Downward knife hand blow
  4. Naname-ate: Front crossing blow
  5. Naname-uchi: Slanting knife hand blow
  6. Ryogan-tsuki: throat strike - Strike both eyes with fingertips
  7. Shimo-tsuki: Downward blow
  8. Tsukiage: Uppercut
  9. Tsukidashi: Stomach punch with fingertips
  10. Tsukkake: Straight punch
  11. Uchioroshi: Downward strike
  12. Ushiro-ate: Rear elbow strike
  13. Ushiro-sumi-tsuki: Rear corner blow
  14. Ushiro-tsuki: Rear blow
  15. Ushiro-uchi: Rear blow
  16. Yoko-ate: Side blow
  17. Yoko-uchi: Side blow

Uke-waza (blocks and parries)

  1. Tenkan: Outside turning

Ukemi (receiving techniques or breakfall techniques)

  1. Zempo Kaiten: Forward roll
  2. Mae ukemi: Forward breakfall
  3. Ushiro ukemi: Backward breakfall
  4. Yoko ukemi: Sideways breakfall

See also

Footnotes

Sources

  • Ohlenkamp, Neil (2006) ISBN 0-07-147534-6.
  • Ohlenkamp, Neil. The 67 Throws of Kodokan Judo. JudoInfo.com. URL last accessed March 6, 2006.
  • Sources of [4]
  • The Kodokan Judo Institute. Kodokan.Org classification of techniques. www.kodokan.org. URL last accessed March 4, 2006.

External links

  • Techniques of Judo
  • JudoVideo—Reference for the Kodokan judo techniques
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.