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Kosmos 36

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Kosmos 36

Kosmos 36 (Russian: Космос 36 meaning Cosmos 36), also known as DS-P1-Yu #1 was a satellite which was used as a radar calibration target, for tests of anti-ballistic missiles.[1] It was launched by the Soviet Union in 1964 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme.[2] It was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau.

Kosmos 36 was launched using a Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket,[3] which flew from pad 2 of the Mayak Launch Complex at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 03:36 UTC on 30 July 1964.[4]

After separating from its carrier rocket, Kosmos 36 was in a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 253 kilometres (157 mi), an apogee of 476 kilometres (296 mi), 49.0 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.83 minutes.[2][5] It decayed from orbit on 28 February 1965.[5] Kosmos 36 was the first of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[2] of which all but seven were successful.[1] The next launch of a DS-P1-Yu satellite, on 12 February 1965, failed due to a second stage malfunction.

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