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Meliaceae

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Title: Meliaceae  
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Subject: List of culinary fruits, Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Burseraceae, Azadirachta indica, Carapa
Collection: Meliaceae, Rosid Families
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Meliaceae

Mahogany family
Melia azedarach in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Juss.[1]
Genera

See text.

Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly trees and shrubs (and a few herbaceous plants, mangroves) in the order Sapindales.

They are characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules, and by syncarpous,[2] apparently bisexual (but actually mostly cryptically unisexual) flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. Most species are evergreen, but some are deciduous, either in the dry season or in winter.

The family includes about 50 genera and 550 species, with a pantropical distribution; one genus (Toona) extends north into temperate China and south into southeast Australia, and another (Melia) nearly as far north.

Fruits of Chisocheton paniculatus in Pakke Tiger Reserve

Contents

  • Uses 1
  • Genera 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Uses

Various species are used for vegetable oil, soap-making, insecticides, and highly prized wood (mahogany).

Some economically important species belong to this family:

Genera

Chinese Rice Flower (Aglaia odorata)

Notes

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121.  
  2. ^ Of a gynoecium, made up of united carpels

References

  • Pennington, T.D. & Styles, B.T. (1975): A generic monograph of the Meliaceae. Blumea 22: 419-540.

External links

  • Meliaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants.
  • Project Meliaceae
  • For reference about the Malaysian species visit: http:/s.google.com/malaysianedibleflora
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