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Kosmos 14

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Kosmos 14

Kosmos 14 (Russian: Космос 14 meaning Cosmos 14), also known as Omega No.1, was a satellite which was launched by the Soviet Union in 1963. It was an Omega satellite, derived from the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik series. It was a 200-kilogram (440 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used by VNIIEM to conduct experiments with the use of gyroscopes to control spacecraft.[2]

Kosmos 14 was launched from pad 2 of the Mayak Launch Complex at Kapustin Yar, aboard a Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket.[3] The launch occurred at 11:00:00 UTC on 13 April 1963, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into a low Earth orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1963-010A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 00567.

Kosmos 14 was the first of two Omega satellites to be launched,[2] the other being Kosmos 23.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 262 kilometres (163 mi), an apogee of 444 kilometres (276 mi), 48.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.6 minutes.[7] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 29 August 1963.[7]

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