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Muhammad Ghawth

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Muhammad Ghawth

See Ghaus Mohammad for the tennis player who reached the Wimbledon quarterfinals in 1939

Muhammad Ghawth (Ghouse,[1] Ghaus or Gwath[2][3]) Gwaliyari was a 16th-century Sufi master of the Shattari order and Sufi saint, a musician,[4] and the author of Jawahir-i Khams (Arabic: al-Jawahir al-Khams, meaning the Five Jewels).

Biography

Muhammad Ghawth Gwaliyari was a son of Sayyid Hazir al-Din (misspelled Khatir al-Din) Bayazid, son of Khawajah Farid al-Attar, son of Sima Wasil, son of Ahmad al-Sadiq, son of Najibuddin Taqiyuddin, son of Nur Allah Abu Bakr al-Ajli, son of Isma'il ibn Jafar, son of Ja'far al-Sadiq, son of Muhammad al-Baqir, son of Zayn al-Abidin, son of Husain ibn Ali, son of Ali ibn Abi Talib.

He was born probably in 906 AH (1500 CE)

In the preface of al-Jawahir al-Khams, he states that he wrote the book when he was 25 years old. In 956 A.H. (1549 CE) he travelled to Gujarat, when he was 50 years old.

Among Ghawth's disciples is Fazl Allah Shattari (also known as Shah Fazl Shattari),[5] who wrote a biography[6] or monograph[7] in praise of his teacher.[7] Gwawth taught the Mughal Emperor Humayun,[8][9] and was also a tutor of the Mughal Emperor Akbar's favorite musician, Tansen. It is uncertain whether Tansen was tutored in Sufism, in music or in both, but Tansen was familiar with Sufism.[4] Badusha, Abdul Qadir, Shahul Hamid Meeran sahib Ganjasavoy Ganja bakhsh Ganja makhfi of nagore Tamil Nadu is also one his important disciple. Muhammad Ghawth died in 1562 CE.[9] Ghawth's tomb, in Gwalior (a city in Madhya Pradesh in India), which was built in his honour by Akbar,[9] is a well-known tourist attraction and regarded as an excellent example of Mughal Architecture. Tansen was buried in Ghawth's tomb complex.[4]

Works


  • Jawahir-i-Khamsa (The five jewels) which was later translated to Arabic, al-Jawahir al-Khams, by the Mecca-based Shattari teacher Sibghat Allah (d. 1606 CE).
  • Bahr al-Hayat (The Ocean of Life), his translation of Hawd al-Hayat (The Pool of Life), an Arabic translation of Amrtakunda, a book on Yoga, written in Sanskrit.

Notes

See also

Further reading

  • Sufism and Yoga according to Muhammad Ghawth

External links

  • Silsila e Shuttariya
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