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Kosmos 314

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Kosmos 314

Kosmos 314
Mission type ABM radar target
COSPAR ID 1969-106A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-P1-Yu
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 325 kilograms (717 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 11 December 1969, 12:58:59 (1969-12-11T12:58:59Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63SM
Launch site Plesetsk 133/1
End of mission
Decay date Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 263 kilometres (163 mi)
Apogee 426 kilometres (265 mi)
Inclination 71 degrees
Period 91.4 minutes

Kosmos 314 (Russian: Космос 314 meaning Cosmos 314), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.30, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1969 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (717 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.[1]

Launch

Kosmos 314 was launched from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome,[2] atop a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. The launch occurred on 11 December 1969 at 12:58:59 UTC, and resulted in the successful deployment of Kosmos 314 into low Earth orbit.[3] Upon reaching orbit, it was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1969-106A.

Kosmos 314 was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 263 kilometres (163 mi), an apogee of 426 kilometres (265 mi), 71 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.4 minutes.[1][4] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 22 March 1970.[4] It was the twenty-eighth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the twenty-sixth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5]


See also


References

  1. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
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