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Lonar

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Lonar

Lonar
लोणार
city
Lonar crater
Lonar crater
Lonar is located in Maharashtra
Lonar
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Buldana
Elevation 563 m (1,847 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 20,082
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Lonar is a World famous place for the Salt water lake of size of 1.8 km diameter, created by the impact of meteor some 50000 years ago. Lonar town gets its name from this lake. This is a municipal council in Buldhana district of the division of Buldhana of the region of Vidarbha in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a taluka of the district of Buldhana and is located near Mehkar. It is known for Lonar crater and Lonar Lake, which is located at . This such an important place doesn't get the due recognition & due numbers of visitors, due to sheer negligence. There is a 12 inch sweet water stream, which got into surface after this impact, keeps pouring the water into lake. Lake still remains as sultry as Sea water.

Lonar is situated around 360 Km from Nagpur, around 100kms from Buldhana, around 100kms from Akola, 550 km from Mumbai, around 160 km from Aurangabad and around 140 km southeast of the Ajanta Caves, about 4½ hours drive via Buldhana.[1]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Transportation 3
  • Notable features 4
  • References 5

Geography

Lonar is located at .[2] It has an average elevation of 563 metres (1847 feet). Lonar Lake is a saltwater lake at Lonar in Buldana district, Maharashtra, India, which was created by a meteor hitting the Earth during the Pleistocene Epoch.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Lonar had a population of 20,082. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Lonar has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 58%. In Lonar, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transportation

The nearest train station is Shegaon, Buldana near Khamgaon. Malkapur near Bhusawal railway-junction, on the Mumbai - Bhusawal - Nagpur route of Central Railway of Indian Rail and is around 100 km from Lonar. Buses also run to Lonar from Nagpur, Akola, Buldhana, Malkapur and Jalna.

If travelling from Nagpur, take a bus till Mehkar near Washim & then head to Lonar, from Mumbai or Pune, the most convenient route is to first reach Aurangabad via bus (Mumbai and Pune) or train/flight (from Mumbai only) and then take a state transport bus to Lonar. From Pune, air-conditioned and regular buses run every hour from the Shivajinagar bus stand.

Notable features

The Lonar crater is the world's only salt water lake in basaltic rock, believed to have been caused by a meteorite hitting Earth around 52,000 years[4] ago. It is surrounded by forests with a large variety of birds, particularly peacocks, owls, red-wattled lapwings and ducks.

Side profile of the Daitya Sudan temple

The Daitya Sudan temple is carved in a style similar to Khajurao temples. It has an idol that is composed of a stone-like ore with a high metal content.

Panoramic view of Lonar Crater
Forest area around Lonar Crater

References

  1. ^ http://www.theindia.info/travel/lonarcrater.htm
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Lonar
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ Active methylotrophs in the sediments of Lonar Lake, a saline and alkaline ecosystem formed by meteor impact. The ISME Journal advance online publication, 17 June 2010
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