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Naugatuck River

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Title: Naugatuck River  
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Subject: Housatonic River, Jericho Trail, Naugatuck River Valley, Naugatuck Trail, Ansonia, Connecticut
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Naugatuck River

Naugatuck River (Neggutuck[1])
Great River,[2] Nawcatuck[1]
stream
Naugatuck River in Oakville from Whitestone Cliffs Trail road walk over Frost Bridge - CT Route 262
Country United States
State Connecticut
Region Litchfield County and New Haven County
Tributaries
 - left East Branch Naugatuck River, Bladens River
 - right West Branch Naugatuck River, Little River
Cities Torrington, Litchfield, Harwinton, Thomaston, Watertown, Waterbury, Naugatuck, Beacon Falls, Seymour, Ansonia, Derby
Source
 - location Confluence of West and East Branches Naugatuck River in Torrington, Connecticut
 - elevation 526 ft (160 m) [3]
 - coordinates  [4]
Mouth Confluence with Housatonic River
 - location Derby, Connecticut
 - elevation 3 ft (1 m) [4]
 - coordinates  [4]

The Naugatuck River is a 40.2-mile-long (64.7 km)[3] river in the US state of Connecticut. It carves out the Naugatuck River Valley. Its waters flow from north to south through western Connecticut to the Housatonic River at Derby, Connecticut and thence 11 miles (18 km) to Long Island Sound. The Plume and Atwood Dam in Thomaston, completed in 1960 following the Great Flood of 1955, creates a reservoir on the river and is the last barrier to salmon and trout migrating up from the sea.[5]

History

Various Algonquian bands originally inhabited the Naugatuck River Valley, and were often included in the Wappinger tribe. The name "Naugatuck" comes from the Algonquian word for "lone tree by the fishing place".[2][6] The valley was later settled in the 17th century by English colonists. Given its rocky soil, which was not good for farming, and the high potential for water power, the Naugatuck Valley became an industrialized area in the 19th century. It has been associated with the brass and copper industries.

Watershed and Course

After winding through rural forested areas, the two branches of the Naugatuck River enter downtown Torrington and join just north of East Albert Street at about 530 feet (160 m) above sea level.[7] The East Branch of the Naugatuck River is 11.4 miles (18.3 km) long[3] and originates in Winchester as a tributary of Lake Winchester at an elevation of about 1,250 feet (380 m).[8] The West Branch, 5.9 miles (9.5 km) long,[3] begins at the confluence of Jakes Brook, Hart and Hall Meadow brooks in the western part of Torrington, at an elevation of 800 feet (240 m).[9]

From this point on, the Naugatuck River has been followed by early paths and rodeways, through the time of development of Connecticut Route 8. The river enters a forested, hilly area between Connecticut Route 118 and Thomaston. The largely industrialized cities of the Naugatuck River Valley were developed on each side of the river, with periodic sections of forested areas, before it enters the Housatonic River at Derby, at about 3 feet (0.91 m) above sea level.[4]

Ecology and Conservation

Historically, the Naugatuck River, as part of the Housatonic River watershed, hosted the southernmost Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) migrations.[10] Historic runs of anadromous fish also included native American shad (Alosa sapidissima, Connecticut's state fish), alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus), and blueback herring (Alosa aestivalis). Dam construction for hydropower, cooling and rinse water, and boiler water for industry began circa 1763 and continued during the industrial revolution of the 1800s. These dams and the wastewater from the towns that grew up around the factory towns on the river extirpated many species of fish on the river. Over time and with the closing of many of the factories, the dams no longer provide hydropower or serve any other economic purpose. The Anaconda Dam (Waterbury), Freight Street Dam (Waterbury), Union City Dam (Naugatuck) and the Platts Mill Dam (Naugatuck) were removed in 1999, the Kinneytown Dam was bypassed with a fish ladder in 1999, and the Chase Brass Dam, between Waterbury and Thomaston, was removed in 2004.[5] A fish bypass channel, the first of its kind in New England, now permits fish to migrate past the Tingue Dam and opens an additional 32 miles (51 km) of the river to anadromous fish migration.[11] The installation of the fish bypass on the Tingue Dam in Seymour leaves only the Plume and Atwood Dam in Thomaston as the last barrier on the river to fish migration.[5]

The State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) stocks surplus Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) from the Connecticut River restoration effort in the Naugatuck River each fall.[12] DEEP also stocks several salmonid species including native brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), and non-native sea-run brown trout (Salmo trutta), and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

Recreation and Activities

Naugatuckriver.net has additional information about environmental and Naugatuck River-related events occurring in the Valley. It tells where visitors can access the Naugatuck River to paddle, fish, bird watch and hike, including maps of the river. In addition, the website tells the latest news about projects and activities underway in all eleven towns along the Naugatuck River. Articles, videos and photos are embedded throughout the website. For example, there are videos and images of Naugatuck River wildlife and the Tingue Dam Bypass.

The Naugatuck River is a popular destination for fishing in northwestern Connecticut, though not on the same scale as the Farmington or Housatonic rivers. The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection stocks the river with broodstock Atlantic Salmon between Route 118 in Harwinton/Litchfield and the Thomaston Dam, and from southern Naugatuck to Beacon Falls.[13] The Naugatuck has a trout management area between Route 118 and the Thomaston Dam. It is considered a "trophy trout stream" the rest of its length between the confluence of the East and West Branches and the Kinneytown Dam in Seymour.[14]

Two crossings of the river are:

  • Reynolds Bridge, an open-spandrel concrete arch bridge which brings Waterbury Road over the river, in Thomaston (at ). It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • A bridge carries Frost Bridge Road over the river, in the first crossing to the south of the Reynolds Bridge.

References

External links

  • Naugatuck River Watershed Association
  • Naugatuckriver.net
  • Maps of the Naugatuck River Watershed
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